Welcome to Bermuda!
111165+ web files, a regularly updated Gazetteer, overall an in-depth description of our island's internally self-governing British Overseas Territory 900 miles north of the Caribbean, 600 miles east of North Carolina, USA. With accommodation options, airlines, airport, actors, actresses, aviation, banks, beaches, Bermuda Dollar, Bermuda Government, Bermuda-incorporated businesses and companies including insurers and reinsurers, Bermudians, books and publications, bridges and causeway, charities, churches, citizenship by Status, City of Hamilton, commerce, communities, credit cards, cruise ships, cuisine, currency, disability accessibility, Devonshire Parish, districts, Dockyard, economy, education, employers, employment, environment, executorships, fauna, ferries, flora, former military bases, forts, gardens, geography, getting around, golf, guest houses, history, historic properties, Hamilton, House of Assembly, housing, hotels, immigration, import duties, internet access, islands, laws, legal system, legislators, main roads, marriages, media, members of parliament, money, motor vehicles, municipalities, music and musicians, newcomers, newspaper, media, organizations, parks, parishes, Paget, Pembroke, performing artists, residents, pensions, political parties, postage stamps, public holidays, public transportation, railway trail, real estate, registries of aircraft and ships, religions, Royal Naval Dockyard, Sandys, senior citizens, Smith's, Somerset Village, Southampton, St. David's Island, St George's, Spanish Point, Spittal Pond, sports, taxes, telecommunications, time zone, traditions, tourism, Town of St. George, Tucker's Town, utilities, water sports, Warwick, weather, wildlife, work permits.

Bermuda Flag

Bermuda News Media

Local newspaper, magazines, cable, radio, television

line drawing

By Keith Archibald Forbes (see About Us) exclusively for Bermuda Online

Radio broadcasting in Bermuda began in 1946, long before TV in 1956, see ). Radio talk shows are popular in Bermuda. In music, there is a "local content" requirement of at least two locally sung or locally orchestrated songs or pieces of music per hour.

Media Council of Bermuda

2018. September 10. Bermemes and SheHub.tv have joined the Media Council of Bermuda. Veteran journalist Carla Zuill, who previously ran the news site Today in Bermuda, is the founder of SheHub.tv, a website dedicated to women. Dejon Simmons founded Bermemes, which won The Bermudian magazine’s Best of Bermuda Award and had won numerous other Best of Bermuda awards. Don Burgess, the CEO for the Media Council of Bermuda, said: “We are proud to have these two excellent digital outlets join us. The media landscape is quickly changing as more people continue to get their news from online sources. “Bermemes has branched out from its humble beginnings and regular post interviews with politicians, artists, and cultural pacesetters in Bermuda.” Mr Burgess added: “Shehub.tv is exploring a road less travelled by other media in Bermuda and focusing solely on women’s issues, which I think is innovative.” Mr Simmons said: “I am more than humbled to have Bermemes a part of Bermuda’s Media Council. I look forward to working with the experienced members of the Media Council and offering my expertise where possible.” Ms Zuill added: “I am pleased that SheHub.tv has been accepted into the Media Council and I am hoping that women in Bermuda and beyond will benefit from its content. I am looking forward to growing this brand in the years to come.”

2018. July 12. Qian Dickinson and Carla Zuill have accepted positions to the Media Council of Bermuda. Both are joining the Media Council’s Working Group. Executive officer Don Burgess said it is essential to diversify the people who are part of the Working Group, that not only includes colour, but age, sex and non-traditional media. “When the Media Council Working Group was formed 11 years ago, it was the bastion of traditional media. Time has quickly changed the media landscape since then, and it is essential that the Working Group reflect that. Both Qian and Carla have a wide variety of experience in both old and new mass communication forms and will provide valuable input to the Council.” Mr Dickinson’s appointment started in April, and Ms Zuill’s began in June. Mr Dickinson is an eChannel specialist at Clarien Bank, a radio personality on Hott 107.5 and a partner of Bermemes who is well known for his video interviews for the social media group. He has more than 15 years of web and social media experience. Mr Dickinson said: “As an active member of various media outlets, I am happy to be a resource to help protect Bermuda’s freedom of expression and to resolve complaints against the media.” Ms Zuill has been a journalist in Bermuda since 2002. A graduate of the Grady School of Journalism at the University of Georgia, she initially started working as an assistant video editor in 1998, under the guidance of respected local filmmaker, the late Errol Williams. After joining The Royal Gazette, she became its first special sections editor. She then went on to work as a public affairs officer for the Bermuda Government for several years before joining Bermuda Broadcasting News as its assistant news director. In 2014, she founded todayinbrmuda.com  but closed the site in 2017 before launching women’s lifestyle website, sheHub.tv in May 2018. She is also a social media strategist. “It’s an honour to be asked to be a part of this committee,” Ms Zuill said. “I am committed to ensuring that journalism is carried out with professionalism and integrity in Bermuda.” Mr Burgess added that several other people had also been approached about joining the Working Group over the past three months.

