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Bermuda flag flying

Bermuda's 2016 February History and News

Events that made the newspaper headlines in the second month of the current calendar year

By Keith Archibald Forbes (see About Us) exclusively for Bermuda Online

Bermuda beach

Admiral Sir George Somers, Bermuda 1609 Artists who painted Bermuda Bermuda, Britain & Commonwealth
Bermuda & Canada Bermuda & France Bermuda & USA
Bermuda's postage stamps Historic Houses History 1500 to 1699
History 1700 to 1799 History 1800 to 1899 History 1900 to 1939 pre-war
History 1939 to 1951 History 1952 to 1999 History  2000 to 2005
History 2006 Part 1 History 2006 Part 2 History 2007 Jan and Feb
History 2007 March History 2007 April History 2007 May
History 2007 June 1-15th History 2007 June 16 to 30th History 2007 July 1-15
History 2007 July 16th to 31st History 2007 August 1 to 7 History 2007 August 8 to 14
History 2007 August 15 to 21 History 2007 August 22-31 History 2007 September 1 to 10
History 2007 September 11 to December 31 History 2008 to 2010 History 2011 through 2012
History 2013 History 2014 part 1 History 2014 part 2
History 2015 January History 2015 February History 2015 March
History 2015 April History 2015 May History 2015 June
History 2015 July History 2015 August History 2015 September
History 2015 October History 2015 November History 2015 December
History 2016 January History 2016 February History 2016 March
History 2016 April History 2016 May History 2016 June
History 2016 July History 2016 August History 2016 September
History 2016 October History 2016 November History 2016 December
History 2017 January History 2017 February History 2017 March
History 2017 April    

Bermuda's Royal Gazette newspaper is not published on Sundays. February 2016 Sundays are 7, 14, 21 and 28.

February 29. Land Rover BAR became the first team to win multiple Louis Vuitton America’s Cup World Series titles in Oman yesterday. The British challenger went into the final three races with the points doubled clinging to a four-point advantage over Oracle Team USA, the America’s Cup defender, on the leaderboard and did just enough to clinch their second win of the series. But it almost never happened as Sir Ben Ainslie and fellow crew had to make up considerable ground in all three races and then rely on others to seal the deal. “We kept fighting through today,” Ainslie said. “Some of the established teams have a track record and for us, we need to prove that we can compete at the top of this America’s Cup fleet. I think that we are doing that.” A key factor in the team’s narrow victory was the use of their genneker or “code zero” headsail at crucial junctures throughout the races. “It was a big decision all weekend when to use that sail,” Ainslie said. “Our coaching team of Rob Wilson and Luc du Bois did a really good job of helping us to understand those different modes and the right time to deploy the code zero sail.” The regatta went down to the wire in yesterday’s light wind with Oracle, Team New Zealand and Land Rover BAR all in contention heading into the sixth and final race. Land Rover BAR got off to a poor start, incurring a penalty for going over the line early along with Team New Zealand and Artemis Racing, but did well to work their way back up the fleet into third. However, their fate remained out of their own hands, with their delicate victory hopes hinging on who would cross the line first between Oracle and Groupama Team France up ahead of them, after Team New Zealand and Artemis Racing both fell out of contention through unforced errors. The Kiwis lost precious ground after being hit with a penalty for going out of bounds, while Artemis fell off the pace after their “code zero” got snared by the weather mark, which resulted in Luke Parkinson, the wing trimmer, falling overboard. Oracle appeared to be on course for their first World Series title. However, they were passed by Team France, with seasoned King Edward VII Gold Cup campaigner Adam Minoprio at the helm, at the top mark at the end of the last beat. Oracle pushed as hard as they could on the final run to the finish but the French did not budge, covering the defender the rest of the way to claim their maiden race victory of the World Series. The result left BAR two points clear of Oracle. “It’s good to be on the podium. We’re one of only two teams to have been on the podium at each event,” Jimmy Spithill, the Oracle skipper, said. “But we want to win. There’s no two ways about it.” Rounding off the podium were Team New Zealand who still top the overall World Series leaderboard by six-points over Oracle, with BAR a point adrift in third. “To come away from any event still holding the overall lead is a good thing,” Glenn Ashby, the Team New Zealand skipper, said. “At the end of the day that’s what counts.” The World Series resumes in New York on May 7 and 8.

Oman results

BAR 8, 10, 10, 18, 14, 16 — 76pts

Oracle 9, 6, 9, 12, 20, 18 — 74

New Zealand 10, 7, 5, 20, 16, 12 — 70

Team France 5, 8, 7, 10, 18, 20 — 68

Team Japan 6, 9, 6, 16, 10, 14 — 61

Artemis 7, 5, 8, 14, 12, 10 — 56

Overall standings: 1 Emirates Team New Zealand 192pts; 2 Oracle Team USA 186; 3 Land Rover BAR 185; 4 SoftBank Team Japan 161; 5 Artemis Racing 161; 6 Groupama Team France 150.

February 29. Community minister Patricia Gordon-Pamplin has tabled draft legislation which would allow the creation of same-sex unions in Bermuda. The consultative legislation comes two weeks after legislation was tabled which would specify marriage being between a man and a woman. Ms Gordon-Pamplin told the House of Assembly that while the issue is an emotive one, recent Supreme Court rulings and the European Convention on Human Rights required that the Bermuda Government to act. “Before any decision was taken as a government, it was necessary to take steps to extensively research how various jurisdictions have sought to approach and reconcile this matter. We committed to sharing this information with our people and we have genuinely sought to hear from all sectors of the community on this issue and incorporate their views as we take the next step. I appreciate that as it relates to same-sex marriage and civil unions, the decisions are complex and difficult for many in our community.” However, she said the bill was still in the consultative stage and discussions on the topic would continue, not ruling out the possibility of a referendum. Around an hour later, Premier Michael Dunkley announced that a referendum on the subject would be held. Shadow Minister of Finance David Burt challenged the government’s lack of action following an earlier legal case, allowing unmarried and same-sex couples to jointly adopt, but Ms Gordon-Pamplin responded that consultations with stakeholders were made in the wake of that ruling. Progressive Labour Party backbencher Kim Wilson, meanwhile, questioned if the government’s failure to appeal that judgment had led to issues; Ms Gordon-Pamplin said discussions were held but it was believed that any appeal was doomed to fail. Opposition leader Marc Bean said a previous debate government denied concerns that introducing “two words and a comma” to the Human Rights Act would lead to same-sex marriage arguments, but Ms Gordon-Pamplin said the legislation put forward would address the issue. While the Opposition repeatedly questioned what the government’s position was in the wake of the Bermuda Bred case, which ruled that immigration rules stood in conflict with the Human Rights Act, Ms Gordon-Pamplin said those questions should be directed to the Ministry of Home Affairs. That ruling by Chief Justice Ian Kawaley came into effect yesterday. Asked about the perspective on same-sex adoption, which does fall under her ministry, she said she would bring information to the House at the appropriate time.

February 29. Shadow education minister Lovitta Foggo believes Bermuda’s education system should take precedence over a new airport or the America’s Cup in light of the damning school reorganization report. While Ms Foggo said she could not place the blame for the dilapidated state of public primary school infrastructure — which is among many deficiencies highlighted in the Score report — on the One Bermuda Alliance, she said it was wrong to place emphasis on other projects while children were not receiving enough resources. Speaking in the House of Assembly on Friday as part of the Opposition’s Reply to the Budget, Ms Foggo said: “As far as I know there has been no outcry that this Government didn’t do this or that. “I made my own press release a month ago saying not just this Government but governments in the past have failed to make sure that our schools are at a certain standard. We didn’t make certain of that and that is a travesty.” Ms Foggo mentioned the need to improve LF Wade International Airport yet said that people only spend an hour at most in the facility. She then spoke about the $77 million the OBA had dedicated to “a sport”, the America’s Cup. “But money is not available to invest in your children’s future,” she said. “Which would I pick first? My Bermudian children are far more important to me.” Shadow finance minister David Burt’s Reply to the Budget criticised the Score report for finding potential for school closure via factors “not founded in academic performance or outputs”. Michael Dunkley defended the OBA, saying the Progressive Labour Party had 14 years to sort out the problem. “The best idea they come up with is phasing out middle schools,” the Premier said. “All of us have a role to play — teachers, principals, professionals in school, parents — we all have that responsibility.” Mr Dunkley blasted a section of the Opposition’s Reply that read: “The OBA always seems to find the money for its pet projects and no-bid contracts for friends and family, but it is content to short-change our children.” The Premier raised the Port Royal project executed under the PLP “when they [the PLP] brought in foreign workers and had them living in the club house, and they say, ‘we love Bermudians’. I was born at night but not last night.” He then brought up the Grand Atlantic housing project, initiated by the Opposition, which he described as “ghost housing. Only one person lives up there — the ghosts must have loved it! Don’t talk to me about pet projects,” he said. Mr Dunkley also said the Opposition had been complaining about the OBA building a new airport when the PLP had spent $3 million on plans to build a new, visionary airport. The Premier added that it reminded him of his days fishing as a boy: “Flip and flop.” Mark Bean, the Leader of the Opposition, came down hard on the Premier for his “across the board” tax hikes, including on payroll, saying it was “the surest way of destroying prospects for economic growth. When the former Minister of Finance [Paula Cox] rose payroll by 2 per cent it was described as a catalyst for exodus in international business. If that is bad, how much worse is it when we have a Minister of Finance not only mimicking the same policy, but taking a step further and raising taxes across the board. These tax hikes are a major policy error.” Mr Bean also said that if his party returned to power he would launch a Commission of Inquiry into “the OBA’s egregious actions”. Patricia Gordon-Pamplin, Minister of Community, Culture and Sport, took particular issue with the “civil disobedience” exhibited by protesters during a meeting two weeks ago about immigration reform chaired by Michael Fahy, the Minister of Home Affairs, and Trevor Moniz, the Attorney-General. The meeting, intended to inform the public of the proposed policy to grant permanent residency and Bermudian status to long-term residents, ended after the demonstrators began chanting “no, no, no” and “no to OBA immigration reform”. Ms Gordon-Pamplin said she believed the action was instigated by PLP MP Walton Brown, and she described it as “the most reprehensible act of all my years in government”. Michael Scott, the Shadow Attorney-General, became irate at the suggestion the protest was initiated by the Opposition, telling her: “You take such liberties! There is no evidence we have whipped that up.” Ms Gordon-Pamplin responded by saying that Mr Brown was on the record on social media as having called for “civil disobedience”, and that the MP had even told her of his intentions. “It is very obvious on Facebook with one specific intent,” she said. Speaking about the public meeting, Ms Gordon-Pamplin said: “You don’t shout down everyone. Listen to the discourse and then if you want to, disagree with it.” PLP MP Rolfe Commissiong questioned why permanent residents should want full Bermudian status. He said it could only come down to the right to vote, which he did not agree with. Mr Moniz questioned whether Mr Commissiong would feel the same way if he had no voting rights.

February 29. XL Group is proposing to change the parent holding company’s place of incorporation from Ireland to Bermuda. The company, which has had a presence in Bermuda since 1986, this morning announced that it proposes to change the parent holding company’s place of incorporation to Bermuda. “Establishing our corporate home in Bermuda is a natural step for XL,” said Michael McGavick, chief executive officer. “XL has had a presence in Bermuda since 1986, which grew significantly following the transformative transaction with Bermuda-based Catlin last year. A significant portion of XL’s business, in fact our largest operating subsidiary, has for decades been located in Bermuda and regulated by the Bermuda Monetary Authority, a premier regulator of global insurance and reinsurance companies. Further the BMA’s regulatory regime, and its expertise as an international financial regulator, has recently been acknowledged and endorsed with it being determined fully equivalent to Solvency II by the European Union’s Commission, Parliament and Council. Following the Catlin transaction, and with the recent determination of full Solvency II equivalence for Bermuda, it has been concluded that the BMA is best situated to serve as XL’s group-wide supervisor and to approve XL’s internal capital model. This is a change that we believe will benefit XL’s clients, partners, and shareholders alike.” XL said it does not expect the re-domestication will have any material impact on its financial results, including the company’s global effective tax rate. To effect the re-domestication, a Bermuda exempted company, XL Group Ltd, would replace XL Group plc as the ultimate holding company of the XL group of companies, and the company’s ordinary shareholders would receive one common share of the new Bermuda company in exchange for each ordinary share of the Company held by them. XL expects to submit the proposal for re-domestication, along with related proposals, to its shareholders in the next several months and complete the transaction in the third quarter of 2016. The proposed re-domestication will be subject to receipt of necessary regulatory approvals, approval by ordinary shareholders, satisfaction of other conditions and sanctioning by the High Court of Ireland. XL will continue to be registered with the US Securities and Exchange Commission and be subject to SEC reporting requirements applicable to domestic registrants. The company’s shares will continue to trade on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol XL

February 29. A 31-year-old man who broke into a woman’s home at night and subjected her to a terrifying sex attack has been jailed for 25 years. Kijon Baker was masked and armed with a weapon when he walked into the victim’s home in November 2014 and sexually assaulted her. On Friday, Baker was sentenced by Puisne Judge Carlisle Greaves to 25 years’ imprisonment for serious sexual assault and eight years for aggravated burglary, to run concurrently. “A man’s home is his castle and a woman’s home is her castle,” Mr Justice Greaves said. “She should not have to live in fear from ruthless, arrogant and soulless people like this defendant.” Addressing Baker directly, he added: “The courts must stand firm at all times and protect our folk from predators like you.” Justice Greaves said the victim must have endured unimaginable suffering as a result of the attack, which took place while both of her young children were sleeping in the bedroom. Previously a jury unanimously found Baker guilty of aggravated burglary and serious sexual assault. During a five-day trial in Supreme Court, jurors heard how Baker was arrested after DNA evidence linked him to the crime. When he was interviewed, Baker replied “no comment” to police questions, and although he denied the offences during the trial he did not take the stand to give evidence. At last Friday’s sentencing hearing, Baker claimed he had suffered an injustice, and maintained he had done nothing wrong apart from cheat on his fiancée. During a ten-minute speech he told the court he had found a new purpose in life inside prison and was committed to Christ. Prosecutor Loxly Ricketts told the court the victim continued to suffer psychological issues as a result of the attack. He also pointed out that Baker had several previous convictions for burglary. His lawyer, Elizabeth Christopher, added: “This is a man who was at a very, very low point in his life. The year before he had lost his mother, his stepfather and his brother.”

February 28. Land Rover BAR won the Louis Vuitton America’s Cup World Series in Oman today. The British challenger held a four-point advantage over Oracle Team USA going into the final three races, with the points doubled, and did just enough to protect their lead and clinch a second victory on the 2015-16 World Series circuit. “Incredible comeback in all three races to win the first World Series event of 2016 — well done lads!” Land Rover BAR tweeted. Oracle, the America’s Cup defender, finished two points behind in second, followed by overall World Series leaders Emirates Team New Zealand in third. Team New Zealand won today’s first race, Oracle the second and Groupama Team France the third — the team’s first of the 2015-16 World Series, which resumes in New York on May 7 and 8. Owing to technical difficulties, Bermuda Broadcasting Company was unable to air live television coverage of today’s racing for local viewers.

February 28. Lieutenant-Colonel David Curley has taken over as commanding officer of the Royal Bermuda Regiment. He is replacing British Army career soldier Lieutenant-Colonel Michael Foster-Brown, who will return to a post with the Army in the UK. The sword of command was handed over during a ceremony at Warwick Camp on Saturday. Troops and guests in attendance included the Governor, George Fergusson, also the commander-in-chief of the regiment, and the Premier, Michael Dunkley. Colonel Curley told those assembled: “My vision for the Royal Bermuda Regiment is to continue to build and maintain an operationally effective military organization with the present missions and tasks and with the potential of an expanded marine role which will work closely in supporting the Bermuda Police Service.” He said it had been a pleasure to take part in the first all-volunteer recruit camp in January and to see the trainee soldiers become the first to train exclusively with the new British Army-issue SA-80 rifles. Colonel Curley, the 16th commanding officer of the regiment, paid tribute to his predecessor for “his hard work and dedication to the Royal Bermuda Regiment for almost three years. He arrived, got stuck in and accomplished many feats during his tenure. I also take this opportunity to publicly thank him for steering me past the company command kingdom and having the utmost confidence and positive influence on me to take over command from him. The regiment is facing some interesting, challenging and busy times going forward, but it is well placed to seize the opportunities that lie ahead. All of us ultimately have a role to play in helping shape that future, whether it be as a currently serving soldier, policy maker, advisor, supportive employer, member of the public or an understanding spouse. I am very proud of all the men and women of all ranks within the Royal Bermuda Regiment.” Colonel Foster-Brown, who will take up a post at the Joint Services Command headquarters at Northwood, near London, said the regiment’s role in the back-to-back hurricanes of 2014 had underlined its importance to the island. He said training soldiers as Special Constables and an expanded joint services explosive ordnance disposal unit, as well as plans to take the lead in maritime security, would make the regiment even more valuable. Retention rates, he added, were at an all-time high, with 77 per cent of the regiment strength now volunteer. Colonel Foster-Brown added: “We have also reminded Bermudians — if indeed the silent majority needed reminding — of our enduring relevance, value and significance.” Mr Fergusson said the “royal” designation awarded to the regiment for its 50th anniversary last year was not an automatic honour or granted lightly, and that he had “absolute confidence” that Colonel Curley would “manage the Regiment well during his time of command”. In addition to the traditional planting of a cedar tree on the lawn of the officers’ mess by the outgoing commanding officer, another tree was planted by the family of Major Chris Wheddon, who died on duty in Britain in 2012 and who had been due to take over command. British Army Colonel Nick Lock, the assistant military attaché at the British Embassy in Washington, said after the change of command ceremony: “It was fantastic — this regiment has such a warm feeling with everybody working hard together to achieve a good result. I am sure it was a very proud day for Colonel Mike and for Colonel David taking over. From the embassy in Washington, we will continue to support the Regiment where we can.”

February 27. Land Rover BAR dominated today’s opening races of the Louis Vuitton America’s Cup World Series in Oman, (the finals of which will be held in Bermuda in June 2017). The British challenger coped best in the light winds, reeling off two first place finishes and a third to grasp the early lead of the six-race regatta. Sir Ben Ainslie’s team were hit with a penalty after going over the start line early in the first race, but shrugged it off to finish third. Apart from an hour glass in their genneker approaching the weather mark for the last time in the second race, it was virtually smooth sailing the rest of the way for Land Rover BAR, who won the second and third races convincingly to stamp their authority on the regatta. Still, Ainslie said life had been anything but easy in the light winds. “These conditions make it very challenging for everyone on board,” he said. “You need a decent start and to go the right way, so it’s tough on the tacticians. And then the big Code Zero headsails make for hard work for everyone else. It’s a big day for the team.” Oracle Team USA, with two seconds and a fifth, and overall World Series leaders Emirates Team New Zealand, with a first, a fourth and a sixth, hold onto second and third heading into tomorrow’s races. The Kiwis won the first race, taking the lead at the first mark after nearest rivals Artemis Racing were hit with the first of two penalties. Oracle, the America’s Cup defender, led the fleet in the third race on the last beat, but surrendered their advantage to BAR after splitting gates with Ainslie’s team, who put further distance between themselves and the chasing pack on the run to the finish line. Despite the light air, which kept the AC45F racing fleet off of their foils, racing was close with huge gains or losses to be made on each maneuver. Even so Dean Barker, the SoftBank Team Japan skipper, found himself in familiar territory. His team flashed some brilliance, but couldn’t hold on through a full race for a strong finish. “I’m happy with the improvements we’re making,” he said. “We can see that we’re getting better. The last one was frustrating. It was looking so good for a while. But one mistake can be so costly. We’re just making little errors and in this fleet you get punished for it.” Racing continues tomorrow with three more races, when the points on offer will be doubled.

Leaderboard

Land Rover BAR — 8, 10, 10 — 28 points

ORACLE TEAM USA — 9, 6, 9 — 24 points

Emirates Team NZ — 10, 7, 5 — 22 points

SoftBank Team Japan — 6, 9, 6 — 21 points

Artemis Racing — 7, 5, 8- 20 points

Groupama Team France — 5, 8, 7 — 20 points

February 27. Artemis Racing laid down a marker at the Louis Vuitton America’s Cup World Series Oman yesterday. The Swedish challenger swept both fleet races and beat Oracle Team USA, the America’s Cup defender, in a match race during official practice races contested in fickle four to seven-knot breezes. Commenting on his team’s encouraging performances in the AC45F catamaran, Iain Percy, the Artemis tactician and sailing team manager, said: “A great day for us winning both practice fleet races and a match race as well.” Nathan Outteridge, the Artemis skipper, added: “Winning in Bermuda was a huge confidence boost, and it’s great to continue that form into Oman, in completely different conditions. It’s early days though, and with lots of points up for grabs this weekend, it’s important that we remain focused and start fresh tomorrow.” The light air conditions resulted in very little foiling and more traditional light wind multi-hull sailing on the AC45F catamarans, with teams taking the unusual step of flying their genneker or “code zero” sail for the entire races. SoftBank Team Japan and Groupama Team France finished second and third in the first fleet race behind Artemis, who won the previous World Series event in Bermuda last October. Rounding off the podium in the second fleet race were Oracle and Land Rover BAR, helmed by former Oracle tactician Sir Ben Ainslie. In other match races, Emirates Team New Zealand beat Groupama Team France, SoftBank Team Japan beat Land Rover BAR, Team France beat Artemis, Team New Zealand beat Team Japan and Land Rover BAR beat Team Oracle. The World Series Oman starts proper with three races today and continues tomorrow with three more races, where the points on offer will be doubled. Team New Zealand lead the overall World Series standings by ten points over Land Rover BAR. Meanwhile, Artemis Racing have been tipped as the favorites to win next week’s RC44 Bermuda Cup. Artemis will be represented by two teams in the event on the Great Sound, Artemis Racing and Artemis Racing Youth. Artemis Racing’s star-studded line-up includes Francesco Bruni, the King Edward VII Gold Cup winner and three times America’s Cup and Olympic sailor who is joined by America’s Cup team-mates Christian Kamp and Pieter Van Nieuwenhuijzen. Onboard Artemis Racing Youth is Freddy Loof, Sweden’s most successful sailor, and British Olympic gold medallist Paul Goodison. Both teams will be hoping the wealth of local knowledge their sailors have gained from training out of their team base ahead of the 35th America’s Cup will give them the competitive edge next week. The RC44 Bermuda Cup is the opening regatta of the 2016 RC44 Championship which celebrates its tenth anniversary this year. Team Nika, who have been bolstered by the addition of the American sailing legend Ed Baird, are the defending RC44 World and fleet racing champions, while Bronenosec Sailing Team are the defending RC44 match racing champions. The RC44 Bermuda Cup runs from March 2 to 6 and the regatta will kick off with a day of match racing followed by four days of fleet racing. Racing updates can be obtained via the live blog at www.rc44.com.

February 27. The Bermuda Public Service Union has contacted its members warning them it has not endorsed industrial action after receiving a communique from the Bermuda Trade Union Congress. The communique allegedly being disseminated asks workers to engage in work stoppages and sickouts on Monday. In a statement just released, a BPSU spokeswoman said: “The BPSU wishes to make it clear that it has not endorsed any actions which may be contrary to our members’ conditions of employment. We have advised our membership that they are expected to report to work on Monday as normally required. In addition, the BPSU requests that persons cease forwarding the alleged communique.” President of the Bermuda Industrial Union Chris Furbert said: “Like other unions who are members of the Bermuda Trade Union Congress (BTUC), the Bermuda Industrial Union has also been made aware of information that is circulating that there the BTUC has called for an island-wide work stoppage. As President of the Bermuda Industrial Union and the BTUC, I can assure members of the public that no such call has been made. All members of the BIU are requested to be at their posts on Monday, February 29, 2016 as normal.”

February 27. ZURICH (Reuters) — The United States played a key role in the intense lobbying that saw Gianni Infantino elected Fifa president yesterday, beating Sheikh Salman Bin Ebrahim Al Khalifa, as the old political allegiances at world football’s governing body collapsed. The traditional voting in blocks along continental lines, characteristic of previous Fifa elections, broke down significantly giving outsiders Prince Ali Bin Al Hussein of Jordan and France’s Jérôme Champagne 34 votes. Neither Prince Ali nor Champagne had been promised support from any of the continental confederations. In the second round of voting Infantino, the Uefa general secretary, picked up 27 extra votes while Salman, the Asian confederation chief, managed just three more, with Ali and Champagne losing a combined 30 votes. In between the two voting sessions, Sunil Gulati, the US Soccer president, was seen deep in conversation with Prince Ali and they walked out of sight of the congress floor to continue for several minutes. “We couldn’t say anything to Prince Ali’s supporters until we had spoken to Prince Ali himself and it is safe to say that in that intervening period we had a good chat with Prince Ali and also Gianni and the three of us,” Gulati said after Infantino had made his first speech as president. The American said his plan had always been to switch to Infantino when the crunch came. “We told Gianni last night that we would support Prince Ali but also gave him the assurance that when it mattered we would be with him.” That was not surprising but less anticipated was the role the American and Concacaf allies, including Victor Montagliani, Canada Soccer Association president, played in turning the vote towards Infantino. Gulati, assisted by lawyer Samir Gandhi, who has been working on Fifa and Concacaf reforms, worked the congress floor and assisted Infantino in persuading several federations to switch their votes to the eventual winner. “It is clear that there was a strong alliance between Europe and North America and the Anglo-Saxon world,” Champagne said. The once united Caribbean block of 25 votes, expected to go to Salman, was split in the first round among the candidates, with several switching to Infantino in the second vote. One Caribbean official, a supporter of the Bahraini, was flabbergasted at the outcome. “What the hell happened there?” he said as he left the congress hall in an ugly mood. “I’m shocked.” Sources indicated that Cuba and the Dominican Republic were among those who switched to Infantino in round two, while in Asia a key number of Ali voters who had rebelled against their confederation president opted to go with the European candidate rather than Sheikh Salman. Some federations, such as Kenya, made the switch directly from Salman to Infantino in the second round after they sensed the tide turning towards the Uefa general secretary, Kenyan official Nick Mwendwa said. Liberian Musa Bility’s prediction on Thursday of significant defections from the African Football Confederation’s chosen candidate Salman to Ali proved accurate. Gulati’s lobbying effort was another example of American involvement in the Fifa crisis. The US Department of Justice has indicted 41 officials and entities, including a number from Concacaf, including Chuck Blazer, a New Yorker and former Fifa executive committee member.

February 27. The One Bermuda Alliance’s legacy will be the “the great Bermudian exodus”, Shadow Minister of Finance David Burt told MPs in his Reply to the Budget yesterday. The OBA was accused of adding $1 billion to the island’s debt and overseeing the loss of 2,266 jobs instead of delivering its promised 2,000 jobs. Controversial and “unilateral” immigration initiatives featured prominently in Mr Burt’s address, in which he maintained that Bermudians had left the island because of a lack of jobs and opportunities. Mr Burt also addressed anxieties over a Progressive Labour Party administration undoing legislation put in place by the OBA, saying that a PLP Government would not reverse the Civil Service cuts put in place by the OBA. Stressing the need for bipartisan collaboration on immigration reform, he told the House that international investors “need to know that they have a stable platform on which to base their investment decisions. Immigration policy can change from government to government; we will not attract the long-term investment that we need if potential investors feel that the rules may change after an election,” he said. In keeping with previous addresses, such as the Opposition’s Vision 2025, Mr Burt emphasized the party’s commitment to diversifying the island’s economy to create jobs. Other measures include:

The PLP continued to propose greater consumer protection over banking and money lending, while scrapping the middle school system and adding more engineering to the island’s curriculum. Mr Burt said the Opposition would boost the construction of studio apartments for younger Bermudians to purchase, and turn over arable government land for domestic food production. Mr Burt also predicted the latest Budget would be the OBA’s last — noting that the Parliamentary Registrar had allocated funds to prepare for a General Election in the coming fiscal year. The OBA, along with Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance, came under continued pressure over the airport redevelopment plan, for which $13 million was allocated in the recent Budget. "The Government’s current account expenditure budgeted at $921 million is higher than last year’s budgeted figures when the expenses for aircraft and shipping registries are removed from the Budget," Mr Burt said. "The idea that we can reform both the payroll tax system and implement a service tax in one year flies in the face of common sense. The projected deficit for this year from 2015 had fallen $50 million short of the promised $150 million, and the across the board tax hikes the minister said would bring in revenue would harm the economy. The top rate of tax is now set at 15.5 per cent, while the portion of tax recoverable from employees has risen to 6 per cent — the highest level it has ever been.” The shadow minister said Mr Richards’s optimistic depiction of the recession as “over” had been based on a selective reading of statistics, and he accused the OBA of being out of touch with the plight of ordinary Bermudians. “For 38 months as the Opposition, we have held the Government to account,” he added. “With our Throne Speech Reply and this Budget Reply, we have laid out a vision that Bermudians, who have been ignored and forgotten by the One Bermuda Alliance, can embrace.” Parliament will continue on Monday as legislators delve into the opening debate over the 2016/17 Budget.

February 27. Shadow transport minister Lawrence Scott has blasted the Bermuda Government for “not including a single word about road safety” in its Budget Statement, describing the issue as a “national health crisis.” Speaking in the House of Assembly last night as part of the Opposition’s Reply to the Budget, Mr Scott said that in allocating $148,000 to road safety, the Government has dedicated $2.25 per person. “That is what our lives are worth to this government.” Mr Scott pointed out that Bermudians were three times as likely to die on the roads as they were to die as a result of gang violence, saying it was safer to join a gang than to get where you were going. Last year, the One Bermuda Alliance announced the creation of a Road Safety Working Group to address perilous conditions on our roads. Grant Gibbons, the Minister of Economic Development, described Mr Scott’s speech on the value of Bermudian lives as “nonsense”, but the issue was not addressed further. Mr Scott also highlighted concerns regarding the airport development last night. The OBA struck a deal with the Canadian Commercial Corporation and its subcontractor Aecon in 2014 for them to finance the redevelopment of LF Wade International Airport in return for a contract to run the facility for 30 years and collect any revenue raised. The controversial agreement has been criticised by those who say the project should have been put out to tender. Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance, has maintained that the sole source deal was the best for Bermuda. But Mr Scott said Aecon and CCC appeared to have control of incoming contracts when “they don’t even have shovels in the ground. International companies are being blocked by a company that has no real jurisdiction,” he said, adding that this constituted a breach of international aviation policy. Mr Scott also criticised the increased $78 departure tax, claiming that it was driving airlines away from Bermuda. “It doesn’t make us attractive to airlines, it doesn’t make us attractive to tourists and creates a stumbling block for the Bermuda Tourism Authority,” he said. Speaking on the departure tax, Dr Gibbons pointed out that the duty was not charged to airlines but to passengers through the price of a ticket. Regarding whether the Government was breaching any rules, Dr Gibbons added: “I have faith in the head of the Department of Airport Operations, Aaron Adderley, who is very knowledgeable — he will not have us in breach of practices.” The issue of immigration was also raised in relation to the Budget yesterday. Some members of the Progressive Labour Party accused the Government of an attempt at “social engineering” by proposing to grant status to long-term residents. Derrick Burgess said: “At least 95 per cent of the white population vote one way. We have a long history of racialised immigration and the policies were put in place to ensure power. This is what this Government seems to want to do.” Quoting the Budget Statement, Kim Wilson singled out the Government’s promise to “improve the quality of life for all”. Citing unemployment rates and the Minister of Finance’s claim that the recession was over, Ms Wilson said that “he who feels it, knows it”. She said Mr and Mrs Bermuda were feeling the full effects of unemployment, increased taxes and increased food and fuel prices in “a country that seems to place greater emphasis on long-term guest workers." Ms Wilson added: “This Government is content to rely solely on immigration to promote economic recovery.” The issue of status, she said, had been “highly emotive”, and she stressed the importance of bipartisan, comprehensive immigration reform so it serves not just one sector of Bermuda. Other issues raised in the House included the OBA’s perceived strained relationship with the general public. Walter Roban, the Shadow Minister of Home Affairs, said: “If you don’t have the confidence of the public you have nothing. “It speaks to the relationship with the public that is contaminated and tainted and brings about such anger and strong reaction.” Jamahl Simmons, the Shadow Minister of Tourism and Economic Development, called for compassion from the Government. “The OBA does not have much time left. In that time, you have to do better,” he said.

February 27. Two burglars attacked a senior early yesterday morning by beating him with a stick and causing serious leg injuries. Police responded to a report of a burglary in the Friswell’s Hill area of Pembroke at about 3.25am. A spokesman said: “On police arrival, it was reported that two male suspects entered the home of the 63-year-old male victim and made demands for money. “A struggle between the victim and one of the suspects ensued, resulting in the victim being beaten with a stick, and the suspects making good their escape on foot.” The victim was taken to King Edward VII Memorial Hospital and treated for what were described as serious leg injuries. The spokesman said the first suspect was about 5ft 10in with a slim build, and was wearing a dark hoodie. The second suspect was described only as having had a red hoodie. Police are urging anyone with information to contact them on 295-0011 or to call the confidential Crime Stoppers hotline on 800-8477.

February 27. A businessman has been jailed for trying to smuggle more than $400,000 worth of drugs into Bermuda by hiding heroin, crack and cannabis in a skintight body suit. Antoine Kent was caught red-handed after arriving at LF Wade International on a flight from New York on June 19 last year. Today at Supreme Court, Kent, 50, was jailed for six years after admitting three charges of importing drugs into Bermuda. The court heard that Kent had decided to bring in the drugs because his business was in financial dire straits and he needed the money. In his social inquiry report Kent said: “It happened in June. I had been asked so many times over the years. I had my business for 18 years. They caught me at a time when I was financially strapped and I agreed.” He acknowledged he had embarrassed his mother and his family, and disappointed a lot of people. Kent had flown to New York on June 16 last year to collect the drugs. He flew back to Bermuda three days later and was stopped at customs after officers became suspicious that he was hiding something under his clothes. He was searched by customs officers who discovered several packages stuffed into a body suit under his clothes. Questioned, he told officers that the material in the packages were “weed”. The drugs seized were later analyzed and found to include 52g of crack with a street value of $16,450; 119g of heroin with a street value of nearly $350,000 and 2,289g of cannabis worth $114,447 on the streets of Bermuda.

February 27.  Opinion, Martha Harris Myron,  CPA PFS JSM, Masters of Law. "Meticulously prepared, the Budget is 54 pages long, replete with charts, statistics, analogies, historical data, and some very cautious optimism. It contains shrewd observations on our Bermuda financial environment: investments, government infrastructure and assets, impact on population, serious concerns relative to full employment, challenges Bermuda faces and important economics lessons. If you really want to be better informed about our economy and our place in the world, read the Budget. Then, consider dissecting it by taking each section in turn. We should all be spending plenty of time on our individual family financial budget. And we should be equally concerned about our government’s budget. After all, this is our country, this is our economy and in most cases this is our money, deducted from our earnings without our having any say in the outcome. The least we can do is actually know where our money is going. Don’t approve of government spending choices? Then voice your disagreement with your MP. Further, we certainly should know just how much revenue Government is generating. It may seem challenging to understand the most recent Budget. It may seem tedious, intense and time-consuming, but it is not difficult. However, isn’t it even more important than your family budget to know if our country’s budget is fair and equitable? Can we even have a family budget without our Government operating on all cylinders? Quite frankly, the annual Bermuda Government Budget is a marvelous teaching tool. It should be and taught in school. Everyone has a stake in our country. What better way to demonstrate to our young people how unique our Bermuda economy is and the respect that our international financial centre contributes to the financial world. Our youngsters will inherit the earth — in short order, why not have them be fully prepared? There are highlights and lowlights to this Budget. According to Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance: “The 2016-2017 Budget is the first of the three-year plan to eliminate our deficit (more cash spent than earned in a year) so that finally Bermuda can begin to pay off in earnest our enormous several billion dollar debt to foreign investors.” 

Reviewing the highlights. They include signs of recovery after six long years of recession, specifically:

The current account is the difference between a nation’s savings and its investment. The current account is an important indicator about an economy’s health. It is defined as the sum of the balance of trade (goods and services exports less imports), net income from abroad and net current transfers. This is a very interesting equation that will be discussed in depth in future Bermuda economic articles. A current account surplus does not necessarily mean there is real cash in the Government’s bank accounts at year end.

Reviewing the lowlights

I regret to say that the 2016-2017 Budget is not balanced; our Government is still spending more cash than it is taking in. Regrettably, Bermuda does not have a balanced-budget mandate, which is a constitutional rule requiring that a state (country) cannot spend more than its income. It requires a balance between the projected receipts and expenditures of the government. Balanced-budget provisions have been added to the constitutions of most states in the US, and can similarly found in Germany, Hong Kong, Spain, Italy and Switzerland. In a US state, for instance, if the revenues do not meet expenses, state government literally shuts down. No payroll, no administration, no activity until sufficient cuts are made in expenses to bring that budget in matching line: the revenue earned equals, and not one penny more, the expenses paid for the year. Then again the US Federal Government budget is not balanced and has not been for many years. The US has recourse, though, they just print more money. Bermuda cannot do that. And for Bermuda there is the elephant in the room. That is our foreign debt, government civil service and ministers’ pensions and benefits.

This was part one of a two-part series looking at the Bermuda Government Budget for the 2016-2017 fiscal year. Next week: more lowlight details. And in a future article: the perfect Utopian society with no foreign workers, no annoying visitors from the outside, no foreign politicians telling us what to do. That is what we all want isn’t it? Controlling our own destiny.

February 26. The Louis Vuitton America’s Cup World Series event held in October generated an estimated $8.6 million — some $6.9 million more than projected — in economic activity according to an impact study. Minister for Economic Development Grant Gibbons said that while he was optimistic the estimated impact for the 35th America’s Cup event in 2017 would also produce higher-than- projected revenues, he said the disparity would not be as extreme due to Bermuda’s “natural carrying capacity”. The Economic Impact Analysis Report for the World Series was produced by a consultant seconded to the ACBDA by a local accounting firm and represents direct investment into the Bermuda economy. Approximately $6.1 million, or 70 per cent of the spend was generated from overseas sources. Speaking at a press conference earlier yesterday, Dr Gibbons said: “The actual returns far exceed initial projections. This is clearly a very good result that builds on the overall benefit of hosting the America’s Cup, the teams and all related events. “We have only focused on economic activity that can be directly attributed to this event and have not considered any secondary spending or indirect economic benefits that might ordinarily be accounted in a full economic assessment. In that light, this assessment can be considered conservative. It is hard at this point to estimate what the increase may or may not be. There are a lot of months between now and then but I think we are optimistic. It would be incorrect to say we expect a multiple of what we estimated simply because Bermuda has a natural carrying capacity.’ The types of services consumed included hotel rooms; restaurant meals; corporate hospitality events; transportation; other boats; and shopping at the event village and other retailers. What’s more, the international media coverage reached a global audience of 14.1 million, described by Dr Gibbons as: “A huge positive contribution to Bermuda’s international visibility in major tourism markets.” Where the total economic impact was underestimated, so too were the net costs — an additional $135,000 was spent by government. The economic impact was generated from a variety of sources including spending by travelling fans; competitor teams; America’s Cup commercial partners and sponsors; the international media; the general public; the ACEA; the ACBDA; and the Bermuda Government and other taxpayer-funded amenities. Peter Durhager, chairman of the ACBDA, provided additional detail on the breakdown of the report. Local banks reported an additional $4.7 million in spending during the World Series week compared to an average week in October. To ensure a “fair and prudent” estimate, only $1.3 million of this spend was not included in the final figure of $8.6 million. More than 10,000 people attended the event village on Front Street throughout the weekend and on the Sunday an estimated 550 boats, carrying about 5,000 spectators, watched the racing action from the Great Sound. About 1,499 visitors, including media and team members came to the island specifically for the event. Hotels enjoyed a 43 per cent increase in revenue compared to a usual October week while some $1.5 million was generated in retail sales. Mr Durhager acknowledged the volunteers whose contribution was estimated to be worth $600,000 in volunteer hours plus waived fees and charges. The figure was not factored into the final impact but represents a reduction in operating costs. Mr Durhager said: “This activity, coupled with $14.1 million of value in media exposure, illustrate the significant impact of the event and represents an excellent return on investment.”

February 26. The America’s Cup village site will be handed over to the AC Event Authority five months ahead of schedule, MPs heard this morning. The infill in Dockyard’s South Basin has taken in 310,000 cubic yards of material in the last few months, Grant Gibbons, the Minister of Economic Development, told the House of Assembly. Dr Gibbons said the reclamation project required a ship larger than any that navigated the South Basin before. The project is now going into its second phase with the installation of sheet pile walls. Twenty local companies were involved in the infill with the main contractor, Cashman Dredging and Marine Contracting. Sixty local workers were employed. “In addition, some 390 Bermudian workers have been gainfully employed in America’s Cup related projects in Dockyard, valued at over $4.9 million,” Dr Gibbons said. Team members for the event, now less than 500 days away, number roughly 160 on the island at present, with more than 170 family members. Since April 2015, Oracle, Artemis and Softbank Team Japan cumulatively spent more than $10.2 million on their team base operations.

February 26. The Singapore model for casino gaming adopted by the Bermuda Government in the 2014 Act will be amended to suit the island, the House of Assembly heard this morning. The updates came from Shawn Crockwell, the Minister of Tourism Development and Transport. Mr Crockwell said the Casino Gaming Commission is submitting suggestions to make the legislation more appropriate to the “social, cultural and economic realities of Bermuda”. The amendments will be tabled “as expeditiously as possible”, he said.

February 26. RG opinion. "Finance Minister Bob Richards has an unenviable task. His brief as finance minister is to take the tough actions necessary to keep the country from lurching into fiscal disaster, while not smothering a nascent economic recovery. And his brief as a politician is to perform this balancing act in such a way that voters do not turn away from his party, with the next General Election due by the end of next year. On deficit elimination, the plan is intact. If executed successfully, two years from now the finance minister, whether or not it is still Mr Richards, will get up before the House of Assembly and announce a national budget with no deficit for the first time since 2002. This will be a significant milestone, but in reality only the first phase in getting our fiscal house in order. The next Herculean task will be to chip away at the monster gross debt, expected to peak at $2.54 billion in March 2018 and that can be achieved only by stringing together years of budget surpluses. No one with the island’s best long-term interests at heart would dispute the truth in Mr Richards’s message that “debt service is stealing from the future of our children and their children”. It follows that eliminating the deficit is essential, but the question is how that is achieved. The three-year projection at the back of the Budget Statement suggests a lopsided approach with a heavy emphasis on raising revenue rather than cutting costs. The numbers spell out just how heavy this revenue bias is. If one compares the revised current account totals for the fiscal year ending next month with the projections for 2018-19, the bottom line is this: annual revenue will rise 22.5 per cent in three years, while annual current account expenditure will fall 3 per cent. In dollar terms, the Government expects to take in $211 million more in 2018-19 than it has done in 2015-16, while it intends to spend just $27 million less. In other words, for every dollar the Government will cut from public-sector spending, it expects the private sector to chip in $7.80. It is to be hoped that a return to growth in the coming years will help the economy to shoulder this dramatically increasing burden. In other words, if the Government is going to take a larger slice of the pie, it will not hurt so much if the pie itself is getting bigger. The finance ministry is projecting growth of between 2 and 3 per cent this year, but the increasing financial burden imposed by the Government will be a headwind. Business people and private-sector employees have every right to feel that the Government is not meeting them halfway in the “shared sacrifice” to which Mr Richards refers. In fact, it seems that the One Bermuda Alliance approach to deficit reduction has turned full circle in a short time. The standout feature of Mr Richards’s Budget two years ago was the plan to privatize or outsource a number of government functions, an idea based on the work of the Sage Commission and aimed at cutting out waste and giving taxpayers better value for money. Those plans have apparently been shelved. Even last year, the finance minister warned: “We cannot guarantee that the planned reduction in spending can be achieved without layoffs.” That has proved to be an empty threat. Instead, the planned reductions in spending were abandoned in favour of digging deeper into private-sector pockets. Just a year ago, the Budget was projecting that in 2016-17, current account spending would total $870.7 million, while revenue would be $959.2 million. The plan changed so dramatically in the space of 12 months that the actual Budget entails a staggering $42 million addition to the spending column and an equally staggering $37.7 million added to the revenue total. It seems that either the public are being asked to fund the Government’s failure to achieve its own efficiency targets and its reluctance to confront the unions, or the strategy on achieving deficit reduction has undergone an about-turn over the past year. Either way, the public are owed an explanation of what has changed. Perhaps the report by the independent experts on the Fiscal Responsibility Panel carries some of the answers. The FRP noted that the larger cuts that were planned before this year’s change of tack would be difficult to achieve and would “require making a start on fundamental restructuring of government services, particularly as some of the short-term measures to contain spending taken to date will not be sustainable in future years”. Perhaps the appetite for such restructuring is not there, given the looming General Election. The report concluded that “all or nearly all of the additional fiscal effort needed after 2016-17 will have to come from revenue increases”. One can only hope that the burden of the planned general services tax and next year’s reformed, more progressive payroll tax regime will affect those who can best afford it. However, the Government would do well to follow the advice of another line from the FRP report to avoid growing discontent from a community expected to shoulder repeated tax increases. It states: “It will be important to demonstrate with visible actions that alongside increases in taxes the Government is serious in its Endeavour to improve efficiency and reduce waste.”

February 26. Credit rating agency Moody’s has welcomed Government’s progress in cutting its deficit. Moody’s said Government had reduced its target for current expenditure cuts from 5 per cent to 3.5 per cent after it was unable to renew its cost-cutting furlough day deal with public service unions. But it added that it was expected Government would meet the reduced target, narrowing the deficit to about $220 million, 3.8 per cent of gross domestic product, for 2015-16. Government also increased some taxes and cut back tax concessions to increase receipts by 3.5 per cent. Moody’s said: “The resulting drop in the fiscal deficit may exceed 1.5 per cent percentage points, making it the most significant fiscal consolidation for Bermuda in more than 20 years.” The agency gave its views after the Ministry of Finance published its fiscal performance update for the nine months to the end of the last year. Moody’s said: “The report showed that the Government remains on track to meet its fiscal consolidation goals, a credit positive.” Moody’s — which rates Bermuda at A1 stable — said that the $686 million Government revenues during the first nine months of financial year 2015-16 were 5.6 per cent up on the same period the previous year. And total expenditures, excluding debt service payments, went down 1.4 per cent year on year. Current expenditures, 80 per cent of total spending, was 74.5 per cent during the nine-month period. The Moody’s report said: “The government is unlikely to exceed budgeted spending for the fiscal year because authorities have proactively identified savings to offset above-budget expenditures at some government departments. The Government’s success in reducing the budget deficit reflects its increased efforts to maintain fiscal discipline and a moderate economic rebound that took hold in 2015 following a six-year recession.” Moody’s said the economic activity indicators suggested that the recovery from recession started last year, with GDP on an expenditure basis going up 2.5 per cent year on year during the first three quarters of financial year 2015-16. The agency estimated that the economy expanded by 1.5 to 2 per cent under a production GDP approach over the nine-month period, up from its forecast of 0.5 per cent — with further growth anticipated into 2016. Moody’s said that new hotels and the rebuilding of the island’s airport in the run to 2017’s Americas Cup would boost the economy. The report added: “The latest labour statistics also suggest that the international business sector has resumed growth. Sustained growth in that sector, in addition to infrastructure investment, will likely help create new jobs, supporting growth in average wages in the economy and payroll tax receipts for the government.”

February 26. A bid to sell the benefits of captive insurance in Bermuda is to be launched in the US next month. An industry delegation led by the Bermuda Business Development Agency is to visit the south east of America to drum up more business for the sector. The group will hold panel sessions in Atlanta, Georgia, and Raleigh, North Carolina, as part of a new programme of regional US business development tours. Jereme Ramsay, the BDA business development manager, said: “BDA-led forums are an invaluable opportunity for delegates to gain first-hand knowledge of Bermuda’s captive solutions to risk-management challenges. “This road show includes a panel of captive insurance managers, regulatory experts, plus testimonials from active captive insurance owners representing Fortune 500 companies.” Representatives from global soft drinks giant Coca-Cola and leading law firm Baker & McKenzie are expected to join the BDA line-up in both cities. Each of the special forums, targeted at business leaders, will have two sessions, one focusing on captive solutions with a case study and the second on regulatory, legal and tax issues, also including a case study. An example is Robert Spencer, former CFO and now consultant for multi-national law firm Baker & McKenzie and president of its Bermuda captive, ROP Insurance. “We decided in 2007 that a captive could best meet our needs,” he said. “We chose Bermuda because of the established and highly regarded insurance industry presence, the favorable tax environment and our long-standing relationships with many of the major players in that market.” The BDA said the island remains the world’s top jurisdiction for captive insurance, with about 800 captive companies registered, mostly supporting Fortune 500 firms in America, and generating more than $48 billion in gross written premiums every year. Captives help companies to self-insure against a wide range of risks, from cyber attack to workers’ compensation, and support an estimated 25 per cent of the American medical insurance and reinsurance market. Similar visits to Chicago and Boston are planned for later this year.

February 26. A long day for MPs lies in store at the House of Assembly today as the Progressive Labour Party delivers its Reply to the Budget. David Burt, the Shadow Minister of Finance, will respond to last week’s Budget statement delivered by finance minister Bob Richards. Cole Simons, the One Bermuda Alliance whip, said that there was no legislation planned from the Government side, but that the debate could likely run into the small hours. Absent from today’s order of business is a private member’s bill from Sylvan Richards, the Junior Minister for Home Affairs, calling for a referendum on same-sex marriage. However, The Royal Gazette understands that the bill, which was unable to proceed for technical reasons in Parliament on February 12, is still being worked upon. Meanwhile, Michael Weeks of the PLP intends to bring a notice before the House calling for a referendum that would also ask the public to vote on the lawfulness of same-sex civil unions, to be included on the ballot at the next General Election. Calling it an issue of national importance, Mr Weeks said it would probably be at least two sittings before his motion could be debated. “I am trying to bring a bill that can ask the Government to proceed with this — since it is a money issue, the Opposition cannot bring a money bill,” Mr Weeks said. "It is hopefully going to encourage the Government to eventually bring a referendum bill. There are certain things that we should take to the people. To me, it’s nothing more than direct democracy when you get issues like this, so why not have a referendum? That’s my argument. The people need to and should decide on this particular issue.”

February 26. Minister of Home Affairs Michael Fahy has described the notion of Bermuda’s proposed immigration reform opening the floodgates to foreigners as a “myth”. The minister was speaking during a live interview on the government-owned TV station CITV hosted by Charles Webbe. The show, which opened up questions to the general public, focused on Senator Fahy’s controversial proposal to grant permanent residency to those ordinarily resident in Bermuda for 15 years, and Bermuda status to those who have PRC status and are here for 20. Senator Fahy said that going by previous census data and other related data, he envisaged about 100 people would gain permanent residency or Bermudian status per year. “If it [the Bill] was to pass today you would have 683 people able to make an application for permanent residency and about 800 for status but that number is likely to be lower. We are talking far less than thousands; we are talking about people who are already here. In terms of numbers going forward, we believe it would be about 100 per year.” Senator Fahy was joined by Attorney-General Trevor Moniz during the interview. Sylvan Richards, the Junior Minister of Home Affairs, was absent from the live chat because of family obligations. During the interview, Senator Fahy rubbished the idea communicated to him by race relations group Curb that the aim of the change in policy was merely to whiten the electorate. “That is complete and utter nonsense,” Senator Fahy said. “It is sad indeed that anyone would make that allegation without a shred of evidence. We don’t ask what race they are. I asked Curb would they accept it if all the applications were black. It shouldn’t be on our agenda and it doesn’t bother me which way they vote.” Mr Moniz added: “We have been elected to stimulate the economy.” A large portion of the questions centred around what the Government was doing to protect, train and retain Bermudians in their own country. Senator Fahy highlighted several measures including the creation of the National Training Board to offer more training opportunities to Bermudians and the Jobs Board that alerts the public to jobs, required skill sets and work permits that are up for re-approval. He also mentioned the increased penalties imposed for those who flout the immigration rules. The issue of a lack of educational opportunities for Bermudians on the island was raised — one caller asked whether the minister was prepared to address it. He replied: “Education has been nowhere the level that it should be. We have not been equipped as Bermudians to fulfill all roles at a highly technical level that is why we have had permits re-approved in these highly specialized areas. It is a long-term problem that will take a long time to fix.” One question, seemingly unrelated to immigration policy, was whether Senator Fahy planned on running for premier, to which he replied: “I would hope to eventually run in an election.” During a break from the phone lines, CITV screened interviews with some of those who will be eligible to apply for status under the proposed immigration policies and also delivered facts surrounding the reform. Asked why he had not taken a more bipartisan approach to immigration reform, Senator Fahy answered: “I’ve had any number of conversations — the PLP position has been no offering of status until we become independent. We can’t start at that starting point.”

February 26. Sir John Swan says Bermuda has an urgent economic need to bring in more people from overseas and failure to lower immigration barriers in a carefully planned way will limit opportunities for the next generation. The former Premier was among an audience of prominent business people yesterday at HSBC’s Harbourview building for a presentation of a business confidence survey. During the question-and-answer period, Sir John said that Bermuda had no raw materials or manufacturing to speak of and was a services-dominated, “people-on-people” economy. “The only way we are going to grow is to get people in,” Sir John said. He said immigration reforms had to go further to meet this need, because Bermuda’s demographics pointed to an ageing and shrinking population, which would inevitably reduce demand for the service-providing businesses that drive the economy. “We have kept Bermuda closed to Bermudians and we can’t keep fighting this battle in the 21st century,” Sir John said. “We need to open up.” After the meeting Sir John suggested that Bermuda needed to survey its own human resources and work out how many people the island needed to bring in and with what skill sets, in order to achieve economic growth. “On that basis, we could make a very clear plan for bringing people in and employing locals,” Sir John said. Attracting the targeted immigrant types, with their skills and capital, would help to create new businesses and increase demand for existing ones, Sir John said, thereby increasing employment opportunities for Bermudians. “We ignore this issue at our own peril,” he added. “If we say we can’t do anything because it might offend some Bermudians, then our children will not have the type of employment opportunities they need.” Sir John said the survey, which indicated growing confidence among business leaders, tempered with caution, provided useful information. “It begs the question: where do we go from here?” he said. “There are political decisions and emotional decisions that will have to made if we are to get out of the mess we’re in.” Mark Watkinson, chief executive officer of HSBC Bermuda, sponsor of the survey, welcomed Sir John’s comments and said the survey could be used as a starting point for discussion and that consideration would be given to having a panel discussion immediately after the release of the results in future. The survey, conducted by Bermudian firm Total Research Associates (TRA) in conjunction with Canadian market research firm Corporate Research Associates, found an uptick in confidence among business leaders. The results suggest businesses will be more likely to hire extra people and invest in their businesses this year. But caution over the future remains, with particular concerns about the political environment and the need for business growth and investment from overseas. A total of 105 prominent business people from a broad swathe of the economy responded between November 20 and December 5 last year. Nearly 400 were invited to participate and the response rate was 26.5 per cent. The Business Confidence Index, based on a benchmark of 100 from the 2014 results, rose to 106.5, up one point from the last survey in June last year. TRA said improving business confidence coincided with consumer confidence hitting an eight-year high in December, as measured by the research form’s long-running Omnibus survey. The results were unveiled in a presentation by Margaret Chapman, of CRA, at HSBC’s Harbourview Building yesterday. The improving economy was a source of optimism, with 79 per cent believing the economy is now moving in the right direction, up from 70 per cent last June and 49 per cent in 2014. About half had experienced improved economic conditions in the past year, while most of the rest said conditions were about the same. The signs for increased business investment, a key confidence indicator and growth driver, are promising. Of the respondents, 42 per cent said they planned to raise their capital expenditure this year, while 54 per cent said it would remain unchanged and just 4 per cent said it would decrease. A trend of improving revenue for companies is also becoming evident in the survey data. A total of 38 per cent of respondents said their revenue had increased over the past year, up from 33 per cent and 24 per cent respectively in the past two surveys. Meanwhile 33 per cent said their revenue was flat, while 29 per cent said it had fallen. On staffing levels, 28 per cent said they had increased headcount last year, while 56 per cent said it remained unchanged. An element of caution is also apparent in that 31 per cent said they had left positions vacant, while 18 per cent have made people redundant over the past year. The top three challenges cited by business leaders were the high cost of doing business in Bermuda (39 per cent), government leadership and politics (37 per cent) and the lack of business growth and foreign investment (25 per cent). The survey organizers said the findings appeared to show that the economy may have bottomed in 2014. “Nonetheless, confidence in the economic future of Bermuda continues to be somewhat muted and cautious,” Total Research Associates noted in a statement. “That said, in assessing their own businesses, more leaders report growth than declines in revenue, and capital expenditures are expected to increase in the private sector over the next 12 months. Organisations also expect to increase their staffing in the coming year, with the majority of new hires expected to be local rather than from overseas.” Of those intending to increase their staff, 82 per cent said they would be looking to hire locally and 18 per cent from overseas. The survey also reveals suggestions for how the business climate could be improved in Bermuda, with political stability, along with increased foreign investment being key, as well as other factors such as improving immigration and the work permit process, better taxes, and improved education and training for Bermudians.