2017. May 19. Dr. Grant Gibbons, then Minister of Economic Development, outlined plans this morning in Parliament for broadcasting and audiovisual media. Dr Gibbons said he was in the process of evaluating policy options for the creation of “a new regulatory framework for broadcasting and, more generally, for the provision of audiovisual media services in Bermuda”. Issues raised over the existing framework include the current regime being updated and not reflecting digital convergence; the fragmented state of the current regulatory regime governing services; the “uncertain” future of over-the-air television in Bermuda; the limited availability of local television, especially for locals unable to subscribe to Cable, and the allocation of valuable radio spectra to broadcasting that “does not appear to be used efficiently”, Dr Gibbons said. A round table was convened this week with “a cross section of the industry CEOs”, and will be televised on CITV. A draft policy statement will be put out to public consultation, Dr Gibbons added.

2016. October 6. The Media Council of Bermuda’s new executive officer has been named as Don Burgess. Mr Burgess, the former deputy editor of The Bermuda Sun, will handle unresolved disputes with media outlets in his new post. He succeeds Jeremy Deacon, who took on the role after the council’s first executive officer, Meredith Ebbin, stepped down two years ago. Mr Burgess said: “I am humbled to be entrusted with this responsibility and I look forward to extending the legacy of my predecessors with an even-handed approach. The Media Council of Bermuda helps inspire the highest ethical standards of journalism and where mistakes have been made, a reasonable approach from both parties can often bring swift resolution.” A social media and softball enthusiast, Mr. Burgess, 54, is also active in his church and community. Tony McWilliam, who chairs the Media Working Group that oversees the running of the council, welcomed Mr Burgess on board. He said: “Having worked alongside Don at The Bermuda Sun for many years, I know that he is a man of integrity, fairness and good judgment.” Mr Deacon, who stepped down because of work commitments, said: “The Media Council has an important role to play in the community and I am sure Don will do a superb job. I wish him well.” The Media Council was set up in 2011 with two main goals: to protect freedom of expression (in response to government moves to regulate the press), and to help resolve complaints, at no cost, when direct contact with a media outlet proves unsatisfactory. See www.mediacouncilofbermuda.org, which contains the media’s Code of Conduct, on which all complaints must be based, and also explains the complaints procedure.

Agreed on June 9, 2010 and began on October 14, 2010 as an eight-person council. It has two main goals — to help resolve complaints against the media and to protect freedom of expression. The council was chosen by an independent selection committee. It is the first time Bermuda had an independent media council. It was promoted after then-Premier Ewart Brown, who wanted the press tamed, tabled legislation to form a Government appointed anti-press council. Local journalists and global press freedom campaigners claimed it would be politically biased and could infringe freedom of expression and volunteered to form an independent council. As a result Dr. Brown decided to take the proposed legislation off the table before Members of Parliament voted on it. At that time, some local politicians were opposed to true democracy and fundamental press freedoms. They were not aware, or omitted to mention, that voluntary press codes - not legislation made by and on behalf of their governments - apply in all the world's democracies. Unlike them, Bermuda does not have a "gutter" or "yellow" press so responsible Bermuda media saw no need to have a voluntary press code. 

Unlike Canada, USA, etc where freedom of the press is built to their constitutions or elsewhere into their constitutional rights, Bermuda has no such guaranteed press freedoms. The International Press Institute (IPI) warned the Government that its "deeply flawed" planned Media Council Act 2010 bill could damage Bermuda's reputation around the world. The global network of editors, media executives and journalists, based in Vienna, issued a statement in May 2010 arguing that the proposed council would be inherently biased, would infringe press freedom and could prevent the free flow of information. It urged the Government to withdraw the draft legislation and talk again to the Island's media industry about how it should be regulated. The warning followed opposition to the bill from other global press freedom organizations, including US-based Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press and the CPU (Commonwealth Press Union) Media Trust. The IPI said the Media Council Act 2010 could have a "detrimental impact" on the reputation of the Bermuda Government. The bill was tabled in Bermuda's House of Assembly on May 7, 2010 by then-Premier Ewart Brown but managed to avoid enactment after the Media Council of Bermuda was approved as a compromise. Had this not been done, six persons would have been appointed by the Governor on the recommendation of the Premier, with just five further media representatives. The media  restraints the then-Premier wanted would have had a bias that jeopardizes not only the council's decision-making process but also any future code of practice for the media. Most worryingly, section 15 (3) (d) of the proposed act contained a powerful prior restraint clause that enabled the council to prevent the publication and broadcasting of 'any news, or comment on the news, that is the subject of the complaint. Due to the bias inherent within the council, this power could have been abused to prevent the free flow of information within Bermuda and might be used by complainants to prevent investigative journalism. The IPI, which works to safeguard press freedom, said the "controversial" media bill appeared to have "more in common with the media legislation of some of the repressive governments in Latin America, than with the First Amendment tradition of one of its close trading partners, the United States.

Bermuda's British Governor and the USA's Consul General were then both silent. Yet both have complete freedom of the press in their respective countries, endorsed by the the British Government and President Obama.  

See this dateline: 

Media Code of Practice

Suggested and approved in June 2010 by Bermuda's media shown below instead of a government-run entity.


Members of the media have a duty to maintain the highest professional standards. The Code of Practice, which includes this preamble and the public interest exceptions in Section 1, sets the benchmark for ethical standards, protecting both the rights of the individual and the public's right to know. It is the cornerstone of the system of self-regulation to which the industry in Bermuda has made a binding commitment. Freedom of the press is indivisible from, and subject to, the same rights and duties as that of the individual and rests on the public's fundamental right to be informed and freely to receive and to disseminate opinions. The primary purpose of gathering and distributing news and opinion is to serve Bermuda by informing citizens and enabling them to make informed judgments on the issues of the time. The Code serves as a reference point for the public and also as an essential guide for journalists in Bermuda. It is vital that this Code be honored not only by the letter but also in spirit. It should not be interpreted so narrowly as to compromise its commitment to respect the rights of the individual, nor so broadly that it constitutes an unnecessary interference with freedom of expression or prevents publication in the public interest.

It is the responsibility of editors, publishers and managers to apply the Code to editorial material. They should ensure it is observed rigorously by all editorial staff and external contributors, including non-journalists.

Public enlightenment, as defined by the Society of Professional Journalists, is the forerunner of justice and the foundation of democracy. This is the guiding principle of this Code.

1. The Public Interest

There may be exceptions to the clauses below marked ** where they can be demonstrated to be in the public interest. The public interest includes, but is not confined to:

2. Accuracy

3. Opportunity to Reply

4. Privacy

5. Harassment

6. Intrusion into grief or shock

7. Children

8. Hospitals

9. Reporting of Crime

10. Clandestine devices and subterfuge

11. Discrimination

12. Incitement to Hatred

13. Financial/business journalism

14. Confidential sources

15. Witness payments in criminal trials and payment to criminals

The media shall not, under any circumstances, offer any payment for any story. (This does not preclude payments to freelance writers, photographers etc).

16. Headlines and captions

Headlines, sub-headings and captions, across all media, should accurately and fairly convey the substance or tone of the report or photo or footage to which they are related.

17. Photos & video footage

18. Public feedback

Selection and treatment of letters, and the choice of and air time given to talk show guests, are the prerogative of editors/news directors who are to be guided by fairness, balance, and public interest in the contributors' views.

19. Conflict of Interest

20. Editorial matters

21. Plagiarism, copyright & embargoes

22. User-generated online content

23. Social Networking Sites

24. Miscellaneous

25. Note

This Code of Practice is a living document and will be subject to change once it has been put into practice and its effectiveness evaluated. It will thereafter be revised annually, as circumstances demand. Changes can only be made with the collective authorization of its five original co-signatories or their successors.

Daily free and independent only newspaper The Royal Gazette

The Royal Gazette

Costs $1.50 per issue. Has a full-content electronic Edition. Internationally praised and respected. Founded in 1828, Bermuda's only daily newspaper, publishing every day except Sunday and public holidays. With daily circulation of more than 16,000 copies, the newspaper reaches more than 90 percent of the adult market. It aims to cover the whole community fairly and accurately ands to act as an independent voice. It is not affiliated with any political party. Each day, it produces the following sections: Local news, Overseas news, Sport, Business, Lifestyle and Opinion. In addition, the newspaper produces weekly sections on Body and Soul (Tuesday), Personal Technology and Shipping (Wednesday) Youth (Thursday), Personal Finance, Religion and Weekender (Saturday). It also publishes two magazines: RG Magazine, a general interest colour supplement, and Bottom Line, a business magazine. These award-winning magazines come out in alternative months through the year. It started publishing an Internet edition in 1997 and upgrades its website regularly. It is owned by The Bermuda Press (Holdings) Ltd., which in addition to owning the Island's leading media group, also owns Bermuda Press Ltd., the leading commercial printer in Bermuda, office supplies companies and real estate.