February 26. The Human Rights Commission has expressed serious concern about a proposed legal amendment which will “undermine the integrity of the Human Rights Act”. Community minister Patricia Gordon-Pamplin has pledged to change the law so that the Human Rights Act — which currently has primacy over all other legislation — could be trumped by the section of the Matrimonial Causes Act that says a marriage is void if the parties are not male and female. Responding in a statement today, the HRC said: “The Human Rights Commission is gravely concerned about the Government’s Matrimonial Causes Amendment Act 2016, which includes a clause that undermines the integrity of the Human Rights Act 1981. “We remain firmly opposed to all amendments, as proposed by both the Government and members of the Opposition that seek to weaken our national human rights legislation. The proposed amendments serve to enshrine inequality, and in so doing continue to marginalize members of our community who have long been denied legal protections held by the majority. The commission has submitted its concerns to the honourable Members of Parliament. We wish to share our submission and urge members of the public who are opposed to legislating discrimination to contact their constituent representatives and implore them to challenge any and all legislation that serves to uphold inequality. We encourage you to exercise your right to advocate and make your concerns known to your elected representatives.” The commission’s letter states: “The Human Rights Commission fervently opposes any amendment to the Human Rights Act 1981 which would serve to, in effect, legislate discrimination. The HRA should not be amended at will to protect the view of the majority, to do so diminishes its power to ensure that all are treated equally under the law. This is the very antithesis of human rights and equality and our hope is that the government and the Opposition will strongly discourage any support by its ministers and members of any amendment proposed to override the primacy of the Human Rights Act 1981. To pass an amendment of the HRA, which would insert language into the HRA which would solidify discrimination based on sexual orientation, in this case concerning the definition of marriage, would have the same consequence as the passage of the Matrimonial Causes Amendment Act 2016. Both proposed amendments will subjugate equality, and without providing recourse for same-sex couples under the law the government will be in contravention of its positive obligation to provide a route for legal recognition of same-sex couples.” The commission said of the proposed amendment: “Without providing any legal route to recognition of same-sex couples, we are confronted with a Government and an Opposition whose actions are not reflective of a democracy that values everyone’s rights equally. Should either of the proposed amendments pass, our human rights instrument will be rigged so that a vulnerable minority is left without protection. When did we become a society that strips protection from segments of the population who most require it? Where will it end? Finally, we submit that Acts which will place Government in contravention of its obligations not only under the ECHR but to those in our community who deserve and require protection should not be left to votes of conscience.”

February 26. A new code for Crown counsel has been created for court prosecutors, the Department of Public Prosecutions (DPP) announced today. Director of the DPP, Rory Field, said the aim of the new code was to serve as an important tool for the Crown counsel in the department, as well as enhance the public’s understanding of the job they do. “Prosecutors work for the public and in the public interest,” said Mr Field. “Some of their work is done in open court and this often reaches a wider audience through the media. There are many ways in which individual members of the public may encounter prosecutors including as victims, witnesses, defendants or jurors trying the cases that prosecutors present in court. “Before cases reach a courtroom, however, prosecutors are occupied advising the police and making important decisions about whether people should be charged with criminal offences and, if so, what charges they should face. For obvious reasons, these aspects of their work cannot be done under the public gaze, but prosecutors should still try to explain what principles they apply when making these decisions and why. “In many countries around the world prosecutors have published codes that guide their conduct and structure their decision-making. Today Bermuda’s own Department of Public Prosecutions does the same.” The code is available on the DPP website via www.dpp.gov.bm.

February 26. The hoped-for sale of the defunct Grand Atlantic housing development in Warwick has not materialized, according to Craig Cannonier, the Minister of Public Works. A memorandum of understanding between Bermudiana Beach Resorts and the Bermuda Housing Corporation expired in March last year but was extended by the BHC because it was believed they were “close to closing on the deal”, Mr Cannonier told the House of Assembly. The BHC is seeking now to put out a request for interest, the minister said, in response to questions from Progressive Labour Party MP Wayne Furbert. Mr Cannonier added that despite the MOU being extended, it was not easy to secure financing for hotel construction. “It was just another opportunity for us to put some sugar into this lemon situation,” Mr Cannonier said.

February 26. The 34-year-old man who crashed his motorcycle into the Birdcage in Hamilton yesterday morning has died. At 1.22am, first responders attended a report of a single-vehicle accident, which occurred as the man was travelling west along Front Street at the junction with Queen Street. The man was taken to King Edward VII Memorial Hospital, where he was listed in very critical condition in the ICU. Police spokesman Dwayne Caines said. “Police are appealing for witnesses to contact them on 295-0011.” Subsequent to that incident, the Bermuda Police Service have warned motorists to exercise great care when approaching the junction of The Lane and Harbour Road in Paget owing to a possible oil spill near the offices of the Bermuda Veterinary Service. The Department of Works and Engineering is sending a work crew to the area to assess and assist.

February 26. The final departure of the famous Queen of Bermuda and Ocean Monarch 50 years ago signaled the end of an era for the island. The Furness fleet brought tens of thousands of visitors from the United States over 47 years, while Furness Withy invested heavily in hotel development in Bermuda. This May a final reunion for crew who worked on the liners will be held in England to mark the 50th anniversary since the ships left Bermuda. “The Furness ships had a significant impact on people in Bermuda,” Allen Soares, a Bermudian who worked on the Queen of Bermuda between 1961 and 1965, said. Mr Soares, who was 16 when he got a job on the ship, added: “It was a very different era back then. Everything was silver service and there was even finger bowls. “The cruise industry has changed a lot since then. For me as a young man this was a tremendous experience and a respected career. When I worked on the Queen of Bermuda 140 Bermudians were employed as crew.” The Furness Bermuda Line service began in 1919 when the first passenger ship Fort Hamilton sailed into the capital. She was followed by Fort Victoria and Fort St George’s as Furness ploughed money into hotel developments including the St George’s Hotel, the Mid Ocean Club, the Bermudiana and Castle Harbour Hotel. Meanwhile, Furness embarked on an ambitious project to build two much larger cruise ships, the MV Bermuda and the Monarch of Bermuda. MV Bermuda made her maiden trip to Bermuda in January 1929, but was ravaged by fire two years later in Hamilton. Despite efforts to repair her, the vessel was lost at sea while being towed to Scotland to be scrapped. Within days of the Bermuda being lost, Furness placed an order to build the Queen of Bermuda and the liner arrived in Hamilton for the first time on March 9, 1933. That year, the Monarch of Bermuda and Queen of Bermuda carried 34,102 passengers from New York to Bermuda. That service continued until both ships were requisitioned for war service. Mr Soares said: “The Queen of Bermuda went to Belfast, where she was converted into an armed merchant cruiser with seven six-inch guns at first, then later in 1943 as a troopship. “The Monarch of Bermuda left Bermuda for the last time on September 13, 1939, and headed for Brooklyn. In November she left for Liverpool, stopping in Halifax to embark 962 troops, who must have thought they hit the jackpot because she still had all first-class cabins. After her conversion into a troopship the Monarch of Bermuda traveled 420,512 miles and carried 164,840 troops and other passengers.” In 1947 the Monarch of Bermuda was damaged by fire and abandoned until being rebuilt as an emigrant ship and re-entering service in August 1950. After an extensive refit the Queen of Bermuda returned to the island on February 14, 1947, while the $15 million Ocean Monarch arrived in Bermuda on May 3, 1951, to take over from the Monarch of Bermuda. Both liners continued to bring visitors to Bermuda until 1966 when Furness terminated its North American operation. “The Queen of Bermuda left Bermuda for the last time on November 23, 1966. It seemed even the heavens were crying for the loss of the ship, with a drizzling, persistent rain,” Mr Soares said. “Many shops closed with a note on the door, gone to see the Queen off. Thousands lined the shore to see her departure, including former captains and hundreds of ex crew members. A flotilla of boats escorted her out of the harbour and down the North Shore channel. As she rounded Fort St Catherine, the cannon sounded a final salute and she disappeared on the horizon at 6.15pm.” The Ocean Monarch was relocated to the Mediterranean and Black Sea and even returned to Bermuda on several occasions before being destroyed by fire in May 1981. The Queen of Bermuda arrived at Faslane on December 6, when demolition commenced. Former Bermudian crew members who would like to know more about the final reunion on May 14 should contact p.manley@talktalk.net or William.cox2@sky.com or visit www.FurnessBermuda Line.com

February 25. Canadian construction giant Aecon says it is “too early” to determine whether it will sell its stake in the company running Bermuda’s new airport once the project has been completed. The firm spearheading Bermuda’s airport redevelopment was due to operate the last airport it built until 2041, but it pulled out of the facility 26 years early after selling its shares. The $700 million Quito International Airport in Ecuador won awards after it was built by Aecon. But after agreeing to a 35-year concession term to first operate the capital city’s old airport from 2006 and then the new airport after it opened in 2013, Aecon completed only nine years of the term before cashing in. In December last year, it completed the previously disclosed sale of its 45.5 per cent interest in the Quito International Airport concessionaire Quiport for $232.6 million to two other entities — a Colombian construction company and a Brazilian transportation firm. The deal ended Aecon’s involvement with Quito airport and a spokeswoman for the company confirmed yesterday that it was no longer operating the airport. The company said in a statement on December 10 that the “monetisation of [its] investment [in Quiport] generates approximate net cash proceeds (after transaction costs and estimated cash taxes) of $195 million”. An article appeared in Canada’s National Post newspaper last summer when the sale was first agreed, headlined: “Aecon Group Inc finally sells Quito airport stake, and at a good price”. The piece said Aecon had been “looking to dispose of the airport since it opened in 2013” and that the sale was responsible for “bolstering Aecon’s balance sheet”. Shadow transport minister Lawrence Scott raised the issue of the Quiport sale at a public meeting about Bermuda’s airport last September, prompting Aecon Concessions president Steve Nackan to state that it was typical of such arrangements. He said Aecon had financed, built and constructed the new airport and it was now suited to “long-term institutional ownership. It is typical ... at this stage in an infrastructure project’s life cycle to see investments transition from the originating project sponsor, developer and builder to long-term institutional investors, and this transition is generally perceived as a further marker of a successful development project,” added Mr Nackan. He reiterated that yesterday, saying it was a natural occurrence for the developer to cash in its share in such a project within ten to 12 years. When Bermuda’s new $250 million airport opens, projected to be in 2020, it will be run by Project Co, a special-purpose project company similar to Quiport, in which Aecon will have the largest stake. The concession term for Project Co to operate the airport is 30 years. The Aecon spokeswoman said the company’s precise stake in Project Co was still to be decided, adding: “Aecon will remain responsible for developing the deal and Project Co leadership. [It’s] too early to comment on when or if Aecon might sell and under what circumstances.” A Bermuda Government spokesman told The Royal Gazette last September that any sale of Aecon’s stake would require the Government’s consent and it would give permission if the prospective new owner had the money, experience and expertise. The spokesman said: “Subject to certain very narrow exceptions, the current development agreement requires Aecon Construction Group to be the joint owner and lead shareholder of the company that will be operating the airport throughout the construction of the airport and, thereafter, Aecon Construction Group must control the airport operating company.” We asked the Government this week to provide details of the exceptions but it has yet to do so.

February 25. A publicity campaign detailing the myriad problems of long-term Bermuda residents without status has been unveiled by the Ministry of Home Affairs. The flyers aim to put a human face on the Government’s “Pathways to Status” initiative, which would allow people who have lived in Bermuda for 15 years to apply for permanent residency, and those who have PRC and have lived on the island for 20 years, to seek Bermudian status. The programme launched by Michael Fahy, Minister of Home Affairs, has proven controversial. Critics have argued that the new rules would further burden an already fiercely competitive job market, thereby making it even harder for native Bermudians to find work. Previous attempts by the One Bermuda Alliance publicly to explain the initiative have been sabotaged by chanting protesters, who have appeared at both the House of Assembly and at a meeting at the Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity’s hall. A protest march to “show dismay” is scheduled to take place today outside the Government Administration Building from noon. Launched yesterday, the Government’s campaign features six people who live on the island explaining how their lack of status has affected them and their families. Among them is 21-year-old Nicole Fubler, who despite being born in Bermuda to a Bermudian father and a Jamaican mother, does not have any form of status. As well as being unable to work here, she also cannot leave the island because she does not possess a passport. “I want to be able to work, to get a car and buy a house,” said Ms Fubler, whose father died when she was a baby. “I hate having to ask my mum for things; I feel like a burden. When I see all my friends going away to college, I want to go, too. I want to have that experience; it’s depressing. There are so many places I want to go. I feel like a prisoner in my own country.” The flyer explains that, under the new legislation, Ms Fubler would be granted Bermudian status, which would allow her to work here as well as travel and study abroad. It adds: “Nicole says if given status the first thing she would do would be to apply for school overseas to study as an IT analyst.” Also featured is Janice Mullings-George, who was born in Jamaica and arrived in Bermuda in 1991 at the age of 7. Despite having lived on the island for 25 years, the hospital nurse does not have permanent residency. She said that the uncertainty around her status had made her consider leaving the island. “Not getting status means uprooting my entire family and taking them somewhere else to start over again. “It would mean me taking those skills and services that I have honed while living here and sharing them with another country. Emotionally, it would be extremely sad; this community of people has become my family. I’d love to have a permanent home here instead of living like a nomad, not knowing what’s going to happen moment to moment.” Under each flyer, it states: “These are the faces of our neighbors, friends and co-workers. They each made a commitment to Bermuda years ago; let us make a commitment to them now. It’s the right thing to do.” In a further move to win support for the “Pathways to Status” initiative, Senator Fahy will engage in a live televised discussion tonight, along with Sylvan Richards, the Junior Minister of Home Affairs, and Trevor Moniz, the Attorney-General. Hosted by Charles Webbe, the programme will air from 8pm on CITV (Channel 2 on cable and Channel 102 on Wow). Members of the public can e-mail questions they would like answered in advance to pathwaysquestions@gov.bm.

February 25. A crowd of hundreds demonstrating against One Bermuda Alliance immigration initiatives came out to pack Parliament Street outside the Government Administration Building. However, Michael Fahy, the Minister of Home Affairs, insisted that yesterday’s protesters had been mistaken about the policy’s intent, saying: “I would march myself, if the campaign was accurate.” The protest was called for noon on a Facebook site urging the public to voice their displeasure at the Pathways to Status programme aimed at giving permanent residency and Bermuda status to certain long-term residents. It was the largest and most vocal demonstration on the topic since crowds invaded the Senate in March 2015 demanding bipartisan dialogue on immigration reform. In both cases, Walton Brown of the Progressive Labour Party used social media to call for civil disobedience. Yesterday, Mr Brown said the public anger arose from “a real and genuine concern that what the Government is trying to do is to score votes for the next election”. Crowds ranged from a maximum of 350 to 400, with some civil servants complaining they had been ordered to refrain from attending at all. As police looked on, chanting ranged from “Listen to the people”, “Fahy must go”, “Listen now or suffer later” and “It’s time to fight back” to “Shut the country down”. Many protesters also came forward to address the crowd. While some called for industrial action or more disruptive protests such as blocking roads, many told this newspaper they were incensed by preferential treatment of foreigners while Bermudians felt the brunt of unemployment. “I’ve got a daughter that has left with five children and three family members who have picked up and gone to the UK because of jobs,” said one protester, Pattie Moore. Russell Richardson, a 69-year-old retired civil servant, said his sister, brother and three nieces had all been driven by employment to emigrate to Britain. “These are qualified Bermudians, with Master’s degrees and all,” Mr Richardson added. Jason Hayward, the president and treasurer of the Bermuda Public Services Union, was cheered as he told the crowd that “we have people fleeing the island like refugees because there is no hope in this country”. Telling the audience that the Government had promised collaboration on immigration but failed to deliver, Mr Hayward said: “If you don’t listen to the people, the people will rise up. Brothers and sisters, this is just the genesis. It’s not just about this issue. It’s a slew of issues.” Lynne Winfield of the anti-racism group Curb said that for every single protester present, more had been afraid to show up out of fear for their jobs. While the crowd was predominantly black, white Bermudians joined to speak out, with one woman saying she was there because “I care about racial equality. If it’s not about votes, prove it — wait until after the election.” The OBA was loudly denounced from other quarters, with senator Fahy, who is Bermudian, decried by several as non-Bermudian or a “paper Bermudian”. The protest, which lasted two hours, was the culmination of several sparked by the Pathways to Status plan announced by Mr Fahy on February 5. The initiative would allow people who have lived in Bermuda for 15 years to apply for permanent residency, and those who have PRC and have lived on the island for 20 years to seek Bermudian status. Mr Fahy later told The Royal Gazette that neither he nor the Government believed the protests represented the majority of people. “I believe the concerns are not reflective of reality. Giving permanent residents certificates or status does not take away jobs from Bermudians. It just simply does not. It’s sad that misinformation is being fed to a lot of people who are protesting. I have debunked all of Mr Brown’s ‘no’ points, and if people are marching based on misinformation then there’s a real problem.” Mr Fahy added: “I believe, in my heart of hearts, that we are doing the best for the future of this country and for the future of Bermudians. Our population is not being displaced.” He said the island’s biggest emigration had occurred shortly after British citizenship was given to Bermudians.

February 25. Opinion by Trevor Moniz, Attorney General and the MP for Smith’s West (Constituency 9). "By now, most Bermudians will be aware of the Government’s proposals to provide new pathways to permanent residency and to status. These proposals are aimed squarely at bringing Bermuda in line with baseline international standards established not just in international law, but also in competing small-island jurisdictions such as Anguilla, the Cayman Islands and British Virgin Islands. There have been some concerns about the “Pathways” proposal expressed in recent days, but my genuine belief is that this is the right thing to do, and I am certain that Bermudians of all backgrounds share this view. Bermudians have always been a compassionate group of people; sometimes it is easy to forget that the loudest voices are not necessarily the most widely shared views. In the early 1990s, I ran for office on the issue of the plight of long-term residents who had no prospect of obtaining Bermudian status after the status grant system we had in place in the 1980s was abolished. Those legislative changes led to much fear and concern among a segment of residents who had long called Bermuda home. Partly as a result of my advocacy, the Government then introduced a pathway to status for non-Bermudians born in Bermuda or those who arrived here before their 6th birthday. This was another “stopgap” approach to immigration reform and another moratorium on status was put in place for 1989, with applications to be made before 2008. All the same, those enactments came into force in 1994 and represented a vast improvement on the status quo, and there were no quotas. In 1997, the United Bermuda Party government then introduced the “Working Resident’s Certificate”, which was a grant of semi-permanent residency to long-term residents, conditional upon them retaining their job. Soon after the Progressive Labour Party came to power, Paula Cox, then the Minister of Home Affairs, put out proposals by the Government to introduce a Permanent Resident’s Certificate. A group of concerned citizens formed the Coalition on Long-Term Residents, which advocated for full Bermudian status for all long-term residents. This coalition included Foster Burke, Shurnett Caines and Judith Swan, representing the West Indian community, and Eddy DeMello, Robert Pires and myself representing the Portuguese community. It was the case then, and it continues to be the case today, that long-term residents represent the cultural mosaic that is modern-day Bermuda. Ms Cox held a series of meetings in 2000 and 2001. Unfortunately, those meetings involved expressions of strong emotion against extending rights to long-term residents. However, it was our belief then that these sentiments did not represent the mainstream views of Bermudians. Our belief was then confirmed when Walton Brown’s polling firm tested the views of Bermudians in 2000: 50.6 per cent of islanders felt that long-term residents should be granted status, 42.9 per cent were against, while 6.5 per cent were undecided. Mr Brown stated at the time that the poll was strongly reflective of Bermudians’ opinion and that its size of 403 respondents was a great number in Bermuda to work with and predict trends. I agree. A majority of Bermudians has always supported granting long-term residents a pathway to status. This was confirmed recently. A poll conducted in 2014 showed that 57 per cent supported granting permanent residents Bermudian status, 33 per cent were opposed, while 9 per cent were undecided. Four hundred and four people participated in that poll, which is basically the same sample size as in 2000. Another poll in 2015 showed a significant majority of 69.5 per cent in favour of granting Bermudian status to long-term residents who have been in Bermuda for 25 years or more. 24.8 per cent were opposed and 5.7 per cent were unsure. In addition, a recent Bernews poll, based on 1,715 responses, showed 75 per cent in favour of the Government’s proposed “Pathways to Status”. The Royal Gazette shows 69 per cent in support based on 6,713 responses (upgraded to 71 per cent from 8,029 responses yesterday). These are clearly unscientific polls but, nonetheless, they confirm the trends shown in the scientific polls: support for “Pathways” has trended upwards over time, while opposition has trended downwards. No political party has ever polled as high as “Pathways”. The PLP also recognizes these trends. Its position in 2001 was that pathways to status for long-term residents would be provided only upon Bermuda becoming independent. Today, it concedes the need for immigration reform right now and, implicitly, the need for granting permanent residency and status. To his credit, Marc Bean, the Opposition leader, said in his 2014 Reply to the Throne Speech that a future PLP government would “address the issue of Bermuda status grants: how they are to be granted going forward and what criteria need to be met; what number of PRCs should be issued on an annual basis”. Such a policy would address “equal political status for individuals in a family rather than the current circumstance, where one sibling could hold Bermuda status and the other have no rights at all to permanent residence.” I remind everyone of the Government’s Throne Speech commitment from 2013: “In order to conform to human rights obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights, the Government will move forward with amendments to the Bermuda Immigration and Protection Act 1956 to provide pathways to Bermuda status for persons born in Bermuda or persons who have been adopted by Bermudian parents.” Various decisions of the Immigration Appeal Tribunal and the Supreme Court case of Carne and Correia necessitated an expansion of our approach. There is clearly some difference between the two main political parties on the question of “Pathways”. This natural and healthy dialogue is the cornerstone of democracy. At the end of the day, however, the One Bermuda Alliance was elected to govern Bermuda in 2012. As such, it is the Government’s prerogative to propose laws and it will be the Legislature’s prerogative to consider and to scrutinize those laws. The longer we wait to address the question of long-term residents, the more uncertainty we add to the lives of non-Bermudians and the more likely it is that we lose model citizens who have demonstrated their long-term commitment to Bermuda. As I said, Bermudians are fundamentally compassionate. We are not as divided on the question of “Pathways” as some commentators might have us believe. This was true in 1992. This was true in 2000. This was true in 2014. This is true today. And this will be true well into the future. Let’s do the right thing." Tonight at 8pm on CITV (Ch 2 on CableVision or 102 on Wow), he will be joined by Minister of Home Affairs Michael Fahy and Sylvan Richards, the junior minister, to further explain the initiative and to take questions from the public.

February 25. Bermuda’s tax structure needs revamping sooner rather than later, Bermuda Industrial Union president Chris Furbert said in his appraisal of the latest Budget statement. Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance, acknowledged in last Friday’s statement that the island’s taxation regime placed a heavier burden on lower income employees, and called for a restructured payroll tax system to be implemented for the fiscal year 2017/18. “We always give credit where credit is due,” Mr Furbert said in welcoming the changes. However, he pointed out that the union’s call for a tax structured “based on one’s ability to pay” went back to the days of his predecessor at the BIU, Ottiwell Simmons, who led the union from 1974 to 1996. A full assessment of the latest Budget will come out in a special edition of the BIU’s publication Worker’s Voice on Friday of next week. Mr Furbert said he found it “interesting” that the Ministry of Education had its budget reduced, in light of increases for the Department of Marine and Ports, the Department of Transport Control, and Public Transport, as well as an extra $1 million allocated to the Bermuda Tourism Authority, which will also receive higher revenues from increased hoteliers’ fees. “If that is to pay for incentives, that would be a crime against humanity for the One Bermuda Alliance Government,” he said. The union head further queried budgetary allocations for salaries, wages and employer overheads estimated at $465 million for the fiscal year ahead, versus an estimated $460 million for 2015/16 and revised figure of $452 million. Mr Furbert noted that the minister had said the latest Jobs Survey showed 298 fewer jobs reported, 225 of which were in the Government, adding: “Jobs have gone down by 225 but wages have gone up? How does that happen?” Mr Furbert criticised the Government’s plans for a redeveloped terminal at LF Wade International Airport. While Mr Richards has praised the deal as bringing value for money, Mr Furbert said it would cost the country $1,000 per square foot to build, which represented an unfavorable deal.

February 25. Concacaf matters affecting soccer in Bermuda. Concacaf members have voted unanimously to approve a raft of reforms that include removing the governing body’s executive committee and introducing term limits to the newly-created Concacaf Council. At an extraordinary congress in Zurich this morning the member nations also agreed to the introduction of integrity checks for presidential candidates and the creation of independent committees to oversee the confederation’s finances and governance. According to the governing body today’s vote has “fundamentally changed the governance structure of football in the region and set new standards for accountability and transparency within international sports organisations.” It will not be the last package of reforms that the Concacaf nations vote for this week, with Fifa also introducing changes at its meeting tomorrow when a new president of world football will also be elected. Rocked by the Fifa fraud scandal that swept up three Concacaf presidents, Jeffrey Webb, Jack Warner and Alfred Hawit, the governing body of the Americas region has been determined to introduce a structure that will present the mistakes of the past being repeated. “The reforms passed today go further than ever before to incorporate essential principles of good governance and compliance into Concacaf’s statutes,” Concacaf said in a statement. “However, it is only the beginning of the equally important process of changing the culture of how football is governed and administered by implementing these reforms in a meaningful and sustainable way. Concacaf will pursue implementation and enforcement of the reforms with the same determination that led to this important day for football in the region.” Details on the implementation of key reforms include:

February 25. The Bermuda Olympic Association has been assured that the threat of the Zika virus will not pose a threat to the safety of its athletes at this summer’s Olympic Games in Rio. Along with all other National Olympic Committees, the BOA has received reassurances from the International Olympic Committee over health concerns stemming from the outbreak of the virus. The BOA said yesterday it was its intention to have Bermuda’s qualifying athletes, which include sprinter Tre Houston, long jumper Tyrone Smith, sailor Cecilia Wollmann and triathlete Flora Duffy, competing at the Olympics. During the lead-up to the Olympics, the BOA also plans to consult with Bermuda’s chief medical officer, the Government and the National Sports Governing Bodies for more advice and guidance. “The BOA will ensure Bermuda’s athletes and representatives who travel to the Games are aware of the risks and advised to take precautions against mosquito bites,” the BOA said in a statement. “Women who are planning to become pregnant are similarly advised to carefully assess the potential risks of travelling to the Games. The BOA remains in close contact with the IOC, who in turn are in contact with the World Health Organisation to obtain updates and guidance regarding Zika.” Rio’s Olympic organising committee has advised that the Games will not be postponed or cancelled because of the outbreak of Zika. The IOC has also assured that protective measures, including daily inspections to remove standing water where mosquitoes could breed around Olympic venues will be in place. According to the WHO, Brazil is doing a good job tackling the Zika virus and ensuring that the Olympics will be safe for athletes and visitors. Margaret Chan, the WHO director general, said Brazil’s government is doing all it can to fight the “formidable” Aedes mosquito that transmits the virus that has spread rapidly through the Americas since last year. “I want to reassure you that the government is working very closely with the international Olympic movement, with the local organising committee, supported by the WHO, to make sure we have a very good work plan to target the mosquito, and to make sure that people who will come here either as visitors or athletes will get the maximum protection they need. I’m confident the government can do it.” The virus has been linked in Brazil to an alarming surge in the birth of babies with abnormally small heads, a condition known as microcephaly, and other neurological disorders. Brazil’s Health Ministry said that the number of confirmed and suspected cases of microcephaly has risen to 4,690 from 4,443 a week earlier. Of these, the number of confirmed cases climbed to 583 from 508 a week earlier. Brazilian authorities are scrambling to contain the outbreak which threatens to keep visitors from attending the Olympics, which run from August 5 to 21. With no cure or vaccine for Zika, the only way to deal with the virus at present is to reduce the population of the Aedes mosquito that also carries the dengue and chikungunya viruses.

February 25. A bid is being made to bring more jobs to Bermuda by boosting the presence of hedge funds. Island professionals are to combine to form a branch of the Alternative Investment Management Association to attract the hedge-fund sector back to Bermuda. Craig Bridgewater, a managing director at professional services company KPMG, is part of a committee set up to promote the association. He said a cocktail reception to publicize the organization will be held at the Bermuda National Gallery at City Hall on March 3. Jeremy Cox, chief executive officer of the Bermuda Monetary Authority, will be the keynote speaker. A representative of the Bermuda Business Development Agency will also attend. “We have come together to try and increase the presence of Aima in Bermuda — it’s a global organization which has headquarters in London, but branches in major cities around the world,” said Mr Bridgewater. “Something like Aima brings the whole industry together in a collegiate atmosphere which is a big bonus for the industry.” Bermuda was a leader in the hedge-fund industry until the Cayman Islands, starting in the 1990s, attracted much of the business. That jurisdiction now has nearly 11,000 funds, some 15 times more than Bermuda. Mr Bridgewater said: “If we increase investment-fund activity on the island there are funds themselves which are investing, but these provide lots of jobs.” He said that hedge funds use the services of multiple professionals, including lawyers, accountants and directors, which in turn bolster the economy. “If these jobs go up, that brings wider economic activity. It can also bring in companies to set up offices and manage their funds here, bringing more jobs.” And Mr Bridgewater said there were “a lot of synergies” between Bermuda’s existing insurance and reinsurance sectors and asset management. “We are seeing some success already; people coming to the island, looking around and saying they want to do business here.” But he stressed that Bermuda was not trying to replace Cayman, but attempting to give the hedge-fund industry alternatives. “It’s really about putting the story back out there that it’s a good package.” Laura Knox, head of director services and product development at Harbour Financial Services, part of the Wakefield Quin legal firm, added: “The emphasis is really on new business. Fund managers in New York, for example, have said ‘we want to start a fund, let’s call Cayman’. What we want to do is increase our profile internationally. There’s tons of new business going to Cayman and there is no reason why that shouldn’t come to us.” Mr Bridgewater added: “Aima can provide networking opportunities. We’re trying to increase that activity and make it available in Bermuda.” The organising committee, which also includes Sally Penrose and Matthew Ebbs-Brewer of offshore legal firm Appleby, said it had already won the backing of the BMA and the BDA. Major local firms like new law firm Walkers, Conyers Dill & Pearman and professional services firms PwC, Deloitte and EY, as well as KPMG and Appleby, have agreed to sponsor next month’s promotional event. Ms Knox said the event has already gathered considerable support, with 90 attendees confirmed from their original target of 100 professionals. Mr Bridgewater added that Aima, which celebrated its 25th anniversary last year and now has 1,700 member companies and 10,000 individual members in 55 countries, was a major force in promoting the investment industry on a global basis. He said: “It’s a big part of their job to be advocates for the industry. After the financial crisis there was a big attack on the investment industry and Aima was key in standing up for the industry.”

February 25. Business leaders are more likely to hire extra people and invest in their businesses this year as confidence rises. But caution over the future remains, with particular concerns about the political environment and the need for business growth and investment from overseas. These were some of the key findings from the HSBC Business Confidence Index survey, conducted by Bermudian firm Total Research Associates (TRA) in conjunction with Canadian market research firm Corporate Research Associates (CRA) and sponsors HSBC Bank Bermuda. A total of 105 prominent business people from a broad swathe of the economy responded between November 20 and December 5 last year. Nearly 400 were invited to participate and the response rate was 26.5 per cent. The Business Confidence Index, based on a benchmark of 100 from the 2014 results, rose to 106.5, up one point from the last survey in June last year. TRA said improving business confidence coincided with consumer confidence hitting an eight-year high in December, as measured by the research firm’s long-running Omnibus survey. The results were unveiled in an event at HSBC’s Harbourview Building this morning, hosted by Steven Spencer-Arscott, chief operating officer of TRA and Margaret Chapman, president of CRA, who gave a presentation on the findings. The improving economy was a source of optimism, with 79 per cent believing the economy is now moving in the right direction, up from 70 per cent last June and 49 per cent in 2014. About half had experienced improved economic conditions in the past year, while most of the rest said conditions were about the same. The signs for increased business investment, a key confidence indicator and growth driver, are promising. Of the respondents, 42 per cent said they planned to raise their capital expenditure this year, while 54 per cent said it would remain unchanged and just 4 per cent said it would decrease. A trend of improving revenue for companies is also becoming evident in the survey data. A total of 38 per cent of respondents said their revenue had increased over the past year, up from 33 per cent and 24 per cent respectively in the past two surveys. Meanwhile 33 per cent said their revenue was flat, while 29 per cent said it had fallen. On staffing levels, 28 per cent said they had increased headcount last year, while 56 per cent said it remained unchanged. An element of caution is also apparent in that 31 per cent said they had left positions vacant, while 18 per cent have made people redundant over the past year. The top three challenges cited by business leaders were the high cost of doing business in Bermuda (39 per cent), government leadership and politics (37 per cent) and the lack of business growth and foreign investment (25 per cent). The survey organizers said the findings appeared to show that the economy may have bottomed in 2014. “Nonetheless, confidence in the economic future of Bermuda continues to be somewhat muted and cautious,” Total Research Associates noted in a statement. “That said, in assessing their own businesses, more leaders report growth than declines in revenue, and capital expenditures are expected to increase in the private sector over the next 12 months. Organisations also expect to increase their staffing in the coming year, with the majority of new hires expected to be local rather than from overseas.” Of those intending to increase their staff, 82 per cent said they would be looking to hire locally and 18 per cent from overseas. The survey also reveals suggestions for how the business climate could be improved in Bermuda, with political stability, along with increased foreign investment being key, as well as other factors such as improving immigration and the work permit process, better taxes, and improved education and training for Bermudians. Only 34 per cent of respondents believed that the business community was doing enough to foster a positive business environment, something Ms Chapman suggested was a “call to action” for organisations to work together in promoting the interests of Bermuda as a whole.

February 25. Bermuda’s economic recovery will accelerate this year, according to the latest projections by the Ministry of Finance. Gross domestic product, a measure of economic activity, will expand by between 2 and 3 per cent, the ministry estimates in The National Economic Report of Bermuda 2015. Final GDP figures have not been calculated for 2015, but the ministry estimated the economy grew between 1.5 per cent and 2.5 per cent last year. All growth estimates are adjusted for inflation. The ministry pins its hopes for growth on increasing confidence among consumers and investors amid promising developments in international business and tourism, as well as new jobs generated by major hotel projects and the airport redevelopment. And it sees the positive trend for the economy continuing beyond 2016. The report concludes: “Consistent with the above-mentioned broad trends and increased consumer and investor confidence, the Bermuda economy is predicted to have stable to strong growth in the next few years. The key assumption is that the local sectors with strong connections to global economies (tourism and international business) will improve their value propositions, thus increasing external demand for their services. Growth in domestic demand is assumed to be sustained by continued stimulation in local employment, particularly in the construction sector.” The report recognizes the consolidation in the insurance industry that has cost jobs, as the sector also faces challenges from low investment returns and a soft reinsurance market. However, it adds that the European Commission’s recommendation of Solvency II equivalence should benefit the island in the long term and enhance its financial stability. The Bermuda Business Development Agency is working to boost growth in several areas including asset management, trust and private client business, risk solutions and international commerce, the report adds. And it is exploring new markets including China and South East Asia. The finance ministry analysts see positive prospects for tourism with an improving world economy and low oil prices driving the demand for travel. It expects air and cruise arrivals to increase this year. “In the first quarter of this year, airline seat capacity will increase 8 per cent, the report states. This will help give vacationers easier access to the island by air, and perhaps more importantly, provide a greater opportunity to lure business and leisure groups — a performance area that lagged in 2015 as a result of poor group sales booked before the start-up of the Bermuda Tourism Authority.” The BTA reorganized its sales team last year, helping to get group bookings for 2016 and 2017, the report states. “More cruise ships will call on Bermuda in 2016, bringing a projected 10 per cent increase in visitors and more occasional calls for our ports in Hamilton and St George,” the report adds. Numerous opportunities are seen for new construction jobs, including the third phase of the Hamilton Princess’ $100 million restoration, which is expected to create 100 jobs. Ongoing work includes a $50 million redevelopment at Pink Beach and the first phase of a $14 million redevelopment at Coral Beach. Planned work at Morgan’s Point, Ariel Sands, the new hotel in St George’s and the airport redevelopment, which should break ground late this year or early in 2017, will add hundreds more construction jobs, the report states. 

February 25. Commissioners investigating how taxpayers’ money was handled under the former Progressive Labour Party administration will hold proceedings in public as a “starting point.” The appointment of commissioners was welcomed last night by the PLP, which reiterated its call for good governance legislation to be enacted. As the Commission of Inquiry’s four-strong team was announced by Michael Dunkley, the Premier, yesterday, its chairman Sir Anthony Evans said he believed evidence should be heard in public. But the Bermuda Court of Appeal judge and former Chief Justice of the Dubai International Financial Centre Courts acknowledged there could be occasions when proceedings would be held in camera. “Having read the Auditor-General’s report, which is the starting point for our inquiry, it will be essential to do a lot of preliminary work so we can identify the issues clearly,” Sir Anthony said. “Then there will be public hearings, I imagine, of at least some of the evidence. The position on that, the Act and the terms of reference, will say that the inquiry will take place in public unless a special order is made for particular parts of it to be in private. Speaking for myself, the starting point is the proceedings should be in public, but of course one would have to consider very carefully any case where an application is made for the hearing to be held in private and whether there are reasons which make it proper to do that.” Sir Anthony will be joined on the commission by former One Bermuda Alliance MP and lawyer John Barritt, businessman Kumi Bradshaw and businesswoman Fiona Luck. Mr Bradshaw, a certified business appraiser and business valuator accredited for litigation, is also the president of Firm Advisory Ltd, which provides clients with advice on making better business value decisions. Ms Luck served as executive vice-president and chief of staff at XL Group and is also a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland. Mr Barritt told media yesterday he was satisfied that the terms of the legislation and the terms of reference would give the commission the power to regulate its own procedures. He added: “Some of them [procedures] will be in public, I can’t say all because there may be some occasions where people have requested or it may be necessary to have them in private. But the starting point is public.” The commission will investigate concerns raised by the Auditor-General over the handling of taxpayers’ money for the financial years ending March 31 in 2010, 2011 and 2012. It will begin its work on April 1 and the Premier told a press conference that he had “great confidence” in its ability to fulfill its mandate. “This is a high-calibre commission with extensive legal, financial and governance experience,” Mr Dunkley said. “The commission will identify breaches of financial instructions and how they arose. It will consider the adequacy of safeguards and the system of accountability. It will make recommendations to prevent recurrences and to mitigate financial, operational and reputational risks. It can refer any evidence of possible criminal activity, which the commission may identify, to the Director of Public Prosecutions or the police. And it can draw to the attention of the Minister of Finance and the Attorney-General any scope, which the commission may identify, to secure recompense under the Public Treasury Act, including financial instructions, and civil asset recovery.” The commission has been formed under the authority of the recently amended Commission of Inquiry Act 1935. Mr Dunkley maintained he had reached out to both the Opposition and the Bermuda Public Services Union before appointing the commission’s membership. He added: “The next steps for the commission will be to assemble its own counsel, which will be appointed by the chairman. The commission will have the power to summon witnesses, examine them under oath and call for the production of documents.” Last night the Opposition expressed “sincerest hope” that the commissioners would get sufficient time and resources for an “in-depth and thorough inquiry. Bermudians need to know that our civil servants, elected officials or government ministers have not acted either unethically or illegally, but also that no one is above the law,” the statement added. “We repeat our call for the passage of Good Governance legislation which would broaden the definition of corruption, and institute tougher penalties for those found engaged in corruption. We pledge our full support and co-operation with this process.”

February 25. The experts at Vector Control are encouraging the public and especially children to learn about mosquitoes by playing a new mobile application. Zap-a-’quito was developed by the Caribbean Public Health Agency, of which Bermuda is a member, as an educational tool about the breeding sites of Aedes aegypti mosquito. While Bermuda does not have this particular mosquito, the related Aedes albopictus is also capable of carrying vector-borne diseases, according to Armell Thomas, the programme manager for Vector Control and Port Health. “They’ve come out with this little app and it’s called Zap-a-’quito,” Mr Thomas told The Royal Gazette. “It’s short for ‘zap a mosquito’. Every time the user zaps a mosquito, the app states facts about the mosquito and the player has to answer questions and get them right before moving to the next level. This is a user-friendly way to learn about vector-borne illnesses,” he said, adding that it will help raise awareness. The game will give young people the important knowledge on the mosquito life cycle that will empower them to stay healthy. I would challenge the public to go and download Zap-a-’quito.” Zap-a-’quito provides information about where mosquitos breed and how to stop this, as well as other facts about mosquitoes and the diseases they can carry. While the free game, available on the Google Play store, is recommended for children aged three years and up, Mr Thomas said it had “good education aspects” that are suitable for adults too. “The time is right because so many people want to learn more about Zika right now,” he added. The Zika virus, which is predominantly mosquito-borne, was declared a global health emergency of international concern by the World Health Organisation last month. Mr Thomas said it is carried by the “domestic”, container breeding Aedes mosquito that lives in buckets, tyres, plant plots and fish ponds around homes. “If people learn the life cycle of Aedes mosquitos, they will understand they need water to lay their eggs and residents should take action to remove items that may be used for mosquito breeding containers from around their homes and neighborhoods,” Mr Thomas said. This will help to break the cycle of the mosquito and halt the transmission of the Zika virus. The virus, which presents flu-like symptoms in one out of five infected people, has been linked to cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome, a rare disorder where a person’s own immune system damages the nerve cells. However, studies are ongoing to determine if having Zika makes people more susceptible. There have also been reports of microcephaly — abnormal smallness of the head — and other poor pregnancy outcomes in babies of mothers who were infected with Zika while pregnant. Because there is no vaccine to prevent or medication to treat Zika, the Department of Health, in line with the United States Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, is advising women who are pregnant or may become pregnant to avoid travelling to areas where Zika transmission is ongoing or to clear this with their healthcare provider first.

February 25. School closure plans are still not finalized and the consultation process remains open, the Ministry of Education has told The Royal Gazette. The announcement came after Gilbert Institute parents, teachers, children and supporters participated in a rally on Wednesday morning outside Modern Mart in Paget. They fear for the primary school’s future, after it was earmarked for possible closure in the Government’s recently released school reorganization (Score) report. During the demonstration, which took place from 8am, PTA secretary Suzanne DeCouto criticised the Government for its opaque decision-making process. “They haven’t approached us, and we have no concrete idea exactly why they want to close the school,” she said. “We’d like to know — have they found someone to buy the land?” Following the rally, a spokeswoman for the Ministry of Education sympathized with “the concerns expressed by parents and students at the Gilbert Institute School”. She said: “It is important that everyone keeps in mind that a decision has not been made regarding school reorganization or school closures. “The Score report provides scenarios for consideration. The Minister of Education (Wayne Scott) appreciates the input, comments and ideas offered by all PTAs and encourages them to submit their concerns, questions and ideas to the Ministry during the consultation process, which ends on March 4.” To contact the Ministry, call 278-3300 or visit www.moed.bm.

February 24. Britain’s future with the European Union — and Bermuda’s with it — is set to go to a referendum this summer. On June 23, voters across the UK will vote on if they wish to remain in the EU. While those who support membership argue that it provides an economic benefit to Britain through easier business dealings and immigration opportunities, opponents believe EU membership imposes too many rules and hinders the UK’s ability to control its borders. While a “no” vote could affect British Overseas Territories citizens’ ability to travel, reside and work in the EU, Governor George Fergusson said any details of any changes would be hashed out after the vote. “The UK Government is committed to continued membership of the EU and is actively campaigning for this in the forthcoming referendum,” the Governor said. “If the UK were no longer in the EU, any questions which arose about the position of British citizens, including British Overseas Territories citizens, in EU member states would need to be resolved in subsequent negotiations.” Asked if Bermudians would be able to have a say in the decision, which could directly impact them, Mr Fergusson said only those who have lived and registered to vote in the UK would be eligible to vote in the coming referendum. He said: “The position on voting is that the legislation underpinning the referendum has designated that the franchise will be the same as for General Elections in the UK plus members of the House of Lords and voters in Gibraltar, which is in a different position in relation to the EU than other Territories. However, Bermudians and citizens of the UK and other Commonwealth countries and Ireland who have lived in the UK and been registered to vote there in the last 15 years will be able to vote — they should register at www.gov.uk/register-to-vote. There are options for eligible voters to use postal, proxy votes or vote in person if they happen to be in the UK on June 23.

February 24. The $250 million redevelopment of Bermuda’s airport is “not a done deal”, according to the president of the Canadian construction firm leading the project. Steve Nackan, from Aecon Concessions, told The Royal Gazette this morning that though it would cost the island to pull out at this stage, it had the option to do so. “It’s not a done deal,” he said. “What we have agreed with the government is that this is an iterative development process. Iterative meaning we’re taking it step by step, [to] various milestones. There was an initial stage of investigation and due diligence and an ability to sort of call it quits at that stage if we found anything that wasn’t acceptable. And as we go we progress through a series of milestones where it’s possible for the process to end. And of course if we don’t reach final agreement on all the commercial terms, the project will not proceed so there are opportunities for both sides along the way to exit if things come up in the deal that are not acceptable. I won’t get into the specific numbers but the agreement with Bermuda is that we are taking on the cost of developing the project. It’s not insignificant. We’re doing all the investigative studies, reports, traffic studies and so on and design, these are all things that are not wasted if the process terminates. They would be available to Bermuda to proceed with the project, or a version of the project, at some other time. And if they decide to walk away they would need to compensate us for having developed the project for their benefit.” Mr Nackan declined to reveal how much Aecon has spent so far on the redevelopment scheme. The Bermuda Government struck a deal with the Canadian Commercial Corporation and its subcontractor Aecon in 2014 for them to finance the rebuilding of LF Wade International Airport in return for a contract to run the facility for 30 years and collect any revenue raised. The agreement has come under fire from critics who say the project should have been tendered but Finance Minister Bob Richards insists the sole source deal is the best for Bermuda. Mr Nackan said the idea behind a 2008 master plan drawn up under the previous administration was good but not economically viable. “That’s why it’s scaled down from the master plan before; it’s right-sized, I would call it,” he said of the new plan. “We’ve not cut it down too small. It is the right size for the current and expected passenger demand for the next ten years or more. Public debate is going to happen any time you are building an asset that’s so important, strategically and in the national interest. It’s very common for these kinds of projects to be used as a political football so we expect it, we are used to it and we have to deal with it through a very broad stakeholder engagement exercise.”

February 24. A developer has unveiled plans to build a second executive condominium complex in west Hamilton. The announcement by West Hamilton Limited comes as the construction of Belvedere Residences, which started in March 2015, hit the 60 per cent complete mark. The property on Pitts Bay Road, across from the Waterloo House, is expected to be “substantially completed” in June 2016 “More than 100 persons have been employed since the inception of this project, of which 90 per cent are Bermudians,” Harrichand Sukdeo, the CFO of West Hamilton Ltd, said. “At the conclusion of this project, the company has plans to construct a similar building and two additional levels of parking on site, which will provide employment for Bermudians for a longer period.” Belvedere Residences is made up of seven two-bedroom and two one-bedroom condominiums, a full-size gymnasium with squash court. The building’s large penthouse will accommodate the Offices of Qatar Reinsurance Company LLC, a recently incorporated Cat 4 company, while Courthouse Limited has leased the two lower floors to house the gym and a squash court.

February 24. The price of oil may have fallen worldwide, but for local consumers the cost of electricity will soon rise as a knock-on effect of the latest Budget. While motorists will pay a higher fee at the pumps, Belco’s customers will also pay for more for Customs duty paid on fuel. Fuel is to take an extra duty of 5.5 cents per litre, starting in April. According to a spokeswoman for Ascendant Group, this means that a customer using 650 kilowatt hours per month can expect to pay $8.66 more on their monthly bill. The Customs Duty increase contained in the Government’s 2016/2017 budget increases the Customs Duty portion of the total cost of fuel from $23.05 per barrel to $31.79 per barrel. This is slightly up from a similar hike added to the Budget last year. The move will be in keeping with the Government’s continued need to boost its revenues for deficit elimination, as stated by Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance. The spokeswoman explained: “The total Heavy Fuel Oil price delivered to Belco was $77.93 per barrel in January 2016, which is inclusive of: the price of the commodity, supplier margin, shipping, Customs Duty, UNESCO Tax, handling, and Foreign Currency Purchase Tax. Belco does not receive crude oil; it is a refined product, blended to meet operating and environmental specifications.

February 24. Funding for some proposed projects at Dockyard has fallen through, leaving Wedco looking for a new way forward. Joanna Cranfield, Wedco’s business development manager, said that plans to erect two prefabricated buildings had been placed on hold due to funding issues. Meanwhile, funding to renovate several historical buildings, including the Bungalow, the Star of India and Moresby House, had similarly fallen through. “We are looking at other opportunities. We are looking at the possibility of doing it ourselves or finding funding. We realize the importance of it. We realize that area will be the backdrop of America’s Cup, and it will be in every photograph from the event village. We are aware of it and we are doing everything we can to find a solution before the America’s Cup.” Ms Cranfield said Wedco had hoped to erect two prefabricated buildings near the Bungalow, stating that the materials for the building were imported as part of the plan to replace the ageing Victoria Row. “There were two extra houses that were never erected on the Victoria Park site. The plan was to put them up below the Bungalow on the water’s edge,” she said. The materials had been stored at the South Basin, but were moved to the former Fleet Club site due to America’s Cup preparations. On the plan to renovate the historical buildings in the area, she said: “The plans had gone through planning and they have been approved, but at the end of the day the entity that came forward with the proposal has said they don’t have the finances online.” Despite the setbacks, Ms Cranfield said Wedco still remains optimistic that the work would be done before the America’s Cup.

February 24. An animal advocacy group with close to 270,000 followers on Facebook is calling for a boycott of Bermuda over its “antiquated” and “discriminatory” laws prohibiting pit bull-type dogs. The non-profit group Bad Rap, committed to the advocacy of bull-type breed dogs, yesterday published an online post highlighting that Bermuda continues to seize and destroy dogs while exporting a handful of dogs to be re-homed in the United States. It highlighted that the acceptance of Bermuda’s dogs by the US was “a stopgap solution”, while the Ministry of Health, Seniors and Environment began looking into “a sustainable long-term solution.” The post reads: “We ask that you remind your government and the Bermuda SPCA that the time for ending the cruel and inhumane practice of killing family pets is now. Until you move forward with ending your breed ban, we fully support a boycott of Bermuda and its businesses. We look forward to the day when this dark history is a part of the past, and we can be proud to promote your beautiful island as a friend to companion animals and the families who love them.” The post was followed by more than 60 comments, mainly in support for a boycott of the island. Comments included: “Now eliminated from our vacation list, as is any cruise that uses Bermuda as a port of call”, “Does anyone have a list of items that Bermuda exports, please?”, and “That backwards island off my list of where to go to spend my vacation dollars”. One poster said that while the laws in Bermuda were out of date, “let’s be clear anyone who decides to breed and have an illegal pit is just as at fault.” Bad Rap’s post specifically mentioned the dog Dayyo, who was separated from his family in Bermuda and exported to Oakland, California, 16 weeks ago. Dayyo was lucky to find a family, but Bad Rap made mention of other dogs that had made their way to the States from Bermuda. A Bad Rap spokeswoman told The Royal Gazette: “Although the Bermuda’s Ministry of Health, Seniors and Environment has indicated that it intends to review its outdated dog law, we’ve learnt that dogs who’ve been identified as ‘pit mixes’ are still being seized and destroyed before advocates can help them. We’re living in a new era where contemporary science has taught us that a dog’s behavior cannot be predetermined by his breed make-up. During this time of enlightened understanding, dog lovers should avoid spending money in any cities or countries that discriminate against dogs based on appearance until and unless their governments commit to replacing their laws with updated behavior-based, breed-neutral policies. We aren’t surprised that dog lovers support a boycott. With an estimated 80 million dog owners in the US, it’s natural to hear a loud outcry when people learn about harmful practices. Bermuda is a close and much-loved neighbor, so people are going to feel especially heartsick about dogs who look like Dayyo losing their lives.” Dayyo’s former owner, Salintae Tuzo-Smith, told the paper: “It doesn’t surprise me that they want to boycott Bermuda because a lot of people are passionate about their dogs — they are like they are their children — and I think it is a backwards practice in Bermuda. There are other ways to go around situations than to simply kill off dogs. I still miss Dayyo and still embrace the fact that he was my dog. I am obviously saddened to see him go, I feel like a parent that gave her child up for adoption.” Local group Punish the Deed not the Breed Bermuda has been petitioning the Government to amend the legislation so that pit bull-type dogs are classed as restricted rather than prohibited. The group is affiliated with bad Rap but says it is not behind any calls to boycott the island. A spokeswoman told The Royal Gazette: “Punish the Deed would like to make clear that exporting the island’s bull-type terrier breeds cannot be an ongoing solution to our animal welfare crisis. While in support of Bad Rap’s movement to amend breed discriminatory legislation. Punish the Deed did not initiate the current action taken by Bad Rap to boycott the island. We continue to work diligently towards amendment to the current dog legislation and an amnesty, on behalf of Bermuda’s dogs and responsible dog owners and we hope while current policy is under review that an immediate amnesty will be granted.” Jeanne Atherden, the Minister of Health, Seniors and Environment, and her technical staff met recently with the Canine Advisory Committee to discuss its report. A ministry spokesman said: “The matter is under active consideration and we will make a statement as soon as there is a material update.”