Located at 2 Par-la-Ville Road, Hamilton HM-02, Bermuda. Mailing address: PO Box HM1025, Hamilton HMDX, Bermuda. Phone: 441-295-5881. Royal Gazette Editorial Fax: 441-292-2498
Letters to the Editor: letters@royalgazette.bm
Local news: news@royalgazette.bm
News Desk: rgnewsdesk@royalgazette.bm
Business: business@royalgazette.bm
Sport: sport@royalgazette.bm
Lifestyle/Calendar: lifestyle@royalgazette.bm
For more information about contacting different Royal Gazette departments or individual members of staff, see Contact Us.

On January 21, 2008 The Royal Gazette launched a campaign to throw open the doors of Government and publicly-funded groups to give the people of Bermuda access to information that shapes their lives. A Right to Know: Giving People Power is all about helping the people of Bermuda find out what Government and other publicly funded bodies are doing on behalf of citizens, residents and taxpayers and how they are spending tax dollars. There have been pledges of support from around the Island and the world, with former Progressive Labour Party Premier Alex Scott one of the first on board. He said: "This is not an anti-government exercise. It's a pro-democracy vehicle for the public that we serve." A Right to Know calls for Premier Dr. Ewart Brown and his Government to return plans first introduced in 2003 by Mr. Scott for public access to information (PATI) to the top of the PLP's agenda. This newspaper asked to see a commitment in the 2008 Throne Speech delivered on February 1 to table a PATI bill in the House of Assembly this year. It also urged Government, on behalf of all consumers, to agree to open up to the public all quangos, boards and other publicly-funded bodies, including the Corporation of Hamilton, which has a $20 million annual budget. There are more than 100 such entities in Bermuda spending millions of dollars of taxpayers' money and all hold their meetings behind closed doors, with a only a couple releasing minutes to the public. The Royal Gazette believes that anyone should be allowed to attend these meetings if they wish and that minutes detailing what happens during them and the decisions taken which affect the people of Bermuda should be made publicly available. The final aim of A Right to Know is to persuade Government and other bodies that are paid for by the taxpayer to answer questions about their activities unless they have sound and irrefutable reasons not to, such as for national security purposes. Mr. Scott said Bermuda was ready for a public access to or freedom of information (FOI) law and a more open government, as the more than 70 countries around the world, including Cayman, Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, the UK, Canada, the US and Ireland have done. Other community members supporting transparency include Anglican Bishop Ewan Ratteray, Bermuda National Trust director Jennifer Gray, teachers' union leader Mike Charles, former Opposition UBP leader Grant Gibbons, columnist and journalist Tom Vesey, lawyer Tim Marshall, environmentalist Stuart Hayward, businessmen Stephen Davidson and Nalton Brangman and US Consul Gregory Slayton. Mr. Slayton said the US's FOI laws had made a big difference in various obvious ways and he was all in favor of that for all in Bermuda, to make Government accountable and responsible to citizens and taxpayers. The National Freedom of Information Coalition (NFOIC) in the US is behind the initiative, as is the Carter Center, the human rights organisation founded by former American President Jimmy Carter which helped Jamaica implement its PATI law. Charles Davis, from NFOIC, said he had witnessed other small countries successfully bring in FOI. He said: "You have got a great case for reform here. In a small country a lot can happen with nobody knowing about it. The default is almost to be secretive. I think this is an excellent case for a new FOI law."

Because they are fully independent of the Bermuda Government, Royal Gazette reporters are regularly verbally attacked and belittled by politicians at press conferences and public events. It is the only developed country in the free world where this kind of constant government hostility towards the free press goes unchallenged; not good for Bermuda's image as a tourism resort and business center. Even in the United Kingdom, where the leading independent newspapers regularly police and often challenge the government, Prime Minister Gordon Brown and his Cabinet, always conscious of the freedom of the press as a unique democratic right, have never ended government's advertising or stopped subscription deals with any newspaper. In complete contrast, the Cabinet of the Bermuda Government decided in March 2008 to end the Government's advertising and subscription deals with this newspaper, claiming it was a cost-saving measure. A press release at the time said: "The Cabinet determined it was not cost-effective or penetrative enough to rely heavily on print advertising in an electronically advanced community." However, despite repeated requests the methodology used has never been revealed. However it continues to place adverts with other, far less frequent print media and to select one of them, only a twice a week publication, as its Official Gazette, despite its much higher-to-government bidding cost. 

Other newspapers

History of Newspapers & other media in order of date of first publication

Newspaper First Editor Dates operated
Bermuda Gazette J. Stockdale 1784-1831+
Royal Gazette (Weekly Gazette) Edmund Ward 1810-1816
The Gleaner Edmund Ward 1812-1813
Ladies Library C. R. Beach 1817-1818
The Bermudian Alex Holmes 1819-1823
The Royal Gazette D. R. & D. M. Lee 1828-present
The Bermudian  Benjamin Jenkins 1834-1878
Bermuda Herald William Martin 1844-1857
The Record Fisher & Dover 1849-1850
Advertiser Samuel Nelmes, Jr 1851-1854
Bermuda Mirror George A. Lee 1861-1872?
Bermuda Advocate W. J. S. Scobell 1863-1864?
Bermuda Chronicle W. J. S. Scobell. Another editor, briefly, was the English artist Edward K. James 1865-1871
Colonist & Daily News Samuel S. Toddings, founder, then Charles Brady 1866-1920
Bermuda Times & Advocate Sam Parker, Jr. & Sons 1871-1883
Spirit of the Times George E. Lee 1872?
New Era or Home Journal A. L. Spedon (Editor and owner from 1881 to 1884, later owned from 1901 to 1905 by Rev. Charles Monk), weekly 1881-1905
Home & People's Journal John J. Parker 1882-1883
Bermuda Times or People's Journal John J. Parker & Sam Parker, Jr 1883-1890?
The People's Journal John J. Parker 1884-1902?
Bermuda Advertiser J. D and F. R. Bell 1894-1900?
Mid Ocean (later, Mid Ocean News) Samuel S Toddings, founder and editor, then W. L. Toddings & W. K. Morrison 1899-1900, then see Bermuda Mid Ocean News below
Bermuda Recorder  J. Bushell 1899-1900
New Era (Rev. Monk bought out Mr Spedon's version of 1881-1884). Rev. Charles V. Monk 1901-1905
Knight Errant M. Sheldon-Williams 1904-1906
Bermuda Mid Ocean News Seaward S. Toddings


1911 - October 2009. Bought in 1960s by the Royal Gazette. Was a weekly (Friday) and sister newspaper of daily The Royal Gazette.
The Recorder Rev. C. A. Stewart 1925-1975. Bought by Sir John Swan in the early 1970s for 2 years. Then Ira Philip bought it, found it unprofitable and ended it
The Echo   1928-1934
The Islander Margaret R. Seon 1929?
Bermudian Magazine   From February 15, 1930 to present date
Bermuda High School Chronicle   Published from 1933 to 1948.
Bermuda Beacon (The) Military monthly, published for the US Army's Fort Bell and Kindley Field by the US Army Engineers. Initially a safety magazine, later on other topics too, it was created for the-then US Army Air Force (predecessor of the USAF) air base personnel in Bermuda, the idea of Benjamin Schwartz (Bermuda Base Contractors) and Loring Cox (Mail and Records section, USED.). It had some nice stories and original graphics during that period. It continued publication until April 1943, concluding with the end of major work on the Air Base, and the termination of the original construction contract.  The publication was limited to a 700 copy print run.   1941, August, through April 1943
Bermuda Historical Quarterlies Volumes 1-38, each with 4 editions. Out of print, some available from Bermuda Historical Society. All can be seen in Reference Library, Bermuda National Library, Hamilton. Published from 1944 to 1981. . 
The Skyliner Military weekly, published in Bermuda for the USAF's Kindley Air Force Base (KAFB) by the KAFB Information Division 1955-1972
Tide-ings US Navy newspaper that covered the US naval bases in Bermuda 1955-1995. Copies were always sent to the US Consulate General
Fame June Augustus, mostly about local black business and cultural achievements and personalities 1962-1976
Bermuda Sun Martin Dier 1964 to July 30, 2014, when acquired by the Bermuda Press Ltd, owner of the Royal Gazette
Workers Voice Reid Simmons 1971-present
Bermuda Now Bryan Darby 1980-1981
Bermuda Times K. Murray Brown 1987-1994

Newspapers from overseas

Available from local stores, but at very high prices, sometimes as much as 350% more than the domestic price in the country of origin. A Sunday English newspaper can now cost as much as $10 - far higher than in USA or Canada - and without most of the inserts included in Britain. Most daily newspapers are not available until later that day or at least a day later than their published dates, usually without some or all of the supplements, TV Guides, etc. They include the Miami Herald International Edition. 

Broadcasting Commissioners

Under the Broadcasting Commissioners Act 1953. See in alphabetical order under "Bermuda Government Boards." E-mail gtelecom@bdagov.bm.

Broadcasting regulations and stations

All commercial, no PBS or BBC equivalent

Broadcasting content on cable, radio and local television and political broadcasting are controlled by the Bermuda Government appointed Broadcasting Commissioners set up under the Broadcasting Commissioners Act 1953. They are answerable to a cabinet minister. They act as the Film Control Authority, under the Film/Control of Exhibition Act 1959. They also advise the Minister on matters concerning the Obscene Publications Act 1973.