February 24. Dozens of protesters staged a demonstration against the potential closure of Gilbert Institute before school this morning. Passing motorists honked in support of parents, teachers, children and supporters of the school, who stood outside Modern Mart in Paget with banners carrying slogans such as “Save Our School” and “I Am Bermuda’s Future”. Gilbert Institute was one of four primary schools identified for possible closure in the recently released school reorganization (Score) report - along with Heron Bay Primary School, Prospect Primary School and St David’s Primary School. Suzanne DeCouto, PTA secretary, told The Royal Gazette: “It’s been amazing — the number of kids, alumni, community members, teachers and students who have come out to help us get the word out about how important our school is to us and the community.” Gilbert Institute student Christopher Pitcher, 11, called the rally “excellent. Our school is the best school I have ever been to, and I love meeting my friends there. I would ask the Government to please think of the children, and all the adults. We’ve got to leave our schools open.” 

February 24. Three men have appeared in court after the shooting of a Bermudian-based reinsurance executive in his British home. Timothy Mardon, division president at ACE Tempest Re Bermuda, was seriously injured after men raided his house in Essex on February 6. Today Charlie Simms, 22, of Great Yeldham, Kalebh Shreeve, 23, of Halstead and Christopher Bergin, 27, of Halstead appeared at Colchester Magistrates’ Court. According to the East Anglian Daily Times the trio were charged with aggravated burglary, causing grievous bodily harm with intent and possession of a firearm. All three men were remanded in custody to appear at Chelmsford Crown Court on March 23. Mr Mardon remains in hospital after undergoing surgery but may lose his leg.

February 24. Opinion. By Helle Patterson, an educator and human rights activist, the co-ordinator of the Single Parents Association from 1975 to 1982. "I watched the interview given on ZBM by the Preserve Marriage Bermuda group. I attended the gathering outside the Cabinet Office, at which the same views were read by the same representatives (I presume, I was towards the back with the other supporters of same-sex marriage and could not see the speakers). I read the variety of posters. What I did not find was any degree of common sense. There seemed to be an undercurrent of belief that if gays were allowed to marry legally, all moral standards would be destroyed. Really? By getting legally married and setting up a family? By being able to abandon an “illicit” way of life? Really? My school friend, living in the UK, says that she has the statistically correct family — four sons, one of whom is gay. Some research has estimated that 25 per cent of people born in Britain are gay. The United States lowers its rate to 10 per cent. It seems fair to say, then, that the Bermuda numbers fall somewhere between the two. But even if the number were 10 per cent, it would mean that there are 6,000 people here who are not heterosexual. If your extended family consists of ten people or more, chances are very good that at least one of them is gay. You may not know it, or you may refuse to accept what your senses tell you; your views may keep that person “in the closet”. Imagine how painful that is for your gay relative, who cannot change their orientation, no matter how they try. If some of those 6,000 were free to marry, how would it affect anyone else? Would you move away if they moved in next door? Would you bring back (whisper it) segregation — but this time for gays? There was a time, although not in Bermuda, when black and white could not marry. I cannot for the life of me imagine how this issue would affect anyone but the gays themselves. Because they are in the minority, it would be insane to put the matter to referendum. It is a life-changing issue for that minority, and should in no way be decided by the majority. (The previous referendum and proposed/withdrawn referendum, if passed, would have affected everyone.) The February 16 advertisement by Preserve Marriage Bermuda in The Royal Gazette says: “All countries that have same-sex marriage started with a same-sex civil union.” Yes, they did. Then they opened their eyes and saw that, although civil unions were better than no legal unions, they still did not give the same rights as heterosexual marriages did, and gays were still legally second-class citizens. And they corrected the situation. Let us not waste money and lawyers’ time drafting laws for civil unions. Let us go straight into drafting legislation for same-sex marriage. Our legislators need to come out of their churches and face the hard truth — gays in Bermuda are being denied their full human rights by those who already have theirs. At the gathering in front of the Cabinet Building, there were numerous placards claiming that same-sex marriage would make “Moms and dads optional”. Again, really? How? Will heterosexual women abandon their attraction to men and set up house with other women? I can’t see it. Heterosexuals will still marry and cohabit with heterosexuals (and, incidentally, numbers of those dads will separate from the moms and leave behind single-parent families. Isn’t lack of “a father figure” a big problem in Bermuda?) Now here’s an eye-opener: more and more research reveals that it is not the lack of a father figure that affects the lives of children; it’s the lack of two committed parents. Fifty per cent of heterosexuals become parents by accident, whereas gay parents choose to be parents — whether it’s by adoption, surrogacy or donor sperm — thus showing a greater commitment, says Abbie Goldberg, psychologist at Clark University in Massachusetts. When several legal cases before the US Supreme Court challenged the federal definitions of marriage, the court ordered a legal brief evaluating the literature regarding the well-being of children growing up in same-sex marriages. Those charged with the task studied ten years of literature available on the subject and concluded that there was a “clear consensus ... that children living within same-sex parent households fare just as well as those children residing within different-sex parent households ... academic performance, cognitive development, social and psychological health”. American writer Dada Ra, referencing CNN, CCAI, Science Daily and other sources, writes in Liberty Voice (December 8, 2013): “A perk added to lesbian and gay adoption is they tend to have more harmonious homes, according to research by Rachel H. Farr at the University of Amherst. As a result, it was found that children’s behavior issues decrease with same-sex parenting.” Ra goes on to say: “Gender roles and personalities do not always mix pleasantly. In straight relationships, the wife may not want to wash the dishes, wash clothes or cook all the time. The husband may not always want to be the strong one or work the hardest. If these concerns are not aired, they hang in the air and children pick it up. In same-sex relationships, responsibilities are accepted based on ability and not assumption. This creates an ease of duties that translates peacefully to a child.” A 2010 study from the University of California-San Francisco, the University of California-Los Angeles and the University of Amsterdam, published in the peer-reviewed medical journal Pediatrics, found that “the 17-year-old daughters and sons of lesbian mothers were rated significantly higher in social, school/academic and total competence, and significantly lower in social problems, rule-breaking, aggression and externalizing problem behavior than their age-matched counterparts [from opposite-sex parents].” Studies also show that children raised by same-sex parents tend to be more tolerant, and their adjustment is not related to parental, sexual orientation. However, “lack of opportunity for same-gender couples to marry adds to families’ stress, which affects the health and welfare of all household members.” (“Promoting the Well-being of Children Whose Parents are Gay or Lesbian”, 2013, Tafts University, Boston Medical Centre and the Committee on Psychosocial Aspects of Child and Family Health.) The legalization of same-sex marriage in Bermuda would open the doors to educated and gifted gay Bermudians now living overseas. They could bring their families and skills back to Bermuda, instead of feeling excluded by their country. It is time for the Government to find its backbone and do something that is legally and morally the right thing, and which will bring us into the 21st century. Give gays the right to marry. It would take nothing from anybody else — except, possibly, a sense of superiority — and maybe then the closeted members of Parliament would find the courage to creep out and take a stand."

February 24. A seminar that provided inside information on how to successfully respond to government tenders was attended by more than 30 people. It featured representatives from the Bermuda Housing Corporation, the Ministry of Public Works, and the Department of Public Lands and Buildings. The event was sponsored by the Bermuda Economic Development Corporation. Vicki Medeiros, property officer for the BHC, spoke about opportunities that exist for individuals. She advised that the corporation has more than 300 properties that it manages which require maintenance and that there are many opportunities to submit applications for these maintenance jobs. While Stephen Tucker, of the Ministry of Public Works, encouraged attendees to utilise the BEDC as a resource to assist with responding to tenders. He indicated that it is important to complete the bids correctly to increase chances of success. Sudell Joseph, senior estates surveyor for the Department of Public Lands and Buildings, talked about beach concessions and what is required when responding to a tender. She also discussed the various opportunities that exist for concessions relating to arable land as well as potential property for sale. The seminar was held at the Bermuda Industrial Union last Thursday. Erica Smith, executive director of the BEDC, said that one attendee had later commented: “As a result of attending this seminar I will check the BEDC website regularly for opportunities and would encourage others to do the same.” For more information on this event and our upcoming seminars, contact the BEDC at info@BEDC.bm or visit the BEDC website at www.BEDC.bm.

February 24. An unemployed security guard has been left reeling by an “unbelievable” bill of more than $16,000 for three days in hospital. The 28-year-old was left with no choice but to admit himself to the Emergency Department after he was stricken with pneumonia. “I don’t have insurance so they would know I am not working, so how do you expect me to pay $16,000? It’s not possible,” said the former patient, who asked not to be named. “I get the little odd job here and there, but to try and pay this off when I have no solid source of income is outrageous. Come now, which is a good three weeks after I got out, I know there’s still something there in my system. From the bill I have now, I am clearly not going back down there. I could be putting my health at risk.” Most of the fee came under the category of DRG, or diagnosis related group, which corresponds with the level of care required for patients admitted to the acute ward. According to a Bermuda Hospitals Board spokeswoman, DRG codes and their corresponding fees are set by the Bermuda Government. “The more complicated and severe a person’s conditions are, the higher the DRG-related fees,” she told The Royal Gazette. The Pembroke resident said he initially took his illness to be influenza and tried to “wait it out” for the week before he was admitted on January 28. “But it just kept getting worse. I was in my bed having cold sweats. Finally I went down to the hospital to get checked. They ended up telling me it was pneumonia.” After a chest X-ray in the Emergency Department, he was admitted by a doctor and spent the next three days in King Edward VII Memorial Hospital. “The whole three days I was there, it’s not like they did any more X-rays; I gave them a tube of blood or two and that’s pretty much it. I was getting liquid codeine and cough syrup. If they’re doing this little work, how can it be possible for my bill to be $16,000?” An initial bill covering blood tests plus the $866 mandated for an emergency room visit came to $2,539 — but a bill arriving last week, which included DRG, came to $14,113, for an overall total of $16,652. The patient, who was discharged on January 31 with a prescription for antibiotics, said he felt like he had been billed “$13,000 for a pill”. While BHB cannot comment on specific patients, a spokeswoman for the board said BHB was sorry to hear about his financial distress, and encouraged him to contact its credit department at 239-2954 to come to a manageable solution. “We are willing to meet with anyone who finds it financially challenging to pay their hospital bill,” she added. Hospital expenses are incurred by both the insured and uninsured, she said, based on the severity of each case. “The most severe cases seen in the Emergency Department incur a cost of $866. Lab and other testing that may be done at that time also have associated costs which are added to that base $866.” The spokeswoman said that BHB accepted that some who fell ill would be unable to afford the cost of the care they required. “Government has an indigent subsidy to address this concern. Anyone who feels they are in need of the subsidy should call BHB’s credit department on 239-2954 and make an appointment to be assessed. Individuals who qualify for the subsidy will have their bills covered by this Government subsidy.” The indigent subsidy is set by the Health Insurance Act 1970. Those eligible would be “a person who in the opinion of the Minister responsible for Health is unable, by reason of inadequate financial resources, to pay the premium required for health insurance”, according to the Act. The spokeswoman added: “We encourage anyone with queries about their hospital bill, to contact our credit department.” Michael Weeks Shadow Minister of Health said: “The unfortunate situation faced by this young man is now all too common and sends a strong message about what is wrong with our healthcare system. Another clear case of two Bermudas. We live in a society of the ‘haves’ while the ‘have nots’ show up in Debtor's court on a Wednesday morning, many times for bills such as this. Regrettably, the medical costs for both the insured and uninsured continue to make steady climbs. Here you have a young man who is jobless, he risked staying home rather than seeking medical attention, because of his employment situation. However, when his medical condition worsens, he makes his way to the emergency room for treatment, only to receive a bill for (as he states fairly modest services rendered) of $16,000. Something is definitely wrong with that picture. We must fix this! Given the current increase in unemployment in this country, there is no doubt that the plight of this young man will become the rule rather than the exception. But the question still remains, ‘how does an unemployed person find comfort in being provided a payment plan?’ The need for healthcare reform in this country is now.”

February 23. There was a short but spontaneous burst of applause when Nathan Kowalski pointedly said that “if you want people to use more of something you don’t typically make that something more expensive.” Speaking as a panelist at the PwC Bermuda-sponsored Chamber of Commerce’s Budget Breakfast event yesterday, he was referring to the one percentage point payroll tax hike, to be shared 50/50 between employers and employees, revealed in the Budget on Friday. “Raising the cost of labour simply makes labour less attractive as a productive input,” said Mr Kowalski, chief financial officer at Anchor Investment Management. The higher payroll tax was one of the items of concern he highlighted, although he initially spoke about what he saw as the Budget’s positives. These included a move to address the imbalance of equity, acknowledging a need for a more progressive tax system, and identifying the “serious denominator problem” the island faces with a shrinking population and workforce against a background of growing obligations ranging from debt repayments to healthcare and pensions. While higher payroll tax was one concern for Mr Kowalski, he also spoke on the lack of diversification within the economy. He noted that Bermuda seemed to be lacking any exposure to future technologies and innovations such as biotech, robotics, artificial intelligence and nanotech. “Although it is not up to government to create these industries, it can help create policies that encourage their formation on the island.” And he said it was painful to see an increasing burden placed on the private sector “when one notes the almost static size of the Government’s cost structure.” He stated that if the near-term economic prospects are providing a window to reduce debt through tax increases, then it must also be a window for cuts in civil service expenses. Furthermore, he wanted to see the civil service run more like the private sector with greater accountability and discipline. In response, Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance, said the civil service has shrunk by 225 by attrition. “Not one was fired or laid off. They were the results of retirements and early retirements,” explained the minister, who was the main speaker at the Budget breakfast. Every Tuesday when the Cabinet meets he said he battles to enforce Government’s hiring freeze policy. “Every ministry wants to provide their services and say they need more staff. The Darth Vader in the group is moi.  We have those battles every Tuesday. We have won because the size of the civil service is declining. It is being forced down.” Mr Richards agreed that not enough has been done on cutting expenses, but said a lot of the fat in government has been cut out. He said the issue of efficiency is being addressed, and rules and regulations to improve accountability from the top down are being put in place. On the issue of diversifying the economy, Mr Richards said the history of Bermuda in the 20th century had shown that it was entrepreneurs in Bermuda and outside the island who had come up with business ideas and made Bermuda the place where they could take root. He said people should not look to Government to come up with “the next big deal, because whatever government thinks is the next big deal — it’s not that”. However, Mr Richards agreed that Government’s role was to provide the environment for entrepreneurs to pursue new ideas.

February 23. By Bill Zuill, retired Editor of the Royal Gazette and a director of Bermuda Executive Services Ltd. " Bob Richards’ Budget, delivered on Friday, has already attracted a good deal of comment. Unquestionably, there will be plenty more in the weeks to come. The Government says it has put debt reduction at the top of its list, and rightly so — debt service has increased to become one of the largest expenditure items for Government. That’s a drag on the economy and also means a substantial amount of money leaves Bermuda each year in interest payments. Mr Richards, the finance minister, has judged that the economy, which has experienced five consecutive quarters of nominal growth and is expected to expand by two to three per cent in 2016, is now strong enough to withstand some tax increases. To be sure, Government needs to increase revenues in order to end the deficit, and the planned tax increases show that Government does not expect two to three per cent economic growth in 2016 will be enough to achieve this alone, so tax increases will be required. There are two major disappointments in the Budget. One is that for all the talk of sacrifice, current account expenditure remains virtually unchanged, and in relative terms has not been substantially reduced. The estimate for 2016-17 is $921.85 million, just $200,000 less than the revised estimate for 2015-16 of $921.64 million. To be fair, the increase in debt service does mean that the rest of current account spending is down, but the private sector will rightly complain that it is being forced to fund a government that is not willing to make the same sacrifices the private sector has borne for the last six years. In part this is due to the failure of the Government to persuade the unions to continue the furlough since personnel costs make up 51 per cent of current account expenditure. But Government has not implemented many cost-cutting recommendations either, including much of the Sage Report. The second disappointment is that there isn’t much in the Budget Statement about job creation or encouraging economic growth. Both the Bermuda Business Development Agency and the Bermuda Tourism Authority get some attention, and the BTA gets additional funding, which is welcome provided it is used for marketing. But beyond that, there is little real attention given to encouraging job creation, entrepreneurship or small business. Of course, it’s not Government’s responsibility to create jobs. It is Government’s job to create an environment in which job growth can occur and the situation is better than it was four years ago. But running a business in Bermuda continues to be cumbersome, and there’s a desperate need for less red tape, less regulation and more flexibility in the workplace. Instead, the private sector — employers and employees — are being asked to shoulder more of the burden, and Mr Richards is betting that the increases will not reverse the recovery. The big impact on the employment sector is the increase in payroll tax, which is going up by one percentage point to a maximum of 15.5 per cent, with the employer’s contribution rising by half a percentage point and employees contributing 5.5 per cent more, also a half percentage point increase. In terms of cost, this is an almost 7 per cent increase in real terms, so a company that was paying $100,000 a year in payroll taxes will now be paying $107,000 — not a small amount. The last time payroll tax was increased was in 2011, when it was increased by two percentage points, and the effect was so disastrous on employment that it was reversed the following year. There is a real risk the same thing will happen again. The risk is even greater since the retail, hotel and restaurant sectors are seeing their payroll tax relief rolled back — they will now pay 8 per cent, still materially lower than other sectors, but a potential damper on employment. The other significant increase is in government taxes and fees which will increase by around 4 per cent, plus duty on fuel. This will have an effect on work permit application fees and the like, which may also be a slight disincentive to hiring. So, as was the case in 2015, the Government is taking a calculated risk that the tax increases will not dampen the still delicate recovery — time will tell if it is right. Mr Richards also discussed Bermuda’s demographic challenge — the fact that more people will be leaving the working economy than entering it, and why the Government is now preparing to create pathways to status and permanent residence as part of the approach to encouraging a stable working population for the future. This has become an intense political argument, but the following statistics from the 2010 Census graphically illustrate the problem: In 2010, there were 3,431 residents between the ages of 15 and 19, the age group just entering the workforce or about to. It is now 2016, so those individuals are now aged between 21 and 25 and are now all of working age. In 2010, there were also 3,692 people aged between 60 and 64, 161 more than in the 15-19 group. In order to keep the working age population where it is, that means 161 non-Bermudian jobholders will be needed because those individuals are now aged between 66 and 70 and all are past the retirement age. Perhaps 161 is not that big a number. But in the next two age groups, the difference explodes. In 2010, there were 3,481 people in the 10-14 age group. They are now aged between 16 and 20, and thus are entering the workforce. But there were 4,498 people in the 55-59 age group, a difference of 1,017 people. This age group is now aged 61 to 65, meaning that they are beginning to retire now. That means that if the economy remains the same size over the next four years, Bermuda will need 1,017 new workers it does not have. You cannot do anything to alter birthrates from 20 years ago. For the Bermuda economy to grow, it cannot afford to lose any more people, and the numbers above do not even include the emigration that has taken place over the last six years. So the question for Bermuda is not whether it needs more foreign workers, but what kind of foreign workers it wants. Many Bermudians’ fear of displacement in their own home, which is real and deep seated, must be taken into account. But even allowing for that, the arithmetic is inarguable. And if the choice is between people who will make a long-term commitment to Bermuda or a transient population of people who will only come for what they can get, with no long-term security, and then leave, which choice is better for Bermuda? The answer may not meet everyone’s desires, but it is obvious."

February 23. John Wight, the Bermuda Chamber of Commerce president, yesterday backed a new tax on services unveiled in last week's Budget. Mr Wight said there was “ a great deal of alignment” between Chamber members and Government on the Budget plans to tackle the island's debt crisis. He added: “Overall, it's a very sensible Budget and addressed the problems facing Bermuda. Addressing the Budget deficit is job number one for Government.” Mr Wight was speaking at the annual Chamber of Commerce Budget breakfast, sponsored by PwC Bermuda, where Bob Richards, the Finance Minister, outlined his financial blueprint, which was unveiled in the House of Assembly last Friday. He said: “It's inconsistent and illogical for goods to be taxed but not services.” But he added that Chamber members would want to see more detail on the new tax, but “in theory” the Chamber supported it. Mr Wight said: “The gap between the haves and have-nots has widened considerably in recent years.” And he added that “had to be the subject of talks with international business over the next 12 months”. He said that the retail sector was still struggling, despite some promising signs. Mr Wight, head of insurance firm BF&M, explained: “If we strip out sales that came from pent-up demand over the years and more lending by the banks, retail is still pretty flat.” And he added that he was not convinced some recovery in real estate was “a genuine improvement or that property had hit a price point that investors wanted to get back into the market”, while Bermuda had not been an attractive proposition for hotel developers for some time. But he added: “Overall, sensible is the way to characterize the Budget and this is Bermuda's new reality.” Mr Wight said that gross domestic product changed when “either or both of productivity and population change. Put another way, the only way we're going to experience measurable growth is if we become more productive and or we increase our population. Automation would improve productivity — but lead to job losses. The only thing that is left is population. Around 5,000 people had left Bermuda after the recession began to take effect after the 2008 crash. These people were generally in the 25-55 age category, they were healthy and helped to subsidies the less healthy work force. They are gone. We're now left with an ageing workforce, people like myself who in ten years will start drawing down on Government bank accounts rather than paying into them. The primary objective was to raise awareness of this important, but emotive, issue. We can't shy away from it. The drive to achieve European Union Solvency II equivalence, to allow Bermuda companies to compete on a level playing field in Europe, had required trust and co-operation among Government, the Bermuda Monetary Authority and the private sector. I am absolutely convinced Bermuda needs to have the same commitment to working together to addressing our serious demographic issues so our members can sell more goods and services to more people.” The new services tax, expected to raise around $50 million a year, will exempt banking, insurance and healthcare, as well as small businesses. Arthur Wightman, head of professional services firm PwC Bermuda, who moderated the panel discussion, declined to comment specifically on the GST. He said after the meeting: “It's a new tax which is being introduced and we have already agreed to enter a process of consultation. Our broad comment on that would be we understand and agree there is a need to increase revenue in order to address the deficit and public debt.”

February 23. The price of servicing the Island’s debt will outstrip the cost of the country’s most expensive ministry within two years unless action is taken, Bob Richards warned yesterday. Mr Richards, the finance minister, said that the debt service costs this year would be $187.4 million — just behind the $194.4 million expected to be spent on the Ministry of Health, Environment and Seniors this year. He told the Chamber of Commerce Budget breakfast: “If we don’t do something about debt service, we will be swamped by debt and we won’t be able to provide the services people expect Government to provide.” Mr Richards said Government had cut both costs and the deficit. He told the audience of business leaders that he believed that the economy had returned to growth and that the recession, in strict economic terms, was over, while major projects like the redevelopment of the airport would also help drive Bermuda back to prosperity. And he said that increases in the payroll tax of 1 per cent for employers and 0.5 per cent for employees and a new general services tax, likely to be around 5 per cent, would be offset by a growing economy. Mr Richards said: “This is the time to do it and we are doing it as expeditiously as we can. We need to broaden the tax base. One thing that was clear during the recession was that relying on customs duty and payroll tax was too narrow. There is a lot more to Bermuda than people working and people consuming goods. We have to include a broader section of our economy in our income stream so we don’t have to rely so much on these traditional forms of taxation. Notional tax rates — where some professions paid payroll tax on a notional level far lower than their real earnings — had been abused. The philosophy is to lower the rate and broaden the base. The bottom line is we’re looking to do that, correct some of the anomalies with payroll tax, the lack of progressivity in it and the loopholes in it. Some of these notional tax rates haven’t been revised for 20 years. We have people in professions who pay tax on $40,000 a year — that’s not right.” He said that Government had called in the Caribbean Regional Technical Assistance Centre and set up the Fiscal Responsibility Panel to look at ways of dealing with the country’s debt problem. Mr Richards added: “Their findings and recommendations have shaped the policy we announced in this Budget cycle.” He said that it had been recommended that Government should be “more aggressive” in terms of cutting costs. “The FRP really honed in on this problem and said this is the biggest threat to Bermuda and we need to fix it and fix it now. Government had to tread a line between boosting the economy and cutting debt levels and that the problem needed to be addressed in stages. Now was the time to address the deficit and bring it down to zero, so Government could then concentrate on reducing the country’s debt burden. We are borrowing money to pay interest — we are paying interest on interest and it’s because of this compounding factor the debt service is going up so quickly. That’s got to stop and that only way to stop that is stop running a deficit.” Mr Richards told the audience of business leaders that he believed that the economy had returned to growth and that the recession, in strict economic terms, was over, while major projects like the redevelopment of the airport would also help drive Bermuda back to prosperity. The Budget breakfast was sponsored by PwC Bermuda

February 23. A police officer is in line to receive more than $4 million in damages after he suffered chronic health problems from being exposed to toxic mould at Hamilton and Somerset police stations. Emmerson Donald has provisionally been awarded $2.5 million in lost earnings and $1.5 million for future medical expenses as a result of his condition on top of the $450,000 he has already been paid for “pain and suffering.” The ruling by Chief Justice Ian Kawaley is believed to be the first case where substantial damages have been awarded in Bermuda for a mould injury case. Last month Mr Donald, 44, and his lawyer, Richard Horseman, took their claim to the Supreme Court after the Ministry of Works and Engineering admitted liability. In the ruling, the Chief Justice makes clear that both parties can still make further submissions about the total damages if they are not agreed on. He said: “The total award for loss of earnings, subject to any adjustments as may be advised by or agreed between counsel is: $97,713 (past earnings), $1,133,594 (Bermuda Police Service future) and $1,495,886 (less two years — second career). These amounts are based on figures calculated by the plaintiff’s expert Mr Clingerman applying a discount rate, which was essentially agreed. Subject to the parties hopefully agreeing the adjustment required to give effect to a 13-year rather than a 15-year second career, the total award for loss of earnings is in the region of $2.5 million.” The Chief Justice further ruled: “The total future medical expense award, assuming a life expectancy of 21 more years, is accordingly $1,120,000 for (kidney) transplant and dialysis, $346,978 for ongoing medical expenses and $105,000 for risk of additional serious illnesses, that totals $1,571,978.” Mr Donald came to Bermuda in 2000 after seven years’ experience with the Jamaican police service.  The Supreme Court heard he was an “outstanding” officer with an exemplary record until he first fell ill with chronic renal failure in 2003. In a sworn statement Mr Donald said his “body and mind were broken down” and his “life was hijacked” by the illness. Mr Donald, who still undergoes dialysis three times a week for his health problems, maintained he could have been promoted through the ranks all the way up to superintendent by 2022 had it not been for his medical condition. In relation to his future promotional prospects, Chief Justice Kawaley said: “I find that the plaintiff would most likely have been promoted to the rank of sergeant with effect from January 1, 2010, as he himself claims. I accordingly find that the plaintiff’s career, but for the defendants’ negligence, would have likely followed scenario two and that he would have been further promoted to the rank of inspector with effect from January 1, 2015 and retired in that rank at age 55. This promotion date appears to me to be reasonable bearing in mind that the plaintiff’s most high-flying peers were promoted to the rank of inspector six years earlier, in 2009. It is common ground that the plaintiff will require at least one kidney transplant preceded and followed by ongoing dialysis treatment, is subject to increased health risks, notably cancer and cardiovascular disease, and has a reduced life expectancy.”

February 23. Larry Mussenden, the Bermuda Football Association president, has told “loudmouths” to stay at home in response to the abuse being hurled at youth referees during junior matches. Mussenden is urging supporters who attend BFA Youth League games to give encouragement or keep quiet, fearing the negative comments could drive aspiring referees away from the game. “Encourage, not criticize ... or stay home!” said Mussenden in a strongly-worded statement. “Some parents and spectators are supportive but we hear that some parents and spectators, both male and female, are shouting harsh criticism at our youth referees, when those same parents won’t even take up the whistle or flag themselves. So we say to the rude and obnoxious parents/spectators — leave our youth referees alone. Just like our young footballers, the youth referees are learning by playing and will make mistakes.” The BFA last month announced that a group of youngsters have enrolled in BFA training sessions to become referees for junior matches. “We have been absolutely delighted that on Saturdays our youth referees are on the field and officiating at youth matches all around the island,” Mussenden said. “Early reports show that the youth referees are getting into their groove, learning the laws of the games and gaining confidence with the whistle and flag. Youth coaches have been fantastic and given support to them.” In December last year, Crenstant Williams, the chairman of the BFA’s Referees Committee, said the number of officials in Bermuda was worryingly low, and the abuse referees and assistant referees received on match days was not helping matters. Martin Wyre, who was regarded as the island’s top referee, quit last season after being racially abused by a fan during a Premier Division game at Goose Gosling Field between Flanagan’s Onions and PHC. Wyre had been verbally abused and quit the season before, only to return at the behest of his colleagues Mussenden, however, said he has been encouraged by the enthusiasm shown by Bermuda’s young referees and hopes many will develop into senior officials. “All this bodes well for the short-term and long-term aims of the Referees Committee to bring on younger referees now in order to graduate to senior referees who are desperately needed for the good of the game,” he said.

February 23. A Bermudian mother has been hailed a hero after tending to a teenage shooting victim in a Florida hotel. Rebecca Madeiros was staying in the Holiday Inn Express & Suites St Petersburg North with her sons Jacob, nine, and Toby, seven, when gunfire broke out shortly after midnight on Sunday. Multiple families from the island were staying in the hotel that night, as youngsters from the Bermuda Gymnastics Association competed at the Gasparilla Classic event over the weekend. Mrs Madeiros, who works as a nurse, rushed into the hotel corridor to find victims Octavius Brown, 19, and Demetrius Crawford, 17, who had been shot in the upper body and hand respectively. A Royal Gazette source, who asked to remain anonymous, commended Mrs Maderios’s calm thinking and quick actions amid the chaos — as she used her training to tend to one of the injured teens. “Rebecca heard the gunshots and then she heard screams for help. She jumped straight into action and pretty much saved this guy’s life,” the source said. "She administered first aid, stopped the bleeding and stayed there until paramedics came. It was pretty traumatic.” It is understood that the shooting took place after an argument broke out at a birthday party. Police arrived at approximately 12.30am and are continuing their search for the suspect. Mr Brown was taken to the city’s Bayfront Medical Centre, where police yesterday described his condition as critical but stable, while Mr Crawford was being treated for his hand injury at Northside Hospital. It is believed that one family from the island was staying in the room next door to where the violence broke out. Joann Lee, whose six-year-old son competes on the Bermuda Gymnastics Association, told local television network Bay News 9 that she initially believed the incident was children playing a prank. “There was lots of noise. You could hear kids running across the hallway and up and down the stairwell. It’s a little scary, a little shocking coming from a foreign country and not getting used to this type of gun violence in the US.” Competing at the Gasparilla Classic over the weekend, Bermuda’s young gymnasts puts on an impressive show. The team of approximately 16 contestants, all aged 11 and under, recorded a number of first places in their individual division events, including Tristan Robinson (parallel bars), Toby Madeiros (vault), Christian Hanwell (vault) and Arman Newton (rings). Multiple medallists included Jordan Trimaichi and Jacon Madeiros.

February 22. Fears have been raised about the ability of buses and ferries to service people during the America’s Cup, according to the minutes from a series of stakeholder meetings. They detail concerns and suggestions from a number of public and private bodies about the draft master plan of next year’s event. The minutes of a meeting on December 14, 2015, state that the Department of Public Transport was being challenged by a lack of buses and operators. “Despite the current hiring freeze, the DPT has requested permission to recruit new operators,” the minutes stated. “They have been advised to identify requirements specific to AC35 as that will be treated as new money and not subject to current budget limits. To do this they need specifics on demand projections and service-level requirements to meet the demands of the event. In general, the budget for public transportation is extremely challenged and will not allow for the typical summer services of providing sightseeing buses and extra buses to supplement the scheduled service. There is inadequate funding to provide these staples in 2016. The vehicular traffic plan for Dockyard seeks to maintain normal access but eliminate any additional vehicular traffic. The primary lift for passengers to Dockyard will be by ferry and then by bus. This model is contingent on additional resources being made available.” Meanwhile, the Department of Marine and Ports reported that it was working to bring the Millennium back to Bermuda in 2017, stating that there was “insufficient capacity” for the America’s Cup. “Securing additional ferries is challenging during the summer — their high-use period is also the high-use period in North America and the Caribbean. Conflicts between ferry use and the racecourse will exist and compromise service under some wind conditions — further information is required so routing and schedules can be planned. The current plan calls for the same ferry service to Dockyard and the event village. It is estimated the proposed ferry landing will add 15 minutes to Dockyard. Races may delay lift into and out of Dockyard for cruise ship passengers.” However, the department did say that it would be feasible to use existing harbour ferries to shuttle visitors between the event village and Boaz Island. The Department of Conservation Services reiterated concerns about the safety of sea grass and soft coral in the area, stating they would not support development south of the breakwater. Their concerns were echoed by the Bermuda National Trust, which questioned access to the area by local boaters and tour boats and suggested historic buildings could be renovated to create extra beds in Dockyard and leave a lasting benefit.

February 22. Bermuda-incorporated Teekay Corporation swung to fourth-quarter net income of $38.2 million from the loss it reported in the same period a year earlier. The Bermuda-based company said it had net income of 52 cents per share. Earnings, adjusted for one-time gains and costs, came to 41 cents per share. The oil and gas shipper posted revenue of $663.8 million in the period. For the year, the company reported net income of $82.2 million, or $1.12 per share, swinging to a profit in the period. Revenue was reported as $2.33 billion. Teekay shares surged in response to the results, and closed the week at $7.58, up from $5.87 at the start of the trading week.

February 22. Bermuda resident John “Bradshaw” Layfield has been named a Beyond Sport Ambassador for his work with Bermuda’s youth. However, Mr Layfield said on Friday: “I really don’t see this as recognition for myself, but rather of the quality of the programme here and the great work being done by all the great people at Beyond Rugby Bermuda.” The honour has previously been bestowed on Nobel Peace Prize winner Desmond Tutu and former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, among others. Mr Layfield, a former WWE World Champion and a wrestling commentator, said he became involved with Beyond Sport after a 2010 meeting with founder Nick Keller in Cape Town, South Africa. “I went to watch a programme in a shanty town where they were using running to help young people stay in school, get out of the shanty town and make a positive impact in their lives,” he said. Outside of South Africa, Mr Layfield said the Beyond Sport initiative had used the principle of “Sports for Change” to benefit a wide variety of communities. The foundation has used football to deter young people from joining groups such as Isis, has helped women escape sexual slavery through dance and has helped thousands of at-risk children across the world. These experiences encouraged Mr Layfield to co-found Beyond Rugby Bermuda, which not only offers rugby training to young Bermudians but also provides a homework academy and family support services through Family Centre. “What I saw here in Bermuda was what I saw in a lot of places around the world in that people are tempted to join gangs because they want to belong to something,” he said. “What we try to do is give them an opportunity to belong to something positive.” In addition to his work with the WWE and Beyond Rugby, Mr Layfield is a successful stock market investor who appears regularly on Fox News and Fox Business and who has climbed a series of mountains as part of his own Seven Summits for Kids campaign. “I have always worked seven days a week,” he said. “That’s just what I do. We worked 300 days a year when I was running full time for WWE. I don’t know anything other than travelling all week and working seven days.”

February 22. Rosewood Tucker’s Point Hotel has been awarded the 2016 Forbes Travel Guide four-star award for the first time, the hotel reported this afternoon. Paul Telford, the managing director, called it a “great achievement” for the Island as well, as Rosewood Tucker’s Point is the only property in Bermuda to get the accolade. "I am extremely proud of our team here at Rosewood Tucker’s Point for winning this coveted award.”

February 22. RG Opinion. One of the most important powers an elected official in Bermuda — or anywhere else, for that matter — can possess isn’t actually enumerated in any constitutional job description. It’s the power of persuasion, the talent to sway opinion — to win over the minds, if not always the hearts, of voters. The art of political persuasion takes many forms and involves many factors: arguments that engage both the intellect and the emotions; appeals to voters’ self-interest as well as their sense of community and the greater good; insights into individual human nature and political group dynamics; and an ability to charm and, when necessary, cajole the electorate. Many metrics are used to measure political success. But among the most important these days is what’s increasingly being called “optics” by both Bermuda’s political professionals and the keyboard warriors of online comments sections — or, in plain English, public perception. How a policy or a decision is perceived in the eye of the vote-casting beholder is often as consequential as its content. It’s not simply a matter of fretting more about appearances than substance, although politicians have been prone to do this since the beginning of time. It’s no longer enough for a government to simply set the public agenda. It’s imperative that it then manages whatever public narrative emerges, to make compelling arguments for policies and decisions. Controversial matters that voters may be wary of — and opponents are likely to seize on as vote-winning wedge issues — require as much salesmanship as statecraft to ease their path through the legislative process and to win over reluctant public opinion. Political leadership frequently involves getting people to do what they don’t want to do, and accepting it if not actually liking it. And getting people to do what they don’t want to do means being able to take the measure of the public mood and tailoring your message accordingly. This requires a combination of firmness and tact, a commitment to overriding policy goals tempered by a sympathy for the public’s view, principled positions along with flexibility and adaptability when it comes to how best to frame a debate. This is not to suggest the superficial should ever be elevated over matters of substance. Political communications is not a matter of public relations trumping the public interest, of incessantly repeated, sugar-coated talking points drowning out what people sometimes need to hear from their leaders when it comes to why and how a necessary but unpopular decision was arrived at. Public opinion cannot always be accommodated in the decision-making process, of course. But it should also never be ignored by any politician interested in re-election. For the reality is that party politics in Bermuda is fundamentally a struggle between two competing messages, rather than two opposing ideologies. A few shrill voices at either end of the political spectrum notwithstanding, we are not a society of extremes: we tend to seek and value consensus. Political blood sport, while certainly not unknown in Bermuda, is far from being the national pastime. Instead, Bermuda politics is primarily an information-based competition, one that requires a deep knowledge of and keen sensitivity for the currents of public opinion. The party that best understands this and comes up with what’s interpreted to be the most persuasive message by the most voters wins elections. The party that might actually boast policies better designed to achieve the greatest good for the greatest number of Bermuda residents will invariably lose if its message is tone-deaf to the concerns, fears and anxieties of those residents. Given that we live in a time of continuing economic insecurity when people are worried about their jobs, their healthcare, their pensions, their children, their very ability to keep a roof over their heads and feed their families, there are many such concerns that have to be acknowledged and incorporated into a viable, political communications strategy. The backlash against proposed changes to immigration policy, for instance, are motivated far more by Bermudian fears of economic displacement, of being squeezed out of an already recession-diminished employment market, than by xenophobia or cultural nativism. The fact is these new policies will actually help to create more jobs for native-born Bermudians and, ultimately, deliver more benefits to working families and those in the middle. And this, of course, should have been the primary focus of the Government’s sales pitch for these reforms, not a footnote belatedly attached to the legal, constitutional and even the powerful ethical arguments. Effective political communications will never make an unpopular decision universally beloved, nor will they ensure that reason always triumphs over riled-up sentiment. But public perception of a decision is often just as important to its acceptance as the substance of the decision itself. As the very term suggests, political “optics” have everything to do with the way voters see things — and a great deal to do with how they cast their ballots at elections.

February 22. A pair of believed Bulgarian nationals have been charged with stealing from local banks. Chavda Bachev, 42, and Georgi Todorov, 41, both from Sofia, Bulgaria, appeared in Magistrate’s Court this morning to face multiple theft charges. Both men were charged with stealing $4,500 from HSBC Bermuda, $4,100 from the Bank of Butterfield and $11,300 from Clarien Bank in incidents which occurred between February 11 and February 14. They are further charged with attempting to steal $12,000, $13,060 and $12,000 from the same respective banks during the same period. Mr Bachev and Mr Todorov were charged with possessing $10,331 and $9,500 representing the proceeds of criminal activity respectively, while they were charged separately with attempting to conceal or transfer $900 of illegally obtained funds. Neither man was required to enter a plea as the charges must be heard by the Supreme Court. Magistrate Khamisi Tokunbo remanded both men into custody pending trial. They are expected to appear before the Supreme Court for the matter in April.

February 22. The future of the Salvation Army is in doubt after its government funding was slashed by $50,000. Divisional commander Major Frank Pittman told The Royal Gazette that another cut meant the organization would have to make some changes to how it was run. “We have to evaluate where we are and seriously consider how we go forward,” Major Pittman said. “I’m not sure where this takes our future. Right now I’m spending more money than I’m bringing in — I can’t keep doing that. We have to make some changes in how we run.” The Salvation Army is given two grants in the Budget: the first, a contribution from the Department of Financial Assistance towards its shelters, has been cut from $450,000 to $400,000. A second grant of $100,000 from the Department of National Drug Control goes toward the rehabilitation and addiction programmes run by the Salvation Army. This was cut last year but later reinstated and the figure has remained the same this year. “I’m very pleased that that is tucked in there,” Major Pittman said. “We would have had to cut some of our addiction programmes without the $100,000. What we must realize is that this is a government programme and we’ve been operating this programme on behalf of the Government,” he explained. The Salvation Army has been helping to fund the programme for the past three to five years, but the charity was unable to meet its fundraising targets this year. Major Pittman said the cuts meant he would now have to find another $50,000 this year on top of the $165,000 the Salvation Army already puts towards the programme. “The Government just seems to be pulling away from it,” Major Pittman said. “We were seriously hoping that Government was going to put something in there [the Budget] for the new Bishop Spencer building.” The Bermuda Government announced in 2014 that the building on The Glebe Road in Pembroke could become a new homeless shelter. It signed a six-month Memorandum of Understanding with the Salvation Army to examine the feasibility the project. The charity, however, needs funds to adapt the facility to residences. Major Pittman said: “Charities seems to be struggling all over. There’s a lot of concern out there over the social needs of people and we just don’t seem to get it.” Age Concern’s grant has also been reduced but only by $2,000 from $40,000 to $38,000. Charles Jeffers, vice-chairman of Age Concern and chairman of the charity’s advocacy committee, said: “We’re not surprised because this has been a trend for a number of years. “The irony is, organisations like Age Concern are providing the services that in effect one could say, should be provided by the Government to a large extent. Nevertheless, we will soldier on. We feel that the services we provide are very important to Bermuda.” He added that because of the small cut, he did not see the charity making any changes to the services it provides. “I don’t see the cut in the budget for us having any real adverse effect on what we do now. We could do much more if we had an increase.” Mr Jeffers said Age Concern’s grant had been cut by about $2,000 every year for the past five years. “We’ve had to do what we’ve had to do to survive. We have had to in recent years reduce staff, cut office space and we’ve become more reliant on volunteers. It’s been tough.” But Mr Jeffers is hopeful about the statement in the Budget regarding a possible pension increase because it has been several years since the last one. Mr Richards said he would “prudently consider increasing pensions and other benefits under the Contributory Pensions Act 1970 in August of this year, when benefits under the Act are uplifted.” Mr Jeffers also noted that the allotment for health insurance had increased from $1,040,000 last year to $3,995,000. “We are hoping a large portion of that will be used to supplement the health insurance premiums for seniors who are having difficulty paying premiums or have stopped paying them,” he said.

February 22. A new marble gravestone was unveiled on Saturday at the annual commemorative service for Midshipman Richard Sutherland Dale. The ceremony marked the continuation of an 80-year tradition and the 201st anniversary of the death of Midshipman Dale — the last victim of the War of 1812. “This year was extra special as the new marble gravestone was unveiled,” Gillian Outerbridge, secretary of The Friends of St Peter’s Church, said. “The original is preserved beneath the new stone, which was created by Island Memorials.” Ms Outerbridge explained that retired United States Navy Captain John Rodgaard saw the deterioration of Midshipman Dale’s tombstone on a recent visit to Bermuda. He enlisted the support of retired US Navy Captain Vance Morrison, and the US Naval Order, of which both men are members, made a generous donation to The Friends of St Peter’s for a replica of the gravestone. “TS Admiral Somers Sea Cadets played an integral part of the unveiling ceremony, having been instructed in the traditional manner of folding a ceremonial US flag,” Ms Outerbridge added. Wreaths were laid by Governor George Fergusson, Linda Rosalik, who represented the US Consul, and Reverend Erskine Simmons, the chairman of The Friends of St Peter’s Church. A special wreath was also sent by Louise Hall Reider, descendant of Scarritt Adams, the originator of the ceremony. Midshipman Dale died in St George’s from wounds incurred in a marine battle during the War of 1812 on February 23, 1815. Eighty-one years ago this month, US Navy Ensign Scarritt Adams arranged for flowers to be placed on the grave and for many years the US Military commemorated Midshipman Dale on the anniversary of his death. This ended when the US Marines left their Bermuda base. However, the tradition was adopted by The Friends of St Peter’s Church, who now gather every year at Midshipman Dale’s gravestone.

February 22. A cut in the budget for the Bermuda Health Council means it will have to juggle priorities, the new CEO said at the weekend. Tawanna Wedderburn said “creative solutions” were needed so the BHeC can continue to manage growing demands with tighter resources. The BHeC budget has been cut by $42,000 to $800,000 for the new financial year. “The Health Council’s budget has been cut by 5 per cent like other entities funded by Government,” said Ms Wedderburn. “However, health spending continues to grow, now representing 12 per cent of gross domestic product. The Health Council’s ability to meet demands that a growing health system requires is now impacted by a reduction in the resources needed to adequately address these issues. This demands more creative solutions while protecting each resident’s right to health.” The BHeC, which is funded by a Ministry of Health grant and a Mutual Reinsurance Fund Transfer, has seen its government funding cut by $42,000. Ms Wedderburn said: “In spite of the 5 per cent expense reduction and the increasing demand for healthcare, the Health Council will continue to make the best of the limited resources allocated to it. We are committed to our goal of supporting Bermuda’s residents by ensuring that the right care is delivered by trained professionals in safe facilities in the most cost-effective way.” According to Ms Wedderburn, Bermuda’s population is ageing, social pressures are growing, mental health is not prioritized and health charities are not adequately supported. She said: “The Budget reflects consideration of many variables involved in economic recovery. However, the Budget does not contemplate the complex interplay between health, productivity and limited resources within an improving economy. The economic stimulus proposed in the Budget relies on infrastructure planning, and encouraging companies to invest in Bermuda. For us to see success in these areas, we cannot ignore the companies and businesses within the tourist industry who have expressed concerns about growing healthcare costs and their influence on their ability to do business in Bermuda. The Health Council is working towards addressing these concerns in collaboration with the Government and other stakeholders.” Meanwhile, funding for the island’s hospitals was cut by $1,161,000. Hospitals will get $145.67 million in this year’s Budget, compared with $147.86 million last year. In response, a Bermuda Hospitals Board spokeswoman urged residents to take an active role in their health and wellness. She said: “Bermuda Hospitals Board has to accept Government’s budget allocation. While it is less than previous years we will continue our work to provide safe, high-quality, people-centred care to our entire community. We encourage the people of Bermuda to take an active role in their own health and wellness to reduce the incidence of chronic diseases and the burden this places on the healthcare system.”

February 22. A group opposed to same-sex marriage has removed an online appeal for campaign funds after a request from the Charities Commission. Preserve Marriage was seeking donations on its website to “succeed” in its “mandate to preserve marriage in our country”. The group, which registered as a limited liability company on December 29 last year, gave a Butterfield bank account number into which people could deposit funds. The appeal was brought to the attention of the Charity Commissioners, as well as Registrar General Aubrey Pennyman, by members of the public concerned it was in breach of the Charities Act 2014, which limits fundraising activities to registered charities. A spokeswoman for the Ministry of Home Affairs said: “The Charities Commission considered the matter of Preserve Marriage soliciting funds from the public. It was the commissioners’ view that, as Preserve Marriage was neither a registered charity nor did it have a temporary fundraising licence, the group could not solicit funds from the public. The Charities Commission communicated this view to the principals who accepted the concerns raised and have acted accordingly.” Preserve Marriage chairman Melvyn Bassett told this newspaper: “It was pulled and it has been corrected.” He said some money was raised internally among members, but he did not think any donations were received via the website. Dr Bassett said the majority of the group’s funding came from churches, along with individual donations from members. The online appeal said any donations would be an investment towards:

This newspaper has obtained a list of Preserve Marriage’s board of directors and officers, as well as its limited members register. Former school principal Dr Bassett is a director, along with deputy chairman Gary Simons, from Cornerstone Bible Fellowship, and treasurer Mark Hall, from Word of Life Fellowship. Lawyer Kyle Masters is the secretary. The register of members lists two others: Joseph Furbert, also from Cornerstone, and Noel Pearman.

February 22. The use in Bermuda of glyphosate herbicides, which some studies have linked to cancer, is still being reviewed. Technical officers met with representatives of Monsanto, which markets the weed killer under the brand name Roundup, this month to discuss the local ban on products containing the chemical. “At the request of the Minister of Health, Seniors and Environment, technical officers met with visiting representatives of Monsanto, the makers of the herbicide Roundup, on February 3 to discuss the ban on the importation of glyphosate herbicides,” a ministry spokesman told The Royal Gazette. He added that the Department of Environmental Protection was “in the process of undertaking a monitoring study for the presence of glyphosates, its degradation products and surfactants, in our local environment.” This is expected to be completed by July, at which time the ministry will review the findings with relevant government bodies. Glyphosate is a broad-spectrum herbicide used by a number of companies to manufacture herbicides designed to manage broadleaved weeds and grasses. It can be found locally in products such as Rodeo, manufactured by Dow Chemicals, Ortho Ground Clear, Ace Weed and Grass Killer, and Touchdown Pro, to name a few. A six-month ban was placed on glyphosate in May last year after a World Health Organisation study of the chemical determined that it was “probably carcinogenic to humans. This information, in conjunction with the above mentioned studies and a review of the stakeholder concerns will be used to determine the Government’s position on the future of glyphosate in Bermuda,” the spokesman said. “Considering there is still a pressing need for the effective control of weeds, in the interim the Ministry of Health Seniors and Environment will permit the importation of Ready To Use glyphosate products until the final recommendation can be made,” he added.

February 20. The Bermuda Tourism Authority has been given a $1 million boost. While the BTA was allotted a total of $21.7 million in last year’s Budget, that figure has been increased to $22.7 million. The Government has also doubled the Tourism Authority Fee, which is paid directly to the BTA by the island’s hotels, from 2.5 per cent to 5 per cent. Delivering the 2016-17 budget statement yesterday, Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance, said the BTA has made “significant progress” in re-settling the island’s marketing image and is well positioned to achieve “aggressive growth objectives”. Mr Richards said: “One of the keys to achieving those objectives is securing enough airline seat capacity to meet demand. In the first quarter of this year, as a result of the Government working closely with airlines and BTA-airline marketing partnerships, airline seat capacity to the island will increase 8 per cent. “This will provide greater access to the island for vacationers and greater opportunity to lure business and leisure groups — a performance area that lagged in 2015 as a result of poor group sales before the start of the BTA.” He said the BTA reorganized and redeployed its group sales teams last year, which has helped to ensure group sales for this year and next, which in turn help maintain tourism employment levels year-round. Mr Richards also said that the number of visiting cruise ships would increase this year, including a greater number of visits to St George’s and Hamilton. “The schedule projects a 10 per cent increase in visitors and 12 per cent increase in spending for an estimated $91 million in total spending,” Mr Richards said. The BTA are also set to allocate $1 million to support tourism entrepreneurs in an effort to improve the on-island experience for visitors and stimulate spending. 

February 20. Fuel prices have been raised in the Budget for the second year, meaning that come April the price of gasoline will have been hiked 13 cents per litre in just over a year. The duty on fuel, which went up by five cents in last year’s Budget, acquired an additional eight cents per litre, with 5.5 cents for fuel imported by Belco. Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance, said the increases stood to yield an extra Customs revenue of $11.7 million, which will boost deficit reductions and support government services. But the news was poorly received by taxi operators, some of whom said it effectively cancelled out any gains from the fares increase approved by Parliament for May 2014. “That’s going to take its toll,” said Calvin Dill of the Triple D taxi service. “I see this having a serious impact on our business.” Mr Dill said he had been able to maintain steady business through the last year but had not seen the taxi industry pick up much. “Anything going up for taxis is too much,” said operator Roger Vanderpool, who was prepared to wait for the implementation of the higher duty before assessing its impact. One Hamilton driver said that even with the many taxis using diesel, which lowered fuel costs, the increase stood to override any benefits of the rate increase. “This is just going to eat it up,” he said. “That’s going to hurt when it comes into effect. For me, last summer was a little better than the previous and I’m anticipating this summer to be better. There’s been an opportunity to recoup some money and now we get this additional expense.” Another driver nearby said that the industry “might be picking up, but not for me” and said the hike stood to “hurt my pockets even more. A third taxi operator said: “It’s not picking up. If gas is going up then your pockets are getting that much lower. That rate increase was absorbed within that same year. It’s two steps forward, three steps back.”

February 20. More than $1.8 billion will be spent from public and private funds in infrastructure projects over the next five years, according to the 2016-17 Budget statement. Among the items listed in the statement are the controversial $250 million airport redevelopment, $100 million for the Causeway and $1 billion for the Morgan’s Point resort project. Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance, said: “Government’s two-track strategy not only requires the controlling of government spending, but also the stimulation of economic activity. It would be easy for Government to simply borrow money to fund infrastructure projects, as in the past. “However, under the present debt conditions, such a strategy would not be prudent. Most of these items would not be financed from public debt. As these projects become reality they will provide the local economy, and the local job market in particular, with the stimulus needed to expand jobs and income.” A host of other projects were listed in the statement, including $40 million for the America’s Cup village and $50 million for other America’s Cup infrastructure. In addition to Morgan’s Point, several hotel projects were listed, including the $40 million redevelopment of the Ariel Sands Hotel, the $50 million Pink Beach Hotel redevelopment, $100 million for further work at the Hamilton Princess and $150 million for the new St George’s hotel project. Smaller figures were included for the restoration of the Swing Bridge in St George’s ($20 million), casino build-outs ($10 million) and work on King’s Wharf ($3 million). A solar farm, which has been proposed for an unused finger of land at the LF Wade International Airport, was listed with a cost of $20 million, while the Belco LNG build-out will cost $50 million. Several projects were listed without value, including the redevelopment of the Grand Atlantic complex as a tourism site, the redevelopment of the Hamilton waterfront and the development of Marginal Wharf in St David’s. “They represent ideas that have not been sufficiently fleshed out, so they have been assigned a value of zero,” Mr Richards said. “However, once further developed, they could be very significant in value.”