The only periodic exception to the all-commercial content is when the Government Emergency Broadcasting Facility operates, during a storm or hurricane or when no commercial station can broadcast because power lines are down. The Bermuda Government does not hold an equity position in any of the broadcasting companies but awards contracts to them for certain programming.

On January 14, 1994 in Bermuda, new regulations were officially introduced affecting local radio and television stations. Enacted by the House of Assembly six months earlier, they required callers to identify themselves; stations to put into effect a seven-second delay in broadcasting such calls; as well as a ban on tobacco advertising; a ban on alcohol advertising (except beer and wine) between 6 am and 9 pm; the requirement for all such advertising to include the message "Excessive alcohol may be harmful to your health;" stations to produce a daily record of programs; regular publication of time schedules for programming; and the requirement that local television stations not broadcast any program which solicits funds from the public except by an approved and registered charity.

Electronic media and industry entities

Currently, they include:

paragraphBermuda Insurance Journal. See http://www.rgbdahosting.com/epubs/Bermuda-Insurance-Journal-Fall-2012/#?page=10. Covering Bermuda's most important industry. 

paragraphBermuda OnlineThis website, owned by Bermuda's Royal Gazette newspaper but authored, administered and published independently as shown in www.bermuda-online.org/aboutus.htm. . Electronic format only. With its detailed and accurate 145+ web files on Bermuda, many of which are updated daily including all Public Holidays and weekends. 

Bermuda Online (BOL) banner

paragraphBernews. Website bernews.com 

paragraphBottom Line. See http://www.royalgazette.com/section/magazines. Published by The Royal Gazette daily newspaper.  A news and features oriented quarterly business magazine, for locals and visitors. Given away with that newspaper.

Bottom Line business magazine

paragraphRG Magazine. Published by The Royal Gazette daily newspaper. A news and features oriented monthly, for locals and visitors. Free with daily newspaper.

RG Magazine, Bermuda

paragraphToday in Bermuda. Website todayinbermuda.com. 

Radio and Television Stations

radio station2017. February 17. Grant Gibbons, then Minister of Economic Development, has begun a review of the Government’s existing policies and legislation relating to local broadcasting, both radio and television. The Minister told MPs this morning that some of the policies date back 1980 and need amendment. In a ministerial statement, Mr Gibbons said: Developments over the past decade, particularly the transition from analogue to digital technology, have affected the ways in which consumers in Bermuda and around the world access news, information and entertainment. “Increasingly, consumers access audiovisual content from a variety of platforms including: free over-the-air broadcast radio or television services; subscription audiovisual services delivered by cable systems and satellite service providers; and ‘over-the-top’ services on the internet that may be accessed using fixed and mobile devices. In light of these changes, and as the Minister responsible for telecommunications, I have commenced a review of the Government’s existing policies and legislation relating to free-to-air broadcasting (both radio and television), many of which date back to the 1980s, which I intend to consider in the broader context of the evolving audiovisual media services sector. You will note that as the Minister of Economic Development, I set the policies for both broadcasting and for electronic communications. Broadcasting is defined by the Telecommunications Act 1986 as “the act of transmitting or re-transmitting radio communications intended for direct reception and use by any member of the public without charge . . . Subscription audiovisual services, including cable television services, are classified as ‘electronic communication services. Today broadcasting services are regulated quite differently from other audiovisual media services. Broadcasting services are licensed and regulated pursuant to the Telecommunications Act 1986. By contrast, subscription audiovisual services are licensed and regulated under the Electronic Communications Act 2011. My review of the Government’s existing policies and legislation relating to free-to-air broadcasting is, in fact, a continuation of the Telecommunications Regulatory Reform, a multi-phased initiative, which began in 2009. The global law firm formerly known as Squire Sanders & Dempsey was engaged in May 2009 as consultants to assist the Government with the first phase of the telecommunications regulatory reform initiative, which culminated in the enactment of the Regulatory Authority Act 2011 and the Electronic Communications Act 2011, and the establishment of the Regulatory Authority in 2013. At that time, it was considered expedient to limit the reform to electronic communications services, such as telephony and subscription audiovisual services, whilst preserving the pre-existing legal and regulatory regime applicable to broadcasting. The expectation, however, has always been that responsibility for the regulation of the broadcasting sector would eventually be transitioned to the Regulatory Authority. The growth of convergence, which has blurred the distinctions among electronic communications and broadcasting, necessitates creation of a converged regulatory regime that will reflect international best practices and better meet the needs of the people of Bermuda. The review also provides the opportunity to take a fresh look at many long-established policies related to audiovisual content. As previously mentioned, I have begun the second phase of the telecommunications regulatory reform initiative, which focuses on the modernization of the legislative and regulatory framework for broadcast communications. To this end, I have continued the contractual relationship with Squire, Sanders & Dempsey, which is now known as Squire Patton Boggs. Phase II of the Regulatory Reform Initiative will be undertaken in three stages, namely:

“I have begun the process by seeking input from the industry on a number of fundamental issues. Our key industry stakeholders include the providers of free broadcast television and radio services, subscription television service operators, entities that deliver content over leased cable channels and internet-based content providers. The list of preliminary issues includes licensing policies, local content policies, programme content and advertising rules. Based on the input received from industry, as well as my review of best practices in other jurisdictions, and giving full consideration to the needs and concern of the people of Bermuda, I will issue a draft Ministerial Policy Statement Regarding the Regulation of Broadcasting and Other Audiovisual Media Services. At that time, I will engage the wider public by conducting a public consultation on the Policy Statement. After giving due consideration to the comments, I will issue the Policy Statement, which will provide the basis for the legislation that the Government intends to table in this House.”

 Bermuda Broadcasting Company Ltd

Website bbcbda.com. Was the first continuous and remains the largest broadcasting company in Bermuda. Sometimes abbreviated locally as "BBC", it is not related to the BBC in the United Kingdom. It has been a commercial, for-profit broadcasting company since its beginning in the 1950s. It owns radio stations and TV stations using the call letters "ZFB" and "ZBM". The ZBM call sign  in Bermuda - used since 1953 for an AM radio station, since 1962 for an FM radio station, and in 1958, for the first Bermudian television station, ZBM-TV, which gave Bermudians their own TV station after years of watching a TV channel intended for American servicemen stationed at Kindley Field.

Radio and TV.  4 Fort Hill Road, Prospect, Devonshire DV 02. Phone (441) 295-2828. Mailing address P. O. Box HM 452, Hamilton HM BX.

2016. January 12. The Bermuda Broadcasting Company has announced it is to partner with the British Broadcasting Corporation to offer World Service News and premium BBC Radio and Television content. “This is a very exciting time for the Bermuda Broadcasting Company as we embark on this partnership with one of the world’s most established news and content organisations,” executive director of sales and marketing at The Bermuda Broadcasting Company Anthony Mocklow said. “We have spent the past several months negotiating this exclusive partnership, bringing The BBC World Service News back to the ‘free-to-air radio community’. It is a giant leap forward, and we are thrilled with this development.” Bermuda Broadcasting plans to bring on-board new technology and new studios throughout 2016. Mr Mocklow added: “We will soon be in a position to announce the schedule of BBC World Service programming for radio, starting first with the news, and then following this up with further programming content additions. The BBC World Service partnership is a very positive step in the direction of providing a complete and quality radio experience and we are excited to be able to relaunch this very valuable service.”

Bermuda Cablevision

Cable TV and cable broadband. Washington Mall, Hamilton, since May 2011. Phone (441) 292-5544. Fax: (441) 295-3023. There are monthly fees for HDTV service. Many channels plus cable Broadband.

Channel 82

2016. February 6. Channel 82’s future hangs in the balance, after service provider Logic Communications demanded a $2,000 monthly fee to broadcast its shows. Lamone Woods, the channel’s managing partner, pulled his Bermuda-centric programming from the cable company’s airwaves and posted the “upsetting” news on Facebook. He also urged viewers to contact Logic (formerly CableVision) to request the return of Channel 82, which would only be available to World On Wireless (WOW) customers should the split be finalized. The Facebook post, which sparked a lengthy debate, said: “For seven years we have provided content to CableVision at no cost to them, positively showcasing our community, and now they want us to pay to continue providing local programming to you. They do not see the value in what we provide for the community and we are making a stand. We want to continue to provide you with local content. Thank you for your continued support.” However, the two sides are set to return to the negotiating table to try to resolve the issue, and Channel 82 is back on air for the time being. It was off the air for at least 24 hours starting on Thursday. “We’re not asking for any hand-out, we’re saying that our content has value,” Mr Woods told The Royal Gazette. There are so many things on television these days, but we don’t see local people. We have talent to showcase, which was our mandate from the very beginning. It gives Bermudians a reflection of themselves.” Antoine Jones, who hosts teen lifestyle show In the Know on the channel, said that it would “crush my dreams” if the standoff was not resolved. “Channel 82 has always provided the island with good content that people want to see,” said the 15-year-old, a student at the Berkeley Institute. “I love making my own TV show. It gets me motivated and that’s what keeps me going every day. I never thought something like this would happen.” Logic CEO Lloyd Fray said Channel 82 would continue to air for the next 60 days, as the companies tried to reach an agreement. “While we are unable to discuss the specifics of commercial contracts due to confidentiality, we would like to reiterate our support of local content,” he said. “This is demonstrated by the five local leased channels that we carry and are provided as part of our channel line-up, the live Cup Match feed as well as the inclusion of ZBM and ZFB. Local content showcases the Bermudian culture, spirit and artistic expressions and it is something we are proud to air.”

World on Wireless (WOW)

Wireless TV. Wireless subscription television provider. Church Street, Washington Mall Phase 2. Hamilton HM 12. Phone 292-1969. Technical support 295-0154. Fax 292-1979. Until January 2016 held the licence for TV broadcasts in the UHF 38-69 range. It was asked by the Regulatory Authority of Bermuda (RAB) to relinquish the frequencies and migrate its services to UHF 21-50, a lower level on the ultra-high frequency spectrum. By doing so, it would free radio wavelengths in the 700MHz group that have been increasingly in demand by mobile service companies. WOW agreed to the request and has completed the migration of its services. 

paragraphAM Radio

paragraphFM Radio

Ocean 89.

89.1. FM 89 (ZBM-FM). Since 1962. ERP 15 kW. Mostly adult contemporary format.

94.9. Power 95 (ZFB-FM). Since 1971. Adult contemporary format. Transmitter power 1 kW.

98.3. Irie FM 98.3.LTT Broadcasting Ltd.

98.1. KJAZ. Since 2005. Jazz, blues.

Government 101 FM emergency.

Vibe 103 FM.

Inspire 105. Launched November 30, 2015 by the  Bermuda Broadcasting Company. Featuring David Lopes and Kelly Zuill. The station will also continue to carry live parliamentary sessions, as well as interviews with business and political leaders and local artists and musicians. Mr Lopes will bring classic music from the 1950s through the 1970s, with a sports round-up, interviews, and a weekly call-in show with Tom Wadson’s Farm. Mr Zuill, known as “Mr Gospel” for Gospel Train Show, will continue with his brand of inspirational music. The company will announce additional changes to both radio and television in the coming months, as new technology and studios are introduced.

106.1. Mix 106  (FM). The station closed on September 30, when broadcaster DeFontes ceased operations. However, it returned days later under a different owner, represented by Mr  Bryan Darby. During Hurricane Joaquin in September 2015 it was only radio station on the air with its weather update fixture, Storm Watch. 

107.5. Hott 107.5. Since 2004.

Internet Radio

2018. August 23. Bermudian Jamel Hardtman has launched an online radio station, promising a mix of music and in-depth conversations. The Full 100 internet radio station formally launched last night after an announcement by Mr Hardtman on social media. The station’s website said: “The Full 100 internet radio station is groundbreaking for Bermuda as it’ll be a talk and music format. Though talk radio is arguably one of the most popular formats, Bermudians aren’t spoilt with options. We’re providing a new platform and additional options to Bermudians with a range of specialized talk programmes and featured DJs.” Mr Hardtman announced that he would be hosting a weekly talk radio show on the channel, The Full 100 Show, which he promised would feature high-profile guests and everyday Bermudians.

paragraphShort Wave Radio

TV stations

DTV is not yet being planned for Bermuda. Media below wishing to have their websites and email addresses shown below are welcome to contact the author if they act in accordance with our Reciprocal Links policy.  Unlike in the United Kingdom, no annual TV license fee is payable by individuals or households. Bermuda uses the North American NTSC television broadcasting standard. Reception is island wide but much better in some areas than in others, when only using rabbit-ears as an aerial. There is no equivalent in Bermuda of UK-style Freeview TV. Bermuda TV stations do not follow the methodology in the United Kingdom and North America of presenters on morning TV shows from national stations such as BBC in the UK showing  pictures and leading stories from daily newspapers. 

paragraphFresh TV. Fresh Creations, Vision House, 44 Court Street, Hamilton, Bermuda HM12. Tel. (441) 295 9922, Fax (441) 295 4031.

paragraphCITV (Community Information Television). Government TV channel. Global House, 43 Church Street, Hamilton, HM 12. Phone (441) 292-5998 or email info@dci.gov.bm.


paragraphOnionTV. Phone (441) 292-2688 or 292-20TV. P.O. Box 1585, Hamilton, Bermuda.

paragraphZFB TV. Bermuda Broadcasting Company Ltd. Channel 7. Affiliate of ABC, USA

paragraphZBM TV. Bermuda Broadcasting Company Ltd. Channel 9. Affiliate of CBS, USA.

Also available

line drawing

Bermuda Online banner

Last Updated: December 11, 2018
Multi-national © 2018 by Bermuda Online. All Rights Reserved