February 20. Update of piece re payroll tax and more published February 19. Salaries and wages will be hit after an increase in payroll tax and motorists will have to fork out more at the pumps after Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance, unveiled his Budget statement in the House of Assembly yesterday. Residents will also face a new 5 per cent “general services tax” from April 2017, full details of which have yet to be released. As expected, the duty on cigarettes and alcohol will continue to rise. While it was not all doom and gloom for the man in the street, it was a Budget which will force them to dig deeper into their pockets as the Bermuda Government attempts to cut into the country’s $2.2 billion debt. Payroll tax is set to go up 1 per cent to 15.5 per cent, with the employee share up 0.5 per cent to 6 per cent. The Government also signaled that most other tax-rate categories would also go up by 1 per cent as part of this fiscal year’s financial blueprint for 2016-17. Gas prices will shoot up by eight cents a litre from April, while 5.5 per cent extra tax will be added to fuel oil imported by power firm Belco, moves expected to raise an extra $11.7 million a year. The limit of taxable wages for the payroll tax will remain at $750,000. Payroll concessions for the hospitality, restaurant and retail sectors will be reduced in 2016-17, with businesses in these sectors paying a rate of 8 per cent. The yield from payroll tax after the revised rate structure and partial rollback for payroll tax concessions is estimated at $390 million in 2016-17. Based on 2014 figures from the Bermuda Digest of Statistics, the payroll tax increase equates to an extra $218 per year for a supermarket janitor, $258 for a road sweeper and $230 for a truck driver. Mr Richards said that the entire payroll tax system would be overhauled for the next financial year and structured in a more progressive way to benefit lower income earners. The sin taxes — applied to tobacco and alcohol — will generate an extra $4 million a year. As for the introduction of a general services tax, Mr Richards said: “In order to broaden the tax base, the GST will be levied on turnover from the provision of most services by service providers to the public.” The new tax is expected to raise $50 million a year. In addition, a sell-off of surplus government property is expected to raise about $3 million. “Government fees for an array of services provided to the public will be increased by about 4 per cent for most fees and the anticipated increased yield should be $1 million to $2 million,” Mr Richards said. “Nobody likes tax increases: not the Ministry of Finance, not the rest of the Government, not the business community, not the man in the street. Some of the measures outlined in this Budget statement will not be popular. But debt service has become the second-largest ‘ministry’ in Government. It is stealing from the future of our children and their children. It is constricting our ability to respond to people’s needs. It is weakening our ability to maintain the infrastructure that supports everyday life. It is threatening our solvency and, with that, our financial independence. So we must get to grips with the deficit and debt problem because they stand between us and a secure future.” However, David Burt, the Shadow Minister of Finance, warned that local businesses will end up closing as a result of the tax increases. Mr Burt said Government’s repeated failure to diversify the Bermuda economy would cost the public. “We are going to see some businesses that will go out of business because they cannot afford the tax burden,” he said. “We are going to see increased strain on families as all families will now be taking home less money. In an environment where the cost of living is increasing, we have also seen the minister increase the price of gasoline in the country. These are things that are adversely affecting the people of this country.” The finance minister signaled a “restructuring and broadening” of the tax base alongside “modest increases” over the next three years. “Government is considering reforms to the payroll tax structure to make it more progressive and to yield additional revenue. The current structure takes little or no account of the ability to pay of employers or their employees. It therefore places a heavier, relative tax burden on lower-income employees.” Mr Richards added that the goods-based tax system was also due an overhaul, with changes to customs duties structures and the inclusion of a services sales tax, which could be implemented as early as the start of the 2017-18 tax year and raise $50 million a year. He explained: “In order to broaden the tax base, a new services sales tax, the General Services Tax, will be levied on turnover from the provision of most services by service to the public. It is proposed that this GST will be levied at a rate of 5 per cent.” Mr Richards said that the new tax would exclude banking, insurance and healthcare, as well as small service providers. The Government said it will spend a total of $1.196 billion in the 2016-17 financial year, an $8.9 million or 1 per cent increase on the previous year when debt service is excluded “This increase includes additional financial assistance and other grants, increased government overheads due primarily to health insurance premiums and the expiry of the partial suspension of Government’s matching contribution to the public service superannuation fund. These increases and others were partially offset by reductions in other areas such as professional services.” Total government revenues for the coming financial year are expected to be $996.9 million, $65.6 million up on the previous year or 7 per cent. Mr Richards told MPs that the country’s current account balance, after debt service is included, shows a deficit of $112.1 million, a decrease of $39.1 million or 25.9 per cent. He added that current account spending levels had been reduced by $74 million, or 7.4 per cent, since March 2013. “This is good news,” Mr Richards said, “but the Ministry of Finance’s medium-term expenditure framework called for a 15 per cent spending reduction over a three-year period. While we have had some success in cutting cost, it has become increasingly difficult to implement further reductions under the current government structure and the formulaic approach to expenditure cuts in previous budgets. The ministry remains committed to the MTEF, but moving forward it is clear that the Government must revise its approach to implement further savings, either by way of increased efficiencies or through reforms in the way services are delivered and departments are structured. The Government is confident that the short-term sacrifices being made by way of increased expenditures will realize long-term benefits to the country.” The cost of servicing Bermuda’s gross public debt, which is set to hit more than $2.33 billion by the end of this financial year, is projected to be $187.4 million this year, 10.3 per cent higher than the $169.9 million for 2015-16. That represents $129 million in interest payments and a $58.4 million contribution to the sinking fund. Mr Richards added that capital expenditure, bricks-and-mortar spending, had been set at $87.3 million for the year “to meet the Government’s infrastructure needs and to support the key pillars of our economy. The three-year plan that we are putting in place shows light at the end of the tunnel in the form of a deficit that will no longer exist. Eliminating the deficit will free us to begin paying down public debt that narrows our options and bleeds our resources.”

February 20. Bermuda Chamber of Commerce businesses said they welcomed the Budget yesterday, but warned that Bermuda’s finances will take time to improve. John Wight, president of the Chamber of Commerce, singled out continued effort to reduce the deficit and advance warning of changes to the tax system to ease the burden on lower earners as significant. Mr Wight said: “The business community appreciates the approach of giving a long notice period regarding tax reform changes that businesses will need to plan for. We also strongly encourage Government to engage stakeholders as part of a collaborative and consultative process before these changes are implemented.” Payroll tax, scheduled for major reform in the next year, went up 1 per cent to 15.5 per cent, with the employee contribution going up 0.5 per cent to 6 per cent. Mr Richards also announced a new general services tax, set at 5 per cent. But Mr Richards said that the entire payroll tax system would be overhauled for the next financial year and structured in a more progressive way to benefit lower-income earners. Mr Richards added that the goods-based tax system was also due an overhaul, with changes to customs duties structures and the inclusion of a services sales tax, which could be implemented as early as the start of the 2017-18 tax year and raise $50 million a year. He explained: “In order to broaden the tax base, a new services sales tax, the General Services Tax, will be levied on turnover from the provision of most services by service to the public.” But Mr Richards said that the new tax would exclude banking, insurance and healthcare, as well as small service providers. Mr Wight said that the Chamber was on record as saying the priority for this year’s Budget was cutting the deficit so that Bermuda would be able to tackle its massive debt, likely to hit $2.2 billion by the end of this financial year. And he added: “We were pleased to hear that the correlation between the number of people residing in Bermuda and economic growth. Economic growth, or GDP, is a function of the change in productivity and the change in the number of people in Bermuda. An ageing population in Bermuda and fewer Bermudians entering the workforce than those retiring is a fact and a trend that is worsening and worrying. There needs to be greater discussion in our community about how important it is to have more people live and work in Bermuda and how we do this to benefit Bermudians. Our member organisations of the Chamber of Commerce continue to struggle. There is no opportunity for real growth until they have more people in Bermuda to sell their products and services to.” And he welcomed tax reform plans, based on recommendations from the Caribbean Regional Technical Assistance Centre, part of the International Monetary Fund. Mr Wight said: “Tax reform is long overdue. The minister’s decision to remove tax loopholes that are illogical and unfair, along with a progressive tax system that recognizes that those who earn higher wages should bear a greater brunt of taxes than they currently, is commendable. Our hope and expectation is that the cost to employers of tax reform, including the increase in payroll tax from 14.5 per cent to 15.5 per cent, which commences April 1, 2016, will not be too punitive.” He added that the Chamber would discuss the Budget further after it examined it in detail. But Mr Wight said: “However, our initial thoughts are that the Budget was well thought out and continues progress towards improving Bermuda’s finances. “Measurable improvements will not be felt any time soon, however.”

February 20. Bermuda’s international business chiefs said they would swallow increased taxes if the Government continued to cut its costs and pushed ahead with reforms in the public service. Insiders added that the sector wanted to see the Government live up to its pledges to make the Civil Service more accountable, close loopholes in the payroll tax system and ensure better collection. The Budget increased payroll tax by 1 per cent to 15.5 per cent and imposed a new 5 per cent services tax, the General Services Tax, to take effect as early as next year. The employee part of payroll tax will rise by 0.5 per cent to 6 per cent as a result of the increase. Mr Richards said the payroll tax hikes were temporary as the entire system was under review to make it more progressive and ease the burden on lower-income workers. Stephen Catlin, deputy chairman of the Association of Bermuda Insurers and Reinsurers, who gave the official reaction to finance minister Bob Richards’s fourth Budget statement, said: “Globally, the ratings agencies are watching with keen interest and will be judging Bermuda’s sovereign rating after an assessment of Bermuda’s Budget plan.” During the two-hour delivery in the House of Assembly yesterday, Mr Richards warned that the financial credibility of the country and the international business sector were closely linked. He told MPs: “Our international business partners as institutions, domiciled, managed and regulated in Bermuda, are subject to the same global financial rules as the Government and hence the fate of international business is connected to the fate of the Bermuda Government. Bluntly put, if the Bermuda Government is downgraded, many of our IB partners get downgraded, too. So the linkages are clear: deteriorating creditworthiness of the Bermuda Government not only threatens the job security of public servants, it threatens the job security of those people employed in international business and the job security of all those companies and individuals employed in providing services to international business. This constitutes most of Bermuda’s economy.” Mr Catlin said: “ABIR companies understand that there is still much to do to secure a prudent and sustainable fiscal position for Bermuda. ABIR companies in the current business climate are themselves grappling with necessary expense controls so we understand why expense controls are a key component of a balanced approach to reduce Bermuda’s debt burden.” Mr Richards told the House of Assembly: “The plan to eliminate the deficit, the reduction of public debt, the public declaration of financial targets and the actual progress towards meeting those goals is not just some theoretical exercise by the Minister of Finance — an exercise that doesn’t really affect the man on the street. The interconnectivity between IB, our number one industry, and the Government means that Government’s success in eliminating the deficit and reducing the debt will have a decisive impact on the future economic health of this entire country and the future prospects for jobs for Bermudians.” International business leaders explained that new taxes were bearable, but that the sector wanted to see “the fundamentals get corrected”, including closing loopholes like notional salaries for payroll tax purposes, which apply to the self-employed, principals in small businesses or professional practices such as healthcare, legal or professional services offices. Mr Richards said that, in the future, each case would be judged on “quantitative data” and, where possible, based on professional occupational benchmark salaries found elsewhere in Bermuda. He added: “A review of these notionals indicates widespread and flagrant abuse. This notional ‘loophole’ is an inequitable feature of our tax system that is long overdue for reform.” The Budget statement added: “In addition to the changes to the payroll tax area, legislation providing concessions for new Bermudian hires will be allowed to expire at the end of the current fiscal year.” Business chiefs said they “gave the Government credit” for cutting expenses and noted that the Caribbean Technical Assistance Centre, called in to review island taxes, had praised the Government’s improved financial oversight. One added: “We support some revenue raisers, we support the payroll tax change and a new kind of payroll tax and a services tax — as long as the fundamentals get corrected. That’s closing loopholes like the notional structure and addressing the not very good enforcement of the payroll tax system.”

February 20. Government spending figures for the fiscal year ahead show a $7.3 million drop, reflecting the shift of the Department of Civil Aviation into a quango. The move had been announced last month by Shawn Crockwell, the Minister of Tourism Development and Transport, to make the organization more adaptable and “nimble” in response to market changes. It was budgeted $9 million for the 2015-16 fiscal year, revised to $7.2 million, with no spending allocated for the coming financial year. A similar move occurred for the Department of Maritime Administration, also made into a quango. Both are hoped to grow their respective registries of aircraft and shipping. Further details on changes entailed in the conversation are to emerge during the coming Budget debates in the House of Assembly, according to Thomas Dunstan, the department’s director.

February 20. After a $6 million overspend on last year’s financial assistance allocation, the Bermuda Government has significantly upped its initial estimate for 2016-17. Finance minister Bob Richards unveiled his Budget yesterday, setting aside $50.1 million towards financial assistance for the coming fiscal year. This is a large increase on the 2015-16 figure of $46.1 million, which was revised to $52.1 million owing to Bermuda’s widespread financial difficulties. It represents the continuation of an escalation of spending on financial assistance, with the figure consistently growing since $22.6 million was spent in 2008-09 (see graphic). Charity figureheads tentatively applauded the Government’s acknowledgement that more Bermudians needed monetary support than it first realized. Sandy Butterfield, co-founder of addiction charity Focus, helps to budget the financial assistance cheques of live-in residents after they have completed a drug and alcohol treatment programme. She said: “Every day, I wonder how the Department of Financial Assistance is managing with the number of people who now need its help. People who would never have gone on financial assistance before, because of pride, now they just have to. I’m glad the figure has been bumped up for this year.” Sheelagh Cooper, from the Coalition for the Protection of Children, said she was also witnessing more and more people seeking financial assistance. She added: “I know there’s a general feeling out there that this government is not listening to the people, but I’m pleased to see that in this case they have recognized that there is an increased need.” Charles Jeffers, director of Age Concern, expressed his desire that senior citizens would benefit from the hike. He said: “It would be interesting to see how much of that money actually went to seniors to assist them with their living expenses. “I can only hope that this budget increase takes into consideration that there are seniors who need help with medication and health insurance premiums.” Major Frank Pittman, divisional commander of The Salvation Army, called the move “commendable”, despite seeing his own organization's funding cut by $50,000 in the new Budget. “My concern was [Mr Richards’s] comment that the recession is over,” he said, “and yet there’s an increase in social spending and cuts to charities which are out there trying to help people.”

February 20. The budget for the Bermuda Police Service has been increased marginally by Bob Richards, the finance minister, for the next financial year. For 2015-16, the police budget was initially set at $64,423,000, but that forecast has been revised to $64,487,000. Expenditure has been increased by $172,000 to $64,595,000. The small increase in government funding comes after a year of upheaval in the force when the Commissioner of Police, Michael DeSilva, announced a handful of redundancies. Mr DeSilva has not ruled out the possibility of more officers not having their contract renewed in the coming financial year. Police have also cut their overtime spending by more than a half over the past five years to reach budget targets. Meanwhile, the Bermuda Government and the Bermuda Police Association have been at loggerheads over budget negotiations since last year, with matters coming to a head in December, when about 100 police officers amassed on Cabinet grounds to present complaints to the Premier. According to the Government’s budget booklet over $46 million of the $64.5 million is expected to be paid out in salaries in 2016-17 financial year. Employee numbers within the force in all departments is expected to go from 535 in 2015-16 to 529 in 2016-17, including an increase of two from 442 to 444 in the Commissioner’s Office.

February 20. The budget for the Ministry of Education has been reduced by $2.23 million for the financial year ahead. Projected spending on education for 2016 to 2017 is $124.9 million, less than the forecast for the previous year according to the 2016 budget delivered yesterday morning by finance minister Bob Richards. This year’s forecast is much closer to last year’s actual expenditure of $124,827,000. Bermuda College saw its forecast dip by close to half a million dollars from $16,008,000 to $15,528,000. Expenses on school consolidation went from zero in 2014-15 to $1.22 million last year. The forecast for this is close to double that figure at $2,287,000 as the ministry seeks to close and consolidate public primary schools as part of its school reorganization plan. Mike Charles, the general secretary of the Bermuda Union of Teachers, said cutting the education budget further “is not getting us anywhere”. He told The Royal Gazette: “If you are making investments in other areas but not education then you can’t expect it to improve it is as simple as that. The figures just don’t add up. You are asking teachers to work on less than bare bones and there are no supplies in schools. I don’t know how they expect us to function. The Score report is all about improving the facilities for students as well as teachers and the Government is not providing a safe environment for students or teachers — that is a basic requirement. All it does is deepen our inability to serve the students in Bermuda.” No mention was made in the Budget statement of the school reorganization report that has dominated the headlines since it was publicly released this month. The report highlighted deficiencies in school populations, classroom capacity, health and safety, building condition, financial resources and special programming, among other areas. It also outlines several scenarios including the potential closure of three primary schools — one per zone. Spending on Bermuda’s public primary schools is estimated to dip $1,008,000 from $30,408,000 last year to $29.4 million for 2016-17. Total employee numbers in the Department of Education are expected to decrease by 38 members of staff. Despite calls from Bermuda Parent Teacher Student Association chairman Harry Matthie for the Government to properly consult stakeholders during the development of policy initiatives geared towards enhancing the public education system — the budget performance measures indicated that full consultation had been successfully achieved during 2015-16 while it is forecast that this year consultation will be successful “100 per cent of the time”.

February 20. The Bermuda Government’s move to hike up payroll tax has been branded “baffling” by the Bermuda Public Services Union, as the tax regime is already tilted against lower income workers. Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance, conceded the imbalance during his Budget statement, noting that the island’s tax arrangements did not vary in accordance with workers’ ability to pay. Mr Richards said reforms were being considered, with the aim of having a restructured payroll tax system implemented in the 2017-18 fiscal year. “The current structure takes little or no account of the ability to pay of employers or their employees,” the minister told MPs, saying that the payroll tax system has changed little in 20 years. It therefore puts a heavier relative tax burden on lower income employees.” Jason Hayward, the BPSU president and treasurer, said the union welcomed reforms that would render the tax structure more progressive. We support the minister’s view that the current structure takes little or no account of an employee’s ability to pay placing a heavier tax burden on lower income employees. As a result, it is baffling how the minister can acknowledge that the current tax structure places a heavier tax burden on lower-income employees and then turn around and increase payroll tax on those very same individuals. There’s no doubt that the wages and salaries of workers are continuously eroded by increases in taxes and the prices of goods and services.” At present, payroll taxes are paid by employers at rates of up to 14.5 per cent of the remuneration paid to staff. Up to 5.5 per cent of that tax can be recovered by the employer from workers. The rise will mean that the average payroll tax revenue per employed person will be $10,651, up from $10,121 last year. The corresponding figure for 2005 was $6,350, and it has risen steadily since, except for a brief jump to $11,312 in 2011, reflecting a 2 per cent rise from Paula Cox, then the finance minister, which was reversed after one year. Yesterday, Mr Richards cited the immediate requirement for the Government to reduce the island’s deficit, telling Parliament that the standard rate would rise by 1 per cent to 15.5 per cent, with a similar 1 per cent increase for “most other tax rate categories”. The rate of tax recoverable from employees will consequently be set at 6 per cent. In addition, the Budget came with a continued removal of payroll tax concessions — begun in last year’s Budget, and said by Mr Richards to continue for the next two years. The news would have been unwelcome to hotels, restaurants and retailers who were bailed out during the tough years of the recession. However, Mr Hayward said that taking back the payroll tax breaks should target companies according to their ability to pay instead of using “an across the board approach.” The BPSU, he said, “would have also liked to have seen retailers, hotels and restaurants that have the ability to pay the full payroll tax rates returned to paying the same levels as everyone else”. The union will “continually” call for a fair tax system, he added. “It seems like rich Bermudians, who inherit wealth or receive a large amount of the income from investments continually get a pass. Generally, the Government’s fiscal position is heading in the right direction. However, the average person may feel it is at their expense.”

February 20. The message in the Budget with regards to Bermuda’s dwindling population was clear — “we need growth to grow opportunity.” During his Budget speech, Minister of Finance Bob Richards said that the island’s immigration “doctrine” dates back to when Bermuda was “bursting at the seams” with baby boomers. “Fast forward to today,” he continued, “the demographics have reversed, but the doctrine hasn’t. Today, we need to encourage people to come here to live, to grow the population, to grow consumer spending, to grow earnings of foreign capital, to grow the tax base, to live in our vacant houses, and thereby grow opportunities for Bermudians. The more people who are resident on the island, the greater those aggregates will be and the greater the scope for personal opportunity.” The minister’s remarks pointed to the One Bermuda Alliance’s controversial Pathways to Status initiative that has sparked outrage from sections of the community. If the policy is adopted, those who have lived in Bermuda for 15 years could apply for permanent residency, and those who have a permanent residency certificate, having lived on the island for 20 years, could seek Bermudian status. This week, protesters chanting “no, no, no” and “no to OBA immigration reform”, shut down home affairs minister Michael Fahy’s meeting on immigration reform on Wednesday evening. Protesters also staged a demonstration at the first sitting of the House of Assembly of the year, on February 12. The demonstrations followed a call for “civil disobedience” by former shadow immigration minister Walton Brown in face of the announcement of the OBA’s proposals. Many believe granting permanent residency and Bermudian status to long-term residents could create unfair competition for born Bermudians in the job market. The OBA has also been criticised for its lack of a bipartisan approach to drawing up policy. Mr Richards likened the need to update immigration policy, as well as any laws and policies, to the need to update the ios (operating systems) on your iPhone saying: “They need to be updated or else they will no longer serve the purpose of today’s users. We need to update our immigration policy to better serve Bermudians today and tomorrow. This is the reality and logic behind the Government’s new Pathways to Status initiative.”

February 20. Bob Richards yesterday spelt out the danger to the country of failing to tackle the Government’s debt mountain, while announcing an annual budget that will add to it. The finance minister said the debt burden “undermines our ability to support the needs of the Bermudian people”, as he revealed that debt-servicing costs alone in the year ahead would total more than $187 million — not far short of the total spent on health, seniors and the environment, the largest ministry. The gross debt outstanding at March 31, 2017 is projected to be $2.44 billion — equivalent to about $49,000 per Bermudian. “There is no doubt that the biggest threat to the future prospects of the way of life we enjoy in Bermuda today is the problem of the government deficit and public debt,” Mr Richards told MPs in the House of Assembly yesterday. If left unchecked, it threatens the job security of Bermudians in both the public and private sectors. It threatens seniors, whose pension incomes come from the Government. It threatens the quality of healthcare received by Bermuda residents, as very substantial government subsidies support the hospital. It threatens those on financial assistance, a government-funded support service. And finally it threatens our children who depend on public education.” Mr Richards’s budget lays out plans for spending exceeding revenue by $199 million. This deficit is lower than the $212 million shortfall in the current fiscal year, which ends on March 31. However, it makes limited progress towards the stated aim of eliminating the deficit by 2019. Increases in payroll tax, fuel duty and fees for many government services will boost revenue by 7 per cent to $996.3 million. However, spending will increase by 1 per cent, fuelled by rising debt-servicing costs. Before debt servicing and capital spending, Government’s current account will have a surplus of $75.2 million. The Government will need to borrow an additional $150 million in the 2016-17 fiscal year to fund itself. “Debt service has become the second-largest ‘ministry’ in Government,” Mr Richards said. “It is stealing from the future of our children and their children. It is constricting our ability to respond to people’s needs. It is weakening our ability to maintain the infrastructure that supports everyday life. It is threatening our solvency and, with that, our financial independence. So we must get to grips with the deficit and debt problem because they stand between us and a secure future.” Only once the deficit is under control can debt reduction begin, Mr Richards said. He referred to government’s daunting debt maturity schedule, which involves the island’s creditors being paid back $2.385 billion over the next eight years. Most of that debt will be rolled over, most likely at a higher rate of interest. This is one reason why Bermuda’s credit rating is so important, Mr Richards said. But the consequence of ratings downgrades would go further than higher interest payments on government debt. “Bluntly put, if the Bermuda Government is downgraded, many of our international business partners get downgraded too,” the finance minister said. “So the linkages are clear: deteriorating creditworthiness of the Bermuda Government not only threatens the job security of public servants, it threatens the job security of those people employed in international business and the job security of all those companies and individuals employed in providing services to international business. This constitutes most of the Bermuda economy.” Credit ratings are especially important to Bermuda’s international insurance companies. A downgrade for them means reduced opportunities for writing some kinds of business, as well as increasing their cost of capital. This year, Mr Richards said Government will draw from the sinking fund, where it sets aside money to pay off long-term debt, to pay back $90 million due to creditors. The Government’s net debt has skyrocketed by more than 1,130 per cent over the past decade and is expected to total $2.37 billion by the end of March next year. In March 2007, net debt was just $196 million, barely more than the coming year’s debt servicing costs. The rate of year-over-year increase in the net debt has slowed, Mr Richards pointed out. It will increase 10 per cent in 2016-17, a far cry from the 74 per cent spike in 2009 and the seven successive years of 20 per cent or more increases between 2008 and 2014. Mr Richards’s projections for the next two years offer some hope. The Government will need to borrow another $98 million in 2017-18, falling to zero the next year when no budget deficit is expected.

February 20. Finance minister Bob Richards warned yesterday that an international crackdown on offshore jurisdictions could wreck the economies of the developed world. The stark warning came in the Budget speech as Mr Richards said that an attempt spearheaded by the Organisation for Economic Development and Co-operation to increase its tax revenues by clawing back offshore money could backfire. He told the House of Assembly: “The irony of all this is that if the OECD eventually gets what it wants, the consequences will likely be catastrophic to the very same economies they represent. If these trillions of dollars of allegedly unpaid taxes are actually collected, multinationals — the very engines that create all these jobs and wealth across the globe — will be severely damaged. Corporate earnings will plunge, stock prices will collapse, unemployment will soar and pension funds that depend on those stock prices will become impaired.” And he predicted, if companies are forced out of legal schemes to avoid tax, the world would face a global recession that would dwarf the crash of 2008. Mr Richards said: “Bermuda will be sucked down that vortex. This is a classic case of having to be careful what you wish for.” He added that Bermuda continued to remain in the sights of leading OECD nations, with an increasingly hostile regulatory and tax environment. And he said: “High-tax European nations, seeking even higher tax revenues, have targeted multinational corporations doing business in their respective countries. This initiative has been spearheaded by the OECD. Their principal targets are large US multinationals that have historically used the international network of double taxation treaties to minimize their overall tax burden.” Mr Richards explained that the OECD had launched the base erosion profit-shifting drive to implement a new arrangement tied to transfer pricing practice through country-by-country reporting. He said the new model would require multinational businesses to report to every country it does business in to show how much business it has in that and other countries. But he added: “Many Bermudian companies, including those not US-based, will be caught in this country-by-country reporting protocol along with its administrative burden. The Bermuda Government is still studying how much administrative burden this proposal will have on us. We are also consulting with the affected Bermuda companies and watching the strategic moves our number one client country the US will make in this area.” Mr Richards said that, as Bermuda was host to many US multinationals, it was “often caught in the crossfire of anti-tax haven rhetoric. This rhetoric is often biased and ill-informed about Bermuda, causing us unwarranted reputational harm.” Mr Richards said this was combated with information sessions for key opinion formers to dispel “sensational, stereotypical nonsense” about the island. He added: “When we point out Bermuda’s proven expertise, capacity and track record to insure, protect and pay claims to customers against catastrophic events around the world, thereby enabling further economic growth, it causes even our most zealous critics to pause.” Mr Richards added that some of the loudest criticism came from countries which themselves operate as tax havens. He said: “Delaware and Nevada rank among the world’s biggest tax havens, right up there with the City of London. So the international debate about tax havens is not only about transparency, co-operation and information sharing, it is also about competition — hypocritical competition.” And he ruled out the introduction of a low rate of corporate income tax to blunt attacks on the island’s tax system, as Ireland, which levies a low rate, was also under attack, while the insurance and reinsurance industry was known for large profit swings, which would lead to wide variations in government revenue, which revenue planning would “not be able to tolerate. Last but not least, the Bermuda Government has given a legally binding undertaking not to introduce such a tax.”

February 20. Artemis Racing’s 35th America’s Cup campaign reached another milestone with the launch of the Swedish challenger’s second AC45S test boat in the Great Sound this week. The launch of Artemis’s second wing-sail foiling catamaran, which is a test platform for the eventual design of the America’s Cup class the team will compete in at next year’s Louis Vuitton America’s Cup Qualifiers, also marked the beginning of their two-boat testing programme. “It was good to have our first two-boat session here in Bermuda, especially given that it was also the first day that we’ve sailed from our new base at Morgan’s Point,” Nathan Outteridge, the Artemis skipper, said. “We did a few systems checks to start before the other boat came out and with the early forecast looking very light, it was great to be able to get out there.” Anders Gustafsson, the Artemis grinder, added: “It was a great day for the whole team, to finally see them line up. I was on-board T2 [second AC45S], and it was an amazing feeling to look over your shoulder and see the other boat just flying next to you. We came really close and the boats matched up really well together.” Artemis Racing became the first Challenger to launch an AC45S in Bermuda’s waters last year and are now the first Challenger to train with two prototypes, allowing both for comparison in design, and valuable match racing training. “To have two boats lined up this far out from the America’s Cup is a big thing for us,” Outteridge, the Olympic gold medal-winner, said. “It was nice not to have to use another team to check how we were going, we can now start to do that in house. You can really see the competition within our sailing team developing, which will make everyone start pushing a little bit harder.” Artemis are expected to christen their new team base at Morgan’s Point next month. “Our base on the end of Morgan’s Point gives us a good vantage point to see the sailing,” Outteridge said. “It’s not just good for the sailors, it’s good for all of the guys in the shed as well. When they are working they can see the boats sailing past. This is a huge boost for the team and now we just have to keep doing it. We have to keep the boats on the water and keep progressing forward.” The Swedish team, which represents the Royal Swedish Yacht Club, the fifth oldest yacht club in the world, was founded in 2006 by Torbjörn Törnqvist and named after the Greek goddess Artemis. The team boasts a multinational crew comprising some of the most successful and respected sailors and designers in the world. Artemis has won numerous competitions worldwide, including the MedCup and TP52 World Championships, RC44 World Championship and last October’s Louis Vuitton America’s Cup World Series Bermuda in the Great Sound. Artemis, who are led by Olympic gold medallist Iain Percy, the team manager and tactician, were the Challenger of Record for the 34th America’s Cup in San Francisco in 2013.

Artemis Racing

February 20. Bermuda's Flora Duffy started the season in style by winning her third straight Xterra South African Championship in Grabouw, Western Cape, today. The two-times Xterra World Champion, who has all but qualified for this summer’s Olympic Games in Rio, finished the 1.5km swim, 28km mountain bike and 12.5km trail run in a time of 2hr 39min 8sec. “It was really fun our there today and I love this race,” said Duffy, who finished seventh overall. “It was brutal, though, and this course is so demanding. I’m just super happy with it. It was a great way to start the season. Getting my third victory in Grabouw is really cool. I won my very first Xterra here. As I spend five months out of the year in South Africa, Xterra Grabouw is an unofficial home race for me. The Xterra Grabouw course is phenomenal. It’s a true Xterra course. You have to know how to ride a mountain bike. The crowd and community involvement really makes this race special. I’m happy with my overall seventh place and my third Xterra Grabouw title.” Duffy had a superb start to her race, exiting the water in an second overall, just behind South Africa’s James Cunnama. Carina Wasle, of Austria, was the second women’s finisher while South Africa’s Susan Sloan came third. In the men’s race, Bradley Weiss, of South Africa, claimed victory in 2:30.42 ahead of Cunnama in second, while Aiden Dunster, of New Zealand, finished third. Duffy is ranked twelfth in the ITU Olympic qualification list for Rio after a series of superb performances over the past two years. The two-times Olympian’s season will mostly involve World Triathlon Series races, starting in Abu Dhabi on March 3. Her schedule then takes her to Australia, Japan, Sweden and Canada, before the Olympics in August. Duffy’s year ends with her defending her Xterra World Championship title in October, and her ITU Cross World Championships a month later.

February 20. Bertram Guishard, a prominent educator who was influential in the founding of the Bermuda College, has died at the age of 87. Mr Guishard, a former dean of the college’s Faculty of Arts and Science, taught at every level of the island’s school system over the course of his 49-year career. The son of Alwyn Guishard and Ina Lennon, who were from St Kitts, Mr Guishard followed family tradition with his career in education. His father served as principal at East End School, followed by Southampton Glebe. Mr Guishard went into teaching after graduating from the Berkeley Institute, where he also took a school prize for maths. He won a scholarship to attend McGill University in 1945 and supported his studies through odd jobs that included beekeeping and jewellery. Mr Guishard was awarded a teacher training scholarship in 1951, earning further qualifications at London University and the University of Ottawa. He taught at East End School and became principal of St David’s School in 1953, followed by Harrington Sound School from 1955 to 1963. He married Juanita Furbert in 1955. Mr Guishard maintained a lifelong interest in Bermudian education, later recalling his advocacy for getting training programmes in place when the college was first established. Previously he had taught at the Bermuda Technical Institute, starting in 1963 and bearing witness to the racial integration of the island’s educational system. He became head of business studies at “Tech” and later served as deputy head and then head of the Bermuda College’s Department of Commerce and Technology, followed by head of the general studies department, before he was appointed dean. He retired in 1993. In addition, Mr Guishard served as secretary and then vice-chairman of the Berkeley Education Society. Mr Guishard was a life member of the Bermuda Union of Teachers, having joined its predecessor organization in 1944. He was also a life member of the Royal Society of Arts and, since 2003, an elder of the Presbyterian Church of Scotland, Christ Church, Warwick. He was also a frequent letter writer to The Royal Gazette. His final letter is featured today. Funeral arrangements will be announced. 

February 19. David Burt, the Shadow Minister of Finance, has said that local businesses will end up closing as a result of the tax increases contained in the latest Budget. Mr Burt spoke shortly after the conclusion of the 2016/17 Budget statement by Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance. “We are going to see some businesses that will go out of business because they cannot afford the tax burden,” Mr Burt said. “We are going to see increased strain on families as all families will now be taking home less money in an environment where the cost of living is increasing. We have also seen the minister increase the price of gasoline in the country. These are things that are adversely affecting the people of this country. With the lack of attention paid to economic diversification, with the continued loss of jobs that the Minister of Finance has presided over, the people are being made to pay for his poor management of the economy and his lack of attention to economic growth.” Mr Burt also noted the topic of economic diversification was not mentioned once in the statement given by Mr Richards despite years of urging by the Progressive Labour Party. “For going on three years now the OBA has refused to diversify the economy, shown a lack of vision for the future of this country, and now the people of this country are going to be made to pay for their lack of action on economic diversification and economic growth with increased taxes, which will cause increased pain,” he said. “We agree with the Minister of Finance that the budget has to be balanced, but the lack of attention to the growth of the economy, the lack of investment that has been given to tourism and the ineffective use that given to the Bermuda Tourism Authority has resulted in the lowest air arrivals in 49 years and employment falling again this year. The PLP will present an alternative vision for this country. As we saw in the bye-election that happened in constituency 13, the people of this country have grown tired of the One Bermuda Alliance and they deserve an alternative vision that they can believe in, that they can understand will provide the security and the pathways to Bermudian success that the Bermudians of this country deserve.”

February 19. Payroll tax is set to go up 1 per cent to 15.5 per cent, with the employee share up 0.5 per cent to 6 per cent. The Bermuda Government also signaled that most other tax-rate categories would also go up by 1 per cent as part of this fiscal year’s financial blueprint for 2016-17. And the price of gas is set to rise — up eight cents a litre from April, while 5.5 per cent extra tax will be added to fuel oil imported by power firm Belco, moves expected to raise an extra $11.7 million a year. The limit of taxable wages for the payroll tax will remain at $750,000. Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance, told the House of Assembly today: “Payroll concessions in place for the hospitality, restaurant and retail sectors will be partially rolled back in 2016-17, with businesses in these sectors paying a rate of 8 per cent. “The yield from payroll tax following the revised rate structure and partial rollback for payroll tax concessions is estimated at $390 million in 2016-17.” But Mr Richards said that the entire payroll tax system would be overhauled for the next financial year and structured in a more progressive way to benefit lower income earners. Sin taxes will also be hiked, with duty on tobacco and alcohol raised to generate an extra $4 million a year. In addition, a sell-off of surplus government property is expected to raise about $3 million. “Government fees for an array of services provided to the public will be increased by about 4 per cent for most fees and the anticipated increased yield should be $1 million to $2 million,” Mr Richards said. “Nobody likes tax increases: not the Ministry of Finance, not the rest of the Government, not the business community, not the man in the street. Some of the measures outlined in this Budget statement will not be popular. But debt service has become the second-largest ‘ministry’ in Government. It is stealing from the future of our children and their children. It is constricting our ability to respond to people’s needs. It is weakening our ability to maintain the infrastructure that supports everyday life. It is threatening our solvency and, with that, our financial independence. So we must get to grips with the deficit and debt problem because they stand between us and a secure future.” The finance minister also signaled a “restructuring and broadening” of the tax base alongside “modest increases” over the next three years. “Government is considering reforms to the payroll tax structure to make it more progressive and to yield additional revenue. The current structure takes little or no account of the ability to pay of employers or their employees. It therefore places a heavier, relative tax burden on lower-income employees.” Mr Richards added that the goods-based tax system was also due an overhaul, with changes to customs duties structures and the inclusion of a services sales tax, which could be implemented as early as the start of the 2017-18 tax year and raise $50 million a year. He explained: “In order to broaden the tax base, a new services sales tax, the General Services Tax, will be levied on turnover from the provision of most services by service to the public. It is proposed that this GST will be levied at a rate of 5 per cent.” But Mr Richards said that the new tax would exclude banking, insurance and healthcare, as well as small service providers. The Government said it will spend a total of $1.196 billion in the 2016-17 financial year, an $8.9 million or 1 per cent increase on the previous year when debt service is excluded “This increase includes additional financial assistance and other grants, increased government overheads due primarily to health insurance premiums and the expiry of the partial suspension of Government’s matching contribution to the public service superannuation fund,” Mr Richards said. “These increases and others were partially offset by reductions in other areas such as professional services.” Total government revenues for the coming financial year are expected to be $996.9 million, $65.6 million up on the previous year or 7 per cent. Mr Richards told MPs that the country’s current account balance, after debt service is included, shows a deficit of $112.1 million, a decrease of $39.1 million or 25.9 per cent. He added that current account spending levels had been reduced by $74 million, or 7.4 per cent, since March 2013. “This is good news,” Mr Richards said, “but the Ministry of Finance’s medium-term expenditure framework called for a 15 per cent spending reduction over a three-year period. “While we have had some success in cutting cost, it has become increasingly difficult to implement further reductions under the current government structure and the formulaic approach to expenditure cuts in previous budgets. The ministry remains committed to the MTEF, but moving forward it is clear that the Government must revise its approach to implement further savings, either by way of increased efficiencies or through reforms in the way services are delivered and departments are structured. The Government is confident that the short-term sacrifices being made by way of increased expenditures will realize long-term benefits to the country.” The cost of servicing Bermuda’s gross public debt, which is set to hit more than $2.33 billion by the end of this financial year, is projected to be $187.4 million this year, 10.3 per cent higher than the $169.9 million for 2015-16. That represents $129 million in interest payments and a $58.4 million contribution to the sinking fund. Mr Richards added that capital expenditure, bricks-and-mortar spending, had been set at $87.3 million for the year “to meet the Government’s infrastructure needs and to support the key pillars of our economy”. He added: “The three-year plan that we are putting in place shows light at the end of the tunnel in the form of a deficit that will no longer exist. Eliminating the deficit will free us to begin paying down public debt that narrows our options and bleeds our resources.”

February 19. Minister of Finance Bob Richards has defended his proposed introduction of a 5 per cent services tax next year. In his 2016-17 Budget statement this morning, the Deputy Premier briefly detailed his plan for a ‘General Services Tax’, which is scheduled to take effect on April 1, 2017, at the earliest. “In order to broaden the tax base, the GST will be levied on turnover from the provision of most services by service providers to the public,” he said. The new tax is expected to raise $50 million a year for the Government’s coffers, as it attempts to balance Bermuda’s budget while tackling the island’s $2 billion-plus debt. Mr Richards added that the delay in implementing the tax is due to “significant adjustments” faced by both service providers and the Government to ensure its enforceability. Banking, insurance and healthcare sectors will be exempt from the tax, as will small businesses. At lunchtime, Mr Richards addressed the media at the Cabinet Office, where he expanded on his intentions for the tax. “We have a service economy and we’re only taxing goods,” he said, adding that the consultation process was in its early stages with the Chamber of Commerce and the island’s companies. We’re not keeping any secrets here, and we’re not going to blindside businesses with new rules,” Mr Richards added. "Businesspeople don’t mind bad news, but they do mind uncertainty. I think they’ll understand what we have to do, and we’re confident that we’ll come to an agreement on how to proceed.” Michael Dunkley, the Premier, added his support for the legislation. “Throughout the history of man, people have been hesitant and uncertain about change,” Mr Dunkley said. “This is a drastic change we’re talking about, and the minister needs to be lauded for the consultation he has done, and the consultation he has signaled that he will do in the future. I think we all have to accept that if we don’t make some changes, and if we don’t deal with the reality of here and now, then we’re in trouble.”

February 19. Bermuda National Budget Statement Day. Minister of Finance delivered his Annual Budget Speech - see http://www.royalgazette.com/assets/pdf/RG347452219.pdf on next financial year's government income, expenditure, taxes and more. Tax increases in almost every area of Bermuda were announced, affecting every resident, business visitor, tourist and Bermuda-based company with employees. The present fiscal year ends on March 31. The Budget must be passed in Parliament prior to the end of the first quarter of the current financial year. Once MPs have approved the statement and passed the Appropriation Act, the Senate debates the Budget, with a maximum of 22 hours allowed for their detailed discussion on the different headings. Senators have no power to alter the Budget but need to have it approved so it can pass into law by March 31.

February 19, earlier. The island is likely to face a hike in taxes when Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance, presents the 2016/17 Budget this morning in the House of Assembly. That assessment has come from observers ranging from Kendaree Burgess, the executive director of the Bermuda Chamber of Commerce, to economist Craig Simmons. Mr Richards pledged a year ago to balance Bermuda’s budget in three years, requiring an increase in government revenues and cutting of expenditure, while tackling the Island’s more than $2 billion debt against a backdrop of widespread unemployment and a punishing recession. While revenues grew last year, so did spending, and the Island has continued to take flak from overseas — including a barrage of negative stories in the British press earlier this month on Bermuda being used by Google as a shelter for its European profits. The Bermuda Government’s plan for the impending fiscal year has been anxiously awaited by retailers and restaurant owners hoping for the continuance of payroll tax breaks. Borrowing will be a topic of particular concern: any additions to the Island’s deficit will elicit staunch criticism when the Progressive Labour Party gives its Reply to the Budget the following week. John Wight, the Chamber of Commerce’s president, has pointed to deficit and debt as the top perils to the Island’s fragile economic recovery. Consequently, all eyes will be upon the minister as he makes his way to Parliament shortly before 10am, when the Budget Statement will be read out before MPs. However, today could also provide Mr Richards with a chance to reveal the extent of a much-hoped economic turnaround. Several major Infrastructural projects are expected to get under way over the course of this year. A Budget press conference is to follow at 1.30pm in the Cabinet Office, while the document itself will be available in electronic form via the Government’s website.

February 19. Banks, including those in Bermuda, are suffering the biggest pressures since the recession hit in 2008, a report from professional services firm PwC said yesterday. A still struggling global economy, poor business performance and risk from cyber attacks as well as increased regulatory red tape are among the major problems cited by the industry. In addition, the rapid development of technology means banks will have to change their methods to remain competitive. Scott Watson-Brown, asset management leader at PwC Bermuda, said: “For CEOs, driving delivery of technology and innovation will be critical in delivering the choice, service and pricing bank customers want. “The winners will be those organisations that move their businesses with purpose, speed and focus.” The news came in a PwC report on the state of banking worldwide, part of its annual global survey, which saw 176 banking and capital markets CEOs from 62 countries quizzed on their views. Eighty per cent of bank chiefs said that customer relations management systems would be a crucial area for the future. And 75 per cent said that data analytics offered the potential for the best returns in terms of customer engagement, while 56 per cent said that social media communications and engagement was another major factor that had come into play. More than 66 per cent of those surveyed said that they planned further cost-cutting over the next year, with 10 per cent predicting they would sell off a majority interest in a business or exit a major market. Matthew Clarke, PwC’s asset management director in Bermuda, said: “What is clear from the survey findings is how fast and effectively the market leaders are turning disruption into an opportunity. They’re capitalizing on the value of technology and creativity of their people to tap into new value chains and transform operational speed and cost.” A total of 77 per cent of banking and capital markets CEOs, however, said that the limited availability of key skills was a threat. The PwC report explained: “The impact of technology requires more people with both banking and digital skills. Few as yet possess these hybrid capabilities. Competition to attract them isn’t just coming from traditional peers, but also from financial technology start-ups and technology groups looking to develop their presence within the banking and capital markets and wider financial services market. Stakeholders are demanding more from banks, not just in the value they deliver to them individually, but also in their contribution to society as a whole.”

February 19. Insurance and reinsurance company Lancashire Holdings yesterday posted after-tax profits of $54.4 million for the last quarter of 2015. The figure takes the profits for the full year to more than $181 million. The quarterly profit is down $32.4 million on the same period the previous year, while the annual earnings are $48.2 million less than 2014. Alex Maloney, Lancashire’s chief executive officer, said: “Within the context of one of the most difficult trading environments during the last 20 years, I am pleased to be able to announce what is an excellent set of results.” Mr Maloney said the return on equity was 3.5 per cent for the fourth quarter and 13.5 per cent for the full year. He added: “As a business, we pride ourselves on our underwriting expertise and our ability to react nimbly to the challenges of the market so as to moderate our risk appetite and adjust our capital base to provide a good risk-adjusted return to our shareholders.” Last year saw plunging oil prices, which hit the energy sector, as well as volatile investment markets. Mr Maloney said: “Neither of these aspects of the world economy seem likely to stabilize in the near future. Furthermore, the over-accumulation of capital has continued to generate downward pressure on the pricing of insurance and reinsurance risk over an extended period. That had contributed to the rash of mergers and acquisitions in the industry as larger and more complex companies attempted to rationalise back office costs and achieve capital efficiencies. Lancashire is not immune to the pressures faced by the market, but our strategic approach is distinctive because, rather than seeking top line premium growth, our focus continues to be on remaining relevant to our clients and brokers.” The news came as Lancashire announced that Martin Thomas, chairman of the Lancashire board since 2007 and a director for nine years, is to step down from both roles after the firm’s annual general meeting in May. Peter Clarke, also a director of the firm, will take over as chairman. Mr Clarke joined the Lancashire board two years ago as an independent non-executive director after having been CEO of the Man Group. Lancashire wrote gross premiums of $97.1 million in the last quarter of 2016, compared to $120.4 million in the same quarter the previous year. Gross premiums written for the year totaled $641.1 million, down $266.5 million on the $907.6 million recorded at year end in 2014.

February 19. RG Editorial "When Bob Richards rises in the House of Assembly this morning to deliver his Budget statement, he will be seeking to increase revenue and trim spending as the battle against the deficit continues. Indeed, with gross debt outstanding of more than $2.3?billion hanging over the Bermuda Government, it is inconceivable that he would do anything else. Bermuda’s fiscal situation remains perilous, but any moves that would add strain on an economy in fragile recovery after emerging from six years of recession also carry a high level of risk. The finance minister will indeed be walking a fiscal tightrope. It is against this backdrop that the Government announced its “Pathway to Status” plans, which would give residency rights to foreigners who had lived here for more than 15 years, and the opportunity to apply for Bermudian status for those who had been here more than 20 years. Those who support the proposal say it brings Bermuda in line with international immigration standards and will help to keep valuable residents on island. Those against argue that the policy will disadvantage Bermudians in the labour market and is designed to gain electoral votes for the governing One Bermuda Alliance. It is the political and racial rhetoric, laced with heady claims of “floodgates” being opened and sinister plans to “whiten” the population that generate a good deal of heat in public discussion on this issue. But some cool-headed consideration of the economic angle is necessary if one really wants to work out whether this policy would benefit Bermuda and Bermudians. Denying long-term residents residency and status rights will encourage or require them to leave. As a result, would Bermudians stand more chance of getting a good job? Would it boost the opportunities for bright young Bermudians looking to embark on an exciting career? Would it help to grow the economy? The logical answers are no, no and, definitely, no. Some would argue that when an expatriate leaves, it creates an opportunity for a Bermudian to take his or her job. However, that’s not what happens in practice, certainly as far as the big picture would suggest. The island has experienced a large-scale case study in recent years, with thousands of expatriates having left. According to government statistics, there were 13,033 jobs held by non-Bermudians back in 2008. That had fallen to 9,642 by 2014 — meaning 3,391 fewer foreign job holders. That did not translate into more jobs for Bermudians, however. Far from it. Over the same period, the number of jobs held by Bermudians slumped to 23,833 — a fall of 3,347 over six years. In other words, for every expatriate job that went, one Bermudian job went, too. One of the reasons for this is that when population falls, demand for all manner of goods and services shrinks. This does not benefit Bermudians, whether they are property owners relying on rental income, landscapers, hairdressers, restaurateurs, lawyers, taxi drivers, accountants, roofing contractors, florists, nannies, secretaries, mechanics — pretty much anyone who makes a living from employment, in fact. Public sector workers are not immune from this impact. People leaving translates into government revenues lost. The payroll tax alone generated by one highly paid executive, for example, contributes more than the average salary of a civil servant. The loss of scores of executives in recent years has hit the Government in the pocket. When demand falls, who are the first to suffer? Simple logic suggests that it will be the lowest earners: the store assistant will lose his livelihood before the store owner; the trainee accountant before the partner in the firm; the farm laborer before the farmer. So it defies economic logic to argue that a policy proposal that would encourage more people to stay here would disadvantage those on the bottom rungs of the income ladder. Another economic angle to the story is the issue of why more than 600 people have been here more than 15 years without residency rights. The logical answer in many cases would be that, according to the Department of Immigration under successive governments of different political persuasions, they fill a role for which suitably qualified Bermudians could not be found. The engine room of Bermuda’s economy is specialist expertise. Intellectual capital is to Bermuda what oil is to Saudi Arabia. In an increasingly knowledge-based global economy, this gives Bermuda a crucial competitive advantage. Guest workers have played a key role in accumulating this talent pool, particularly in the insurance industry. And their presence helps to nurture home-grown talent. The immigration reforms proposed would help to maintain these capable people, the flow of business they bring to the island and the jobs they create and support. People should not be treated like second-class citizens when they have contributed so much to the island for so long. Why not give them a reason to further commit to Bermuda? We’ve seen the pain that population decline has inflicted on Bermudians, in the form of unemployment and foreclosures, businesses folding and our public debt soaring. The bottom line is that our attitudes on immigration have to change if we want to at least maintain our standard of living."

February 19. Opposition MP Walton Brown has urged Government to “listen to a voice of reason”, after chanting protesters shut down Wednesday’s meeting on immigration reform. Michael Fahy, Minister of Home Affairs, accused Mr Brown of instigating the disturbance in Hamilton, calling the move “completely and utterly undemocratic”. However, Mr Brown, who had earlier called for an act of “civil disobedience” on Facebook in response to the “b******t” new proposals, denied being a ringleader for the unrest. “That protest reflected the sentiment of a growing segment of the community,” he told The Royal Gazette. “I don’t speak on behalf of the people; the people speak for themselves.” Some of those who interrupted the meeting shared their motives with this newspaper [see separate story]. At the public information session, held at the Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity’s hall, Senator Fahy attempted to explain the controversial Pathways to Status plan. Under the new guidelines, those who have lived in Bermuda for 15 years could apply for permanent residency, and those who have a permanent residency certificate (PRC), having lived on the island for 20 years, could seek Bermudian status. Owing to the continued cacophony created by the protesters, who are fearful of how the changes would affect current citizens, Senator Fahy ended the meeting prematurely on the advice of the Bermuda Police Service. This followed from a similar demonstration at the House of Assembly last Friday. Mr Brown rubbished Sen Fahy’s suggestion that the dissenters had employed a “bully tactic” to get their voice heard. “The only ones engaged in bullying tactics are the senator and the One Bermuda Alliance government,” Mr Brown said. “There have been repeated and sustained calls for calmer heads to prevail, for a collaborative, bipartisan approach, and they have repeatedly rejected that.” Mr Brown pressed for the “comprehensive reform of a distorted immigration policy”, one which he said denied Bermudians work opportunities and gave a “special place of privilege to rich white men”. He denied that xenophobia was an underlying factor behind the protesters’ motives. “Anyone wishing to characterize this as xenophobic seemingly does not understand what the objectives are,” he said. “Any sensible government will have a series of quotas in place on people coming into a country.” As well as calling for a “humanitarian” approach, to ensure families aren’t fragmented by red tape, Mr Brown said he remained open to collaborative legislation. “The opportunity is always there, but the ball is truly in the Government’s court to act responsibly,” he added. “The Government has been completely and utterly insensitive to this deeply divisive issue. The public are concerned; their concern is growing and they will act accordingly. It’s important for the One Bermuda Alliance to step back from its unilateral positions. I am always open to have a rational discussion to create rational policies with rational people who care about Bermuda.”

February 19. One Bermuda Alliance backbencher Mark Pettingill says his party’s plan to outlaw same-sex marriage is “very disconcerting” and may breach international human rights law. The MP and lawyer, who is representing a couple seeking to wed on the island, was responding to community minister Patricia Gordon-Pamplin’s pledge last week to change the law so the Matrimonial Causes Act trumps the Human Rights Act. At present, the HRC Act has primacy over all other legislation and bans the “withholding of goods, facilities or services” because of a person’s sexual orientation. A “carve-out clause” proposed by the Bermuda Government would remove that supremacy in relation to section 15 of the Matrimonial Causes Act, which says a marriage is void if the parties are not male and female. Mr Pettingill told The Royal Gazette: “The idea of a provision which overrides the Human Rights Act is candidly very disconcerting and does not in my view accord with an international human rights position.” He is representing Bermudian Ijumo Hayward and his American partner Clarence Williams, who gave notice to the Registrar General of their intended marriage on December 1. Mr Pettingill warned in a covering letter with the couple’s application that if the notice was not published within three days, in accordance with the Marriage Act 1944, they would take the matter to the Supreme Court. Notice of the marriage has not been posted and Mr Pettingill has yet to seek an order of mandamus which he claims, if issued, would require Mr Pennyman to perform his statutory duties. Mr Pettingill said yesterday: “We have currently put on hold any application to the court on the basis of correspondence from the Attorney-General’s Chambers, that they were seeking a further opinion on the subject. This does seem somewhat at odds with recent public statements [from the OBA Government], which is obviously concerning.” Mr Hayward said he needed to discuss what to do next with Mr Pettingill, particularly regarding whether to seek a court order before the amendment to the law is approved. The photographer, who lives in Georgia, said the Government’s plan to remove the supremacy of the HRC Act in relation to marriage was “completely discriminatory. If it goes through, then I will be willing to pursue this further to Europe, which plays a part in how Bermuda runs its laws,” he said, adding: “[I will do that] based on how far my legal team wants to go.” Mr Pettingill is the third OBA MP in recent weeks to break rank on a controversial topic. Junior home affairs minister Sylvan Richards has also spoken out on the same-sex marriage issue, insisting a referendum should be held. And Leah Scott, the Junior Minister of Education, has suggested government move more cautiously on granting permanent residency and status to long-term residents of the Island. International law and European Convention. Bermuda, as a British Overseas Territory, is bound by international law, through the UK, and government has to adhere to the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 12 of the convention gives people the right to marry and has been used to challenge the law regarding same-sex unions. The European Court of Human Rights recently ruled in the case of Oliari and others vs Italy that the legal recognition of gay unions was a human right. The Bermuda Government has said it will introduce civil union legislation in order to meet its obligation under the convention, following that decision. But same-sex marriage opponents Preserve Marriage claimed on Wednesday that introducing civil unions wasn’t necessary to comply with how the European Court says national governments should best interpret European law. A press release from the pressure group, which wants a referendum on the issue, said the court hadn’t stated that same-sex marriage or civil union legislation must be enacted to make a country compliant with its human rights obligations. It said the ruling in the Oliari case “did not place urgency on implementing civil unions; rather it placed an urgency on assessing the interests of the people”. The press release went on: “In Oliari, the European Court of Human Rights accused the Italian Government of failing to obtain the “prevailing community interest” of its citizens in order to balance the majority public interest against what was asked in regard to same-sex benefits. In other words, the state — Italy in the case of Oliari — had a responsibility to properly assess the desires of the people and to use that information to enact legislation to enable it to comply with its human rights obligations on this issue. The European Court has recognized a referendum as an acceptable way to assess the community interest.” Edward Rance, a Bermudian living in London, contradicted Preserve Marriage’s statement last night, describing the press release as “factually incorrect. The Italian state in Oliari was found to have a positive obligation to provide a legal framework for same-sex relationship to be recognized,” he said. “This was an obligation to legislate, not an obligation to hold a referendum. The court said at paragraph 185 in Oliari that: ‘the court finds that the Italian Government have overstepped their margin of appreciation and failed to fulfill their positive obligation to ensure that the applicants have available a specific legal framework providing for the recognition and protection of their same-sex unions.’ I fail to see how one can take seriously the demands of a group that publishes either recklessly or deliberately misleading bulletins.

February 19. The boom in the catastrophe bond market is leading some experts to voice fears that investors do not fully understand the risks they are taking on — and so they could flee in a panic in the event of a major catastrophe that triggers losses. Jay Patel, an insurance analyst with business information service Timetric, believes the market will continue to grow next year as asset managers seek returns that are not correlated with financial markets and business cycles. “Although issuances have been at roughly the same level for the past two years, at around $7 billion, the size of the market currently stands at $25 billion with steady growth expected in the forthcoming years,” Mr Patel wrote in an article in online publication The Intelligent Insurer. He added: “The speed at which institutional investors have placed their capital into the market has raised concerns among asset managers, insurers and academics alike, that investors are allowing the higher returns and diversification benefits on offer to obscure a more objective analysis and understanding of these assets. This has led to concerns that when a major catastrophe occurs that triggers a large number of catastrophe bonds, investors will face unexpected losses and this will lead to panic and a sharp outflow of funds from the market.” Bermuda has been the centre of growth in the insurance-linked securities market that includes catastrophe bonds. Last year saw a record 58 ILS listed on the Bermuda Stock Exchange with a capitalization value of $6.16 billion. The industry extra capacity for reinsurers — some of whom have established their own ILS management arms — as well as work for asset managers and law firms. Cat bonds generally offer attractive returns, but investors can see their principal wiped out in the event of a specified catastrophic event. Mr Patel said loose monetary policy in developed economies had driven down interest rates and made it difficult for investors to generate the rates of return they were used to making before the financial crisis. "This in turn caused capital to flow into sovereign debt markets, pushing yields down in this and the corporate bond markets. This scenario had led more institutional investors into cat bonds in search of yield. The market structure of catastrophe bonds has changed over the past decade and a half, with the composition of investors being noticeably different from what it was at the beginning of the century,” he said, explaining that hedge funds chasing high-yield opportunities were the major investors in the early days. This is due to a combination of increasing knowledge of the catastrophe bond market as well as unprecedented monetary conditions. It is clear that as they invest more into catastrophe bonds, institutional investors are keen to increase their expertise in the market. The worry is that while they are becoming more knowledgeable, the rate at which they are investing far outstrips their ability to understand what exactly they are getting themselves into. This sounds eerily familiar to the way investors behaved towards another seemingly obscure bond market before the financial crisis.”

February 19. The size of classrooms and a lack of funding for public primary schools are among the Bermuda Government’s most serious concerns, according to the school reorganization (Score) report. The report, commissioned by Wayne Scott, the Minister for Education, has set in motion a strategic financial review that will attempt to remedy some of the failings in the island’s primary schools. Also on the top of the priority list was the condition of school buildings and range of programmes. The financial viability of a school for reorganization, considered a priority, was not evaluated due to “lack of data”. All of the island’s 18 primary schools were scored in 14 study-factor criteria — school utilization (optimum school populations); classroom capacity (adequate space per child per classroom); financial resources (that are provided by the Ministry of Education); financial viability (the option for reorganization is viable); building condition; safety and accessibility; recreational space; range of programmes; student/teacher ratio; IT infrastructure (access to high-quality technology); special services (for children with special needs); transportation (reasonable access to transport to and from school); school as a community partner; and flexibility (flexible in how space can be used to accommodate changing needs). Each criteria was scored on a scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being the best score. Any school scoring under 4 was described as “in need of review”. Some of the criteria were more heavily weighted as a priority. The role of a school as a community partner, the one category where all schools scored highly, was placed in the lowest priority group along with transportation. All 18 primary schools scored less than 4 for classroom capacity, safety and accessibility, range of programmes and IT infrastructure while 17 of the schools scored less than 4 for adequate financial resources. These are some of the findings: School Use. Highlights: St David’s Primary School, one of the schools earmarked for potential closure or consolidation, boasted optimum school utilization (5) along with Dalton E Tucker. Eight schools scored the minimum 1 point. Victor Scott Primary School was the most over-utilised at 130 per cent with Harrington Sound Primary School second at 124 per cent. On the other end of the scale Prospect Primary School — one of the schools slated for closure or consolidation — is at 46 per cent capacity and East End Primary School at 57 per cent. Considerations: “School with low utilization percentages were factored into the scenarios for school closure and school reorganization,” the report said. Classroom Capacity. Highlights: All 18 scored 1 for classroom capacity meaning every school has less than 60 per cent of classrooms that can accommodate the MOED capacity of 40 square foot per child. Some classroom sizes are too small to accommodate the children (18 students at P1-3 and 25 students at P4-6). Considerations: Adopt the 40 foot square guidelines to determine the number of students that can be accommodated in classrooms. Review 2015 enrolment numbers to ensure numbers do not exceed capacity. Financial Resources. Highlights: All but one school scored less than 4 meaning a full review is necessary. Some 12 of the schools scored 1 and a further 3 scored 2. St George’s Preparatory School scored the best at 4 while Heron Bay Primary School and Somerset Primary School scored 3. Qualitative data for all 18 schools indicate the need for resources to support instruction, programmes or building condition improvements. Gilbert Institute was singled out as a school most in need of financial resources. Considerations: Spread out resources evenly, establish protocols for addressing resource needs and ensure adequate resources are provided to eliminate the need for supplementation with personal finances. Financial Viability. Information unavailable due to “lack of data.” Building Condition.  Highlights: Some 15 of the 18 schools scored less than 4. “The qualitative data indicate that serious building conditions have to be addressed at many schools. Harmful building conditions include: leaking; mould; rodent infestations; termites; sewage infiltration; faulty plumbing systems; storm damage. Plumbing and electrical systems were not fully documented but were often referred to as “areas of challenge”. Considerations: Develop a plan for assessing conditions and improving them along with a monitoring system and a review of the relationship between the Ministry of Education, Works and Engineering and other ministries. Range of Programmes. Highlights: All 18 schools scored less than 4 because schools do not have an IT coordinator. Two schools did not have a reading teacher — East End and Paget Primary School. The lowest scorers in this category were Paget, Northlands and East End with scores of 2.6 and under while the top scorers were Prospect and Victor Scott (3.5). Considerations: As a matter of priority reading teachers would be provided for all schools. Establish an IT co-ordinator position for all schools and a job description based on 21st century standards. Develop a plan for implementing, monitoring and sustaining IT programmes. Establish 21st centaury standards for all programmes (art, learning support, sports, guidance/counseling, music, educational therapy and reading).

February 18. Chanting protesters shut down a meeting yesterday to discuss changes to immigration policy. Last night, home affairs minister Michael Fahy condemned “bully tactics” and slammed the protest as undemocratic. Senator Fahy said he called the meeting off on the advice of the Bermuda Police Service — but vowed to find further opportunities to explain the reasons for the changes, which would make it easier for long-term residents to gain Bermuda status or become permanent residents. Senator Fahy cut the meeting short after a group of protesters shouted him down as he started to speak on present immigration laws. The protest came in the wake of Opposition MP Walton Brown’s call for a campaign of “civil disobedience” against the proposals. Senator Fahy said: “That opportunity for Bermudians to hear what we are saying was sabotaged. And it would appear to me and certainly the Attorney-General and other colleagues that a minority of people have taken notice of Walton Brown’s call for civil disobedience. And that is completely and utterly the wrong way to go about things and in itself is a bully tactic and is completely and utterly undemocratic and one should expect better from our elected and appointed representatives.” The public information session about the controversial Pathways to Status was held at the Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity’s hall. Senator Fahy told The Royal Gazette that Mr Brown had been vocal in highlighting the plight of some overseas residents on the island in the past. “I find it somewhat hypocritical of him to stand and fly in the face of some of the very people he has advocated on behalf of in the not too distant past and I think that’s disappointing,” he added. “It appears that a minority group of people want to intimidate and bully and silence those that believe the Government is doing the right thing.” The protest came after Senator Fahy announced this month that the Government wanted to change immigration rules and allow those who have lived in Bermuda for 15 years to apply for permanent residency and those who have the PRC certificate, having lived in Bermuda for 20 years, to seek Bermudian status. Senator Fahy gave a brief history of the island’s immigration policies before he was shouted down by protesters chanting “no”, “no to immigration reform”, “no to OBA policies”, “liars” and “thieves”. Some held up signs calling for “bipartisan and comprehensive immigration reform”, while others read “Say no to OBA government immigration reform” and “400+ years of racialised immigration policies must not continue.” The small police presence at the meeting was reinforced, and after more than 15 minutes of shouting and chanting, Senator Fahy said they would try to hold the meeting “another night”. Protesters cheered and clapped as he left the room, accompanied by Sylvan Richards, the Junior Minister of Home Affairs, and Trevor Moniz, the Attorney-General. But Senator Fahy told said: “We will continue to find opportunities and make opportunities to get our message across, get the information to the people about our human rights obligations, about how these kinds of policies will help all Bermudians. All of us that were at the front were prepared to stay until the shouting stopped. But on the advice of the Bermuda Police Service, we left. We will try another day. But at the end of the day it is incredibly disappointing and simply wrong and we cannot allow a minority mob to sabotage what is eventually a good thing for all Bermudians.” Mr Brown, who was at the meeting, said: “I think this night was a manifestation of popular concern about this issue.” He added that civil disobedience “manifests itself in a variety of ways” and that yesterday’s protest was “one way, but there are other ways as well”. In a Facebook post on February 5, Mr Brown branded the new immigration proposals as “b******t”, saying: “There is no longer space to discuss and negotiate. This is the time for direct action. Civil disobedience. I will consult with other like-minded people and we will act ... as early as next week. Are you in?” He later told The Royal Gazette: “The time for discussions is over. The Government clearly has no intention on having a collaborative approach on one of the most contentious issues. If the minister seeks to throw the gauntlets down to the Bermuda public he will get an appropriate response.” Speaking in the Senate yesterday, Senator Fahy defended the proposed changes, which came under fire as PLP senators argued that the Government should focus on creating pathways to success for Bermudians first. Senator Fahy, however, responded that immigration reform is required to meet international human rights regulations, noting immigration tribunal judgments. Last night, Walter Roban, Shadow Minister of Home Affairs, said the meeting saw democracy at work." Tonight at the Cathedral Hall a group of citizens exercised their democratic right to express their displeasure at the OBA’s proposed immigration policy,” he said. “This is a clear signal that the citizens of this country are tired of being lectured to, they are tired of being told what’s good for them, and they are tired of being told to ignore their conditions."

February 18. NEW YORK (Bloomberg) — Bermuda-domiciled American International Group veteran Brian Schreiber, who shepherded multibillion-dollar deals that expanded the company and then shrank it after the 2008 credit crisis, is departing as the insurer overhauls management. Seraina Maag, who rose to oversee regional operations after joining in 2013, also is leaving, chief executive officer Peter Hancock wrote in memos to employees on Monday. The country heads that reported to Maag will work under commercial and consumer segments, which are run by Rob Schimek and Kevin Hogan. Much of AIG’s leadership team has disbanded since Hancock became CEO in September 2014 and focused on shrinking and simplifying the company. In November, he said he would eliminate more than 20 per cent of the top 1,400 senior employees, and some of the highest-ranking and longest-serving executives later announced their departures. The latest exits follow a review of how the New York-based company runs operations internationally. “The outcome of this effort is a new organizational design structured around clients, capabilities and market opportunities,” Hancock wrote on Monday in one of the memos obtained by Bloomberg. “It gives business leaders at different levels of the organization much greater end-to-end accountability for results and greater transparency into those results.” Pressure on the CEO mounted after billionaire investors John Paulson and Carl Icahn called for a break-up of the insurer and AIG reported two straight quarters of losses. The company said last week that it would nominate Paulson and a representative of Icahn’s firm to the insurer’s board. On Monday, Hancock said that Jeff Hurd was named chief operating officer. Hurd will retain responsibilities for transformation, administration and human resources, while also overseeing corporate marketing and communications, along with global business services. Alessa Quane, who was named in December to be chief risk officer, will report to Hancock and become a member of the executive leadership team, the CEO said. Maag had been a member of that group.

February 18. Bermuda’s business community believes that tackling the island’s debt mountain was key to revitalizing the economy. Chamber of Commerce president John Wight said: “Government has a very challenging job to narrow the 2016-17 year deficit in order to meet its self-imposed mandate announced in the first budget following their election victory in 2012 to balance the budget in three years. “The only way to continue to reduce the budget deficit is to work at both increasing revenues and reducing expenses simultaneously. While this may not be popular with certain businesses, particularly those that will be affected the greatest by the new changes, Government has no choice but to act responsibly and appropriately.” Mr Wright was speaking ahead of tomorrow’s Budget Statement, which will be presented by Bob Richards, the finance minister. He added: “One of Government’s many challenges in the budget is to be seen to be having the pain felt equitably throughout all segments of our population. This will not be an easy task, especially given the increasing levels of inequality.” Mr Wight said that Bermuda’s debt stood at more than $2 billion but said, if guarantees and other unfunded healthcare schemes and pensions were included, the island could be as much as $7 billion in the red. Budget deficits and the high debt jeopardize economic growth for Bermuda. Business confidence and economic diversity are critical for future job creation. Measured and appropriate reductions in government spending can promote stability and confidence. We have a long way to go before we can start to experience the prosperity that Bermudians want to see.” The Chamber’s wish list for the Budget includes a continuation of payroll tax breaks for retail, restaurants and hotels, as well as an agreement that they would not be reinstated “overnight”. The real estate sector of the Chamber said that licence fees paid by permanent resident certificate holders and non-Bermudians for property purchases should not be increased. And the Chamber also wants to see “a comprehensive transportation plan” for St George’s with a specific budget and a time frame for addressing the ageing Swing Bridge. Business Technology and Emerging Professionals said that funding for students and educational programmes should be a budget priority.

February 18. Uprooted trees, overgrown fairways and neglected greens; the St George’s golf course has barely been touched for more than a year. According to local MP Kenneth Bascome, the present condition of the course illustrates exactly why the proposed Desarrollos development was so vital to the rejuvenation of the old town. He urged local residents to get behind the project that will see a luxury hotel resort as well as a new golf course built on and around the old Club Med site. “Now that the developer has reached agreement on all its financing arrangements I would hope people really support this project,” said Mr Bascome. “You only need to look at the state of the golf course now to see how badly this development is needed. The golf course itself is representative of how important this project is to the town. It does not appear to have been touched in about 18 months and the trees uprooted by Fay and Gonzalo still litter the course. It is really an eyesore to the town.” Just last month Shawn Crockwell, the Minister of Transport and Tourism Development, revealed that the hotel development would break ground no later than June. Mr Crockwell said that the developers intended to meet with the residents of St George’s and lay out their plans and address any concerns they may have. Mr Bascome added: “Now is the time to get behind this project. There has been mention of reasonable access and other such terms, but the simple fact is we cannot afford not to have this development in St George’s. I believe it will put the town back in its rightful place and will bring huge opportunities to the people.” Desarrollos were first selected to develop the property in 2014 following an open tender, and by that December it was announced that the hotel would carry the St Regis Starwood brand. While construction on the project was first set to begin in May of 2015 and take 16 months, the start date of the project has been quietly pushed back. Last August, Mr Crockwell expressed hopes that site work in St George’s would begin before the end of 2015, with groundwork beginning in the first quarter of this year. Earlier this month, he said that the developer has been in communication with the planning department, and he believed details about the plan would be revealed in the near future.

February 18. Education minister Wayne Scott has announced three public consultation meetings over the Bermuda Government’s school reorganization (Score) plan. All stakeholders, including parents, educators and community members, are invited to attend to attend with the aim of learning more about the Score report and to share their views. The meetings will take place at Sandys Middle School Auditorium on Monday, February 22 from 6pm to 8pm; at Clearwater Middle School auditorium on Tuesday, February 23 from 6pm to 8pm; and at CedarBridge Academy café on Wednesday, February 23 from 6pm to 8pm. Stakeholders are encouraged to review the Score report and the School Reorganization Consultation Document which are available on the Ministry of Education’s website at www.moed.bm. Members of the public are reminded that all consultation submissions are due by Friday, March 4.

February 18. A suspected drug dealer was caught counting out large quantities of cash as he sat in his car outside a supermarket, a court has heard. Dwayne Gilbert was arrested on the evening of August 12, 2014, after a policeman spotted him sitting in a green Renault convertible outside Arnold’s on St John’s Road, Pembroke. Officers later attended Mr Gilbert’s Southampton home and discovered zip lock bags containing heroin and cocaine, jurors were told yesterday. Opening the case for the prosecution Kenlyn Swan said: “This case is about greed. It centres around making vast money through the selling and distribution of illicit drugs.” Officers from the drugs unit descended on the Arnold’s car park at about 9.35pm and arrested Mr Gilbert as he sat in the driver’s seat of his car. Ms Swan told the court: “From his front pocket they retrieved plastic twists or bags as well as a quantity of cash — $1,152. Shortly after that they searched the vehicle. What could be seen clearly in the right passenger side was eight bundles of cash. In the back seat was a backpack. They searched that and found $10,776 as well as scales. The scales were analyzed and traces of the drug heroin were found.” Later the same evening officers from the drugs unit attended Mr Gilbert’s home in Granaway Heights. The court was told that police discovered five zip lock bags containing a white substance in the bedroom underneath a pile of dirty washing in a Mr Chicken bag. The white substance was later found to be cocaine, crack cocaine and heroin, jurors were told. Ms Swan told jurors that Mr Gilbert’s DNA was found to be a major contributor to swabs taken from some of the cash seized by officers and the five zip-lock bags found at his home. Candy Zuleger from Trinity DNA Solutions in Florida, told the court that a bundle of US cash and the zip-lock bags contained a DNA mixture. But she said a major donor consistent with Mr Gilbert’s profile was identified. However, Ms Zuleger said a large bundle of Bermuda cash and three smaller bundles of the same currency also showed DNA mixtures from at least five individuals and that it could not be determined if Mr Gilbert was included or excluded. Detective Constable Khalid Pitcher described to jurors how he and other officers seized and packaged the drugs and money found in Mr Gilbert’s car and at his home. Under cross examination Charles Richardson, Mr Gilberts’ lawyer, proceeded to take Detective Constable Pitcher through his client’s list of previous convictions that totaled 25 pages. Mr Richardson highlighted convictions dating back to 1981 for theft and possessing cocaine, cannabis and heroin. He said: “You know Mr Gilbert is a junkie who steals to support his habit,” adding that this is how Mr Gilbert is known to police. Detective Constable Pitcher had previously told the court that he had not known Mr Gilbert prior to the case. But he did acknowledge that Mr Gilbert had no convictions for supplying drugs. During re-examination, prosecutor Loxly Ricketts asked Detective Constable Pitcher if the later theft offences, which included obtaining credit by false deposit in 2006, became more complex and the officer replied: “Yes, it is a more complex and more serious type of theft.” Mr Gilbert denies three charges of possessing controlled drugs with intent to supply, possessing drug related equipment and possessing the proceeds of criminal conduct. The trial continues.

February 18. A funeral will be held today for Grace Smith, a “matriarch” of St George’s known to many for her generosity. Ms Smith, who died on February 10 at the age of 98, “believed in charity more than anything else”, her daughter Rose Douglas recalled. “She taught us that if we want society to be better then we would have to give back. It was what we did. We didn’t plan to do it, just flowed into it.” Ms Smith acquired her belief in caring through her mother Minnie Drew, Ms Douglas added, who came from the tight-knit Tucker’s Town community where looking after one another was “an automatic way of life. You didn’t go to bed with your stomach full while your neighbor was hungry. That was how she lived. It was amazing.” When her son Phillip played football, Ms Smith volunteered to clean all the team’s uniforms on her old-fashioned clothes wringer. Ms Smith’s legendary cooking was dear to many in the East End community who were in need of a meal, or just wanted to drop in for a chat. Ms Douglas recalled her mother studying cosmetology to open her beautician’s business by Shinbone Alley, where demand for her hair styling brought many in the community together over more than 20 years. She also ran a guesthouse from a few spare rooms of her residence on Kent Street. A long-term supporter of the Committee of 25, Ms Smith also worked for the St John’s Ambulance Brigade and the Red Cross during the Second World War. She was a church girls’ brigade leader and honored at Government House for her long support of the girl guides. She also supported the Sunshine League, and regularly marched on Remembrance Day for her brother Alfred, lost in the war when his ship was sunk. A mother of five known for her strictness but also her deep love of children, Ms Smith was devoted to St Peter’s Church, where she will be laid to rest today at 2pm.

February 18. The executive chef at Muse has been announced as the winner of the 2016 Restaurant Weeks People’s Choice Award. Enworth Davis was presented with the award by the Bermuda Tourism Authority today. According to a public online vote and the opinion of food reviewers, Muse was the most popular at providing a Bermuda-inspired menu and dining experience during Restaurant Weeks this year. Muse also won the title last year. Runners-up for 2016 included executive chef Chad Mitchell of Red, who was a finalist last year, and chef Zaid Khan of Pickled Onion. This year, a record 45 restaurants participated in the initiative that encourages visitors and residents to explore the food options available across the island.

February 18. The demand for mental health services in Bermuda has spiraled in recent months, while the Mid-Atlantic Wellness Institute continues to face inflationary rises and government funding cuts. In 2015 711 patients were seen by the MWI Acute Care Clinic; a rise of more than 100 from 2014 and more than 400 from 2000. In the last five years the facility’s government grant has been cut twice and reduced by more than $2 million. Kelly Madeiros, a manager for Court Services who helps coordinate Mental Health Court, told The Royal Gazette that investment in mental healthcare “was needed to save lives. The combination of the rise in unemployment and the cost of living, the inability to meet basic needs such as food, shelter and healthcare as well as challenges in obtaining financial assistance have a great impact on people’s mental health. On top of these challenges are what people face individually when they are faced with unemployment which contributes to different mental health conditions like anxiety, depression and substance abuse which is rejection, low self-esteem, defeated pride and strain on family relationships.” Ms Madeiros said the rise in MWI referrals highlighted the need for a robust social safety net as well as early intervention programmes to reach young people showing signs of mental illness. She added: “This doesn’t represent the people seeking assistance through their GP’s which I would guess would at least double the numbers of people seeking help for mental health issues. If the numbers seeking assistance is rapidly increasing and the funding decreases, the services are only going to be able to put out fires and not provide the care that is required in assisting people to long term wellness.” Ms Madeiros called for large investment in modern practices that offer mental healthcare in the homes and the communities of the people who need help. “This would include intensive rehabilitation for recovering from acute and chronic episodes of mental illness. There is a great mental healthcare plan that was written a few years ago, it should be implemented. We need to ensure that every General Practitioner has current mental health training to screen for mental illness.” Since 2010/11, when the grant to MWI was $39,578,000, the funding has dropped twice in 2011/12 and 2013/14 and is presently $37,344,000. A Bermuda Hospitals Board spokeswoman told The Royal Gazette that BHB was working closely with Government to look at resourcing in mental healthcare and had started a “strategic planning process” to find ways to strengthen mental health services and build on the 2010 Mental Health Plan. “MWI has reshaped its services to become more community focused following the launch of the plan, but this is certainly an area that can be strengthened. Many service users have a dual diagnosis of mental illness and substance abuse/misuse. In such cases, the concurrent use of drugs or alcohol can be associated with an exacerbation of psychiatric symptoms or with decreased medication compliance. Another factor leading to increased referrals is the increased exposure to violence in our community which may lead to an acute stress reaction. People may also be more likely to use MWI services rather than access a private psychiatrist or psychologist if they are experiencing financial hardships. It is hard to extrapolate MWI figures to the country as we don’t see everyone and there are other private practices and organisations who provide counseling and consultations.”

February 17. Preferred shareholders of PartnerRe are to receive a total cash payment of about $42.7 million in connection with the company’s acquisition by Exor. The payment equals $1.25 per preferred share, and is expected to be made in the current financial quarter subject and subsequent to the closing of the deal. As part of the $6.9 billion merger agreement made last year, Exor had previously announced enhanced terms for PartnerRe’s preferred shares, to be effected through an exchange offer, amounting to a 100 basis point increase in the current dividend rate and an extended redemption date. This was contingent upon the receipt by PartnerRe of a private letter ruling from the United States Internal Revenue Service as to the tax shelter reporting obligations of such enhanced preferred shares. However, on Tuesday the IRS indicated that it would not grant such a ruling. As a result Exor will, in lieu of a 100 basis point increase in the current dividend rate, make the cash payments to PartnerRe preferred shareholders of record on the closing date. In a statement the company said it will, following the closing of the deal, “use commercially reasonable efforts to launch an exchange offer, referred to as the Alternate Exchange Offer in the merger agreement, whereby existing preferred shares could be exchanged for new preferred shares with an extended redemption date.”

February 17. A reduction of staffing levels at schools and within the civil service cannot be ruled out as efficiencies are sought within the Department of Education. This is according to education Minister Wayne Scott who said he was confident any such reductions could be made through natural attrition. He also highlighted that there could be further review of the public middle schools once work is under way with the primary schools. During an interview with The Royal Gazette in light of the damning school re-organization (Score) report, Mr Scott said the Ministry had begun making headway with overdue repairs to buildings that have contributed to a raft of health and safety issues across Bermuda’s public primary schools. The Score report was designed to set out plans for “improving the quality and consistency of programming across primary schools” with the additional goal of “achieving cost savings and efficiency” and outlined several scenarios including the possible closure of three schools. The report did not include information regarding job losses nor did it take into account teacher performance or student achievement. Speaking on the possible reduction of the workforce across the ministry, Mr Scott said that close to $1 million had already been saved through early retirement. He added: “All along I have said even if we get to the point of closure or consolidation, I believe it would be possible to do that without any job losses [layoffs]. We will have to look at things but if there are any reductions necessary we would try to do that through natural attrition. We are looking at the entire process and again we recognise we have to put together a full strategic plan that addresses all the issues. I cannot forecast anything without the information in front of me.” Mr Scott cited curriculum changes over the years as one reason that teacher performance was not factored into the Score report. “Teacher performance, we know, is a very important part of ensuring that you have quality in the classroom. Now that we have had a stable curriculum for five or six years with the Cambridge Curriculum, we have focused a lot on professional development. Yes, now we do need to focus on ensuring that all of that reaches the child and my view is that everything that we do, the public should be aware of.” Asked whether there would be another report on teacher performance, he said: “I don’t have that etched in stone.” Speaking on the possibility of closure or consolidation within the middle school system, Mr Scott added: “The thought right now is we are addressing what is in front of us but we are not closing the door on continuing to look at that. You can’t fix all of your issues with the press of one button. Over the last couple of years we have done a lot of work in the middle schools in ensuring that we are improving the quality of what we offer. The Middle School Transformation Plan is going on and that will continue. The focus is primary schools and then we go from there.” The Score report calls for a radical overhaul of the primary school education system due to deficiencies found in several areas including school funding, safety and accessibility, building condition and special needs programming. Mr Scott said creating equality in standards throughout Bermuda’s primary schools was his top priority along with addressing the state of many school buildings. “You have schools that are extraordinarily popular because they have a full range of programming and support. Everybody pays the same taxes. Is it fair that just those children have access to everything and others have limited programming? My primary objective is that we have programming equity across the board. Health and safety is also a primary concern. We have addressed some of these items already and will continue to do that as a priority.” Mr Scott said it was of utmost importance that the public make their voices heard during continued consultation due to begin next week. He said that none of the scenarios, including the closure of St David’s Primary School, Heron Bay Primary School, Prospect Primary School and Gilbert Institute, were set in stone and he was open to hearing alternative scenarios. While Mr Scott commissioned the report, he has only been in the position of education minister for just over a year. Asked whether he felt he had been handed a poisoned chalice, he replied: “I don’t take this personally. I got involved in politics because I want to help make a difference in my country and I take that responsibility to heart. I will do my best while I am here to make decisions that benefit first and foremost our children. I am not making decisions to try to make sure everybody likes me or to play politics with it. This goes beyond me, it goes beyond political parties — this is a Bermuda issue and Bermuda has my commitment.”

February 17. Sources within the One Bermuda Alliance fear that the party is on the brink of “political suicide” over its apparent disconnect with ordinary Bermudians. Longstanding frustrations after the party’s sizeable defeat in the Devonshire North Central by-election were vented in an internal communication, in which prominent OBA members warned of the political cost of inept public relations. The margin in the February 4 by-election was “so large compared to 2012”, one member told colleagues, that “what should be very clear is that the One Bermuda Alliance has lost the swing vote”. The OBA campaigned on helping average Bermudians, the e-mail continued, but “most Bermudians don’t feel as if we represent them or their needs right now. I have no doubt that we are the best party for the job, but we cannot continue to be disconnected.” Voters in Constituency 13 turned out in greater numbers than they did for the General Election in 2012, with the Progressive Labour Party candidate Diallo Rabain securing a win with 461 votes to the 351 that went to Andrew Simons, the OBA contender. Launching the controversial Pathways to Status immigration initiative the next day was branded “very poor optics”, the e-mail continued. “It’s things like this going forward that cannot be allowed to happen. It is committing political suicide. There should have been a contingency plan in place. We did a great job engaging the community in 2012, and I believe we need to get back there.” The remarks came in response to an e-mail from Michael Dunkley to OBA members commending Mr Simons and his team for their campaign, and observing that by-elections “tend to go against the incumbent government. Voters tend to use them as an opportunity to keep the pressure on government to fulfill its commitment to the people,” the Premier added. However, a second member responded: “We are so far out of touch that it’s ridiculous.” Observing that the OBA was ardently pursuing the economic mandate promised in the election, the member said the party had nonetheless “lost the plot socially”, where it was losing ground badly to the PLP. Announcing the Pathways to Status initiative as people worried about jobs was “adding and compounding the fear and frustration”, they said, adding: “Did that conference have to be held today?” The OBA was said to be direly in need of a consultant, with “no message, no brand and no identity” — and reminiscent of the United Bermuda Party. “We have lost the confidence of black people and the swing vote which won us the election in 2012,” the writer added. Speaking with The Royal Gazette, a party source said frustration had grown among back benchers who felt marginalized by the older guard within the OBA. Last Friday’s House of Assembly notably came with a private member’s bill from Sylvan Richards, the Junior Minister of Home Affairs, proposing a referendum on same-sex marriage in an open break from the party line of pursuing civil unions. Meanwhile, Leah Scott, the Junior Minister of Education, responded to the backlash against Pathways to Status with a suggestion in this newspaper on February 11 that the Government move more cautiously on granting permanent residency and status. “The critical thing for me is the timing of it in terms of the economy not being ready for it and the people not being ready for it,” Ms Scott said, calling for the OBA to “be more communicative and educate people more about the things that we are doing”. John Faiella, a former adviser to the party, conceded that the OBA could be seen as “getting away from populist governing and becoming almost dictatorial — shoving things down people’s throats, in a way. But the OBA essentially knows the answer for Bermuda is jobs. If people don’t have jobs, we’re screwed. The OBA has to do everything they possibly can to create them. There has been a fundamental shift. The party has decided they can’t simply stop making the hard decisions for political reasons.” Mr Faiella took a relaxed view of the ruling party’s difficulties with public relations. “I don’t think that any party communicates as well as the supporters would like,” he said. “I do think they could be better served by a public relations management."

February 17. The Vasco da Gama Club and Portuguese Cultural Association have expressed their support for new pathways to Bermudian status. In a statement released today, club president Miguel Pereria wrote that the controversial changes would give many residents a “basic human right. Not only is this a human rights issue but it is also fair,” he wrote. “The Portuguese community and other long-term residents have strong roots in Bermuda and these changes will definitely strengthen our Bermuda community and in many cases allow people to call Bermuda ‘home’ for the first time. Persons living in Bermuda, who contribute to the financial and social well-being of Bermuda and who are valuable members of our society can finally plan for their future and their children’s future. We look to the government to promote collaboration and to find the best solution to this important issue.” The statement comes after Michael Fahy, the Minister of Home Affairs, announced that Government was seeking to introduce new pathways to both permanent residence certificates and Bermudian status. The proposed changes would allow those who have lived in Bermuda for 15 years to apply for permanent residency and those who have the permanent residency certificate and have lived on the island for 20 years to seek Bermudian status. While Sen Fahy said the changes were necessary to bring immigration rules in line with international standards and to deal with the shrinking population, opponents have labeled the move a desperate effort by the One Bermuda Alliance to gain votes noting the historical use of immigration for political gain. In response to the announcement, a number of members of the public briefly disrupted a sitting of the House of Assembly on Friday, chanting: “No to the OBA immigration reform.”

February 17. An increase in tax revenue to help tackle the national debt could be included in the upcoming Budget, according to economist and lecturer Craig Simmons. While Mr Simmons said that the island’s economic recovery does appear to be gaining momentum in spite of “chinks in the armor” of the government’s strategy, tax revenues will need to increase. “Foreign direct investment is the government’s principal method of economic stimulus,” he said. “Regretfully, shovels have not entered the ground for the large projects listed in Budget Statement 2015-16. According to the Fiscal Responsibility Panel, an independent body of pundits, planned deficit reduction is behind schedule. Annual deficits must be eliminated before debt can be reduced. Whilst spending cuts have been largely achieved, expected tax revenues have not materialized. Further, deficit reduction cannot happen without significant increases in tax revenue. For this reason, we should expect tax increases in this year’s Budget Statement.” Over the last ten years, revenue peaked in 2010-11 at more than $990 million. The figures then fell to $866 million in 2012-13, but are now on the rise with the Government estimating between $930 million and $940 million in revenue in the current financial year. Expenditure also peaked in 2010-11 at $1.04 billion. While expenditure fell for two years after that, it rose again in 2013-14 reaching an estimated $1.01 billion. Expenditure for the current fiscal year is estimated to reach between $920 million and $930 million — meaning that revenues could surpass expenditure for the first time since 2007-08. While the first three quarters of the current fiscal year have seen higher revenues and lower expenditure than previously forecast, according to the Ministry of Finance, government was still expecting a $213 million deficit for the year with debt service taken into account. Meanwhile, the government debt has gradually risen year-on-year. While the debt fell in 2014-15, the Ministry of Finance revealed that it had reached $2.31 billion in December — the highest in Bermuda history — owing to the government drawing down on its credit facility to finance the fiscal deficit. Mr Simmons said that research has suggested the government’s present debt reduction strategy, which has relied primarily on spending cuts rather than tax increases, is more effective at reducing debt and decreasing the likelihood of a recession, but progress has been slow. He said the deficits were expected to fall in 2015-16 and in 2016-17. “Further, decreases in government spending will be much harder to realize. Thus, the time has come for tax rate increases and new taxes, that is a broadening of the tax base. Fortunately, the economy has stopped shrinking; the evidence suggests that this will improve the prospects of success in respect to raising additional revenue and avoiding a return to recession. In respect of on-balance sheet debt, if populist politics dominate sound public policy, then we are likely to see a Greek-like tragedy, where powerful constituencies — unions and international and local businesses — bully the government into submission, but only until the overseas bondholders step in to reclaim what is owed them.” He said the greatest threats to social stability and growth lies in “off-balance sheet debt, such as pension obligations. “Research by Carmen Reinhart and Ken Rogoff suggests that heavily indebted countries — those with debt in excess of 90 per cent of GDP — grow 1 per cent slower than countries with lower debt levels,” Mr Simmons said. “Our on-and off-balance sheet debt is in the neighborhood of 90 per cent of GDP. Over ten years, 1 per cent less growth in addition to 2 per cent inflation translates into $100,000 of lost income per person.” Mr Simmons said the current ratio of tax revenue to GDP is around 16 per cent, but in order to make headway tax revenue would have to increase to around 20 per cent of GDP. As a start, all loopholes in customs duties and payroll taxes will need closing. That will anger those in the hospitality and retail sectors as well as the top 1 per cent of income earners. Duties and fees will have to be increased, but more importantly, services will have to be taxed — this is a broadening of the tax base. If we are to cross the $1 billion Rubicon, then a service tax is unavoidable. There is no chance of that happening this year, but it is coming. Further, consideration will have to be given to local business paying a lump-sum type corporation tax, similar to that paid by international businesses. Corporation tax and closing the payroll tax threshold will not raise a lot of revenue; their purpose is more about fairness.”

February 17. The Bermuda Environmental Sustainability Taskforce has provided this Budget wish list. "We would like to see funds set aside for search and exploration into a reformed governance system more suitable for our small and diverse community; one that:"

February 17. The local office of international architecture firm OBMI has been hired to work on the first phase of the controversial $250 million airport redevelopment project. The appointment was made by Canadian contractors Aecon Construction Group, after an “extensive competitive selection process”, according to a press release. The process included a request for qualifications (RQF), request for proposals (RPF), presentation and interview stages. OBMI will work with Scott Associates Architects, Aecon’s lead architectural firm specializing in airport design, on aesthetics, interior design and local building code compliance for the proposed new airport terminal. The office will also provide guidance on Bermudian building methods and materials and support for the permitting and planning approval processes. Aecon Concessions president Steve Nackan said: “We want to ensure that the design for the proposed new airport terminal effectively captures and communicates the image that Bermuda aspires to project to the world, including the uniqueness of its culture, the warmth and friendliness of its people and the natural beauty of its island setting. Clearly, the contribution of local architects and designers is critical to this process and we look forward to working with OBMI, whose impressive contributions to the Bermudian architectural landscape and familiarity with public private partnerships bode especially well for the success of this project.” Colin Campbell, regional director of OBMI, said: “Our Bermuda airport provides the initial and concluding impressions of our island experience to every air traveller. This critical redevelopment of our core transportation infrastructure has the potential to become an iconic symbol of Bermudians resourcefulness and preparedness to meet the challenges of the future. Our business and tourism economy requires a facility that embraces 21st century standards. We are excited with the unique opportunity to participate in creating a new modern air terminal with a fundamentally unique Bermudian context.” The selection of OBMI as local architects for the project follows the engagement by Aecon of Bermuda-based Atlantic Well Drillers, Onsite Engineering and Bermuda-Caribbean Engineering Consultants for the airport geotechnical survey work completed in the final quarter of 2015. Building work is due to start on the new airport later this year in the face of critics who say the entire project should have been tendered. The redevelopment involves a sole source agreement between the Bermuda Government and the Canadian Commercial Corporation, a Canadian Government-owned entity, which appointed Aecon.

February 17. Tawanna Wedderburn wants to put general practitioners at the centre of care as she works to improve the island’s health. As the new chief executive officer of the Bermuda Health Council, Ms Wedderburn outlined her vision for the future of healthcare in Bermuda to The Royal Gazette. “We have to promote the GP, or the primary care physician, as the centre of care,” she said. “The primary care physician has a lot of information about the patients that they see and most patients, the vast majority of patients, have good relationships with their primary care physician. “It’s really within the context of the office that good changes can be made towards improving health outcomes, ensuring the population’s health. It comes from that one-on-one contact.” But this is only one part of Ms Wedderburn’s vision, which also includes educating people about making wise choices regarding their health. “We are at a time when we cannot have everything, so we have to make some decisions about what is important to health and what’s important to the population’s health,” she said. According to Ms Wedderburn, total health expenditure in Bermuda has dropped from $705 million in 2014 to $693 million in 2015 and the level of compliance for employers obtaining health insurance has increased, although there were still gaps for the uninsured. According to the Steps Survey 2014 and the Department of Statistics, about 8 per cent of the population are uninsured, Ms Wedderburn said. And since 2012, the number of people insured through the Standard Health Benefit has declined from 50,129 in 2012 to 47,854 in 2015. But she stressed that Bermuda’s population is also ageing, with estimates suggesting that 20 per cent of the population will be over 65 by 2020, up from 14 per cent in 2012. To help promote health, Ms Wedderburn wants insurers to offer more “innovative” coverage and benefits focusing on prevention and enhancing the dignity of care towards the end of life. While some are already doing so, she said this would help the island move away from a focus on acute care and catastrophic conditions and events. Determining which services are being offered locally that are not affordable and discussing whether they are needed for the population at this time is also important, she said. Her vision also includes improving the standards of charities providing clinical care and consolidating their efforts to avoid duplication, in line with work already being done by the Bermuda National Standards Committee. In terms of the Health Council itself, Ms Wedderburn will continue working towards making healthcare more affordable, as well as focusing on the uninsured and on mental health. “We have a commitment to sharing data and various guidelines and we will be doing that in the months ahead,” she said, adding that BHeC would also be looking at how the financing of the health system can be improved. But Ms Wedderburn stressed that the Bermuda Government also had a “very important” part to play. “Governments around the world, not just in Bermuda, are struggling with the cost of healthcare and as Bermuda also begins to have discussions, we really have a responsibility as government to encourage health because healthy people are productive people. Productive people positively influence the economy of your system. A healthy economy means healthy people, means productive people.” But she said every resident is part of government and “has a responsibility to promote the health of each other. There are six different components here and my vision in going forward is to ensure that each of those components are able to interact in a way that promotes better health outcomes and promotes a healthy population." Ms Wedderburn officially took up her new post on January 13, having worked with BHeC since 2007 as a project manager, then director of health regulation and acting CEO. Her responsibilities as CEO include overseeing the implementation of the Bermuda Health Action Plan, reporting on health expenditures and financing, setting drug prices, licensing health insurers, monitoring employers’ compliance with the Health Insurance Act and co-ordinating health system reforms. Jeanne Atherden, the Minister of Health, Seniors and Environment, said: “The Bermuda Health Council has an important role to play in supporting the Ministry’s stewardship of the island’s health system to improve quality and reduce health costs.” She added that Ms Wedderburn’s “prior knowledge would ensure seamless continuity as we bring forward important reforms” and wished her every success in her new role.

February 17. Approximately 9,000 people (12 per cent) living in Bermuda have asthma. It is the number one reason children take medication whilst at school, and the number one reason they miss school. It’s also the leading reason adults miss days from work. Respiratory disease is repeatedly one of the top causes of admission to King Edward VII Memorial Hospital. People suffering from asthma were the most frequent visitors to the Emergency Department and Urgent Care Centre last year. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is strongly associated with smoking, factory work and mining. It is a smaller problem in Bermuda than elsewhere, as these factors are less common. Approximately one in seven adults (14 per cent) of people in Bermuda are smokers, according to the STEPS survey 2014. In 2012 we started to collect COPD inpatient and outpatient statistics at KEMH. I am finding it is underreported and under diagnosed — as it is around the world — but even after taking this into account we still have a lower percentage of people with COPD in comparison to most other countries. Why are action plans important? Education is very important for patients, carers and family members. Asthma and COPD affect the dynamics of a family as a whole, however the greater the education of the family, the more they can help and offer support. It is important that education strategies are also geared to enable patients to self-manage. In the past year alone, there were 1,888 asthma visits to the Emergency Department yet only a small percentage of these patients have come to get asthma education. Every asthma visit to the Emergency Department and Urgent Care Centre is a failure of treatment. Healthcare professionals can empower their clients and help give them the tools they need to control their asthma by providing their patients with an asthma action plan! American, British, Australian, Canadian and Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines suggest that all clients are offered self-management education, including a written, individualized asthma action plan. The National Review of Asthma Deaths in May 2014 by the Royal College of Physicians in England showed that of the 195 asthma deaths from February 2012 until January 2013, less than a quarter (23 per cent), of those had ever been given an asthma action plan. As a certified asthma/COPD educator I set up the Asthma Centre in KEMH in April 2000. The goal was to create a centre that works to improve the lives of people in Bermuda living with long-term lung conditions. Today this education continues as part of Bermuda Hospitals Board’s Diabetes Respiratory Endocrine and Metabolism Centre. Located at Fairview Court on the grounds of the Mid-Atlantic Wellness Institute, I provide clients one-on-one asthma and COPD education. The service is covered by insurance. I work in close partnership with the Government Health Department, the Ministry of Education’s school asthma nurse and Bermuda’s asthma charity Open Airways. Everybody who has asthma should have an action plan from their doctor. The physician gives advice specific to the patient providing the patient with a written agreement that helps them stay in control of their asthma. It includes specific daily asthma medications and what to do when the asthma gets worse, or if they have asthma attack. An action plan can help reduce the number of visits to the Emergency Department and the doctor’s office, which in turn can improve quality of life and reduce the number of days that people have off work and school due to asthma. An action plan should be updated yearly by your doctor or asthma nurse for most adults, and more frequently if more severe. Contact asthma.centre@bhb.bm or 239-1652 for more information or an appointment. By Debbie Barboza. 

asthma relief

Asthma relief. See above article

February 16. Bermuda's competitors Jersey and Guernsey have had their long-term credit ratings cut by Standard & Poor’s Ratings Service, with both jurisdictions being lowered from AA+ to AA. The changes reflect concerns about increasing regulatory complexity and demands, with the ratings agency citing the G-10 group of countries’ focus on low-tax regimes. S&P has also given a negative outlook to both of the UK Crown dependencies to reflect potential further risks to their economies and external positions should Britain vote to leave the European Union in a referendum to be held either this year or in 2017. The news was greeted with some dismay in Jersey and Guernsey, which have economies heavily focused on offshore financial services, and in some sectors they compete with Bermuda. Alan Maclean, Jersey’s treasury and resources minister, said: “While we understand that credit-rating agencies are liable to take a particularly risk-averse view, we are disappointed with this recalibration exercise. “It is good that Jersey has retained one of the highest possible ratings but we do not accept the rationale behind the change. The European Commissioner for economic and financial affairs, taxation and customs, Pierre Moscovici, recently declared us to be an ‘important partner’ in the fight against tax evasion, fraud and abusive tax avoidance. Our standards of regulation and transparency are justly recognized to be very high. The rating does not reflect a decline in our economy or a worsening of our position.” And regarding the agency’s worries about Britain possibly pulling out of the EU, he said: “Their opinion around the likelihood of Brexit, for example, is not within our control, and there are many speculative views on that issue. I have every confidence that our economy will continue to grow, regardless of the outcome of that referendum.” In a statement, the Jersey government noted that its rating remains one of the highest possible, and its short-term rating of A-1+, the highest possible, remained unchanged. It noted that S&P’s had conducted the recalibration to address concerns that small sovereign states were receiving the same rating as larger countries. The statement continued: “This view reflects S&P’s assumption that smaller countries are more susceptible to global economic factors.” Meanwhile in Guernsey, Gavin St Pier, treasury and resources minister, said: “Standard & Poor’s appears not to have recognized the important point that Guernsey is outside the EU for most purposes and already has an established third-country relationship on financial services. We have made the case, and as a jurisdiction have actively demonstrated, that Guernsey is supportive of the EU and OECD anti-base erosion and profit-shifting agenda, meets every international standard of tax transparency and financial regulation, and has a finance sector based on expertise rather than tax avoidance or regulatory arbitrage.” Bermuda was given its most recent ratings change by S&P last April when the agency lowered the island’s long-term issuer credit and senior unsecured debt ratings to A+ from AA-. At the same time the agency lowered Bermuda’s short term rating from A-1+ to A-1.

Havana Club rumFebruary 16. A top executive from Bermudian-based drinks giant Bacardi has appeared before a US House of Representatives committee in a trademark battle with the Communist government of Cuba. Rick Wilson, Bacardi senior vice-president for external affairs, was called as a witness by the judiciary committee as part of a Congressional hearing into a decision by the American government last month to give the Cuban government rights to the Havana Club rum brand name — a trademark Bacardi insists is its property. Mr Wilson told congressmen on a subcommittee on courts intellectual property and the internet: “These decisions are unprecedented and shocking because they undo decades of United States law and policy by approving Cuba’s efforts to capitalize on and traffic in stolen goods.” He was speaking after the US government granted a renewal of the Havana Club trademark to the Cuban government and its business partner, French-based drinks multinational Pernod Ricard. The move came as US president Barack Obama moved to thaw relations with Cuba, which has been the subject of a trade embargo since the 1960s. Bacardi maintains that the move breaches a 1998 Act of Congress designed to protect trademarks taken over by the Fidel Castro-led Cuban regime after the 1959 revolution that propelled him to power. The company said the US Patent and Trademark Office granted the renewal of the registration of the trademark after “years of inactivity” and within 48 hours. The trademark originally belonged to the Cuban rum-makers Jose Arechabala, whose family company was seized and nationalized after Castro took over. The family left Cuba, stopped producing rum and allowed the US trademark to lapse in 1973. The Cuban government registered the trademark in the US in 1976 and it was assigned to Pernod Ricard in 1993. Since 1994, Cuban Havana Club has been sold around the world by the joint venture, but not in the US. Bacardi obtained the Arechabala family’s remaining rights in the brand in 1994 and began selling limited amounts of Havana Club rum in the US, which sparked a legal battle with Pernod Ricard, which was successful in two of the first three court decisions in the matter. After further legal battles, the Cuban government’s US trademark registration expired in 2006. Mr Wilson told the subcommittee last Thursday: “Courts in the US have steadfastly held that foreign confiscations will not be given effect because such confiscations are ‘shocking to our sense of justice’.” He added regulations in the US which back up the longstanding trade embargo against Cuba prohibit all transactions involving property, including trademarks, in which Cuba, or any Cuban national, has an interest, except when authorised by the Secretary of the Treasury. Mr Wilson said: “The Cuban government seized Jose Arechabala SA, a viable business with a well-known mark, and, without any interruption in the business, began making and selling rum under the Havana Club brand. What occurred was a forcible confiscation at gunpoint. Pernod Ricard, knowing all of this sordid history, chose to invest with Cuba in this stolen brand.” He added that US law had for decades prevented the Cuban government from profiting from the US Havana Club registration and that it should continue to do so. Sub-committee chairman Darrell Issa, a Republican from California, said: “Integrity in our trademark system is fundamental to property rights in the United States. The decision to grant the Havana Club trademark to the Cuban government decades after it was effectively stolen during the revolution is an act that deserves scrutiny by the committee.” The Royal Gazette reported earlier this month that Bacardi had demanded documents relating to the U-turn on Havana Club from US President Barack Obama, the US Patent and Trademark Office, the Office of Foreign Assets Control and the US Department of State under American freedom of information laws. House of Representatives judiciary committee chairman Bob Goodlatte, a Republican from Vermont, said: “The Cuban government, led by Fidel Castro, has stolen billions in property, including homes and businesses owned by Americans and American investors. As the Obama administration looks to improve relations with Cuba, important questions remain about how these claims will be satisfied.”

February 16. Business leaders will get an opportunity to learn more about the government’s Budget for the coming year at the Bermuda Chamber of Commerce’s annual Budget Breakfast on Monday. Bob Richards, the finance minister, will be at the event to talk about the Budget and to answer questions. Mr Richards is due to reveal the Budget in the House of Assembly on Friday. The breakfast will be at the Hamilton Princess and is being held in association with sponsors PwC, the professional services firm. It will feature a panel discussion format moderated by Arthur Wightman, head and insurance leader of PwC Bermuda. “The moderator will introduce our panelists and each one will have ten minutes to provide the audience with their analysis of the numbers,” said Kendaree Burgess, Chamber executive director. Our guests will be invited to submit questions in advance and on the morning of the breakfast, and it is expected that the moderator will then lead a very lively question and answer session.” Meanwhile, Mr Wightman said: “A larger than usual turnout is anticipated for the annual event as the business community looks forward to hearing more from the minister. We expect to have an informative and engaging discussion with our panelists.” The breakfast will start at 8am, and the panel discussion will begin at 8.30am. Anyone interested in attending should contact Stephanie Lee slee@bcc.bm.

February 16. Kim Wilkerson was unveiled this morning as the Progressive Labour Party’s replacement in the Senate for new MP Diallo Rabain. Marc Daniels will take over as the Opposition Leader in the Senate. Announcing Senator Wilkerson’s appointment, Marc Bean, the Opposition Leader, called her “a lawyer and business executive with over 30 years of experience, and strong community ties”. Noting the PLP’s recent win in the Devonshire North Central by-election, Mr Bean said Mr Rabain’s success presented an opportunity for “another outstanding citizen to begin fulfilling their civic duty at the highest level. Senator Wilkerson brings the experience to the Progressive Labour Party team that is necessary as we hold the Government accountable, while we prepare ourselves as the Government-in-waiting. Senator Wilkerson brings a wealth of knowledge and experience through her professional and philanthropic work, that will prove to be an asset as she analyses and scrutinizes legislation that comes before the Senate.” Sen Wilkerson said she looked forward to working with Sen Daniels and fellow Opposition Senator Renee Ming. “Bermuda is at a crossroad, and it is my belief that we must do things differently to get the results we so desperately need as a country,” she said. “No longer will the status quo do.” Sen Wilkerson is a senior vice president, regional head of claims for XL Catlin’s Insurance operations in Bermuda. She also served as general counsel of XL Insurance (Bermuda) Ltd before transitioning into the claims role in 2015. She was appointed to the Bermuda Board of Education in 2011, and served as its deputy chairwoman until 2015.

February 16. Economic benefits played no role on introducing civil unions for same-sex partners, according to Patricia Gordon-Pamplin, the Minister for Community, Cultural Affairs and Sports. At last night’s second town hall meeting on the topic, the minister acknowledged that many had argued that the island would reap profits from overseas by embracing marriage equality. However, she told those gathered at the Berkeley Institute auditorium: “We cannot make a decision that might turn Bermuda on its head and base that decision on dollars and cents.” The Government will bring legislation on civil unions before Parliament later this month in an effort to “meet our international obligations while moving forward in a moderately reasonable fashion that the population can accept”, Attorney-General Trevor Moniz said. While many who spoke at the meeting voiced unhappiness with the terms of the civil unions legislation, which applies only to same-sex couples and sets an age of 18 instead of 16, Mr Moniz said that compromise had been unavoidable and ultimately pragmatic. “You can have all the idealism you want, but if you can’t get your agenda through the House of Assembly, it avails you nothing,” the Attorney-General said, recalling the “long and tempestuous” debate in 1994 over the Stubbs Bill that struck down Bermuda’s anti-sodomy laws. At the end of the day, I put forward an amendment setting the age at 18,” Mr Moniz said. “It would not have passed without my amendment.” He acknowledged that some would see civil unions as falling short while others would feel the Government was going too fast, but added: “Don’t let the perfect be the enemy of the good.” Michael Fahy, the Minister of Home Affairs, told the crowd of about 100 people that no one has yet come up with an alternative that could effectively take into account the views of the many. The audience heard that with other legal challenges coming on the matter of same-sex marriage, the Government had been tasked with coming up with legislation that would address the matter comprehensively. While many feared that civil unions would inevitably lead to same-sex marriage becoming legal, the Attorney-General said it was a matter for future governments and the people of the time. “Ten years in the future, who knows where Bermuda will be?” Mr Moniz said. “All we can say is we know that Bermuda is not there now.”

February 16. Jono Macbeth, the Land Rover BAR sailing team manager, is pleased with the progress that the British challenger has made since its launch nearly two years ago. However, the three-times America’s Cup winner acknowledges there is still plenty of work to be done as Land Rover BAR step up their bid to achieve what no other British team has so far — win the prestigious “auld Mug”. “We’re very happy with progress both for the sailing team, and on the design and construction side,” said Macbeth, who won the America’s Cup with BMW Oracle Racing and successfully defended it with both Team New Zealand and Oracle Team USA. “There are many areas to work on and we are pushing ahead on all fronts.” Land Rover BAR was launched in June 2014 and has made considerable strides since. “We’re learning a lot and growing as a team,” Macbeth said. “Since we launched the team has achieved an enormous amount; launched our second testing boat, moved into our new team base in Portsmouth, won the first Louis Vuitton America’s Cup World Series event in our home town and signed major commercial partners including Land Rover, BT and CMC Markets. This year will be an even busier year for the team as they build-up to the America’s Cup to be held in Bermuda next summer. “It’s probably the most important year of this Cup cycle as we will be launching our race boat, ‘R1’, in Bermuda at the end of 2016,” Macbeth said. Land Rover BAR are fresh off another training exercise in the Great Sound, the venue for the 35th America’s Cup. “The sailing team has recently been in Bermuda; we want to keep familiarizing ourselves with the racecourse, the island and its wonderful people,” Macbeth said. After returning to their base in Portsmouth the team resumed training in their second test boat, which capsized off the Isle of Wight in 15 to 19 knots of wind, during a similar exercise in December last year. Damage to the team’s second AC45S test boat, referred to as T2, was sustained to a section of the wing while none of the crew were injured. Land Rover BAR are third on the Louis Vuitton America’s Cup World Series leaderboard and will look to make further inroads on the teams above when the two-year racing circuit resumes in Oman this month. Featuring all of the America’s Cup teams, the series is an opportunity to earn points that will count towards the America’s Cup qualifiers and play-offs, which will determine who competes against defender Oracle Team USA. “It’s important, but we also have to bear in mind that the goal is to win the America’s Cup, and there are some fundamental differences between sailing in the AC45 and the ACC [America’s Cup Class],” Macbeth said. “But, we are very much looking forward to getting back out on the racecourse later this month.” This month’s World Series in Oman will be held on February 27 and 28. Emirates Team New Zealand are the World Series leaders. Emirates Team New Zealand sailors Peter Burling and Blair Tuke are the 49er World Champions for the fourth consecutive year. The Kiwis successfully defended their title in convincing fashion in Clearwater, Florida, at the weekend and remain unbeaten in 24 consecutive regattas in the 49er class. Niko Delle Karth and Niko Resch, of Austria, won the silver medal while Dylan Fletcher and Alain Sign, of Britain, clinched the bronze after winning the medal race. Oracle Team USA christened their third AC45S test boat at the team’s Dockyard base yesterday. Christened as “Oracle 17”, the America’s Cup defender’s latest wing-sail foiling catamaran was hoisted into the water for the first time since its arrival from New Zealand in November last year. Oracle plan to sail the boat for the first time in the next suitable weather window. “There is a big step up with this boat in terms of the systems we are developing and now testing in real world use,” Scott Ferguson, the Oracle design coordinator, said. The new 50-foot America’s Cup class boats that the teams must design, build and race for 2017 must be entirely manually powered. Oracle’s first two AC45S boats had partially powered systems to test various components. However, since returning from the Christmas break the crew has been sailing boat two in manual mode while Oracle’s first boat has gone to SoftBank Team Japan. The systems on Oracle’s third boat represent another step-up in efficiency and effectiveness, according to Grant Simmer, the team’s general manager. “We think we will see a significant jump in performance with this boat,” he said. “The systems we are testing now will translate directly into the design of the America’s Cup boat we race in 2017.” Oracle’s designers are keeping an eye on the calendar with design deadlines for various components fast approaching. The design lock-in dates for the first America’s Cup class boat are staggered to a certain extent,” Simmer said. “But we are coming up to the time when we need to make some hard decisions.”

America's Cup challengers

Some of the America's Cup teams, see above and below stories.

February 16. A huge cargo of steel piles has been unloaded in Dockyard as part of the South Basin project. The piles will be drilled into the seabed to secure the reclaimed land that will form the foundations of the America’s Cup village. The steelwork arrived in the West End last week on board the BBC Tennessee from Baltimore in the United States. Project managers expect to start driving the piles into the earth within the next couple of weeks. Andrew Dias, the general manager of the West End Development Corporation, told The Royal Gazette that the project was “progressing well” and remained on time and on budget. “The steel as well as the other infrastructure is now on site, although obviously not on the reclaimed land as the aggregate is still being spread out,” he said. “We have taken delivery of 2.15 tonnes of steel piles, 1,726 sheet piles, 37 Y-shaped piles and 39 anchor piles. The steel work to create the perimeter is expected to take around eight weeks to complete, at which time a concrete cap will be added to the steel structure.”

February 16. Fourteen college and high school rugby teams will travel to the island next month for the Ariel Re Bermuda Rugby 7s Tournament. Ivy League colleges, including Yale University, Columbia University and Dartmouth College, are among those sending athletes for the tournament while their schools are on spring break. Two squads from Dartmouth will extend their stay in Bermuda to have a spring training camp immediately after the tournament. Two teams from Yale will extend their stay for rest and relaxation. Two teams of Bermuda High School students and one team of college-aged players will participate in the tournament next month, competing against the visiting teams. “While we are very happy to start this new event with 13 teams, there is an opportunity for this tournament to grow quickly,” Tom Healy, Bermuda’s Sevens head coach, said. “One of the ways to ensure growth is to generate strong support from the public. We hope to see Bermuda come out to welcome our guests and to cheer for our young people who will be introduced to the world stage of rugby.” In all some 200 players and coaches are expected to travel to Bermuda for the tournament, which take place at the National Sports Centre on March 18 and 19. As well as being given the opportunity to test themselves against some of the best college players in the United States, Bermuda’s players will have a chance to showcase their talents in front of coaches who have university scholarships available. “Rugby 7s is a growing sport internationally and in Bermuda,” Michael Doyle, from Ariel Re, said. “We are extremely proud to sponsor the Ariel Re High School Rugby League and excited at how this programme has grown successfully over the years. Furthermore, we look forward to showcasing the collegiate opportunities available to our young players if they continue to work hard in the classroom and on the field.” The tournament is another example of the growing partnership between the island’s sporting associations and the Bermuda Tourism Authority. One that has already seen the Denmark swim team visit the island. “We relish the opportunity to introduce Bermuda to these college and high school students who are the next generation of travelers,” Pat Phillip-Fairn, a BTA official said. “There was a time when Bermuda was the premier spring break destination of colleges and universities. We’re now evolving Bermuda’s position in that space, targeting college and high school athletic teams on spring break to present an exciting new opportunity for our tourism industry, especially when we leverage the world-class training facilities at the National Sports Centre.”

February 16. New legislation designed to improve healthcare standards and protect patients has been passed by the House of Assembly. Jeanne Atherden, the Minister of Health, said the Medical Practitioner’s Amendment Bill would “strengthen and regularize” the governance of the physician sector, registration standards and the complaints-handling procedures. Ms Atherden described the 1950 Medical Practitioners Act as “outdated” saying: “It requires substantial amendment to ensure it is relevant to the current practice of medicine in Bermuda.” The new Bill requires members of the Bermuda Medical Council to declare conflicts of interest, while practitioners must make up over half of the council’s membership. Members can serve for two consecutive terms of three years, and may only be reappointed after a break. The legislation requires that the BMC establishes a code of conduct for medical practitioners. Under the new Bill physicians have to be “actively practising” to register and possess malpractice insurance so patients can seek redress for medical errors or misconduct. The amendment removes disparities in registration fees and exam requirements that arose depending on where a physician worked. At present fees are waived for practitioners employed at the hospital and in the Bermuda Government, and the exam is waived for those employed in Government. Ms Atherden said: “The removal of the fee and the exam waiver by place of employment provides equity of registration requirements and formally establishes a single standard across Bermuda.” The new legislation amends the definition of misconduct to include failing to discharge a duty prescribed under any other statute such as the Public Health Act 1949 that requires physicians to report communicable diseases. It also provides that all reports of impaired practitioners end up with the Chief Medical Officer who then informs the Professional Conduct Committee. Previously reports against hospital medical practitioners were just referred to the Chief of Staff, who must now inform the Chief Medical Officer. Furthermore members on the adjudicating body; the council, cannot be on the investigation body; the committee. The Chief Medical Officer has also been removed from the investigation process with all complaints going to the committee to investigate, while appeals concerning registration will be to the Supreme Court instead of Cabinet. The amendment gives the council power to impose an immediate suspension of practice on a practitioner, if there is significant and demonstrable risk to the public, pending an investigation. During Friday’s debate in the House of Assembly Opposition MPs Kim Wilson and Michael Weeks questioned Ms Atherden on the level of consultation that had taken place with medical practitioners over the changes. While PLP Michael Scott queried whether the legislation was a reaction to recent Supreme Court cases involving the Bermuda Hospitals Board and claimed the Bill simply created barriers within the profession. But Ms Atherden maintained that consultation within the profession had taken place and the legislation had “nothing to do” with any recent court case. “This is designed to improve the standards of the physician community and increase the level of expertise,” she said.

February 16. Bermudians are worried about their ability to afford retirement, an expert from HSBC said yesterday. Renee Bullock-Cann, HSBC Bermuda head of retail banking, wealth management and marketing, said that a worldwide survey by the bank registering concern over the cost of retirement was in line with the bank’s experience in Bermuda. She added: “A number of our customers have shared their concerns regarding whether they will be in a position to retire within their desired time frame. These sentiments align with what the latest Future of Retirement: Healthy new beginnings survey results are telling us, where one in five people globally are concerned about their ability to retire fully.” Ms Bullock-Cann said: “Clearly understanding each person’s retirement aspirations, such as when they ideally wish to begin this phase of their lives, while accounting for extended healthcare costs as people live longer, are just two of the considerations that, when planned appropriately, can help allay an individual’s concerns regarding retirement.” She added: “We want this phase of our customers’ lives to be one where financial barriers are not preventing them from retiring in the way in which they aspire to.” The HSBC survey, which covered 18,000 people in 17 countries, found that 65 per cent of those aged 45 and over would like to retire within in the five years, but 38 per cent said they would be unable to do so. And 18 per cent of people surveyed predicted that financial pressures meant they would never be able to fully retire. The figure is almost double the proportion of those that said the same when the last survey was carried out in 2015. Argentina, at 78 per cent, logged the highest number of people aged 45 and over who wanted to quit work in the next five years. The South American country was followed by France on 77 per cent, China, 75 per cent and the UK, also on 75 per cent. Of those who said they would like to retire, but cannot, more than 80 per cent said it was because they could not afford to. More than half of those aged 45-plus who want to retire in the next five years would do so to spend more time on travel or other interests, while 44 per cent said they wanted to spend more time with their families. Almost one in three, 29 per cent, said they were tired of the routine of work and nearly a quarter, 23 per cent, said work had a bad effect on their mental and/or physical health. Working people over the age of 45 who have a partner who is already retired were most likely to want to quit work in the next five years — 81 per cent — with a total of 39 per cent saying they wanted to do so to join their partner in retirement. A total of 64 per cent of those surveyed said they could not retire when they wanted due to a lack of savings, while 32 per cent said they had dependants and 24 per cent said they had a lot of debt to pay off.

February 16. Members of the St David’s community rallied together last night to object to the potential closure of their primary school. Parents, staff, former and current students attended St David’s Primary School to discuss the school re-organization (Score) report and its implications. The report, released by education minister Wayne Scott last week, contained a scenario that identified the school as a possible candidate for closure along with Heron Bay Primary School, Gilbert Institute and Prospect Primary School. Addressing the crowd, school principal Gladstone Thompson said: “The Score process has inherent good in that it can actually assist all the primary schools to become better. But when it comes to what I think schools are about, and that is instruction and that are results, St David’s Primary meets the standards. I need you to look carefully at these scenarios and then compare it to what is, what we actually have. And I think that what we have is something that our ministry should be proud of,” Mr Thompson highlighted some of the school’s academic achievements and went over the 14 areas considered by the report, which he said did not include academic ability but instead focused on infrastructure. He said that while some problems, such as rusty picnic tables, had already been addressed, others, such as classroom utilization and the school buildings’ financial viability, called for a more robust conversation. “Can we improve? Absolutely,” he said. “Do we think things are so bad that we can’t improve? Absolutely not.” But Mr Thompson also pointed out some inaccuracies in the report, stating that the school has more than ten community partners even though the reports lists none. PTA president Patrice Minors questioned whether any of the points raised in the report warranted the closure of the school, which was met with a resounding “no” from the crowd. “They seem insignificant in my opinion, and it seems so in the opinion of others, to warrant the closure,” she said, adding that “there’s a wealth of things we can do to prevent the closure of this school." Ms Minors encouraged parents and members of the community to come together in an “organised, strategic and deliberate” manner to represent the school and be prepared for future issues. She also urged those present to attend a meeting with the education minister at CedarBridge Academy on Tuesday next week, before opening the floor to members of the public. Some expressed concerns about the accuracy of the Score report, with some labeling it and the information it contained as “petty.” Others raised questions about who compiled the report and who visited the school and for how long, with some suggesting that the committee should perhaps return. Attendees also stressed the history and importance of the school to the local community. Area MP Lovitta Foggo then addressed the attendees, stating that “this is not a political fight, this is a community fight.” She also encouraged all to come out to support the school at next week’s meeting." We will march to CedarBridge Academy and make certain that we have our voices heard with a very, very loud clamor. Just this meeting here is not sufficient,” she added. “We do need you community members to put your name forward in coming up with ideas to make the message loud and clear that closure is unacceptable.” But Ms Foggo also stressed that closure was never a recommendation of the Score report. “I have to ask why, why is something being promoted if it wasn’t a recommendation. You are looking at the best elementary school in Bermuda.”

St David's Primary School

St. David's Primary School. See above story

February 16. Exposed live electrical wires, rodents climbing into classrooms, discarded condoms, and play structures that are “an accident waiting to happen”. These are some of the damning health and safety failings across Bermuda’s public primary schools exposed through the recently released school re-organization (Score) report. The Bermuda Government-commissioned report released to the public earlier this month, was designed to set out plans for “improving the quality and consistency of programming across primary schools” with the additional goal of “achieving cost savings and efficiency”. Guided by 14 “study factor criteria” the report identified four primary schools for possible closure — Heron Bay Primary School, Prospect Primary School, Gilbert Institute and St David’s Primary School. These criteria included safety and accessibility, building condition, school utilization, classroom capacity and financial resources. The criteria for each school was scored on a scale of 1 to 5 with five being the best score. Any school scoring under 4 was identified as being “in need of review”. Each of the island’s 18 primary schools scored less than 4 when with regards to safety and accessibility with 8 scoring below 2. The lowest scoring schools (a score of 1) in terms of safety, listed as being in need of “immediate attention”, are: Northlands Primary School, Paget Primary School, Prospect, Victor Scott Primary School, West Pembroke, Elliot, Harrington Sound and St David’s Primary Schools. Testimonials from staff paint a bleak picture at the schools which the Ministry of Education says it aims to address. Harrington Sound reported: “Play structures in terrible condition. Swings are broken. Triangle is an accident waiting to happen. Some windows are very low; lots of rodents get into the building.” There were security concerns raised at Paget as “people without permission enter easily”. This is coupled with the fact that school keys have been copied and are “out in the public”. Victor Scott students must endure “termites and mould all over the school” while Elliot has problems with mould, termites and no water in the upper school bathrooms. Open electrical pipes and exposed live wires were found at Northlands whose building was described as “not conducive to primary age children”. Somerset Primary School achieved a slightly higher score of 2 despite reports of condoms and pornographic material found on the school grounds as well as concerns about children suffering asthma due to poor air quality. Among the considerations drawn up in the report were the need to improve school safety, improve and upgrade facilities and review and address, where identified, school accessibility and delineate how buildings will be maintained to meet 21st-century standards. With regards to the state of the school buildings, 15 of the 18 schools scored below 4. The report said in its considerations of building conditions: “A plan is to be developed for assessing building conditions and bringing school buildings up to 21st-century standards. Monitoring processes are to be implemented.” The report also promised to “review the relationship between the Department of Education, the Department of Works and Engineering and other Ministries to ensure accountability and effective protocols for timely building repairs and responsive management.” Seven schools scored the minimum one point in the safety and accessibility study factor criteria. Here are some of the highlights taken from staff testimonials within the Score report. Dalton E Tucker: A “major concern and challenge” cited was that cars and children come in through the same entry making it unsafe. Water drainage is an issue at the school. Elliot Primary School: “I’ve been working by myself for three months because the other custodian is out sick. Mould — when opening the school in the morning there is a strong smell of mould in the room across from the custodian office, end room, deputy office and current tech room. Art room has termites in the door and cabinets. No water in the upper school bathrooms — repairs needed to water pump. Walkway in the lower block needs to be closed off due to drainage problems when it rains. There are some issues with mould … my eyes were stinging. “ Harrington Sound: “Play structures in terrible condition. Swings are broken. Triangle is an accident waiting to happen. We don’t have a hard surface area. Some windows are very low; lots of rodents get into the building.” Northlands Primary: “There are some safety and health concerns with open electrical pipes and exposed live wires. The building is not ‘developmentally appropriate’ for primary aged students who moved to the school from Dellwood. This facility is not safe for little children. The hard surfaces are dangerous. The crossing lights need to be repaired, been out of service for over a year.” Paget Primary: “A major area of concern is the security of the school. People without permission enter easily. Classrooms have some structural issues and are leaking and mouldy. There is an issue of having keys copied in the past and are out in the public.” St David’s Primary: “Bathrooms definitely need upgrading. Leaking rooms. Victor Scott: “Termites and mould all over the school. Custodian has a rodent/vermin problem.”

February 16. Stagnant salaries and rising living costs are the real reasons why many poorer residents cannot afford groceries, a community advocate has claimed. Sheelagh Cooper from the Coalition for the Protection of Children spoke after The Royal Gazette revealed yesterday that lower-income families were being priced out of supermarket shopping. A Royal Gazette article from July 2008 painted a far sunnier picture — studying the cost of a typical grocery list at Lindo’s, The MarketPlace and Supermart supermarkets. It stated: “While food prices are soaring across the world, it appears that Bermuda stores are helping customers by keeping prices low, and in some instances dropping them.” Last Thursday, we visited the same three supermarkets and selected five staple items from the list — milk, cheese, bread, broccoli and apples — to compare their 2008 and 2016 costs. The investigation revealed a 25.17 per cent price rise at Lindo’s ($24.51 to $30.68), a 25.5 per cent rise at The MarketPlace ($24.07 to $30.21) and a 16.69 per cent rise at Supermart ($25.03 to $29.21). In line with this hike, charities offering food assistance initiatives have reported spiraling demands upon their services year-on-year. Major Frank Pittman, divisional commander of The Salvation Army, said that the organization's weekday evening feeding programme had swelled considerably in recent times, welcoming up to 100 hungry people a day in Hamilton. Nesi Armstrong, founder of Facebook donation group Free Food Bermuda, also spoke of her “ever-growing” list of low-income residents seeking help, while criticizing those who place profit margins above all else. Claudette Fleming, executive director of seniors advocacy group Age Concern, called for an inquiry on how supermarkets reach their price points. “I know that when people come to visit, they’re astounded by the prices that we pay for food. I also know there are a lot of families who cite the price of food as one of the reasons they leave the island. What is driving up the costs? Work must be done on the exact nature of that issue, but it has to be done objectively because it can be a very emotive subject.” However, Mrs Cooper argued that unacceptably low salaries among the bottom quartile of Bermuda’s population presented a more pertinent problem than supermarket price levels. She said: “The cost of living has crept up significantly, but the wages in this community have actually dropped. Accounting for inflation, they’re significantly lower than they were 30 years ago. I’ve had conversations with all the big grocery stores and, unfortunately, they don’t have the capacity to drastically reduce their prices. Realistically, Government cannot control the prices at the supermarket. It can, however, introduce a minimum wage.”

February 15. Bermuda was among offshore jurisdictions that came under the spotlight in an undercover probe by a charity into the movement of suspect funds into the US. An investigator from charity Global Witness, backed by Christian Aid, posed as the representative of a foreign government minister to visit more than a dozen law firms in New York to ask how to anonymously move large sums of money. The investigation, aired on the 60 Minutes programme, found that in many cases, lawyers suggested using Bermuda or another British Overseas Territory to set up a company or a trust. One lawyer and a colleague were filmed suggesting that the made-up government minister use a Cayman Islands firm or a Bermuda trust company and that he set up a bank account in Gibraltar. The charity’s investigation came ahead of a scheduled anti-corruption summit that Britain is to hold this year. Rosie Sharpe, of Global Witness, said the programme showed that public registers should be established to show beneficial owners. Ms Sharpe said that Montserrat is creating a public register of beneficial owners, while Gibraltar was required by European Union law to give access to ownership information to anyone who can show a legitimate interest. And she claimed: “Company ownership in the other Overseas Territories is still secret.” Bermuda already has a register of beneficial ownership, available to governments and other overseas agencies investigating potential crimes, but the list is made not public. Joseph Stead, campaigner at British-based Christian Aid, said: “The UK’s Overseas Territories say that their regimes are good enough to stop corruption and tax evasion, but this shocking investigation suggests that’s far from the reality. Britain must address this problem in the UK’s backyard of the Overseas Territories, as well as the city, if this summit is to be a success and for the UK to have any credibility as a world leader in fighting corruption.” The meetings with the law firms took place in June 2014, but the results were only aired on CBS’s 60 Minutes last month. Global Witness added that most of the lawyers requested information about the government minister, who was said to come from West Africa, an area prone to government corruption, and his source of funds. One refused to provide assistance during the meeting itself, and another later sent an e-mail to say he could not work with the investigator. The charity added that none of the lawyers involved broke the law or agreed to take on the investigator as a client.

February 15. The Bank of Butterfield is to close its London private bank. The bank said that the British-based Butterfield Private Bank’s “scale and scope were not consistent with Butterfield Group’s growth strategy”. A spokesman for the firm said that it would maintain its mortgage-lending business in the UK if approved by regulators. The bank added: “The Butterfield Group’s growth strategy is focused on markets where it has a substantial presence and can achieve economies of scale. As evidenced by recent acquisitions in Guernsey, the Cayman Islands and Bermuda, the group will deploy its resources to invest in community banking and wealth management in high-quality offshore jurisdictions.” The group operated deposit taking and investment management in Britain and said it was fully funded to return all investments and cash balances to clients. The spokesman added: “Clients will be contacted directly by Butterfield Private Bank with respect to the transfer of their deposits and investments to other financial institutions or other entities within the Butterfield Group as appropriate.” 

February 15. More than two-thirds of insurance company CEOs see technology as an opportunity, but also as a threat. Changing customer expectations means that data and analytics and relationship management systems are seen as ways to boost business. But nearly 80 per cent of top executives in insurance said that cyber threats are a barrier to growth, a higher percentage than in banking and capital markets. The news came in the annual global survey report by professional services firm PwC looking at worldwide trends among CEOs, including more than 100 insurance chiefs in 43 countries. Arthur Wightman, PwC Bermuda head and insurance leader, said: “Reinsurers and insurers are very much on the front line of a more unstable world. “This uncertainty makes it more challenging to manage exposures but it also opens up opportunities as businesses look to the industry to provide the risk analysis, advice and protective coverage they need to navigate through this difficult landscape. To capitalize on these opportunities, reinsurers and insurers need to embrace new ways of working, novel ways of interacting with customers and alternatives to traditional products and services. Helping businesses to protect against cyber attacks offers huge potential growth for insurers — we estimate that annual premiums could reach $7.5 billion by the end of the decade.” A PwC report entitled “Seizing the Future”, using information from the global survey, found that businesses were facing more complex problems that crossed the borders between geopolitics, regulation, cyber security, societal development, people and reputation. Stephen O’Hearn, PwC’s global insurance leader, said findings from the global survey of business leaders showed that insurers who were ahead of the game were more likely to view technology as an opportunity rather than a threat. “They are harnessing the creativity of their people to tap into new value chains and transform operational speed and cost. They are also seeking out new sources of data and making the most of client touch points to enhance customer experience, outcomes and whole new possibilities in what the business can deliver.” And Mr Wightman said that helping companies protect against cyber attacks offers huge potential growth for insurers. He added: “We estimate that annual premiums could reach $7.5 billion by the end of the decade.” PwC warned, however, that cyber risk could also expose insurers to significant losses, both through claims on coverage and through technology errors and omissions and other existing business lines. And insurance company CEOs are also worried about the speed of technological change, with 70 per cent registering concern, while 60 per cent are concerned about shifts in consumer spending and behavior. The report found that new competitive benchmarks are being set by new entrants with a good grasp of financial technology and which are looking for gaps and weak points in the market, using digital know-how to improve customer understanding and undercutting established rivals with cost-efficient digital distribution. PwC said that better use of technology could see income streams shifting from premiums to premiums plus subscriptions, while some insurers “may reinvent themselves altogether, from protecting against risks to managing and monetising information.” The PwC survey showed that business leaders are less optimistic about the prospects for the global economy compared to last year. Only 28 per cent of insurance CEOs believe they will see improvements this year, compared to 40 per cent in 2015. And fewer CEOs are confident they will be able to increase revenues this year — 38 per cent compared to 44 per cent last year. The report added that 70 per cent of insurers are planning to cut costs in the coming year, with technology said to be the trend most likely to change customer expectations over the next five years.

February 15. The One Bermuda Alliance has been accused of underhand tactics in its immigration policy, while Trevor Moniz, the Attorney-General, pleaded for the Opposition to turn the temperature down and “wait for the numbers.” The year’s first session of the House closed with a heated Motion to Adjourn, in which new Opposition MP Diallo Rabain, giving his first speech, told the OBA Government that it had roundly failed as an administration. Progressive Labour Party MP Derrick Burgess said that hundreds, if not thousands of people, stood to gain status under OBA initiatives culminating in the “pathways to status” recently unveiled by Michael Fahy, the Minister of Home Affairs. “Wake up with some common sense; think about the people of this country that are making less,” Mr Burgess said, while Opposition MP Walton Brown told Parliament that the new policies were reminiscent of the proposals that we had in place in the 1960s in their racial and political motivation. Mr Brown branded the latest initiative “the most dramatic immigration legislation ever”, and loaded with an explicit political agenda. He noted that senator Fahy, in striking down term limits in 2013, had included a declaration to be signed by work permit holders indicating they would not be entitled to permanent residency — a move apparently contradicted in the new steps to open up permanent residency and status to long-term residents. However, Mr Moniz responded that the Government understood the suffering of unemployed Bermudians and was doing its best to stimulate a mired economy. “With this particular issue with pathways to status, we will be holding public meetings in the coming weeks,” the AG said. “Give us time to roll out the numbers and meet with the public, and you will see how this makes sense.” Mr Moniz tried to assure a skeptical Opposition that the number of residents eligible would not be as high as it had been depicted, but Speaker of the House Randy Horton had to rein in an increasingly acrimonious debate. Rising next, PLP MP Jamahl Simmons told the House that Bermudians had “embraced anyone who came to our shores” but received “disrespect, racism, intolerance and discrimination” in return. Mr Simmons told the OBA side that “an honourable Government in the Westminster system that changes its agenda, goes to the polls.” PLP MPs Rolfe Commissiong, Michael Scott, Lovitta Foggo, Walter Roban along with Marc Bean, leader of the Opposition and David Burt, the deputy leader, continued to lambaste the Government’s new immigration policy as the motion to adjourn went into the early hours of Saturday. Mr Commissiong accused the OBA of adding scores of white voters to the roll, while black people were leaving the Island. Mr Scott branded the new immigration policy as “ridiculous” saying it was much too late for Mr Moniz to ask for patience. “There is an ill wind blowing across our little island,” Mr Scott added. “If their (the Government’s) objective is to bring civil commotion then you could not wish for a better recipe.” Ms Foggo urged the Government to desist with the policy saying: “Bermudians should be first and foremost” while Mr Burt added: “The Government is losing its legitimacy day by day. You are tinkering with the very existence of this country. I hope you will listen.” Mr Bean warned the OBA: “You reap what you sow, the world is round and what is coming for you will not miss.” But Patricia Gordon-Pamplin, the Minister for Community, Cultural Affairs and Sport, and Shawn Crockwell, the Minister for Transport and Tourism Development, launched a staunch defence of their party’s policies and record. Mr Crockwell said he took exception to PLP claims that the OBA did not care about Bermudians saying: “This Government had nothing to do with the state of the economy” when it took office. Meanwhile Ms Gordon-Pamplin condemned the PLP for “shooting down” every single policy advance by the Government. She added: “They would rather see people hungry because it suits their narrative.” Michael Dunkley closed the evening’s Motion to Adjourn by attacking the Opposition for its silence on the issue of same-sex marriage. “They are silent,” the Premier said. "They are like the church mouse, they don’t speak and wait for the Government to resolve the situation.” Mr Dunkley accused the PLP of championing the rights of the people when it suited them and vowed that his party would continue to move the country forward and get the job done.

February 15. The Government has spent more than $14 million on the America’s Cup as of the end of 2015, according to recently released figures. In response to questions by the Progressive Labour Party, economic development minister Grant Gibbons said the total operational and capital development costs for the event totaled $14,145,973 as of December 23, 2015. The largest listed expense was Capital Development Grants, which were estimated at $7,011,605, followed by $5 million in ACEA sponsorship payments. ACBDA Ltd received $1.77 million in operating grants, while $170,466 was spent on consultant services and $120,947 on salaries. Other listed expenses included $51,310 in insurance for the event and $20,327 spent on event management. Dr Gibbons also released a list of contractors and consultants who were paid by ACBDA Ltd last year. A total of 18 companies were contracted, including Correia Construction, East End Asphalt, BCM McAlpine and Dynamite Excavating. Meanwhile, 15 persons and companies were paid as consultants. Of those, Total Marketing and Communications Ltd received the most, being paid $255,753 for their work. Other listed consultants included the Bermuda Tourism Authority, Bermuda Environmental Consultants, KPMG and Q-Ship Enterprises.

February 15. Tourism stakeholders have been given an insider’s view of some of the activities, projects and benefits that the Louis Vuitton America’s Cup is bringing to Bermuda. Peter Rusch, the America’s Cup Event Authority and Oracle Team USA public relations and communications director, expressed excitement, commitment and enthusiasm for Bermuda as the event’s destination to SKAL Bermuda members at their February meeting. “There has been overwhelming satisfaction by the America’s Cup teams and support staff for Bermuda as the headquarters of the event. The synergy with Bermuda and the America’s Cup has led to the development of programmes to leave a sporting legacy in Bermuda. The best examples of this are AC Endeavour and Team BDA, which is preparing to compete in the Red Bull Youth America’s Cup.” Mr Rusch highlighted the America’s Cup Endeavour programme, which recently gifted five of 15 restored Optimist dinghies to local youth sailors in Bermuda and aims to provide unique sporting and educational opportunities for youths across all socioeconomic backgrounds. Team BDA, meanwhile, is in the team development stage with a programme to attract the best local sailors and athletes who will be equipped to compete in 2017 at the Red Bull Youth America’s Cup with the world’s best young sailors in foiling high-performance catamarans. According to Mr Rusch, the America’s Cup has also generated a number of other sailing events for Bermuda, including the first RC44 regatta and World Match Racing Tour qualifying regattas. President of SKAL Bermuda, Barbara O’Shaughnessy, said: “As stakeholders of the tourism community, our Skal members were excited to hear from someone who has the inside track regarding both the America’s Cup and the Oracle team and hear of the wonderful activities, projects and benefits for Bermuda during the next 18 months. The global scope of the America’s Cup events means that Bermuda is being promoted around the world as the teams compete in the ‘Race to Bermuda’ around the world in 2015 and 2016, leading to tremendous awareness and exposure for Bermuda.” SKAL Bermuda was established in 1962 as part of a global organization, Skal International, which brings together all branches of the travel and tourism industry.

February 15. The number of students transferring out of public schools is increasing year-on-year, according to recently released figures. Transfers of both primary and middle school students have been rising since 2012, said Minister of Education Wayne Scott, in response to questions from PLP backbencher Walton Brown. The number of senior students leaving the public system, however, fell last year, bucking the trend. In 2012, a total of 13 students transferred from public primary and secondary schools, but that figure increased to 63 in 2013, 108 in 2014 and 153 last year. Of the 337 students who transferred during that period, 247 went overseas while 31 went to private schools and 12 to home schools. Meanwhile, a total of 22 students transferred from public senior schools in 2012. That number rose to 26 in 2013 and 76 in 2014, but fell to 30 last year. As with the younger students, the majority of the transferred students found themselves enrolled in schools overseas. A total of 23 students went to home schools, while ten switched to private schools. Mr Scott denied a suggestion that the increasing transfer numbers were an indictment of the public education system, telling the House that in many cases the transfers were due to families leaving the island and noting occasions when multiple siblings are transferred overseas at the same time. In other cases, he said the students were seeking placement in speciality programmes, such as those that focus on athletics. “I think it’s important to note that this is a trend that we started to see in 2011-2012 and has continued,” he said.

February 15. Bermuda’s uniformly high grocery prices are placing overwhelming strain on lower income residents, community leaders have warned. Nesi Armstrong, founder of Facebook donation group Free Food Bermuda, said that she had “an ever-growing list” of families in need, owing to people being priced out of supermarket shopping. “Every year, more people are coming forward,” she said, criticizing those who have failed to drop their prices to an affordable level. “I understand that the prices are greater in the Bermudian market because of importation costs, but they do have more room to go down. Not everyone can afford to shop in bulk. They just want to go into the grocery store and buy general things like fresh produce.” Major Frank Pittman, divisional commander of The Salvation Army, said that the lack of options available for grocery shopping on the island placed customers in a bind. “Bermuda has a high cost of living, and that causes a problem for people struggling with a low income, as they don’t have options like Wal-Mart. There’s not enough competition to drive the market. The wealthy can afford it, but the poor people get caught because they have no ways and means of being able to cope with the prices. Some of them have to make a choice — do they buy food for their family or do they pay the utility bill? The Salvation Army’s feeding programme, offering free hot meals five days a week on North Street, now welcomed more people than ever before. This increase has caused the programme to run at a deficit of $10,000, which in turn has contributed to a shortfall in The Salvation Army’s coffers. It has been growing to the point where we now get 80 to 100 people a day. It used to be mostly homeless men. Now some of the people we see have homes, they just can’t afford food, so they come to us for their evening meal.” In Britain, the economic malaise of recent years has led to the boom of low-cost supermarkets. Aldi and Lidl continue to make enormous inroads — doubling their market share since 2012, while the nation’s traditional supermarkets have floundered. Martha Dismont, executive director at community charity Family Centre, said that the demand existed for Bermuda to introduce a budget supermarket. “Families are struggling with their basic needs. The conditions in this community warrant us to go places we haven’t gone before.” Mrs Dismont suggested that a low-budget supermarket in Bermuda could sustain itself by specializing in locally sourced produce such as fruit, vegetables and fish. “It would certainly would help families afford their basic food needs,” she said. On Thursday, The Royal Gazette conducted a price comparison check at four major supermarket branches — The MarketPlace, Miles Market, Supermart and Lindo’s — as well as bulk discount stores Price Rite and Hunt’s.

February 13. Police commissioner Michael DeSilva outlined a three-pronged approach being implemented by the Bermuda Police Service to combat the rise in robberies. Speaking at a press conference where he unveiled Bermuda’s end-of-year crime statistics yesterday morning, Mr DeSilva said there was about one extra crime for every day of 2015 compared with 2014. Of note was an increase in robberies up by 13 offences on last year to 46 equating to 36 per cent. While this is the highest rate since 2012, the figure has nearly halved since 2011, when there were 88 robberies. Mr DeSilva said: “The police are monitoring this trend closely which has continued into 2016, with ten robberies occurring in the first six weeks of the year [2016].” He said these robberies fell into two categories: crimes of opportunity by criminals with a propensity for violence or violent acts arising out of gang and respect issues. He added: “We went through a spate of chain snatchers last year; they are about feuding tensions between gangs. Once we understand what is driving it, we look at preventive measures and will be stepping up our work with our community action teams and businesses, particularly late-night businesses and high-cash businesses, to look at security features that can make them tougher targets. “The other prevention is around how we deploy our resources, so if we look at when and where and on whom robberies are occurring, then that really focuses us on where our officers need to be. The other one is about bringing these violent offenders to justice. If we can hold people to account, we often find that they are responsible for more than one violent crime.” Mr DeSilva said the police were well placed to tackle the problem. “In terms of being able to respond to violence, we have demonstrated that we are well positioned,” he said. “We are hoping that the body-worn cameras that we rolled out a few months ago will have an impact. It removes all doubt when we review the tape and it is an opportunity to diffuse the situation because we are training our officers to inform the public that they are being recorded. When you know you are being recorded, it gives you the opportunity for pause.” Last year there were 3,750 offences committed — close to 1,000 each quarter. That represents an increase of some 356 crimes — up 10.5 per cent. There were four murders in 2015, including one gun death, compared with four in 2014, two of which were by firearm. Police logged 21 instances of recovering firearms and/or ammunition throughout the course of the year. Offences against children led to a marked rise of 17 offences compared with 2011, while residential burglary was down 252 to 449. Disorder offences, including affray, obstructing police, violently resisting arrest and breaking curfew, were up 60 per cent on last year. Traffic collisions were down to 1,310, with police recording the lowest number of collisions for five years. While overall crime was up last year, Mr DeSilva accentuated the positive, given that 2015 figures were held in comparison with a 2014 standard that returned the lowest total crime rate since 2000. At the time Mr DeSilva said the low-crime rate in 2014, in particular in relation to gangs, was in part down to “more officers on foot patrol, more community action teams, a greater investigative and forensic capacity and more support from the community”. Wrapping up, Mr DeSilva highlighted the recently published BPS Strategic Plan 2016 to 2018, which took effect on January 1 and said his team would be constructing the first of three annual policing plans to coincide with the financial year starting April 1. “These plans articulate our priorities to the public, which are tackling crime and antisocial behavior, engaging with the community and making the roads safer,” he said.

February 13. The community surrounding Heron Bay Primary School would be negatively affected if the school were to close as proposed in the Bermuda Government’s school reorganization plan. This is the view of principal Lisa Swan, who said the school enjoys about 20 community partnerships and has a raft of educational programmes for its 90 students. Ms Swan has been at Heron Bay for one year and has begun implementing additional programmes for the children. Heron Bay, which celebrates its 90th anniversary this year, is one of four schools that were identified as potential candidates for closure — the others are St David’s Primary School, Gilbert Institute and Prospect Primary School. Ms Swan told The Royal Gazette: “Members of our community use the school for so many programmes and events — we have Neighborhood Watch, we have the after-school and morning programmes. It is not just the school itself, it is the community at large it affects. “We have every programme that the other schools have. This year we had Entrepreneur Day, where community partners came into the classroom and shared their expertise and we went out to some businesses. Our P5-P6 boys went to Raynor’s Garage to learn how to change a tire on their car, then we had Sousa’s Landscaping, who came and did a really good job talk about landscaping. We want to make sure that our children fit into the world, rather than wait until they get into high school. We are starting the Leader in Me Programme, which the parents are so excited about because it is their goal to make their children leaders. A principal in a US school tried the programme and turned it into an award-winning school.” The principal said that, although the school faces possible closure, the parents and teachers she has encountered appear optimistic about its future. “Last year we were in a similar situation and I think people got skittish and didn’t register,” she said. “We had a strong turnout for our open house this year, so we are optimistic. The ones who came seemed to be very happy with our school. This year we are pushing parents: if it is their school of choice, go ahead and register their children. When I see people in town or in the grocery story, they say ‘we are going to send our children to Heron Bay!’ or ‘we are sending our children to you!’ and it is really refreshing. We feel pretty optimistic that we will get a good enrolment. We will just have to wait and see.” A PTA spokesman at the school said the children benefit from good educational programmes. “It is very personable because it is a small school and the children get undivided attention,” she said. “The teachers are very receptive. Ms Swan has been working really hard, implementing different programmes to help strengthen the children’s reading. The overall education is good. I would really hate to see it close. It is the 90th anniversary and Ms Swan has something planned at least once a month to celebrate.” The PTA is holding an emergency meeting on Monday to come up with an action plan to save the school.

SoftBank Team JapanFebruary 12. SoftBank Team Japan’s preparations for the 35th America’s Cup suffered a setback after the team’s AC45S test boat was significantly damaged during a training exercise in the Great Sound last week. The challenger’s wing-sail foiling catamaran experienced a daggerboard system malfunction which led to structural damage to one of the boat’s twin hulls. The windward daggerboard on Team Japan’s AC45S exited straight out of the bottom of the boat during a gybe and struck the outside of the hull, leaving two nasty gashes, which has kept the team’s boat builders busy over the past several days repairing the damage. “We entered a gybe as per normal and as we dropped the board we had a failure in the mechanical board system. There was an enormous noise,” Chris Draper, the Team Japan tactician and sailing director, said. “I was to leeward already to drive out the gybe and at first I thought we’d hit a channel marker or something. We rounded up immediately and stopped the boat and found that the windward daggerboard had passed the top bearing meaning it had exited straight out of the bottom of the boat. The noise we had heard was the board hitting the hull from the outside. The whole thing happened very quickly. The hull had some damage to the core, which has been replaced and re-laminated. There is a bit of work inside the daggerboard housing itself and some work to do to the appendage.” Dean Barker, the Team Japan CEO and skipper, added: “You have good days and then some not so good. A gentle reminder of the respect you need for these amazing boats.” Fortunately, no one was injured during the incident. The team was able to pinpoint exactly what went wrong through available data and on-board camera footage and expect to resume training in their AC45S this weekend. “We are super lucky to have such a great boat building team that have jumped on top of all of this along with great support from core builders and our cousins [Oracle Team USA] next door,” Draper said. Team Japan’s mishap is the second involving an AC45 in the Great Sound in four months. Fellow challenger Artemis Racing’s AC45F suffered extensive damage in a collision with the umpire boat during the past October’s Louis Vuitton America’s Cup World Series. Umpires Peter Shrubb, the former Royal Bermuda Yacht Club commodore, and Alfredo Ricci both escaped with minor injuries while none of the Artemis crew were hurt. Despite losing their bowsprit and genneker, Artemis went on to win the regatta.

February 12. NEW YORK (Bloomberg) — Bermuda-registered and domiciled American International Group (AIG) posted its second-straight quarterly loss, adding to pressure on chief executive officer Peter Hancock, who lifted the dividend and announced a $5 billion share buyback as he fights demands from activist investor Carl Icahn for a management shake-up. And the group agreed to nominate one of the activist’s allies to the board of directors along with hedge fund manager John Paulson, as the board is expanded to 16 directors from 14, the New York-based insurer said yesterday. Joining Paulson is Samuel Merksamer, a managing director at Icahn Capital. Icahn faulted the insurer in October for failing to meet profitability targets, and he and Paulson pressured AIG to focus primarily on property-casualty coverage. Icahn has said the plan announced in January by the insurer to exit smaller assets, including the mortgage guaranty business and a broker-dealer network, is not enough of a drastic change. “We continue to believe that smaller and simpler is better and look forward to working collaboratively with the board and management,” Icahn said in a separate statement, adding that he declined to join the panel because of his busy schedule. The net loss was $1.84 billion, or $1.50 a share, in the three months ended December 31 and compares with profit of $655 million, or 46 cents, a year earlier, the New York-based company said last night in a statement. The operating loss, which excludes some investment results, was $1.10 a share, missing by 19 cents the average estimate of 16 analysts surveyed by Bloomberg. Hancock is seeking to reshape the company’s business mix, curtail investment risks and improve underwriting margins to reverse a stock slide and protect his job. Fourth-quarter results were hurt by higher-than-expected claims costs on casualty coverage and deteriorating results from hedge funds. The CEO unveiled a plan last month to return $25 billion in capital to shareholders over the next two years, funded partly with proceeds from asset sales. AIG will become a “leaner, more profitable and focused insurer,” Hancock said in the statement. Thursday’s buyback authorization, and the 14 per cent increase of the quarterly dividend to 32 cents a share “are a strong start towards our goal of returning at least $25 billion.” Hancock’s presentation in January failed to win support from Icahn, who said management needs to be more aggressive in shrinking the company and that the CEO wasn’t up to the job after announcing more than $3 billion in costs to fill a reserve shortfall. AIG has declined 18 per cent this year to $50.52 as of 4pm yesterday, compared with a drop of about 11 per cent in the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index. Results were released after the close of regular trading. Operating return on equity was 6.8 per cent in 2015 and 6.7 per cent in the fourth quarter. Icahn has knocked Hancock for failing to meet his long-time goal of a 10 per cent ROE. The insurer was also unprofitable in the third quarter when AIG posted a $231 million loss as investment results worsened. For the full year, net income fell 71 per cent to $2.2 billion. Book value, the measure of assets minus liabilities fell to $75.10 a share, from $79.40 three months earlier.

February 12. The 50th anniversary history book of the Royal Bermuda Regiment is to have its official launch this weekend. The author, Tony McWilliam, will be on hand at Brown and Co from noon to 2pm on Saturday to sign copies of Royal Bermuda Regiment — 50 Years Strong. The 160-page book features interviews with former and serving soldiers and charts the history of the RBR since it was formed in 1965 through the amalgamation of the Bermuda Militia Artillery and the Bermuda Rifles, formerly the Bermuda Volunteer Rifle Corps. Regiment Commanding Officer Lieutenant Colonel Michael Foster-Brown said: “We’re thrilled to have such a professional and comprehensive publication which reflects 50 years of history and the service of what is now the Royal Bermuda Regiment. “The author has done a great job in putting together the story of the Regiment, its roles and its significance to Bermuda.” Col Foster-Brown, who will hand over command to Major David Curley and return to the British Army next month, added: “To have been in command during for the 50th anniversary period, including the award of the Royal title, and to have a chance to help shape the events has been very special and humbling.” The book, published by the National Museum of Bermuda Press under the auspices of the Bermuda Regiment Charitable Trust, costs $50.

February 12. The first cruise ship of the new season is due to arrive at Dockyard on Monday morning, bringing 1,765 passengers and 936 crew to our shores. The P&O liner MV Oriana will berth at King’s Wharf. She is arriving from Charleston, South Carolina, and is travelling to Funchal, Madeira. MV Oriana, which last sailed here in April, will spend eight hours in port before departing. Meyer Agencies is the port agent for the occasional caller, which is owned by Carnival Corporation. The 2016 Cruise Ship Schedule can be downloaded from www.marineandports.bm.

February 12. Premier Michael Dunkley paid a visit this week to the Morgan’s Point site, which is also the home of the Artemis Racing base, to view the progress of both development projects. Mr Dunkley, who was joined by Sen. Vic Ball, Junior Minister for Tourism and Transport, was provided a full update regarding the Morgan’s Point construction progress as well an update on the building of the Artemis Racing base by Craig Christensen, president and CEO of Morgan’s Point. The Premier said he was “very pleased and encouraged” with the current progress, which includes engineering, electrical, painting, marine, dock, plumbing, landscaping, crane and heavy equipment operating work on both the Artemis and Morgan’s Point development. Last year Morgan’s Point completed its remediation process in which numerous local contractors were used for the project. Meanwhile, at the Artemis base, which the Premier called an “impressive facility”, Bermudians are playing a major role in supporting the team’s efforts, with six full time Bermudians being employed directly with the team. Ultimately the West End site will see the building of 157 waterfront residences, a 79 room ultra-luxury branded hotel and amenities that include world-class restaurants and spa, and a marina that can host 77 boats along with 21 mega-yachts.

February 12. There was no flak incurred within the One Bermuda Alliance for Sylvan Richards’s apparent split from party ranks on the issue of same-sex marriage, according to the Junior Minister of Home Affairs. On the day after the OBA announced plans to bring civil unions before Parliament, the House of Assembly opened for a new session with a private member’s bill from Mr Richards on its order of business. The Same-Sex Marriage Referendum Act 2016 was not ultimately tabled by the Hamilton South MP due to a procedural issue on a busy day for legislators. Asked if his move had rankled colleagues in the OBA, Mr Richards told The Royal Gazette that it had not — and that “nobody was surprised”. “We are very tolerant of each other’s viewpoints,” he said, adding that there was broader support within the party’s caucus for a referendum on the subject, as there was for adopting civil unions. “At the end of the day, we respect each other’s views,” he added. “We don’t all think alike; we are not sheep. I did make everyone aware of my intentions, including the Premier.” Same-sex marriage is opposed by the group Preserve Marriage, which has proposed settling the issue through a referendum — a move widely opposed by supporters of the unions. Trevor Moniz, the Attorney-General, told a public meeting on Thursday evening that the Government had no intention of bringing same-sex marriage into law, although opponents have repeatedly said that civil unions inevitably lead in that direction. Mr Richards was not prepared to discuss his personal views on the topic, which has been the issue of a heavily divided national debate for several month. “The discussion on same-sex marriage and civil unions is one of national importance. As a parliamentarian I think it is probably one of our most important and difficult conversations. There are different viewpoints across the spectrum in Bermuda. When I look at the situation, and the discussions in other countries around the world, I felt that for Bermuda, because we are a small island nation and because it has become a contentious issue, that the best way forward was for us to put it to the voting population by way of a referendum. It had been the topic of “very vigorous discussion” within the caucus. Some feel civil unions are the way to go; some feel we should do nothing and let the status quo prevail by letting the Chief Justice’s ruling take effect. Others feel this should be put to the voting public, and there is an increasing sentiment for this to occur.” Asked if he believed a matter characterized by many as a human rights issue was appropriate for the popular vote, Mr Richards simply reiterated that in light of its national importance, with “such a variety of views, and people very passionate about their positions”, it was best to “let the people decide so that everybody is involved in this discussion.”

February 12. Protesters chanted their opposition to immigration reform as the House of Assembly reopened yesterday after the Christmas break. Moments after new Progressive Labour Party MP Diallo Rabain was sworn in, a crowd of people in the viewing gallery stood and began shouting “No to the OBA immigration reform” before leaving of their own accord. PLP MPs stomped their feet in apparent support of the action as those involved left the chamber. The incident comes a week after Minister of Home Affairs Michael Fahy unveiled new pathways for those seeking Bermuda status and Permanent Resident’s Certificates. The changes would allow those who live in Bermuda for 15 years to apply for permanent residency and those who have held permanent residency for 20 years to seek Bermudian status. While Senator Fahy said the changes are necessary to bring immigration rules in line with international standards and to deal with the shrinking population, opponents have labeled the move a desperate effort by the One Bermuda Alliance to gain votes. PLP backbencher Walton Brown called for civil disobedience in the wake of the announcement. “The Government clearly has no intention on having a collaborative approach on one of the most contentious issues,” he said. “If the minister seeks to throw the gauntlets down to the Bermuda public, he will get an appropriate response.” Lynne Winfield, of anti-racism group Citizens Uprooting Racism in Bermuda, said the move would further disenfranchise struggling black Bermudians, noting the history of using immigration as a means of boosting the white voting population. Senator Fahy, however, told The Royal Gazette that it was “absurd” to suggest that the Government knew how those who would be entitled to apply for status under the changes would vote.

February 12. The Bermuda Government has unveiled plans to table legislation allowing civil unions between same-sex couples. But Trevor Moniz, the Attorney-General, told a public meeting last night that the One Bermuda Alliance had no intention of same-sex marriage becoming law. About 100 people attended the presentation at CedarBridge Academy, during which many praised and welcomed the Government’s new stance, while others expressed opposition to the proposals. Mr Moniz told the meeting that the move would bring Bermuda in line with the European Convention of Human Rights and recent legal precedent set in both Bermuda and Europe. “There is nothing to be afraid of,” he said. “We are putting our cards on the table and recognizing that it is a compromise but it is the best thing to do for everyone. All we are talking about is giving people their rights required by law.” Mr Moniz said the Government planned to table legislation in the House of Assembly before February 29; a deadline set by Chief Justice Ian Kawaley in the landmark Bermuda Bred Company decision at which time the ruling will take effect. In that case Dr Justice Kawaley ruled that those in same-sex partnerships with Bermudians should have the same rights to reside and seek employment as spouses of Bermudians Mr Moniz said: “We will protect marriage for a man and a woman but we will also propose the idea of civil unions. If the legislation comes through the House of Assembly that will be a conscious vote. Whether it passes or fails is a question of the individual. If it does not pass, the Chief Justice’s ruling is still in place and he will act accordingly.” Under the proposed legislation, same-sex couples will obtain the right to work in Bermuda without a work permit upon registering their relationship as a civil union with the Registry General department. Mr Moniz maintained that putting the issue to a referendum was not appropriate adding: “This Government has no intention of same-sex marriage becoming law. The Matrimonial Causes Act will have primacy over the Human Rights Act in that regard.” The proposed civil union legislation will only apply to same-sex couples. Under the proposals couples will have to be 18 to undertake a civil union and they will have to issue a notice to the Registrar General of the intended union that will be “publicly notified.” The new laws stipulate that civil unions can take place before the registrar by signing the necessary documentation in the presence of two witnesses. They may also be formalized before a civil union “celebrant” by making a declaration of commitment to each other in the presence of two witnesses. Clergy that want to be registered as a “celebrant” have to register with the Registrar General. Under the new regime, objections could be lodged against a civil union if parties are underage or already married and the objections would be heard by a judge to determine whether the union was lawful. Patricia Gordon-Pamplin, the Minister of Community, Cultural Affairs and Sports, said: “The Matrimonial Causes Act will remain in place. There will be legislation tabled so that section 15 will continue to define marriage between a man and a woman and there will be a clause in that segment to have supremacy over the Human Rights Act. We don’t want to see people in our community becoming alienated and we don’t want to see them leave the country.” Under the proposed Civil Union Act, same-sex marriage performed in another jurisdictions will only be recognized in Bermuda as a civil union. Furthermore, it will only be recognized after it has been registered with the Registrar General.

February 12. Junior Minister for Education Leah Scott says the One Bermuda Alliance should consider a “staggered approach” to the granting of Bermudian and permanent resident status in the current climate. The proposal, announced this month, would allow residents who have lived on the island for 20 years to gain status, while those resident for 15 years would be entitled to permanent residency. Ms Scott said while she supported Minister of Home Affairs Michael Fahy’s proposal to make such provisions for long-term residents, she was concerned with the timing. The announcement sparked an angry backlash from members of the community, not least former shadow immigration minister Walton Brown, who described the move as “reminiscent of the racist policies of the 1960s”. Speaking with The Royal Gazette, Ms Scott said: “It is important to regularize the positions of families where you have parents that are Bermudian but the children aren’t, or vice versa. People who have been here a long time and have contributed to the country should have a right to be citizens of the country — they are a part of our family. I agree with that and I do support the minister. However, if this were ten or 15 years ago when the economy was awash with cash and people had jobs, the things we are doing now would not be a concern. The critical thing for me is the timing of it in terms of the economy not being ready for it and the people not being ready for it. There is a very real and palpable fear about having a PRC [permanent residents certificate holder] or an expat get their job. The reality is that most of the people here are already working and would not be doing jobs that Bermudians are doing in any event but there is a perception. We could be a bit more measured in our approach. There is a fear there will be a voting base for the OBA granted in mass. I don’t think that it is true, it is misguided but again, it is the perception.” Asked to elaborate on how the government could take a staggered approach to the immigration proposals, Ms Scott said: “Before there was a moratorium on status there were 40 grants given per year. I don’t think that is an unreasonable approach, even if it was the approach we took for the next five years. That would be moderated and would provide a greater level of comfort to the community. I shared with the minister that this was maybe one of the things we could temper to make people more comfortable with it.” Ms Scott said that her party needed to better communicate its intentions as a government. Part of the challenge we have had as a government is effectively being able to communicate. Part of the challenge for us is we have been trying to get things done and turn the ship around — build up the economy and create jobs. Right now anything and everything we do is going to be under the microscope and people are not going to be happy about everything we do. I think that we just have to be more communicative and educate people more about the things that we are doing because there is nothing we are doing that is intended to cause harm to anybody. Our intention is to build up our country so that people do have jobs, so that our children have jobs and something to look forward to. If the proposals go ahead they will give people a level of security and a home knowing they are not going to be asked to leave. If they get Bermudian status, they have a right to participate in the decisions of the country by voting. They will be able to buy property and there are a lot of homeowners trying to offload properties and have not been able to do so. Overall it is a good thing but like anything it is about how you approach it and how you present it.” Facing criticism following the announcement, Mr Fahy defended the move by highlighting potential economic benefits including revenue from applications and greater incentive for investment by foreign workers. He also spoke to a human rights element: Bermuda is one of the only places in the world that does not have a pathway to status that isn’t through marriage. The unfortunate reality is that Bermuda’s immigration policy has allowed substantial numbers of people to live in Bermuda with no real hope or expectation that they can ever achieve the full rights associated with being Bermudian. The status quo is totally unacceptable.”

February 12. The 2016 Census is scheduled to begin in May, with a greater emphasis on online surveys. Speaking in the House of Assembly today, Michael Dunkley, the Premier, said the census will be run from May 21 to December 31, collecting information about the island’s population and housing stock. “Census data is used to devise effective strategies relating to infrastructure, education, health, employment and other economic and social issues,” he said. Mr Dunkley said the survey will cost the Bermuda Government an estimated $1.7 million, which is $1.2 million less than the 2010 Census.

February 12. There will be no eye-catching promises and no dangling of carrots in Larry Mussenden’s campaign to become the next president of Concacaf. Rather, the Bermuda Football Association president is offering the prospect of hard work and rejuvenation for a governing body whose reputation had been badly damaged over the past 18 months. Nor will Mussenden even contemplate standing aside to allow his main rival, Victor Montagliani, the president of the Canadian Soccer Association, a clear run at the top job in the region. Montagliani announced his candidacy at the beginning of this week and his supporters have already voiced their belief that Mussenden should remove himself from the race and throw his weight behind their man. The pair are considered the early favorites to be elected in May, with Gordon Derrick the Caribbean Football Union president, and Mark Rodrigues of Guyana also running. “I’m in the race to elected president of Concacaf and maybe they [Montagliani’s supporters] see me as the biggest threat to him,” Mussenden said. “I’m looking forward to having a good election campaign where the candidates can come under the scrutiny of the member associations. I think that is a good thing because over the past few years we have had presidents who have run unopposed and you can see where that has gotten us.” Mussenden will rely heavily on the support of the Caribbean nations in his bid to become next Concacaf president, but that will not stop him trying to persuade the Central American Football Union [Uncaf], which has already voiced its support for Montagliani, to switch sides. “I have already told Uncaf that it is my aim to persuade half of them [the member nations] to vote for me,” Mussenden said. “I don’t think I can persuade Canada, but it’s not beyond me to ask Victor [Montagliani] to vote for me.” Whatever happens, Mussenden welcomes the prospect of a healthy debate within the region about where Concacaf wants to go, and how it gets there. And at the heart of his campaign will be a focus on governance and reform with a view to restoring the region’s battered reputation. The past three Concacaf presidents, Jack Warner, Jeffrey Webb, and Alfredo Hawit have all been arrested as part of the United States investigation into corruption in football, while Chuck Blazer, a former Concacaf general secretary, has been banned from the game for life after pleading guilty to racketeering and tax evasion. Diluting the power of the president and general secretary is part of the reforms that Mussenden believes are essential to reforming the region, that, and proper financial oversight, audited accounts, regular budget statements, term limits, and independent members of the soon-to-be-formed Concacaf Council. Those reforms were being discussed in Miami yesterday and again today at a Concacaf meeting, they will be voted on at a Concacaf Extraordinary Congress on February 25, the day before the election for a new Fifa president is held. Concacaf’s member nations will vote for their new president on May 12 at a meeting in Mexico City. “There has to be governance, there can’t be a president and a general secretary running off on a frolic of their own, signing off on contracts that the executive council don’t know about,” Mussenden said. “To be quite frank, if we put the right organization and structure in place, and staff in place that can get on with doing their jobs ... if the president changes in four years it won’t matter because the organization will be stable. Policies might change but organization itself will remain sound, not falling to the whim of a president or general secretary.” Ultimately, Mussenden wants to see the governing body in a position where in five years the confidence has been restored and that all those connected with Concacaf can walk around with their heads held high. “I don’t think anything I have said is eye-catching, it’s pure football, it’s about what the realities of what we have to do,” Mussenden said. “Concacaf right now is in a difficult situation, we need a candidate who is going to bring us out of that position and help to restore our credibility in the eyes of the world. If everyone actually did what they were supposed to do then Concacaf could quite easily get back to the reputation that all our countries deserve. I’m not promising every member association millions of dollars to do that, I’m promising that we will sit down and do some hard work, because there is hard work to be done.”

February 12. Retail sales in Bermuda dropped last November for the first month in a year, the latest Government figures have revealed. Sales were down $3.6 million, or 0.6 per cent, to $85.5 million on the $89.1 million recorded for October. Returning residents declared overseas purchases of $6.5 million, up 8.3 per cent year on year, giving a combined island and foreign spend of $92 million. After adjustment for inflation, measured at 0.3 per cent last November, the volume of retail sales decreased 0.9 per cent. A total of four of the seven sectors experienced declines in sales revenue. The all other store types category took the biggest hit as sales dropped 6.2 per cent, while individual segments like furniture, appliances and electronic sales dropped 17.5 per cent. Pharmacies saw a 0.1 per cent decline, although gross receipts for marine and boat supplies tripled as a result of higher boat sales. Receipts for tourist-related stores went up by one per cent. After adjustment for inflation, the all other store types saw a drop of six per cent. Sales revenue in clothing stores fell by 1.3 per cent, reflecting a 2.7 per cent drop in sales volume — attributed partly to reduced tourist sales as well as lower Black Friday sales compared to 2014. Motor-vehicle sales continued their mini-boom, with sales up 20.7 per cent in November last year compared to the same month a year before. The Department of Statistics said: “The increase in sales was due to a 22.6 per cent rise in the number of vehicles sold as well as an increase in the average price of vehicles.” Receipts from food and liquor stores fell by 0.4 per cent, while sales revenue for liquor stores fell by 2.7 per cent in November. Sales volume for food fell 2.2 per cent, while sales volume for liquor dropped 3.6 per cent. But building materials-sales revenue went up 1.2 per cent last November, with the increase put down to more activity in residential construction, although, after inflation was taken into account, sales volume fell 1.3 per cent. Service-station sales receipts were flat, with a 0.1 per cent increase last November. The marginal increase of 0.5 per cent in fuel sales volume was offset by a 0.4 per cent decrease in the price of fuel.

February 12. The downgrading of Bermuda Commercial Bank by a ratings agency was yesterday criticised by Peter Horton, the bank’s chief executive officer. Mr Horton said that the decision by Moody’s to lower the credit rating of BCB after it bought up 75 per cent of British-based finance house Private & Commercial Finance Group was unwarranted. He added: “We do not share Moody’s view that our acquisition of a majority stake in PCFG warrants a downgrade of BCB. On the contrary, our well-researched assessment is that this acquisition significantly strengthens and diversifies BCB’s asset base and revenue activities.” Moody’s reported earlier this week that it had set BCB’s long-term deposit and issuer ratings at Ba3, down from Ba2, while its stand-alone baseline credit assessment dropped from ba2 to ba3 and the counterparty risk was lowered from Ba1 to Ba2. The review came after a review launched last September in the wake of the investment in PCFG. Moody’s said that BCB had taken on increased asset risk which reflected PCFG’s loan portfolio, consisting of high yield, high loan-to-value consumer auto finance and small and medium-sized enterprise business and leasing finance. The ratings agency said these loans carried a much higher level of delinquent and impaired loans and a higher-loss content that BCB’s commercial loans in Bermuda. But Mr Horton said that PCFG had weathered two decades in business and banks in Britain had been confident to lend it cash. The PCFG share price on the London Stock Exchange has gone up by 20 per cent since BCB took a majority stake. Mr Horton, due to stand down at the end of next month, added: “It is a profitable business having grown by a combination of acquisitions and organic growth. The company commands a small market share, allowing the scope for very material growth, especially now that PCFG has the support of a bank.” He said that BCB holding company Somers Group had also had a longstanding investment in the British firm and it was well known to BCB, which also carried out extensive due diligence and got the consent of British and Bermudian regulators before it bought the stake. Mr Horton added that the Basel III rules on bank solvency and stability had been “a fundamental challenge” to the industry and sparked a move by banks to review their asset and capital allocation policies. He said: “The five-year strategic plan we adopted in February 2015 identified the need for us to diversify earnings and our balance sheet ahead of the Basel III implementation. “Acquiring PCFG was a major step towards balance sheet diversification. It allowed us to reduce our reliance on relatively capital-expensive assets, including some in our bond portfolio, which was timely ahead of the current turbulence in world investment markets.”

February 12. A neighbor who says she witnessed an attack by a pit bull on a little boy has rejected claims from the child’s father that bystanders did nothing to help. The woman said she heard the eight-year-old’s “heart-wrenching screams” on Sunday afternoon and ran outside her house barefoot to find out what was happening. Her husband, meanwhile, picked up a cane and rushed over to the yard in Southampton where the dog was still clinging to the child’s upper arm. “My husband did go over there and calmed the boy down,” she said. “He said ‘I know you’re hurt but stop screaming’. It was because of my husband that the dog let go. I want the father to know that people didn’t think twice before helping. You see a kid that needs help and you go and give help. Another young man who was there — a visitor at the house — also tried to help and was bitten on the hand. No one stood and watched his child get attacked.” The 34-year-old woman told The Royal Gazette that her surveillance cameras recorded the attack and her husband called the Department of Environmental Protection twice to offer to hand over the footage and give a statement. “No one has returned the calls,” she said. As previously reported by this newspaper, the boy was playing in a friend’s back yard where the dog was tethered, when it broke free and attacked him. The victim fled his friend’s property, ran home and was later treated at King Edward VII Memorial Hospital for bad bites to his upper arm, including two deep puncture wounds. He returned to school yesterday. The dog, an illegal pit bull, was surrendered to the animal wardens by its owner. Yesterday, we reported that the boy’s father was angry with witnesses whom he claimed saw the attack and were willing to give statements to the authorities but not help his son. The female neighbor disputed that and said she took offence at the remarks, particularly as the father wasn’t present and didn’t see what happened. She said once the boy was free from the dog’s grasp he, understandably, ran off terrified. “I’m outside, barefoot, trying to help him, running down the road after him saying ‘are you hurt?’. He just took off. He ran over a little tribe road. Afterwards, we asked the kids around here where he lived and they said ‘he lives way over there’ in another neighborhood. Every time I thought about the little boy’s screams that night it hurt my heart. Our first instincts were to go and help him.” The woman alleged that the dog was regularly tethered in its back yard and local youngsters would taunt it, stepping on to the property to run and jump in front of it and make loud noises. She claimed her husband had only recently warned the dog’s owner to come out of his property when he heard the animal barking so he could see what was happening. The neighbor questioned why police hadn’t knocked on doors to investigate the attack, since it was reported to them. And she queried why head government animal warden Jeffrey Benevides hadn’t yet followed up on the phone calls from her husband. “We have plenty of witnesses willing to assist,” she said. “There has been no police presence here to find out what happened. This guy’s dog has bitten someone.” She added that wardens seemed eager to seize dogs on the banned list of breeds without the animals harming anyone yet less willing to prosecute owners whose dogs have attacked someone. A police spokesman said earlier this week that officers did respond to reports of the attack but the inquiry was being handled by animal wardens. A Ministry of Health, Seniors and Environment spokesman confirmed on Wednesday that the illegal pit bull was “humanely euthanized after it was voluntarily surrendered. Investigations are ongoing. However, prosecution is dependent on a number of factors, including identification of witnesses.” Campaign group Punish the Deed not the Breed said in a statement: “Incidents like these reinforce our position that the current policy as it relates to breed restrictions and prohibition of certain breeds is ineffective. The ban on bull-breed-type dogs is directly responsible for increased dog welfare problems with bull-breed-type dogs and public safety issues. This behavior encourages unsuitable owners to covet these dogs where they are over bred, under-socialized, and often severely mistreated. Dog owners need to be held accountable for 100 per cent of their pets’ behavior. Not all dogs and owners can be placed in the same category. It is unfair that educated and compliant dog owners are punished for the handful of irresponsible owners that present the bull-type dogs in a negative light. There are many on-island options for dog owners to educate themselves on breed traits and behavioural triggers. However, until an emphasis is placed on responsible ownership and reflected in a coherent and sensible dog policy which demands of all owners to adhere to a minimum standard of education and responsibility, the dogs will continue to suffer and so will public safety.”

February 12. February is Black History Month and this year marks the 400th anniversary that blacks were brought to Bermuda as indentured servants. Throughout this month, The Royal Gazette will feature people, events, places and institutions that have contributed to the shaping of African history. During the first two decades of the 19th century, escaped American slaves formed a military cadre called Britain’s Royal Navy Corps of Colonial Marines. After the War of 1812, these former soldiers established Trinidad’s “Merikin” communities. These black marines in the British Navy were first organized in 1808 to garrison Britain’s Caribbean bases, but they were disbanded in 1810. During the War of 1812, British Rear Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane formed the Corps of Colonial Marines. Although they were of African descent and many were formerly enslaved, these troops received the same training, uniforms, pay and pensions as their Royal Marine counterparts. The Corps of Colonial Marines saw extensive military action from Canada to Georgia in the years 1814 to 1816. These former slaves often had extensive local knowledge of tidal creeks and riverine routes of the US South during that period. Because of that knowledge, they participated in numerous battles, skirmishes, and raids during the War of 1812. They supported the British forces who burnt Washington in 1814 and who were later repulsed by US troops at Baltimore, Maryland. The Colonial Marines assisted Britain’s Southern Coastal Campaign by guarding the British Army’s right flank during the invasion and subsequent Battle of New Orleans in 1815. When the 1814 Treaty of Ghent ended the War of 1812, the Corps of Colonial Marines was transferred to British Royal Naval Dockyard in Bermuda. The role of the Colonial Marines at Prospect Bluff, Florida, in 1816 typified their use after the War of 1812. The marines were ordered to defend a nominally Spanish-fortified stockade at Prospect Bluff that was now the target of US forces. The stockade, overlooking the fertile Apalachicola river valley, was at the centre of a web of river and road transportation and communications routes extending into Georgia and Alabama Territory. The fort previously had been under the protective umbrella of the Colony of Spanish Florida and had over time become such a prominent sanctuary for escaped slaves that it was called “Negro Fort”. Now, however, it was guarded by the Corps of Colonial Marines. Major General Andrew Jackson, projecting American power into the Florida panhandle, attempted to capture the stockade. In July 1816, Jackson led a riverine flotilla of US gunboats toward the fort. American forces overran the stockade, which was defended primarily by the Colonial Marines, but with Spanish and Seminole allies. When a lucky artillery shot hit the fort’s powder magazine, it exploded, forcing the British to surrender. After the surrender, many of the survivors were enslaved by American forces. Other Colonial Marines were withdrawn, demobilized and settled in the British colony of Trinidad in the West Indies. The Corps of Colonial Marines never again took to the field of battle. Negro Fort today is a US National Landmark known as Fort Gadsden.

February 11. BBC News. By Kamal Ahmed, economics editor. Google's UK chief has defended the search giant's tax arrangements in a hearing before MPs on the Commons Public Accounts Committee. Matt Brittin said he understood public anger about the amount of tax it paid. However, he said (Bermuda-registered) Google was paying 20% tax on its UK profits, not the 3% figure cited in some reports. The £130m in UK tax it paid for the 10 years from 2005 was reached following a "six-year rigorous, independent tax audit" by HMRC, Mr Brittin said. Tom Hutchinson, Google's global tax chief, told MPs that the company did not negotiate its tax settlement with HMRC. He told the committee that the tax authorities did not "throw out a number - it's not a negotiation", adding: "There was no top-line figure; that's not how the process works." The £130m payment included £18m in interest, Mr Hutchinson told MPs, but no penalties or payments under the government's diverted profits tax - also known as the "Google tax." Today's UK Parliament's Public Accounts Committee hearing was interesting less for Google's explanation of its tax arrangements - we've heard much of that detail before - and more for HMRC's defence of the settlement. There Dame Lin Homer, the head of HMRC, made two significant points. First, she said that under the law HMRC could not have demanded more from Google, pointing out that the £130m settlement was the largest the technology giant had signed outside the US. Dame Lin said it would not have helped if HMRC had gone to court. Certainly, proving that the company had acted "unreasonably" is difficult. Second, Dame Lin said that HMRC applied the same tax laws to Google as it did to any business and that at any one time up to two-thirds of large businesses are under-going some form of tax audit process. HMRC says it is constrained by the complicated tax laws. If they are to change, it is politicians who need to act. MPs also questioned HMRC officials about their settlement with Google. Jim Harra, its head of business taxation, said the company was not fined, despite underpaying tax, because proving "insufficient care" was "very difficult". Dame Lin Homer, HMRC chief executive, admitted that the six-year investigation into Google's tax affairs took a long time to complete, but said that similar inquiries into far smaller firms could be just as lengthy. Mr Brittin said there had been no co-ordination with the Treasury about the timing of Google's announcement about the tax settlement late last month. The Chancellor, George Osborne, described it as a victory for the government. The timing was determined by the fact that the figure was due to be made public when the company's UK accounts were filed, Mr Brittin said. Dame Lin told MPs that HMRC informed the relevant minister that a big company was to make a tax announcement the following day, but did not name the firm. "What we don't, and never, do is share taxpayer information with ministers and Treasury colleagues," she said. In a statement released after the hearing, Google said that it had 2,329 staff in the UK last year compared with 156 in 2005. In an article for the Telegraph published on Thursday, Mr Brittin said Google wanted the international tax system to be reformed. He said the company paid $3.3bn in corporation tax last year, mostly in the US, where most of Google's products were designed and created. "We have long been in favour of simpler, clearer rules, because it is important not only to pay the right amount of tax, but to be seen to be paying the right amount," Mr Brittin wrote. "But changes to the tax system are not Google's call. Reform must come from governments, not from the companies who are subject to their rules." He was asked four times by Meg Hillier, chair of the Public Accounts Committee, how much he was paid. Mr Brittin said: "I don't have the figure, but I will happily provide it." "You don't know what you get paid?" responded Ms Hillier. "Out there, taxpayers, our constituents, are very angry, they live in a different world clearly to the world you live in, if you can't even tell us what you are paid."

February 11. Two new insurers, two brokers and one manager had their registrations confirmed by the Bermuda Monetary Authority during January. Capri Re Ltd, a special purpose insurer, and Nomura Americas US Re Ltd, a class D insurer, had their registrations approved, as did brokers Tokio Solution Management Ltd and Intrepidus Insurance Services (Bermuda) Limited, and manager Old Mutual (Bermuda) Holdings Ltd.

February 11. Bermuda is to host an international tall ships festival next year, according to the group Tall Ships Bermuda. It has been hailed as a historic event, given that the Island will be hosting the America’s Cup at the same time. The organization issued a statement this afternoon confirming that Bermuda would serve as the host port for the Rendez-Vous 2017 Tall Ships Regatta, RDV2017, The RDV2017 is a transatlantic race covering 7,000 nautical miles, including a circumnavigation of the North Atlantic Ocean that includes six countries. Bermuda will become the centre of maritime attraction during early June 2017 with the 35th America’s Cup Races, J-Class yacht regatta and the Tall Ships festival and races occurring at the same time. “The world’s Tall Ship Fleet has never before graced the same port at the same time as an America’s Cup event,” said John Wadson, chairman of Tall Ships Bermuda. “Bermuda will be making history by playing host to a combined maritime event of epic proportions.” Shawn Crockwell, the Minister of Tourism Development and Transport, said the Bermuda Government was pleased to support an event that would in particular give young adults a chance to sail in “life-changing voyages on various legs of the race. The Bermuda Tall Ships Festival will provide an amazing backdrop for the America’s Cup events.” The statement continues: “RDV2017 will mark the 150th Anniversary of the Canadian Confederation. The event is being organized by Sail Training International and expects to attract a fleet of 40 Tall Ships and provide opportunities for 3,000 trainees — including trainees from Bermuda — to sail across the Atlantic or perhaps a shorter leg of the race.” The regatta will begin on April 13 with the fleet racing from Royal Greenwich, UK to Sines, Portugal. In early May, the fleet will race to Bermuda and the Bermuda Tall Ships Festival will take place on Front Street, Hamilton from 1 — 5 June. The fleet stops over in Bermuda for four days before they race to Boston and on to Quebec City. The fleet will then race back across the Atlantic to Le Havre, France.” Mr Wadson commented that Bermuda had long enjoyed a warm cultural, historical, educational and maritime relationship with Canada, so it was fitting that Bermuda pay homage to Canada as it celebrated its historic milestone. “This is going to be an enormous initiative for Tall Ships Bermuda and it just would not be possible without the upfront support of the Bermuda Government, the Bermuda Tourism Authority, the Corporation of Hamilton, and of course, The America’s Cup organizers. We are indeed grateful for their support and encouragement.” Tall Ships Bermuda expects representation from European, American and Canadian vessels. In addition, it expects that some of the South and Central American vessels will join the fleet in Bermuda on route to Boston and the Quebec celebrations. Bermuda has successfully hosted several Tall Ships Festivals, from the very first transatlantic Tall Ships Race in 1964 and with subsequent festivals here in 1976, 1984, 2000 and the Tall Ships Atlantic Challenge in 2009 which was a celebration of Bermuda’s 400th Anniversary of permanent settlement. Tall Ships Bermuda noted that there will be opportunities for corporate sponsorship and entertainment. They will also be looking for sponsors to nominate trainees and involve their staff in volunteering for the Tall Ships Festival. Mr Wadson noted, “Our sponsors and volunteers have always contributed enormously to the success of this kind of event. Hosting a major event of this kind has its financial challenges but we are confident that the business community, sports and service organisations and the general public will support the event as they have in the past.” Minister of Economic Development, The Hon. Dr. Grant Gibbons said, “Anyone who saw our most recent Tall Ships Festivals — and the America’s Cup Louis Vuitton World Series event last year — will remember the huge excitement and community goodwill these events bring to the Island. The Rendez-Vous 2017 Tall Ships Regatta and the Bermuda Tall Ships Festival will see magnificent sailing ships of the past grace Bermuda waters with modern America’s Cup vessels. This memorable and historic occasion will provide unprecedented spectator opportunities and a fun-filled festival atmosphere for our residents and visitors alike." And "The Rendez-Vous 2017 Tall Ships Regatta is a fantastic event to return to the Island” said Mike Winfield, CEO, America’s Cup Bermuda. “As it will take place during the America’s Cup match qualifiers, tall ship sailors and visitors will have the opportunity to experience the excitement of the races first hand and the event village in Dockyard. We look forward to this wonderful event for Bermuda. The obvious comparison of these historic and magnificent sailing vessels to the most modern of sailing boats is a wonderful and exciting visual treat that will be enjoyed by Bermuda residents and the world through the media reach being created by the AC.” Bermuda Tourism Authority CEO Bill Hanbury added “The return of this spectacular event helps us remind the world of Bermuda’s maritime heritage and nautical accessibility, key message points as we position Bermuda as the sailing capital of the Atlantic. We will tell potential visitors they can come to Bermuda and enjoy high-tech, high speed America’s Cup catamarans and classically majestic tall ships at the same time. Nowhere else in the world is that possible. This is another positive development in our #RacetoBermuda excitement.” To contact Tall Ships Bermuda e-mail info@tallships.bm.

February 11. There was a 2.4 per cent increase in holidaying visitor arrivals for the Island in 2015, according to the Bermuda Tourism Authority. That increase was driven by a 4.2 per cent rise in cruise arrivals. Tourism air arrivals fell by 1.2 per cent, moderately offset by the decrease of 51,090 commercial airline seats. Canada’s weak dollar and the poor economy pushed down arrivals from that country by 17 per cent over the previous year’s figures, which also drove air arrivals into the negative figures. United States visitors were up by 0.5 per cent, and British visitors rose by 9 per cent, which Bill Hanbury, CEO of the BTA, said positioned the Island well for 2016. Meanwhile, cruise visitor spending rose 29 per cent over 2014, while air visitor spending fell 6 per cent. A 10 per cent cruise visitor increase is forecast for this year, which will include more small cruise calls on Hamilton and St George’s. The authority also reports a positive impact on visitor numbers from the 2015 Louis Vuitton America’s Cup World Series, and the upcoming America’s Cup 2017.

February 11. New rights for long-term residents have been defended after Citizens Uprooting Racism in Bermuda decried the move as one that would inevitably discriminate against black Bermudians. Lynne Woolridge, the chairwoman of the One Bermuda Alliance, responded last night in support of the “pathways to status”, announced last Friday by Michael Fahy, the Minister of Home Affairs. In previous remarks, Senator Fahy had “unequivocally” stated that the OBA Government “is not in the business of encouraging immigration from the UK or anywhere else”, she said. Senator Woolridge branded it “ridiculous” to link today’s immigration policy with past attempts to economically and politically discriminate against black Bermudians. She described present immigration policy as “a hodgepodge of stopgap measures” that had fallen afoul of international legal and human rights obligations. “Additionally, in Bermuda, we have been overtaken by events,” Senator Woolridge added. “The Chief Justice’s decision in The Minister of Home Affairs v Carne and Correia, a case made possible by a mistake of the previous administration, made it clear that part of our immigration policy was not only unfair, but unlawful, and needed to be altered.” That 2014 ruling, which allowed for certain holders of Permanent Resident’s Certificates to apply for Bermudian status, could not possibly be undone retroactively, she said. Senator Woolridge said that Curb had ended up on “the wrong side” of the argument over the island’s international human rights obligations. “We must never forget our history, but in today’s context, while the world is watching, we must understand that the minister is doing the right thing,” she said. “That will be obvious to those who are able to make a clear and unprejudiced judgment.”

February 11. Lingerie stores and barbershops are giving out male and female condoms ahead of Valentine’s Day this week. The initiative was organized by the Department of Health to mark Sexual and Reproductive Health Awareness Day on Friday. “It’s an annual event, focusing on increasing attention on the importance of sexual and reproductive health issues, recognizing that sexual and reproductive health is a core aspect of our identity and an important part of health and well-being throughout the life cycle,” Dy-Juan DeRoza, the assessment officer of the Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, told The Royal Gazette . “The goal is to encourage people in Bermuda to consider the importance of maintaining reproductive health and talking about healthy decision-making with the people they care about.” According to Kim Ball, the HIV coordinator, more than 400 bags containing two female and two male condoms were distributed to seven local shops. “We put them in really nice Valentine-themed bags and have a little bit of information about how to have a sexual health conversation for persons to have their conversation with their partner or with their child or with their doctor,” Ms DeRoza added. Educational cards supplied with the condoms promote safe sex through five points: partners, pregnancy and prevention, practices, past sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and prevention of STIs. According to Ms DeRoza and Ms Ball, there were 356 reported cases of chlamydia in Bermuda last year, 27 cases of gonorrhoea, 92 of genital herpes, and eight cases of syphilis. Seven new cases of HIV/AIDS were also reported. But Ms Ball stressed that safe sex is not just about preventing STIs. “Sexual health is not just the absence of disease,” she said. “Sex is to be discussed, sex is to be enjoyed and to be had in a very safe and caring environment.” Because part of having healthy sexual relationships involves being able to talk about sex, the initiative encourages people to have a conversation about the topic with their partners, children or physicians. Sexual health requires a positive, respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships,” Ms DeRoza said. “We need to create a sexually healthy generation full of individuals and communities that are comfortable discussing their sexual health. It is also an opportunity to promote services and support available in Bermuda for sexual and reproductive health issues such as the Communicable Disease Control Clinic, Bermuda Cancer and Health Centre, the Women’s Resource Centre, and the Maternal Health and Family Planning clinic.” The Department of Health provides a number of STI-related services, focusing on education, testing, treatment and investigation of outbreaks. For more information, contact the Communicable Disease Control Clinic on 278-6442.

February 11. A father told yesterday how his eight-year-old son ran home alone “bloodied” and “terrified” after he was bitten repeatedly by an illegal pit bull that broke free from its tethering in a friend’s garden. The man said witnesses who claimed to have seen the attack on his little boy in the Rangers area of Southampton on Sunday should be ashamed for not stepping in to help him get home safely. “It was an unfortunate incident because the dog actually broke loose,” said the 46-year-old, who asked not to be named. “Whether it’s illegal or not is not important. The sad part is the neighbors or whoever witnessed it — my son came home by himself, bloodied and torn. Nobody came with him. The sad part is not the pit bull attack but the fact that not one person assisted him. The owner was securing the dog. By the time he got back, my son was gone.” The man said the first he knew of the attack was when his son arrived home at about 4.30pm, having fled the friend’s back yard. “I saw a torn shirt,” said his father. “I saw blood. I saw tears. He was shaking, distraught, the whole nine [yards]. He’s got blood all over his shirt and it’s ripped from trying to fight the dog off. He was terrified. I wanted to beat the owner, kill the dog, but my main concern was making sure he was OK.” The dad rushed his son to King Edward VII Memorial Hospital where he was treated for “really bad bites” to his upper arm. He was due to be seen again by a doctor yesterday to ensure infection had not set in. The dog was surrendered to animal wardens and destroyed on Tuesday. The father told this newspaper he was able to obtain, from a friend, a photograph of the dog after it was killed. He said his son was “relieved” after seeing the image, knowing the creature could not hurt him again. “He has a lot of support around him. We explained to him that these things happen. We showed him the picture of the dog after it was destroyed. I needed to see that dog dead. That was important to me.” The father insisted he did not want the dog’s owner to be prosecuted and was more angry with bystanders who were willing to give witness statements to the authorities but not step in to comfort his son. “If they witnessed it in its entirety, like they say they have, why didn’t they come and assist my son? You have an eight-year-old who was terrified, traumatized, blood dripping from his arm, clothes full of soil, scared. The owner has come to see my son on several occasions. Also, he has taken care of whatever expenses my son has. It’s an illegal pit bull but I know people have it for different reasons. Some have it because of people breaking into their houses. There’s no reason for them to have an illegal dog for their protection, I understand that. I have had dogs. I’m not concerned about that.” He said there was a “legal dog” in his neighborhood that had killed his partner’s cats but wasn’t seized or destroyed, despite complaints to the Department of Environmental Protection. “To me, it’s selective, because if this dog came into a yard and killed a cat, it could do the same to a child. “What’s the difference? Why is the illegal dog put out? It’s supposed to be preventative but it doesn’t work.” A police spokesman said officers did respond to reports of the attack on Sunday but the inquiry was being handled by animal wardens. A Ministry of Health, Seniors and Environment spokesman confirmed that the illegal pit bull was “humanely euthanized after it was voluntarily surrendered”. He added: “Investigations are ongoing. However, prosecution is dependent on a number of factors, including identification of witnesses.”

February 11. The call for a national vote to settle the contentious issue of same-sex marriage has a familiar ring to John Kane, Bermuda’s honorary Irish consul. Last year, the Republic of Ireland made history after becoming the first country in the world to approve same-sex marriage through the popular vote. While many were surprised at the move by an overwhelmingly Catholic and traditionally conservative nation, Mr Kane points out that Ireland has undergone great social change. “With the big younger population there, you could understand it,” Mr Kane said, adding that he had been more surprised by Ireland’s decision to ban smoking in 2004. Support in Bermuda for a referendum on same-sex unions remained divided along ideological lines during this week’s demonstrations. Preserve Marriage, the group opposing same-sex marriage, supports a vote, while the Rainbow Alliance disagrees with putting the question to “the shifting passions of the majority”. Ireland only decriminalized homosexuality in 1993, but in May 2015, 62 per cent of the two million who voted did so in favour of same-sex marriage. Mr Kane said many young people returned home specifically to vote, and that “getting back at the Catholic Church” may have helped sway votes. They already had civil partnerships that were protected by law but not protected by the constitution,” Mr Kane added, pointing out why referendums are common in Ireland compared with Bermuda. Any amendment to the Irish constitution must go to the popular vote. Bermudians, by contrast, hold referendums sparingly. Mr Kane acknowledged Bermuda’s own powerful religious influence but said: “It’s really the term ‘marriage’ that’s exercising most people’s minds here, particularly older people. It’s a massive sea change for them.” Settling Bermuda’s marriage policy by referendum would set “a dangerous precedent” for the island, according to Tawana Tannock, chairwoman of the Human Rights Commission. The HRC maintains that marriage equality should be “the only policy” to deal with the issue: “Human rights should not be granted or removed because of the popular vote,” Ms Tannock said. “Human rights by their very nature are inherent, inalienable and as such should be protected by the rule of law, and must not be voted away by consensus that runs contrary to the protection of equality for all members of our community. The function of a human right is to protect the minority from oppression by the majority.” Allowing all citizens the right to marry was “not an attack on religion”, she said, but an outcome of the belief that no one was “any less entitled to the rights afforded to all under the law”. Ms Tannock said that the language used by Preserve Marriage illustrated that the group believed “rights should be restricted via public policy”. “We have fallen through the looking glass when progress is failure and extending rights is denigrated.” Preserve Marriage has also called for the Government to add “supremacy clauses” to existing marriage legislation, thus preventing the definition of marriage as between a man and a woman from being deemed discriminatory. That term was explained by Peter Sanderson, the lawyer who represented the Bermuda Bred Co, a group of Bermudians involved in “binational relationships” who won a landmark recent case for same-sex partners. “The Human Rights Act trumps any other laws that are in conflict with it in areas such as employment, accommodation, and provision of goods and services. Crucially, this includes government services. An exception is when another law states that it has effect despite the Human Rights Act.” However, Ian Kawaley, the Chief Justice, had indicated in the Bermuda Bred case that the court still had discretion in this area." So the court might decline to intervene to remedy discrimination — if there were highly compelling reasons,” Mr Sanderson said. A Bermudian supporter of same-sex marriage, asking not to be named to protect his privacy, said he was in a four-year relationship with an overseas partner who’d had to leave Bermuda after being forced to annually renew his work permit. His partner left before the Bermuda Bred case went before the Supreme Court. “All that case means is he will be able to come back and work, but it does not give us any rights,” he said. Opposed to settling the matter by referendum, the man said it boiled down to the many deciding on the few. The reality is that this change is not going to impact most people,” he said. “No one can give me a logical reason why this should not be legal. The other question I ask is, how does this actually affect you? Unless you’re homosexual, it won’t. Nobody can give me an answer.” Ireland made history in 2015 with its overwhelming approval of same-sex marriage. The Irish referendum, the first of its kind in the world, was notable in that it took place in a country that already protected civil unions. However, the issue has gone to the popular ballot several times recently in other jurisdictions, both for and against same-sex marriage. In December 2013, in response to a conservative petition, Croatian voters approved designating marriage as specifically between a man and a woman. However, Slovakia’s electorate turned down a similar referendum in 2015. Meanwhile, same-sex marriage was rejected in a December 2015 referendum when the question of legalizing it went before Slovenian voters. Last year in the United States, the Supreme Court settled matters by granting marriage equality nationwide. That landmark ruling was preceded by several referendums at the state level. Voters went to the polls twice in the state of Maine: in 2009 and 2012 — with the electorate, in the second case, deciding in favour. Maryland and Washington also held referendums of their own in 2012, with both voting yes.

Bermuda's rare use of referenda. Bermudians have settled major issues by referendum just twice in recent memory. In 1990, the island’s electorate voted on the death penalty, with 75 per cent in favour of keeping it. Five years later, Bermudians returned to the ballot boxes on the question of independence from Britain. In that case, 73 per cent of voters were against severing ties with the UK. In December 2013, a referendum on casino gaming, an election promise of the new One Bermuda Alliance Government, was controversially dropped. Now, with Bermudians split on whether or not to recognise same-sex marriages, many opponents are calling for a referendum if the Government proves unwilling to intervene. Referendums once required their own laws to be passed before putting an issue to the people’s vote. In 2012, the Progressive Labour Party Government passed the Referendum Bill, which dispensed with that requirement. A “yes” vote occurs if 50 per cent or more of voters take part, and if more than 50 per cent of them vote in favour. The same would apply for a “no” vote. The referendum would be deemed unanswered if less that 50 per cent of voters took part. The power to call for a referendum rests ultimately with the Bermuda Government, although some jurisdictions the citizenry are able to bring forward a national vote.

February 11. The Pink Cafe at King Edward VII Memorial Hospital will close at the end of the week for major refurbishment work to be completed. The café will shut on Friday and the project is expected to completed in March. “We are very excited about our refurbishment,” Liz Titterton, the Hospitals Auxiliary of Bermuda president said. “We will be incorporating the space previously used by the gift shop in the general wing, which has been empty since the shop moved to the Acute Care Wing in September 2014. This has given us the opportunity to improve the experience for customers and we look forward to opening again next month.” The HAB gift shop in the Acute Care Wing lobby will be open Monday to Friday from 9am to 4pm and will continue to sell tea and coffee and snacks. There are 24/7 vending machines available in the Emergency Department in the Acute Care Wing and on the first floor of the General Wing in the KEMH Cafeteria, selling cold drinks and snacks. The KEMH Cafeteria is open between 7am and 11am, 12pm and 2pm and 5pm to 7pm on Monday to Friday.

February 11. For decades the dulcet tones and eclectic tunes of Lee Harvey were the soundtrack to island life in Bermuda. The renowned deejay and radio personality had listeners running for the on switch on their radios to hear his trademark “I’m back” catchphrase, slick wit and wide-ranging record collection. He was also known for his snappy dress sense and a tireless as well as meticulous work ethic in the studio. Mr Harvey, a father of two, passed away at the weekend in Bermuda at the age of 71 prompting friends and colleagues to pay tribute to a popular and respected radio stalwart who was also a member of the Bermuda Industrial Union. Friend and union colleague Molly Burgess hailed Mr Harvey as a man who “knew his community. He understood music and he could draw people in,” Ms Burgess said. “He could make a show about any kind of music. Lee worked with some great personalities and everything he ended up doing turned to gold. He was not just a deejay but a real radio personality. On behalf of the BIU I would like send our condolences to his family and thank them for sharing him with us.” Winston JR Jones, who worked with Mr Harvey for more than a decade at ZFB, told The Royal Gazette Mr Harvey was an “exceptional talent. He was a complete natural at what he did. He had a memory like an elephant and was extremely personable. He loved people and he knew how to please them with the music he put together. He had a love of all music and as a result the audience was a real mix. Lee and Cy Hall were the first real superstars of the station, and he was perhaps the greatest radio personality we as a country developed.” Mr Harvey started his radio career at ZFB when the station was based on the North Shore and he went on to work for both ZBM as well as VSB. He was well known for his immaculate dress sense complete with briefcase that was always finished off with a pair of plain white sneakers, while his Sunday afternoon show was a must-hear for thousands of Bermudian families who tuned in to listen to him. Longtime friend Ira Philip described Mr Harvey as “an ambitious and industrious youth who became an integral member of the team of Montague Shepard’s ZFB radio station that revolutionized broadcasting in Bermuda. He was talented and proved to be a good back-up personality to the big leaguers like Marlene Butterfield-Landy, Percy Paynter, and Michael Corbin, to mention a few. Eventually he earned his own on-air placement. He was neat, friendly and reliable with a smooth and distinct voice which was well recognized. His good fortune was that as a youth, he was in residence close to the original ZFB Radio station on Mount Hill and was often in and out of the station. He was my good friend.” Keevil “The Captain” Burgess described Mr Harvey as the “classic radio personality. Lee knew his music. He touched many folk, many lives and was a very, very popular man.” Radio presenter Mike Sharpe added: “Lee ‘I’m back’ Harvey was one of the most popular radio announcers on ZFB 960.  He followed the gospel man George Smith from 10am to 2pm and was the first Bermudian to introduce calypso to radio in those days. He left and always returned to ZFB down by the sea on North Shore hence his nickname “I’m back”. Former work colleague Brian Lodge told The Royal Gazette : “He was a nice guy, easy-going and he did his thing. Lee was always committed to his work, he was well known and well-liked.”

February 11. The Ministry of Public Works is looking for a company to remove asbestos from the Warwick Camp dining hall. A ministry spokesman said the roof’s corrugated asbestos sheets had been earmarked for replacement for years, but the job increased in priority after the roof sprang several leaks. The asbestos is to be removed, or abated, and retrofitted with a new covering. A new design is being developed with a local engineer. “All work will be scheduled to keep to a minimum the disruption to the operations at Warwick Camp with full consideration to safety and health of all occupants,” the spokesman added. An invitation to tender, appearing on page 30 of yesterday’s edition of The Royal Gazette , seeks submissions from companies who specialize in asbestos abatement. While the notice stated that further details and tender documents would be available on the Bermuda Government website, the information had not appeared as of yesterday afternoon. The deadline for completed tenders is 3pm on February 24, and interested parties can contact Dennis Reid at ddreid@gov.bm. Asbestos was widely used internationally as building insulation due to its resistance to fire and ability to absorb sound, often mixed with cement or woven into fabric or mats. However, studies have linked prolonged exposure to asbestos fiber to mesothelioma and lung cancer, leading it to be banned as a building material in several countries. The material usually becomes a threat only when airborne owing to deterioration or damage and is inhaled. To prevent inhalation, anyone handling asbestos should wear protective gear, including masks, and the materials should be kept wet to prevent the fibres from becoming airborne. A 2003 report on asbestos in Bermuda noted that the material had been used in several “military type” buildings, including the Bermuda Police Service headquarters and Warwick Camp buildings.

Warwick Camp, Bermuda

Warwick Camp. See above story

February 11. A public meeting has been called in St David’s to rally opposition to the potential closure of the primary school. The event, in the school’s assembly hall on Monday at 6.30pm, is in response to an announcement from education minister Wayne Scott that St David’s Primary School, as well as Heron Bay Primary School, Prospect Primary School and Gilbert Institute, could be shut as part of the Bermuda Government’s school reorganization plan. A flyer for the event states: “If you do not wish our beloved St David’s Primary School become a casualty of the recently released Score report, you are encouraged to attend an important community meeting.”

St David's Primary Schook

St David's Primary School. See above story

February 10. American President Barack Obama yesterday put forward a plan in his final national budget proposal that would raise the US tax burden on some Bermuda reinsurers. It was the seventh year in succession that President Obama included the measure in his budget and it has never yet come close to being passed into law by the US Congress. The proposal would impose a tax on reinsurance premiums paid to non-US affiliates of a US insurer. It would impact several groups that have insurance companies based in the US and a reinsurer based in Bermuda. Several such groups, including XL Catlin, Arch Capital Argo Group and Chubb, formerly known as Ace, as well as the Association of Bermuda Insurers and Reinsurers, were among the 31 insurance firms, industry bodies and consumer groups that were signatories to a letter sent yesterday to leading members of the House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee and the US Senate Finance Committee from the Coalition for Competitive Insurance Rates. Mr Obama’s forecast sees the measure raising $411 million in 2017 and nearly $7.7 billion over the next ten years. It is a very small part of the president’s plan to raise $2.6 trillion over the next decade through tax changes. However, the administration’s proposal is all but certain of being rejected by the Republican-controlled Congress. The CCIR letter described Mr Obama’s proposal as “isolationist”, highlighted the importance of foreign reinsurance capital to the US and added that measure’s implementation would result in US consumers paying more for insurance coverage. “A robust insurance market open to as many competitors as possible is essential to consumers,” the letter states. “Global reinsurers are financially strong and have substantial capacity to support US insurance companies. For example: losses from Hurricane Sandy reached nearly $19 billion; international insurance companies covered close to 50 per cent of the losses. A tax on foreign affiliate reinsurance would only serve to limit US insurance capacity and drive up the cost of insurance, a major threat to homeowners and businesses. The only potential winners are the select few firms that stand to profit from decreased market competition. The tariff would fall foul several US trade agreements and international tax treaties and would also violate World Trade Organisation commitments that require that a country cannot treat a foreign company worse than its own. We ask you to weigh the unintended consequences of a tax on foreign reinsurers,” the letter concludes. “These proposals are isolationist measures aimed at benefiting some competitors in the market at the expense of American consumers and business owners.”

February 10. BBC News. Dave Lee, BBC North America Technology Reporter, San Francisco. Shares of Twitter - used by many Bermudians, residents and visitors - fell in after-hours trading as the company's quarterly results showed user growth faltering. Twitter reported a net loss of $90m (£62m) for the last three months of 2015 versus a loss of $125m a year ago. The social media site saw its user growth stall, with 320 million average monthly active users - the same number as the previous quarter. This is the first quarter in Twitter's history that the number of monthly active users has not grown. Revenue for the quarter rose by 48% to $710m compared to the fourth quarter of 2014, matching analysts' expectations. Immediately after the results were announced, Twitter shares fell 10% in after-hours trading, before recovering to a 3% loss. "With no increase in new users, but otherwise good financial performance, Twitter hasn't yet shown how it can rise from the troubling spot of not being able to grow the business," said Brian Blau, research director at Gartner. If you discount SMS-only users - who don't really count - Twitter lost two million users in its last quarter. Unprecedented, and unacceptable for investors. Despite new features, advertising campaigns and the constant publicity activity Twitter enjoys, it didn't grow a jot. Now, Twitter called it a seasonal lull, and is confident it's made up lost ground in the current quarter. But that won't cut it. Big changes are needed, but the remaining 307 million active users may not like it. Perhaps it's time to ignore users and just get to work. Whether it's types of retweets, or hearts instead of stars, Twitter users en masse say "no no no". Rival social media sites have seen their user bases grow. Facebook has 1.5 billion users and Instagram has 400 million, despite launching four years after Twitter. In its results, Twitter said its user base increased in January. Investors were also disappointed in Twitter's revenue forecast for the first quarter of 2016. The company projected revenue for the first quarter ranging between $595m and $610m, well below analysts' estimates of $627m. Investors had been anticipating the announcement of major changes to Twitter's product offerings to increase the user base. The company announced earlier on Wednesday that it would be introducing a new feature that shows the best tweets at the top of a user's feed, rather than showing tweets in reverse chronological order. Some users felt the change would kill the social network and began to use the hash tag #RIPtwitter in protest. The company said it was planning on improving its video offerings, building on the launch of its live video streaming product, Periscope, in March. Twitter shares have more than halved since its chief executive Jack Dorsey - one of the site's founders - returned to Twitter in July. The company has never reported a quarterly profit.

February 10. American Airlines will begin a second service to Bermuda tomorrow from New York’s JFK Airport. That will push up to 18 per cent the increase in commercial airline seats flying to Bermuda in the first quarter of 2016 when compared to the first quarter of 2015. “Our ongoing dialogues with airline partners are showing results,” said Shawn Crockwell, the Tourism Minister. “Not only do we have the added airlift from New York on American Airlines, we’ve seen other airlines fly more often this winter than they did last winter. This is good news for residents and business people who rely on air travel, but also presents an opportunity to the Bermuda Tourism Authority to attract more visitors.” In the second quarter, a six per cent increase in seats is forecast, making for two consecutive quarters of additional airlift, which represents 24,222 more commercial airline seats available to Bermuda, according to a Ministry statement released this morning. In 2015, every quarter of the year experienced a decrease in airlift — down 9.2 per cent or 51,090 fewer commercial airline seats. Typically an increase in the supply of commercial airline seats brings more competitive prices for travelers, added the statement. Bermuda Tourism Authority CEO Bill Hanbury said: “Airline seats to Bermuda are down 30 per cent in the past decade. That’s why we’re working hard to grow demand and assist our partners in government who negotiate with airlines. The first two quarters of this year are encouraging and with promotions like the Pink Sale we are making strides to fill those seats.” Through the third quarter of 2015, vacation air arrivals were the best performing type of traveller. Vacationer travel was down 0.8 per cent, business travel was off 4.5 per cent and visiting friends and family was down nine per cent. Fewer Bermuda-based employees in the international business sector and fewer visiting friends and family of expats are partly responsible for the lagging performance in the non-vacationer categories. American Airlines flight 1428, its second from New York’s JFK, is scheduled to depart at noon eastern time and arrive in Bermuda at 3.05pm local time. It will return to JFK same day with a departure at 4.00pm, arriving at JFK at 5.30pm eastern time. The additional flight will operate every day of the week except on Tuesdays. The inaugural AA flight will be greeted tomorrow with the ceremonial water cannon salute on the taxiway at L.F. Wade International Airport.

February 10. The Bermuda Tourism Authority has urged the Bermuda Government to boost its funding in the upcoming Budget. Bill Hanbury, the chief executive of the Bermuda Tourism Authority, told The Royal Gazette that an increased budget figure was vital and would go towards advertising and marketing the island. He said that 2016 was a “very important year” for the authority and he believed it had the makings of a “decent year. We have asked for a significant increase in our budget because we desperately need it. The vast majority would go on advertising and marketing. We think we have made a compelling case to Government for additional funding, but we will see. In 2015, the BTA’s grant from Government totalled $21.7 million; the lowest in more than a decade. Despite the cut in funding the tourism industry generated more than $50 million in taxes as well as $300 million economic impact. We are the best investment that the country is making and one of the few things that Government can invest in and generate an economic impact. We have built a good machine. It does not have all the fuel it needs but it has the capacity to do very well.” Mr Hanbury revealed that the America’s Cup had already increased global awareness of the island as a potential for sporting events. He also maintained that convention travel in 2016 looked set to increase with an accompanying rise in cruise calls. “We are going to have a decent year,” Mr Hanbury said. “I’m optimistic things will be better than 2015, but there are still a lot of headwinds out there. The Canadian economy and exchange rates are big issues and we have seen a pretty significant decline in visitors coming from Canada, which is traditionally our second-biggest market. Unfortunately, we have no control over exchange rates and with these kind of numbers it is difficult to be completely successful. There is going to be more airlift in the first quarter, which is really good news, but we still need to fill that capacity. It’s a really important year for us, I’m not thinking about the America’s Cup at the moment, I’m concerned about getting the numbers up for 2016. The America’s Cup has obviously helped and taken us to places we could not have gone otherwise and given us strong affiliations with big names. It has also raised awareness about us as a sailing venue and as well as a sports venue and we have seen some results on that already.”

February 10. Ratings agency Moody’s yesterday downgraded Bermuda Commercial Bank’s long term deposit and issuer ratings. The agency set BCB at Ba3, down from of the previous Ba2 rating, while its stand-alone baseline credit assessment dropped from ba2 to ba3 and set its counterparty risk at Ba2 from Ba1. The move came after a review launched last September following BCB’s acquisition of 75 per cent of British finance house Private and Commercial Finance Group. In a statement Moody’s said: “The ratings downgrade reflects Moody’s view that BCB has taken on increased asset risk through its acquisition of PCFG that has raised the bank’s overall risk profile despite its strong capitalization. Moody’s notes that the increased asset risk reflects the nature of PCFG’s loan portfolio, consisting of high yield, high loan-to-value consumer auto finance and small and medium-sized enterprise business and leasing finance. These loans carry a much higher level of delinquent and impaired loans and a higher loss content than do BCB’s commercial loans in Bermuda.” The bank’s short term ratings and counterparty risk assessment of Not Prime and Not Prime (counterparty risk) respectively were affirmed and the outlook for the ratings was assessed as stable.

February 10. The virtues of traditional marriage versus equal rights for all prompted plenty of discussion as pressure group Preserve Marriage held its “peaceful demonstration” yesterday lunchtime. Hundreds packed the grounds of the Cabinet Building as the group submitted its objectives against civil unions and same-sex marriage to members of the Bermuda Government. It was not just members of Preserve Marriage who showed up — there was a sea of rainbow-colored flags, a symbol of the LGBT community, flying towards the back of the crowd with placards calling for “love and equality.” The messages on the placards of Preserve Marriage included: “Redefining marriage will make moms and dads optional” and, “We do not hate anyone”, likely a response to suggestions that supporters of “traditional marriage” are bigoted and spout hate speech. Theresa Harney-Zuill says she is dedicated to the Preserve Marriage cause. “I can see it from all sides — this isn’t against anyone because of who they choose to love,” she said. “I know there are single mothers; I have been a single mother, but the influence of that male on the child is needed. I have friends who love the same sex and that is fine. But when it comes to redefining what marriage means, I believe that totally now changes the whole of society. I became a Christian a few years ago — it is part of it but it is also my own true belief.” Jordon Ess, a member of the LGBT community, turned up to the grounds with rainbow-colored tape across his mouth. “I am for every human being having human rights. I found the Preserve Marriage campaign hurtful. It was important for me to be here today to show that rights are for everyone. This [the tape] is to signify being silenced by people who want to say, ‘We don’t hate you but we don’t think you deserve to live as an equal citizen in our country either’.” There were many young members of the community who came out to let their beliefs be known. Aminah Simmons, 17, said the issue strongly affected her generation. “I firmly believe that marriage should stay between a man and a woman. It is crucial to how we raise our children and how children perform in school. I am here to make a stand for my generation and for those that are afraid to stand up. A child should have the experience of a mother and a father. They bring two different things to the table — a mother brings nurture and love, and father brings protection and guidance.” Jessie Powell, 16, a member of the LGBT community, wanted to stand up for the rights of herself and her friends. She said: “You often hear Bermudians talking about how they want to move forward and give Bermuda a better image but then they don’t want to allow people to love each other. I don’t belong sometimes. They say they want people to be treated as equal but they are being judged on their sexual orientation and they are being very hypocritical in my opinion.” Maria Mcleod Smith said she believed Bermuda was on the cusp of change. “It [same-sex marriage] will happen in Bermuda quickly and it will be very good for the economy,” she said. Husband and wife Jason and Cindy Samuels have two children and believe the best for any child is to be nurtured by a “traditional” married couple. Ms Samuels said: “Marriage should be a union ordained by God. I raised my children with Christian beliefs. If you give same-sex marriage the same definition, it will reorder society. You can call it something else — a civil union.”

February 10. The Bermuda Government came under pressure to fortify marriage laws as demonstrators for and against same-sex unions filled the grounds of Cabinet yesterday. Two town-hall meetings on civil unions have been pledged, with the first to be held tomorrow. The rally was peaceful, but vocal in its outright stand against same-sex marriage, with the biggest cheers going to an organizer who told the gathering that “a few do not decide for the many”. “If the Bermuda Government is unwilling to stand strong for our society by upholding marriage as between a man and a woman, as previous governments have done for hundreds of years, then the voting population of Bermuda must decide about marriage equality — through a referendum, and not by unelected judges.” The Government was also chided for failing to bring an appeal against a ruling by Ian Kawaley, the Chief Justice, that granted the foreign same-sex partners of Bermudians the same right as spouses to live and work in Bermuda. Demonstrators were addressed by Michael Dunkley, the Premier, as well as Patricia Gordon-Pamplin, the Minister for Community, Culture and Sports, who reminded them that the Government had made no move to redefine marriage. Michael Weeks, the Shadow Minister of Health and Community Affairs, joined with the group Preserve Marriage, telling The Royal Gazette that he considered it a moral issue. “An issue like same-sex marriage, which can radically change our society, if anything should go to the people as a referendum,” Mr Weeks said. Despite the placards denying any position of bigotry, campaigner Tony Brannon said he was at a loss to understand why “people from churches who claim they believe in God want to discriminate against marriage equality. These are people who had to fight hard for their rights in the past; I find it weird that they are trying to deny rights to others.” Allan and Mildred Hunt of Heart-to-Heart Ministries were among those outside Cabinet, with Mr Hunt saying he believes “wholly and solely in the traditional stand on marriage. I'm glad the Rainbow Coalition are here today. We need to share. But nobody is trying to take their rights away. Every right I have, they should have. Marriage should be between man and woman, but they should never be discriminated against. I know what it's like. I came up in this country during hard days. But at the same time, I am here today.” According to Preserve Marriage, the group has a task force of 400 people, and 9,000 signatures backing its petition for marriage to stay “a special union ordained by God between a man and a woman.” However, Pastor Gary Simons, an official spokesman for the group, said it was “not just for those who believe in faith but also those of non-faith. Most persons, even not persons of faith meaning they don't go to a church or practise a particular religion, still would believe there is a higher power. There are many in that category that still have signed the petition because they strongly believe that marriage should be between a man and a woman. Most of the world, and most religions of the world, would say that marriage was started by Him.” The group opposes civil unions and is urging the Government to add supremacy clauses to legislation backing traditional marriage. Such clauses would give laws such as the Marriage Act 1944 and the Matrimonial Clauses Act 1976 superiority over the Human Rights Act. One demonstrator, Pattie Jones-Moore, said she felt the One Bermuda Alliance had done “a disgrace to Bermuda”, adding: “I'm a baby of the 1950s; I don't believe in this stuff. It's a disgrace to my people.” Meanwhile, Dallas Bowers, with the group Love Wins, was out in support for her daughter Nikki Bowers, who said she and her same-sex partner co-parented an eight-year-old child whose father remained “very much involved” in his care. About 750 people, the majority of whom were Preserve Marriage supporters, turned out for yesterday's demonstration, handing their petition to Ms Gordon-Pamplin. Thanking them, the Premier said that “with a foundation based on respect, understanding and tolerance, together we will find the best way forward”. Ms Gordon-Pamplin said the people's views would be deliberated upon. The minister is to attend both town-hall meetings along with Trevor Moniz, the Attorney-General, and Michael Fahy, the Minister of Home Affairs. Tomorrow's meeting is from 6pm to 7.30pm at the Ruth Seaton James Auditorium in CedarBridge Academy, while Monday's meeting is at the same time in the Berkeley Institute auditorium.

February 10. The Zika virus has made global headlines in recent days but Bermuda's Vector Control team have already been doing everything in their power to minimize the health risks from mosquitoes. The Department of Health's Vector Control experts say they are on top of the island's mosquito problem, but now is not the time for complacency. After the mosquito-borne Zika virus was declared a global health emergency by the World Health Organisation, the local team is reminding the public to do their part by removing standing water from their properties. While there have been no confirmed cases on the island, the Department of Health said last week that it was looking at whether two patients needed to be tested for the virus. Armell Thomas, the programme manager for Vector Control and Port Health, said: “We have one of the best mosquito programmes in the world. “We don't have all the answers but geographically we are small enough to do such a good job to control these mosquitoes and vector-borne diseases as we possibly can for now.” But he said the public and business owners could assist by getting rid of standing water and any items that could collect water and pose a threat. “That's the only way the public can help us and we will continue to monitor our programmes and surveillance,” Mr Thomas added. “It will really help us to eliminate the Zika virus from actually coming here.” While the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which is linked to the Zika outbreak, has been eradicated in Bermuda, Mr Thomas said the Aedes albopictus mosquito was also capable of carrying the virus, as well as dengue and chikungunya. However, general foreman Tracy Woolridge said: “I'd advise the public not to panic because Vector Control is on top of it.” Zika virus emerged in Brazil last year and, according to the WHO, has been transmitted in at least 30 countries. As many as 1.5 million people have been infected, with pregnant women said to be most at risk because of its suspected links to deformations in infants. Since the outbreak made international headlines, Vector Control has seen an increase in calls and requests for information. Teams are on alert and conduct two- to four-mile radius sweeps of the workplace and home of anyone suspected of having a vector-borne disease. “We're very serious in our programme,” Mr Thomas said. “We're not waiting for a virus to come out. That's probably what makes us one of the best surveillance programmes out there because of the fact that we already do it. Any virus that comes out, the public is going to be worried and asking questions. A lot of people don't understand exactly what we do. This is a crucial time to explain to the public what we've been doing prior to these diseases.” Since the late 1990s, Vector Control, with the help of other government departments such as Parks and Works and Engineering, has been running a “robust” surveillance programme designed to monitor and track the Aedes mosquito in Bermuda. The team has more than 600 ovitraps, which mimic the preferred breeding site for container breeding mosquitoes such as Aedes albopictus , placed in strategic locations around the island. These are checked for mosquito eggs on a weekly basis and the results are mapped on a computer programme. Mr Thomas said: “If there's anything over 50 eggs on a stick we're going to go out and seek and destroy and we monitor it for a period of time. They do door-to-door checks and inspect properties close by for problem areas. The team also uses larvicides and insecticides to control mosquito populations before they have hatched and as adults, and a spray unit makes regular trips around the island. In Bermuda, we try to eradicate the mosquito at the pupae stage,” Mr Thomas said. “We try not to wait for it to become an adult. Because mosquitoes breed in stagnant and brackish water, the team also monitors and clears canals and ditches on a regular basis, as well as derelict or unfinished pools and tanks. Guppy fish have been introduced to bodies of water that could pose a threat. It's very important to keep these canals clear and not take the fish out because that's our number one defence against mosquitoes." Mr Thomas also reminds the public to ensure that screens are fitted on their tank overflow pipes to stop mosquitoes from getting in. Aquatain, a silicone-based liquid that forms a film on top of water to stop mosquitoes breeding, can also be used in small bodies of standing water such as bird baths. Mr Woolridge stressed the importance of disposing rubbish properly because even a bottle cap could hold enough water for a mosquito to lay eggs. “It's very important that people don't throw trash in trees because sometimes we miss that. A further threat is posed by bromeliad plants, which can collect water in their cups and provide an ideal location for mosquitoes to lay their eggs. “I call that plant my worst enemy,” said Dwaine Swan, the Vector Control inspector for Paget. He urged people to either drill a hole in the plant to let water drain out, keep them in pots so that the water can be tipped out, or remove them entirely. The team is urging the public to follow advice about avoiding mosquito bites when travelling to affected areas and to seek medical advice immediately if they suspect they have the virus. For more information, contact Vector Control on 278-5397. Bermuda has four species of mosquito that can carry vector-borne diseases, according to experts at Vector Control. However, while the culex mosquito, the eastern salt marsh mosquito and the black salt-marsh mosquito are a “nuisance”, the Aedes albopictus is more aggressive and more likely to carry Zika, dengue and chikungunya. “The Aedes family normally carries the Zika virus,” Armell Thomas, the programme manager for Vector Control and Port Health, told The Royal Gazette. “The one we have, the Aedes albopictus, does not like the Zika virus for some reason but it can carry it.” Aedes albopictus, also known as the tiger mosquito, can be told apart from other species by several characteristics. It is smaller than the salt-marsh mosquito that is often found close to marshy areas, according to Mr Thomas. They also lay eggs in different patterns, said general foreman Tracy Woolridge. “The culex lays her eggs on top of the water in a raft but the Aedes albopictus lays her eggs as single eggs. The Aedes is a very aggressive mosquito,” he added. “With the culex mosquito — that's the common house mosquito — and even with the salt marsh, they will buzz around you and they are a nuisance, but with the Aedes mosquito, she doesn't buzz, she bites around your ankles. She likes dark places. That's why it's hard to detect.” Mr Woolridge said mosquitoes need only a small amount of water to breed, which is why it was “very important to empty out water around your yard. Without water they're not going to multiply,” he added. Mosquitoes take an average of seven days to hatch and can fly up to about two miles, but this can vary from species to species. Only female mosquitoes bite, Mr Woolridge explained, because they are looking for a “blood meal. That's how she gets the protein for her eggs,” he said. But he added that mosquitoes also have a purpose, with the male playing an important role in pollinating plants. 

February 10. Shadow health minister Lovitta Foggo has branded the Bermuda Government’s plan to potentially close schools as “foolhardy, reckless and irresponsible. " Ms Foggo was responding to the release this Monday of the full, 196-page school reorganization (Score) report which highlighted four possible closures — St David’s Primary School, Heron Bay Primary School, Gilbert Institute and Prospect Primary School. Meanwhile the deadline for school registration falls begins today and ends on Friday. Ms Foggo urged parents to register their children at their first choice of school regardless of whether it is in the firing line warning them not to “fall prey” to possible motives of the government. Ms Foggo said in a statement this morning: “In view of the fact that no definitive decisions have been made, this announcement has caused anxiety and stress for parents of current students, prospective students, principals and teachers alike. This is unacceptable. With school registration beginning today, I strongly encourage parents to register their young ones in the school of their choice, within their zones. Do not be deterred from registering your young ones from those schools highlighted as possibly closing. The scenarios provided by the Score team and shared by the minister were not endorsements of closure. In fact, ‘closure’ was not a recommendation. If the careless comments made by the minister were designed to dissuade parents from registering their children at the named schools, please do not fall prey to that possible motive. Make certain that you do indeed register your children there, to avoid any low enrolment numbers which might in future become part of arguments for certain closure. The Progressive Labour Party is acutely aware that some tough decisions will have to be made surrounding education, however to put out a statement with no definitive information in it only serves to muddy the waters and cause confusion.”

February 10. Opinion, by Lynne Winfield, president of Citizens Uprooting Racism in Bermuda and writing on behalf of the organization. "The announcement by Michael Fahy on February 5, 2016 will go down in the history books. Not for the reasons he provided in his press release, but for the clear and unmistakable link to past attempts to economically and politically discriminate against black Bermudians, and through contemporary immigration policies to ensure a “whitening” of the Bermudian population to ensure political control. The heightened tensions in our community precipitated by the Chief Justice’s 2014 decision on the rights of Permanent Resident’s Certificate holders to apply for Bermudian status, under Section 20B (2)(b) of the Bermuda Immigration and Protection Act 1956, plunged our society into passionate and oppositional debate. The intent of the original PRC legislation was clear and all parties, including the Department of Immigration, lawyers and the majority of PRC holders understood that intent. However, the subsequent successful challenge in the courts, and the discovery of the so-called “loophole”, allowed for a broader interpretation of the Act. Bermuda’s history of immigration is tragic and complex. The periodic forced exportation of free black Bermudians throughout the centuries leading up to 1834; the post-emancipation efforts to increase the white population codified in law and policy; the continual attempts to legislatively disenfranchise the majority of black Bermudians from voting between 1834 to 1963; the efforts of birth control focused predominantly on the black community; the racialised immigration policies of the 20th century; the favoritism involved in grants of discretionary status from 1956 to 1989; and the contemporary attempts to water down the black Bermudian vote — all too clearly point to continuing attempts to reduce the black population and increase the white population with a view to retaining political power. After the Chief Justice’s ruling in 2014, the Bermuda Government’s subsequent decision to immediately make 1,500 PRC holders eligible for status, without first going through major immigration reform, was perceived by many as a first step towards retaining political control through racialised immigration policies. Black Bermudians suspected that before long the Government would move to open the floodgates even wider, and last Friday those fears were realized, with the proposed changes to the legislation also ensuring future residents of Bermuda can gain their PRC and eventually Bermudian status — in effect providing Bermudian status indefinitely with no time limits or quotas in place. Over the past 30 years more than 50 per cent of those granted Bermudian status have been white. Meanwhile, the voting population is approximately 65 per cent black, 25 per cent white and 10 per cent other. So, by the wholesale granting of status to PRCs, it will increase the share of white voters in Bermuda. Statistically, the majority of guest workers that come to Bermuda continue to be white, the proposed legislative changes by default (and many would argue by intent) ensures that there is an increasing white population on the island and polls have shown that more than 90 per cent of white voters vote for the same party. As such, the proposed legislation will affect political power in Bermuda for decades. This decision by the minister and the Cabinet, to refuse to go the route of immigration reform and community consultation towards a national immigration plan, and instead rush through blanket rights to Bermudian status to long-term residents without quotas in place, is yet another example of Bermuda’s long history of racialised immigration policies used to ensure that power and control stay with a certain group. Our history is riddled with economic violence committed against black Bermudians, and today it continues with high numbers of black Bermudians being reluctantly forced to emigrate to find employment. One recent estimate placed the number at 1,500. Our government’s continuing failure to monitor this exodus is a politically astute non-action, ie, by not counting those who leave, the Government can quietly ignore that the majority of those leaving are black, by default decreasing the black vote. In Bermuda, we have seen seats won by a handful of votes. To state that the numbers are small and will have little impact is an oxymoron when looked at through the lens of political power, and this latest decision will be seen by many as one more attempt to retain political control and will only heighten the tensions in our community. Mr Fahy quotes human rights as one of the reasons for his stance, but in doing so he fails to take into account society’s rights or the rights of Bermudians. The minister states that the amendments will bring Bermuda in line with the European Convention on Human Rights and with international standards. However, he fails to mention that every country has the right to set its own immigration standards and that out of almost 200 countries, only 30 grant citizenship at birth, with all democracies ensuring that quotas are in place. Black Bermudians feel under attack: rampant unemployment, fewer employment opportunities, redundancies, loved ones reluctantly being forced to emigrate to support their families and families living hand-to-mouth to survive. People’s backs are against the wall and there is no further room to retreat, so there are only two choices: to give up or move forward and face what has backed you against the wall. The very real fears and concerns of black Bermudians must be listened to, a parliamentary review must occur and a national plan on immigration commenced, with full community consultation. To continue to amend legislation that detrimentally affects a large section of Bermuda’s population is political willfulness and shows a complete disregard for the wishes of many Bermudians. Such actions will continue only to raise tensions within our community at a time when many are at a breaking point. Why the haste to rush through these piecemeal immigration proposals? The only reason that makes sense is the urgent need to gain votes. The Government is acting like the old Bermuda oligarchy: desperate to protect their own interests. But in the process, they are devastating the black community and destabilizing the country with their rash, ill-considered plans. Why not take the time to do the research, consult with the people, put together a well thought-out national immigration plan, which responds to both the needs of long-term residents and the needs of Bermudians? Bermuda is not experiencing a human rights crisis, unlike the unfolding tragedy in Europe, where millions of immigrants are traumatized, homeless, without resources and starving, vulnerable to exploitation and violence, desperately seeking refuge from countries broken by war. The immigrants in Bermuda are not homeless, they are not traumatized and they are not without resources. They have passports, they have jobs. How many of them could even be classified as working-class? The vast majority are middle-class; they are hard workers and are good people. But their plight is one in which they have found a lovely place to live and would like to stay. In fact, the people who are desperate and hungry, the people who are losing their homes, the people who are becoming economic refugees, the people who are finding themselves increasingly without resources are Bermudians — those who already live here, those who have been living here for decades, generations. Where’s the care for their human rights? “There is nothing anti-Bermudian about helping our family, friends and our neighbor,” Mr Fahy said. If the minister believed this statement he would have helped our families, he would have helped our friends, he would have helped our neighbors, those who are truly desperate. It is easy to say a thing; it is easy to say you wish to help those in need. Mr Fahy’s actions are what reveal him, however, as well as his lack of actions. Who are his friends, his neighbors? Not those in need in Bermuda. “The right thing to do” is to empower Bermudians and, through a consultative process, create a national immigration plan that fits Bermuda’s size and resources, and brings a sense of fairness and justice to all. To continue to force-feed policies that many Bermudians perceive to be a continuation of racist actions of the past is ill-advised at best, and can have serious consequences for the political stability of Bermuda.

February 10. New legislation allowing long-term residents to obtain Bermuda status will inevitably prove discriminatory towards black Bermudians, according to Lynne Winfield of the anti-racism group Curb. Ms Winfield said the announcement last week by Michael Fahy, the Minister of Home Affairs, had caused instant upset, especially for black residents already taking the brunt of the recession. “There is concern for immigrants but there does not seem to be a balancing concern for Bermudians here who are suffering or leaving the country,” she said. “Everybody is suffering from the recession, but I don’t know of one single white person who has left. I am sure there must be some, but all I can tell you is from my own experience. Bringing in pathways to status for residents who have lived here for 20 years, and permanent resident’s certification for 15-year residents, was potentially “destabilising for the country.” Asked if the island could see unrest, she said: “People I have met outside of Curb are very, very frustrated and very, very angry. There is rising anger in our community, and this kind of push without a consultative process of reform is piecemeal.” She said some form of quota system should be in place without “opening the floodgates”, adding that while Curb was sympathetic to immigrants, the latest move mirrored the discriminatory practices of the past aimed at boosting the white voting population. She added that with black workers getting “fired first and hired last”, Friday’s announcement by Senator Fahy was “irresponsible”.

February 9. A rise in group bookings and the success of the Pink Sale has prompted “cautious optimism” within the tourism sector for 2016. The recent Pink Sale is expected to bring $8.8 million into the local economy in direct visitor spending this year after netting 4,428 bookings. The figures equate to 19,900 room nights for local hotels, an 189 per cent year-over-year increase. The sale is a partnership promotion between the Bermuda Tourism Authority and the Bermuda Hotel Association." Our members are very appreciative of the ongoing efforts on the part of the BTA to increase overall visitors to the island,” BHA CEO Stephen Todd said. “We are starting to see the anticipated positive growth in future visitor arrivals and we applaud the ongoing efforts of the BTA in creating the overall awareness of the island in our key international markets, which will provide a much needed revenue boost to the overall economy.” The Pink Sale, which offers visitors 50 per cent discount on hotel rates, was originally planned to run from January 8 to January 25, but was extended to February 1 to leverage a Northeast snowstorm and encourage further bookings. Fifteen local hotels participated in the promotion this year, the same number as in 2015. Meanwhile the latest Hotel Pace Report shows group travel up 10 per cent over the next twelve months compared to a year ago. In 2015, the BTA team’s group sales effort booked 59 meetings that will take place in Bermuda, representing another $10.6 million in estimated spending on-island. “Group travel is critical to the profitability of hotels and tourism sector employment levels so having positive signs in this area is very important,” said Bill Hanbury, Bermuda Tourism Authority CEO. “We are cautiously optimistic because we’re climbing out of a big hole on the group travel side of the business and we have a long way to go.”

February 9. Bermuda’s coordinator of the Department of Court Services is heading to the United States to help further disability rights. Kelly Madeiros, who helped develop the Mental Health Treatment Court pilot initiative, was selected by the US Consulate and the US Embassy in London to attend the International Visitor Leadership Program (IVLP). the Department of State’s flagship exchange programme, which celebrated its 75th anniversary last year. Mrs. Madeiros’ three-week exchange, “Access for All: Enhancing the Lives of People with Disabilities,” will take place from March 28 to April 15. Participants from around the world will convene in Washington DC and then travel onto three or four states. During their trip, the IVLP group will meet with state and municipal officials who implement programmes aimed at access for the disabled, NGO workers who advocate for disability rights, community service providers who work in the field, and more. Consul General Mary Ellen Koenig called Mrs. Madeiros “a staunch advocate for human rights, especially those with cognitive, intellectual or mental disabilities. This programme will allow her to share what Bermuda is doing in the area of disability rights, as well as learn about the challenges and successes of other countries in this field, including the United States. We hope the connections that Kelly makes and the experiences that she has will serve her and Bermuda well over the long term.”

February 9. Four vehicles have been destroyed as a result of a fire that occurred in Sandys in the early hours of yesterday. At about 3.30am, the Bermuda Fire and Rescue Service responded with three vehicles and nine personnel to a report of a vehicle on fire on Spring Benny Road. Upon arrival, it was discovered that three motorcycles and a car were “engulfed with flames.” Fire service spokeswoman Sergeant Russann Francis added: “The extension of the fire resulted in damage to the exterior of a nearby residence.” There were no injuries found as a result of the incident, but an investigation into the cause of the fire is under way.

February 9. The Bermuda Police Service have warned protesters they must abide by the law when they take part in a planned demonstration and a counterdemonstration over marriage equality. Campaign group Preserve Marriage will hold a demonstration opposing same-sex marriage at the Cabinet Grounds today, while a second group has announced a simultaneous event to “embrace the beauty of diversity”. A police spokesman said: “The Bermuda Police Service supports the rights of all Bermuda residents to free speech and the right to gather and peacefully protest. These rights do, of course, come with some responsibilities and the Police Service would like to encourage all groups wishing to form public processions to abide by the Bermuda laws that govern such activities.” He noted that the Public Order Act requires those who intend to march on a public street to apply for a permit from the Deputy Governor three days in advance. “Where a permit has been granted, all directions or instructions therein must be adhered to by persons taking part in the parade/procession,” the spokesman explained. “This will include all directions given by a police officer. Where persons are gathered in furtherance of exercising their free speech, they are cautioned that should do so in a manner that does not impinge on the free speech or freedom of movement of others nor constitute behavior likely to cause a breach of the peace. An early application to the Deputy Governor’s office is encouraged in order that proper arrangements can be made for both the security of those taking part as well as traffic control. All applicants are also encouraged to make contact with the Bermuda Police Service operational planning officer who can assist in making a successful application to the Deputy Governor’s office.” The BPS operational planning officer can be reached at 247-1362 or via the switchboard at 295-0011. Meanwhile, the Ministry of Community, Culture and Sports and Ministry of Home Affairs announced the dates for the public information sessions on civil unions. The two public meetings are scheduled for Thursday at the Ruth Seaton James Centre for Performing Arts and Monday at the Berkeley Institute. Patricia Gordon-Pamplin, the Minister of Community, Culture and Sports, said: “You will recall last year we hosted public meetings on the subject of same sex marriages to present international legislation and to engage the community in the discussion. We received considerable input and written submissions from advocacy groups on both sides of the discussion. At the next round of meetings we will share what we’ve learned and how we plan on proceeding.” Both meetings will begin at 6pm.

February 9. The Bermuda Poultry Fanciers Society is to hold its annual competition this month and the deadline for entrants is today. The event is due to take place at the Jack King Building in the Botanical Gardens on February 19, 20 and 21 and will include turkeys, chicken and ducks as well as rabbits, guinea pigs, cavies and quail. BPFS president Leo Simmons said: “Families will enjoy the day. There are many new birds that have arrived on the island over the course of the last seven months and some are new breeds that have never been here in previous years. They will get to see new breeds. We have everything from old English game to Spanish game standard and a variety of bantams. “It will be a good family day out. A lot of people are inquiring about chickens to use for eggs.” There will be two overseas judges this year — Don Melson from Rhode Island and Steve Jones from Texas. To enter, call Mr Simmons on 335-3258 or visit the Bermuda Poultry Fanciers Society Facebook page. Entry forms can be collected from Noah’s Ark, Pet Care, CB Wholesale and Dive. The event runs from 9am to 5pm on February 19 and 20, and from 9am to 3pm on February 21.

February 8. Michael Fahy, the Minister for Home Affairs, has dismissed claims that a new immigration policy is designed to increase the One Bermuda Alliance’s voting base. Last Friday, Senator Fahy announced new measures to allow residents who have lived on the island for 20 years to gain status, while those resident for 15 years will be entitled to permanent residency. He told The Royal Gazette it was “absurd” to suggest that the Bermuda Government knew how those that would be entitled to apply for status under the changes would vote. "I fully accept that in the Sixties and Seventies that Government manipulated immigration law to maximize votes, but that is not happening here,” Mr Fahy said. “The people who will benefit from obtaining status are from across racial, ethnic, class and gender divides. If you take this ridiculous view of the PLP to the next level and assume the people benefiting from this policy are white and would vote OBA, you need to look at where these people probably live and the most likely situation is that they live in safe OBA seats. So this serves no political purpose even if you look at it from their perspective. However, I dismiss the idea altogether. It is not relevant to the discussion. What is relevant is doing the right thing.” Mr Fahy said the new rules, which will also allow adoptive children of Bermudians in Bermuda to obtain status under certain conditions, would prevent the island from falling foul of family rights enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights. He also outlined plans to highlight a string of immigration cases that showed that the present system needed replacing. “Over the last three years I have spoken with so many people that have fallen foul of the present system,” Mr Fahy added. “These are sad stories of people being here all their life but missing the opportunity of status because they were out of the country for two years due to illness or a 34-year-old nurse who came to Bermuda from Jamaica at 7 who is on a work permit with no rights despite being here 27 years.” Mr Fahy revealed that the Government anticipated less than 1,000 will benefit from the changes initially, with about 200 a year after that. The latest move to overhaul immigration policy prompted an angry response from the Progressive Labour Party as well as Opposition MP Walton Brown, who condemned the move by saying the time had come for “direct action.” Walter Roban, Shadow Minister of Home Affairs, described the policy as a knee-jerk reaction to the OBA’s recent by-election defeat. He said: “It shows that the OBA is not a party that learns from their mistakes but rather one that seems intent on repeating their mistakes with the goal of securing long-term power. The PLP continues to call for joint comprehensive immigration reform rather than this piecemeal approach being employed by the OBA. The constituents of Devonshire North Central voted solidly for Diallo Rabain, in repudiation of the OBA’s Bermudians-last policies. Premier Dunkley, Minister Fahy, and the OBA government would do well to listen to the people when they speak.” Last night, Mr Fahy responded to the Opposition’s criticism saying: “The responses from Mr Roban and Mr Brown are not at all surprising and are absolutely typical of what the public have come to expect from the Opposition when it comes to immigration. In true fashion, their rhetoric and misleading statements are what they lead with. It is absolutely laughable to say these changes are a knee-jerk reaction to anything, which makes it clear that Mr Roban did not read our comprehensive statement from Friday. Rather than using stock phrases like ‘comprehensive immigration reform’, which after all this is, Mr Roban might share his party’s vision. The further outlandish remarks he and Mr Brown make, which certainly demonstrate their contempt for the right thing to do and their dismissal of human rights and those who are likely friends and neighbors, show they are the ones out of touch with what Bermuda needs to be sustainable. Calling for civil disobedience or similar cries do nothing more than show the world we are not welcoming. It beggars belief that anyone would have a problem with giving rights to people who have spent 20 years in a country.”

February 9. RG Editorial. "Not only is no man an island, no island is an island entirely of itself. And Bermuda provides a prime case in point. Our geographic isolation notwithstanding, throughout its history Bermuda has always been a mid-Atlantic extension of the world around it — never standing at one remove from the peoples, countries and events surrounding us. This involvement in the world beyond our shores is reflected in the make-up of our population: multiracial and multiethnic since the very earliest days of our permanent settlement. Bermuda has absorbed and assimilated peoples from Europe and the West Indies, from Africa and the Azores, from North America and Asia, and the sum has proved to be far greater than the individual parts. Our strength as a community lies in our diversity. Our differences unite us. They fuel innovation. They shape our cultural and character. They define who we are as Bermudians. Yet it’s true to say every wave of newcomers initially has been eyed warily. They have been met with suspicion and, sometimes, outright hostility. This is understandable to some degree. Bermuda is an exceptionally small island, after all: its natural, economic and cultural resources have been always as very limited as its land area. And it has been feared always that placing additional demands on them in the form of additional people will overwhelm those resources and, invariably, displace the native-born population. But that has never happened. In fact, history demonstrates Bermuda’s economic, political and social development have all been spurred by the development of our human resources in the form of new people who have helped to introduce new ideas and new ways of doing things to our remote and sometimes overly tradition-bound society. Nevertheless, immigration policy remains a lightning-rod topic in Bermuda politics. It’s only rarely discussed dispassionately and with an eye on the best possible outcomes for both our long-term residents and those Bermudians who worry about being squeezed out of a diminished, post-recessionary labour market. In the aftermath of the Great Recession, we are all of us concerned about our careers, our homes, our children, our schools, medical care for our ageing parents and the growing number of unwelcome knock-on effects being produced by a stagnant economy. But the reality is the economy will continue to stagnate and the knock-on effects will continue to increase in strength and damaging impact unless we take steps to ameliorate them. For Bermuda’s population is dwindling and, along with it, so is the tax base that finances all of our necessary social programmes and services. In recent years we have been travelling along a knife-edged social and economic path, and we have no choice but to act along sensible and pragmatic new lines. The status quo is clearly unsustainable over the long term. As the philosopher Francis Bacon warned, “He that will not apply new remedies must expect new evils, for time is the greatest innovator.” One such remedy was unveiled last week. Changes to our immigration rules now provide an easier route to Bermuda status for those who have lived here more than 20 years and open up long-term residency to those who have worked here for 15 years. These are simply steps to try to rationalise the existing situation; they hardly open the floodgates of unrestricted immigration or signal an imminent wholesale displacement of the native-born population, as some have attempted to suggest. And it’s both distasteful and entirely illogical to assume those given grants of Bermuda status under the new regulations — and thereby entitled to be added to the electoral rolls — will be monolithic in their voting habits. To view them as mindless pawns on the Bermudian political chessboard, to be moved hither and yon by one party at the expense of the other, is to engage in the worst kinds of stereotyping and alarmism. Not only did Bermuda need more streamlined and fairer immigration protocols for those already here, it requires an entirely more level-headed approach to the issue moving forward. For the unavoidable fact is we cannot grow the economy without also growing the population. And we cannot grow the population without making it easier and more welcoming for people, whose help we want to shore up the economic underpinnings of our still-enviable way of life, to work and live here. We are, after all, all still paying the price for some ill-considered restrictions on work permits introduced at the height of the recession for domestic political purposes. These capricious moves may have indeed swayed a few votes. But, far more significantly, they served to amplify and extend the effects of the worldwide economic downturn on Bermuda, making the island far less appealing as an offshore business jurisdiction. Some new business we might otherwise have attracted opted to set up shop elsewhere. And some business we already had opted to leave. This is certainly not to suggest we need an open-door policy at this juncture. Bermuda is too compact and fragile, its socioeconomic fundamentals too delicately balanced, to ever allow for anything but the most controlled and well-managed population growth. But maintaining the largely ad hoc and unsatisfactory immigration system we have now is clearly no longer an option. Simply put, we must learn to face the truth about our new situation and straitened new conditions, and to act accordingly. Bermudians are better placed than most people to realize you can’t stand still when a hurricane is bearing down on you. And the hurricane-force winds of change that have swept the world in recent years have certainly not spared us. We can no longer afford to indulge partisans and propagandists at both ends of the political spectrum who fall back on circular arguments and an insidious kind of self-reinforcing logic that cannot be countered by mere facts whenever the subject of immigration reform is broached. We cannot waste any more time on supposed public debates on the issue, which degenerate inevitably into cacophonous screaming matches and are more aimed at securing a short-term electoral advantage than at advancing Bermuda’s long-term interests. And we desperately need more elected officials whose commitment to the public interest overrides their narrow party-political interests. Because the bleak reality is that without new remedies in the area of immigration, Bermuda can indeed expect all manner of new evils in the not too distant future."

February 8. A Bermuda-based reinsurance executive has suffered “life-changing” injuries after being shot in the leg during a robbery at his home in the British suburbs. Timothy Mardon, division president at ACE Tempest Re Bermuda, was at his home in the village of Sible Hedingham, Essex, when two men broke in the early hours of Saturday. Police were called to the property at 4.40am and arrived to find Mr Mardon had suffered a serious gunshot wound to the leg. The suspects had escaped by the time officers arrived. He is in hospital receiving treatment while police carry out forensic searches and house-to-house enquiries. Investigating officer Detective Sergeant Mark Cadd said that the burglars had threatened Mr Mardon after forcing entry into the house. He added: “He locked himself in a bedroom, and it is believed a gun was then fired through the door injuring him. The two men have then fled from the property and at this time it is not believed that anything has been taken. The two suspects are both white, aged in their 20s, of slim build and wearing dark clothing. One of them is described as bald. This was an extremely distressing incident for the victim and he has suffered life-changing injuries which have left him in great pain.” According to his biography on the ACE Tempest Re Bermuda website, Mr Mardon moved to Bermuda from London in 1996. He is married to Sarah, board director for the Eliza DoLittle Society charity in Hamilton.

February 8. The Bermuda Tourism Authority will financially support new culinary, heritage and water sport activities for visitors as part of its 2016 tourism experiences investment process. Meanwhile, a spokesman said events such as the Bermuda Fly-fishing Invitational, Bermuda Yoga Festival and Bermuda Heroes’ Weekend are being renewed for funding. In total, the spokesman said around $607,000 will be allocated to 38 tourism experiences, including more than a dozen new experiences. Among the additions is an intimate dinner theatre performance of Reminiscences and Other Lies, starring local actor Gavin Wilson as Mark Twain, and a new water sport experience by Kinezumi Water Sports. Entrepreneur Antwan Albouy said: “Our original idea was land based, but from the lunch and learn sessions we learnt visitors wanted more of a thrill from their water sport activities. This summer we plan to introduce the hydro-powered Jetovator, among other water-based products, which will bring plenty of excitement for thrill-seeking visitors.” Meanwhile the spokesman said the Bermuda Heroes’ Weekend is hoped to be bigger and better than last year with BHW Ltd representatives promoting the Bermuda Carnival to revelers in Trinidad. Jason Sudeko of BHW said: “The carnival-chaser is a new visitor market for Bermuda. We saw the potential and went after it, but we remained true to the BTA strategy of being unique and authentic. That’s where the raft-up part of Bermuda Carnival came from. For June 2016 we already have tour operators and travel agents who want to package the experience which is an important new element for attracting carnival-chasers.” Since April 2014, the BTA has allocated about $2.3 million to home-grown ideas that help revive the island’s collection of visitor experiences. The BTA opens the application process to the public with a series of free lunch and learn sessions to share consumer research and offer advice from tourism industry entrepreneurs.

February 8. Bermuda Press (Holdings) Ltd (BPHL) plans to reinstate a quarterly dividend and buy back up to $1 million of its own shares. The company, which owns this newspaper, as well as retail, real estate and commercial printing interests, has suspended the dividend for six consecutive quarters. But its board of directors has announced a payout of five cents for shareholders of record at March 15, payable on March 31. The Bermuda Stock Exchange-listed company’s shares closed at $6.50 on Friday — their lowest level in 16 years — giving the company a market capitalization of $9.1 million. The share repurchase programme, approved by the BPHL board of directors and which becomes effective on March 1, authorizes the buying back of up to $1 million of shares. At Friday’s closing price, that would equate to 153,846 common shares, or 11 per cent of the total outstanding shares, the company stated. “The BPHL board believes the repurchase is the best strategic way to add value to shareholders, as the shares are currently trading below their book value on the BSX,” a BPHL statement explained. The group’s last annual report stated that shareholders’ equity per share was $19.25, as of September 30, 2014 — more than three times the listed share price on the BSX. In 2014, Stephen Thomson, chairman of BPHL, said dividend payouts had been suspended to allow cash flows to be used in the consolidation of businesses acquired from MediaHouse, which BPHL bought in 2014, and to minimize borrowings. Mr Thomson said BPHL had fought hard during a difficult economic period in Bermuda, while “both staff and management have worked tirelessly to integrate the MediaHouse operations, increase efficiency in our businesses, and preserve the role of the independent media in Bermuda.” The BPHL companies have been operating on the island for 188 years and BPHL has been listed on the Bermuda Stock Exchange since it opened in 1971. The company added: “BPHL shares are widely held, with more than 600 shareholders across the Bermuda community. At present, the BPHL companies employ more than 200 Bermudians who make a significant contribution to the local economy as Bermuda’s most trusted source for news and information, the largest commercial printers, and a leading vendor of office equipment and supplies.”

February 8. The chief executive officer of the Bermuda Commercial Bank (BCB) is to stand down, The Royal Gazette can reveal. Peter Horton is to leave the bank at the end of March. Alan Gilbertson, chairman of the bank, one of four in Bermuda and the only specialist in corporate and private wealth clients, said: “On behalf of the board and staff of BCB, we say a fond farewell to Peter Horton, who will leave us at the end of March.” He added: “Peter was instrumental in the successful implementation of the bank’s new core banking platform, T24, and internet bank application NetTeller.” Mr Horton is also credited with spearheading the acquisition of the Private and Commercial Finance Group last September and strengthened the bank’s management team. Mr Gilbertson said: “We are appreciative of his efforts and wish him well in his future endeavors. "Mr Horton said he wanted to return to the UK to spend more time with his young family. "I am appreciative of the board’s comments and am grateful for the opportunity to have worked with the team here at BCB.” Mr Gilbertson said the bank had launched “a global search” for a replacement CEO and said he was “confident that a successor will be found in due course.” Mr Horton took over the top management job at the bank in late 2013 on a five-year contract, which means he was due to leave the job at the end of 2018. Mr Horton said after he took up the BCB job: “It is a contract I am really happy to make because of the potential of BCB — and it might be a longer commitment.” He joined BCB after a globe-trotting banking career working across Africa, also ran a bank in the Caribbean and took up his first CEO position at the Bank of Maldives, in the Indian Ocean island chain. For the financial year ended September 2015, BCB recorded net income of $8 million, down 13 per cent from the year before.

February 8. Land Tax Demand Notices for the first six months of 2016 will be distributed over the next few weeks, according to the Office of the Tax Commissioner. Payment dates are as follows:

A statement from the Office of the Tax Commissioner states: “If you are the owner or deemed owner of a property and do not receive a demand notice within four weeks of the payment due date for your section, please contact the Office of the Tax Commissioner promptly so that your contact information can be verified and amended if necessary.” For more information, call 298-6351, e-mail taxenquiry@gov.bm or visit www.taxbermuda.gov.bm.

February 8. Four primary schools could face closure as part of the Bermuda Government’s School Reorganization (Score) Plan but no decisions have yet been made. According to Wayne Scott, the Minister of Education, Gilbert Institute, Prospect Primary School, St David’s Primary School and Heron Bay Primary School are all listed in the Government’s Score report as potential candidates for closure. At a press conference, the minister this morning outlined some of the findings of the full Score report which is now available to the public via www.moed.bm. He also told The Royal Gazette that he could not rule out school closures taking place this academic year. He outlined three scenario per “zone” — the central zone, eastern zone and western zone. The scenarios are as follows:

• Central zone:

• Eastern zone:

• Western zone:

Mr Scott said that further consultation will be needed before any firm decisions are made. “Let me emphasise that the Score Advisory Committee was mandated to collect and present the data, not to make decisions. " Mr Scott also touched on some of the other findings in the report including health and safety issues arising at some of the schools. He encouraged all parents and the general public to read the 192-page Score report, and the deadlines for school registration are this Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. The open consultation starts today and will continue for four weeks ending on March 4. The details will be released later. The public can send feedback on the report to educationconsultation@moed.bm. Mr Scott added: “The data findings detailed in the Score report and any other feedback I receive from stakeholders will be used as a foundation to lay the building blocks necessary to move the public school system toward improving the quality of our students’ educational experience.”

February 8. The selling of overseas lottery tickets by local bookmakers is to come under scrutiny at two meetings to be held this month. The special sessions of the Betting Licensing Authority will be much more “extensive” than usual, according to chairman Juan Wolffe. He told The Royal Gazette the authority had only recently become aware of betting shops selling tickets in foreign lotteries and needed to find out more.  “We probably wouldn’t have raised it if the issue of the lotteries hadn’t come up,” he said. “What we would have raised would be questions being asked of the betting establishments as to what exactly they do. We didn’t know this was going on until it was brought to our attention. We have been discussing it since. At the hearings, we are intending on canvassing all these issues with all the relevant applicants.” This newspaper reported last month that Paradise Games on Court Street was offering tickets for the US Powerball lottery, which had a jackpot of more than a billion dollars on January 13. In a post on www.royalgazette.com, Paradise Games wrote: “We purchase Powerball tickets on behalf of customers through a licensed agent in Florida.” This paper also previously reported on the selling of Powerball tickets for $3.50 — they retail for $2 in the US — at the same betting shop in March 2014. Florida Lottery has said it does not endorse such schemes but will pay out winnings to anyone with a ticket legitimately bought in the state. Last month, we visited three other betting shops in Hamilton — Sea Horses, Gametime and Triple Crown Racing. Only the latter said it sold foreign lottery tickets, in the Caribbean Super Lotto. The cashier said Triple Crown was an authorised agent for the lottery. Six establishments have bookmaker’s licences under the Betting Licence Act 1975 and all are due to expire on March 31. The authority will consider an application to renew from Gametime, which has shops on Front Street, Water Street in St George’s and Somerset Road in Sandys, on February 18 at 12.30pm in Magistrates’ Court 4. The February 26 hearing, at the same time and in the same venue, will consider renewal applications from Stonley Ltd, owner of Sea Horses, and Axum Ltd, owner of Paradise Games. The sessions are open to the public and Mr Wolffe said interested parties were welcome to get in touch beforehand to view applications. “It’s important for the public to have awareness of these establishments and make any objections should they so desire,” said the senior magistrate. “I don’t see any reason why any of that information should be private. It’s important for persons especially to know what the location of the establishment is, its hours of operation and what sort of activities take place that can touch and concern very seriously the social landscape of the community.” Axum Ltd, owned by Opposition leader Marc Bean, has also submitted an application for a new bookmaker’s licence for betting premises in Boaz Island, Sandys, but a hearing date has not yet been set. Bermuda’s Lotteries Act 1944 prohibits the sale or distribution of “tickets or chances” in “any lottery ... in Bermuda or elsewhere”. The Betting Act 1975 states that nothing in the Lotteries Act 1944 can “render unlawful the business of receiving or negotiating bets by a licensed bookmaker or licensed pool betting agent.” Police commissioner Michael DeSilva declined to comment last month about the legality of offering customers in Bermuda the chance to take part in the Powerball draw. A spokesman said: “The Bermuda Police Service at this juncture does not have any public comment on the aforementioned subject. We will in the future revisit our position in the event there is something we would like to communicate to the public via the media.” The other members of the Betting Licensing Authority are Elizabeth Christopher, Andre Heyliger and Michael Smith.

February 8. The Rainbow Alliance of Bermuda has hit back at the Preserve Marriage group, branding its media campaign against same sex marriage as offensive and riddled with skewed statistics. In a statement released this evening the Rainbow Alliance rejected the idea that the question of same sex marriage should be resolved by a referendum The statement comes on the eve of a planned public demonstration by Preserve Marriage and a counterdemonstration by another group called “Love Wins” over marriage equality. “For the many non-heterosexual young people and adults in Bermuda, Preserve Marriage’s homophobia is further entrenching the daily exclusion and alienation already faced,” said the Rainbow Alliance statement. “It is unfortunate that with the multiple serious issues Bermuda is currently facing, a group of individuals would use such a significant amount of resources to advocate to prevent a recognized segment of the population from being able to benefit from rights and freedoms afforded to the majority.” The statement added: “The Rainbow Alliance supports the rights of all people in Bermuda to have their consensual, loving relationships between two individuals recognized and protected — regardless of gender identity or sexual orientation. The Bermuda courts have already supported this position, ruling that refusing to recognise same-sex partnerships amounts to discrimination — a stance which we wholeheartedly stand by. A referendum on this issue disregards the struggle of minority groups in human rights issues. Why should an unaffected majority decide the extent to which an oppressed minority can access their rights? Fundamental rights and freedoms are in place to protect minorities against the shifting passions of the majority. Referendums pose a danger to the protections afforded to minority groups through legislative and judicial means. Preserve Marriage‘s rhetoric shows a need for a better understanding on how to be accepting of all persons, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity.”

February 7. Fred Olsen Cruise Lines announced to its UK clients a June 2017 cruise to the Azores and Bermuda on the mid-size chip Boudicca with a three-day stay in Bermuda specifically for the 17 final races of the America's Cup. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=DeWBBAnQB_E It leaves the UK on June 9, 2016 for a 26 night cruise and while in Bermuda will dock in the City of Hamilton.

America's Cup Race cruise ship promotion

See above story

February 6. Long-term residents will be given increased rights to apply for permanent residency and Bermudian status under new proposals outlined by the Bermuda Government. The move will allow residents who have lived on the island for 20 years to gain status, while those resident for 15 years will be entitled to permanent residency. Michael Fahy, the Minister for Home Affairs, described the policy as “the right thing to do”, dismissing suggestions that the changes were “anti-Bermudian” or would take jobs away from Bermudians. But the announcement prompted an angry response from Progressive Labour Party MP Walton Brown, who took to Facebook to accuse the One Bermuda Alliance of “losing its mind”, and claimed it had shown contempt for Bermudians “reminiscent of the racist policies of the 1960s.” Senator Fahy said amending the Bermuda Immigration and Protection Act 1956 to incorporate the new provisions would bring Bermuda in line with the European Convention on Human Rights, generate revenue and help to address the decreasing work population. “There is nothing anti-Bermudian about helping our family, friends and our neighbor,” Mr Fahy said. “The people we are talking about represent every class, race, ethnicity and national origin.” Under the proposed changes, residents who have lived in Bermuda for 20 years will also need to be Commonwealth citizens, of good character and not convicted of criminal offences to apply for status. Meanwhile, those applying for permanent residency need to be resident in Bermuda for two years immediately prior to their application and of good character throughout their time on the island. Mr Brown branded the new policy as “b******t” saying: “There is no longer space to discuss and negotiate. This is the time for direct action. Civil disobedience. I will consult with other like-minded people and we will act ... as early as next week. Are you in?” He later reiterated his comments to The Royal Gazette, saying: “The time for discussions is over. The Government clearly has no intention on having a collaborative approach on one of the most contentious issues. If the minister seeks to throw the gauntlets down to the Bermuda public he will get an appropriate response.” Mr Fahy said yesterday that the number of residents who would qualify under the new pathways for residency and status was “very small” and maintained the strategy would create “pragmatic, immediate benefits. New applications will represent a revenue-enhancing opportunity as applicants pay the substantial fees involved under the legislation. New Bermudians, with their new-found security, could seek to purchase real estate or inject capital into Bermuda companies. Assets which will be earmarked to leave Bermuda will be more readily available for investments in the local economy. The 2010 Census data revealed a total work-permit population of 6,421. Of that, 5,738 had been in Bermuda for less than 15 years. 511 have been in Bermuda for 15 years or more. Assuming that the 172 who did not report were in the latter category, we are dealing with at most 683 possible applicants likely to be able to make applications upon this legislation coming into operation.” The raft of changes will also allow adoptive children of Bermudians in Bermuda to automatically obtain Bermudian status if they meet certain conditions. A person who was born in Bermuda or arrived before their 16th birthday will be eligible for permanent residency after ten years of ordinary residency in Bermuda upon reaching their 18th birthday. Anyone who has a Bermuda immediate family connection will be eligible for permanent residency after ten years of ordinary residency in Bermuda upon reaching their 18th birthday. Meanwhile, people in Bermuda for 20 years when the new rules begin will have special transitional provision made for them. Mr Fahy said: “Bermuda is one of the only places in the world that does not have a pathway to status that isn’t through marriage. The unfortunate reality is that Bermuda’s immigration policy has allowed substantial numbers of people to live in Bermuda with no real hope or expectation that they can ever achieve the full rights associated with being Bermudian. The status quo is totally unacceptable. This is especially the case in a jurisdiction as modern and progressive as Bermuda. It has led Bermuda to fall afoul of its international legal and human rights obligations.”

February 6. Police are appealing for witnesses after gunshots were fired at the Bermuda Athletic Association Field in Pembroke. At approximately 10.50pm on Saturday, Bermuda Police Service (BPS) officers attended a report of what appeared to be firearm shots at the sports ground. BPS spokesman Dwayne Caines told The Royal Gazette: “Upon police arrival, it was ascertained that an unknown male shot over the southern wall of the field at the end of the game between Ireland Rangers and BAA. “No one was injured and the man made good his escape. The area has now been cordoned off and the investigation has commenced. Police are appealing for witnesses or anyone who has any information on what took place, and we’re especially interested in talking to anyone who may have seen suspicious people in the area.” Anyone with information can call 295-0011 or the confidential Crime Stoppers hotline on 800-8477.

February 6. The Argo Group Gold Cup’s status on the World Match Racing Tour remains uncertain, with organizers of the prestigious regatta still engaged in discussions with tour officials. The tour announced last year that the M32 high-performance catamaran will be the featured class on this year’s truncated WMRT circuit to run from March to July. It still remains to be seen if the Gold Cup will be included in the next tour cycle to run from July 2016 to July 2017. In order to retain its tour status, Gold Cup organizers will have to amend the class rule from the existing classic International One Design sloop to the M32, which made its debut in local waters during the previous Gold Cup. The first official racing involving the catamaran took place during last month’s first stage of the M32 North American Winter Series being held in Bermuda for the first time this year. It has been suggested that the M32 has already been confirmed for the next Gold Cup. However, Andy Cox, chairman of the Gold Cup, has dismissed the claim." We have not yet agreed on the format or dates for this year’s Argo Group Gold Cup,” Cox said. “The Royal Bermuda Yacht Club are continuing to work with the World Match Racing Tour and our sponsors to finalise the details for this year’s regatta.” Adam Minoprio, helmsman of 35th America’s Cup Challenger Groupama Team France, won last year’s Gold Cup with his BlackMatch team-mates after besting Australian rival Keith Swinton and Black Swan Racing in the final. Meanwhile, Nicolai Sehested, a World Match Racing Tour card holder, has returned to Bermuda with his Trefor Match Racing team-mates to prepare for the upcoming season, which gets under way next month in Perth, Australia. Sehested has made several appearances in the Argo Group Gold Cup and also competed in the RenaissanceRe Junior Gold Cup. “It’s been a great experience growing up sailing in Bermuda every year, and it’s always been the place where you see and meet the best sailors in the world,” the Danish sailor said. “We always enjoyed the monohull boats like the Bermudian IOD, but we have to accept and adapt the new changes quick, and that’s why we choose Bermuda as our training base, like the America’s Cup teams.”

February 6. Healthy and able seniors should be allowed to continue working without discrimination, a Human Rights Commission representative declared at a meeting in Hamilton last night. Sarah Clifford, education officer at the Commission, spoke out at a forum on ageing hosted by the Peace and Social Justice Committee of the Roman Catholic Church of Bermuda. Also on the panel were Bishop Wesley Spiewak, head of the Roman Catholic Church of Bermuda; Claudette Fleming, director of Age Concern; and Craig Simmons, an economist and Bermuda College lecturer. “Approximately 9,000 Bermudians are 65 or older — that’s 17 per cent of the population,” Ms Clifford told the audience at St Theresa’s Church Hall." We want to consider the emotional impact that being gainfully employed provides. The sense of community, security, well-being and independence. The complexity of the problem cannot negate the commitment to the principle of non-discrimination.” Ms Fleming said the number of elderly people globally was set to skyrocket in years to come. “It’s not just Bermuda that’s ageing, the world is ageing,” she said. She suggested that opening up jobs to senior citizens could serve to help Bermuda’s economy, as well as preventing the elderly from suffering financially. “Human rights and economic development go hand in hand,” Ms Fleming said. “The average senior receives a pension of $783 a month after healthcare insurance payments. Many are just surviving.” Mr Simmons warned, however, that laws had limits. “I’m a bit skeptical about legislation in general,” he said. “As Martin Luther King said, it’s about changing the hearts of people, not what’s written in law. That’s the major challenge — changing the hearts of men and women.” Bishop Spiewak said that, despite the problems associated with old age, a person’s autumn years should be viewed with optimism. “It seems that in contemporary western culture, age is seen as a necessary inconvenience — a process to try to cover up. But, from a Christian perspective, age is a blessing. Life is a gift, and those who have lived many years are greatly gifted.” (NB: In the UK, mandatory retirement at age 65 is no longer required, unlike in Bermuda),

February 6. Businessman Ian Bickley will be recognized at The Bermuda Fashion Festival in July for his success in the fashion industry. Mr Bickley, a Bermudian, is president of the international group, Coach Inc, and is responsible for taking its luxury line of men’s and women’s leather goods to Japan, East Asia, Australia, Britain, Europe, Africa and South America. Mayor of Hamilton, Charles Gosling, has presented him with a nomination for a Bermuda Fashion Achievement Award in Manhattan, in front of his peers, other Coach Inc senior executives, at the newly renovated Coach store at Columbus Circle, New York. Mr Bickley, a Saltus alumni, will receive his award during Bermuda Fashion Festival, which runs from July 10 to 16. Bermuda’s premier fashion week event is organized by the City of Hamilton, funded mostly through corporate sponsors and partnerships. For information about the Bermuda Fashion Festival 2016, visit bermudafashionfestival.com. Tickets are on sale from March 1.

February 6. The Progressive Labour Party’s by-election victory dealt good press to its leader along with a stinging rebuke to the Bermuda Government over the state of the economy, according to a PLP source. Meanwhile Glenn Blakeney, the former MP for Devonshire North Central, attributed Thursday’s high voter turnout to the One Bermuda Alliance’s “trust deficit on anything it touches”. Diallo Rabain’s win over Andrew Simons drew the biggest voter attendance for a PLP by-election win since Derrick Burgess took Hamilton East in 1998. With 827 ballots for a constituency of 1,300, the by-election mustered a 64 per cent turnout — the highest for a PLP victory since 65 per cent showed at Hamilton East, and comparing favorably with the turnouts for past victories by Jamahl Simmons (59 per cent), Marc Bean (40 per cent) and Michael Weeks (39 per cent). “The present economic conditions in the country are driving all of this; I don’t think Marc Bean entered the minds of the voters,” the party insider said, adding: “He needed this to put himself in a good light. But the voters’ concerns was a desperate attempt to do anything to see their economic woes turned around. At this point, what would be interesting would be if the OBA does not turn the economy around and make good on its promises, and if the PLP continues to have infighting or dissension among its parliamentary group. Then it would be interesting to see what happens at the next election. I’ve been hearing from a number of people who are getting turned off by politics: the allegations, the suspicions of corruption and kickbacks, and now the PLP’s apparent infighting. If it’s true that the Opposition leader has banned six or seven members from the caucus, that does not say much for the PLP as a cohesive unit.” The PLP source said: “More than the PLP rallying, it was the Government’s failure to produce the jobs that they promised. Peoples’ expectations are not being met. That pushed people to come out. At the end of the day, it’s a PLP stronghold and we would have expected them to hold the seat. Maintaining a seat that you’ve held forever is nothing to get excited about.” The OBA’s electoral vow to create 2,000 jobs was deemed a case of “a political party making promises that it can’t keep.” Mr Blakeney laid the blame on an accumulation of OBA failings, saying: “We have the gaming referendum, the airport issue still front and centre, a lot of unemployment and no significant jobs delivered, and no shovels in the ground. There is the revocation, by the Government, of the contract for the waterfront, and the intervention of the minister into the running of the corporation. Then they have egg on their face by having a premier and a party that removed a former premier over ‘Jetgate’ but yet kept virtually the same Cabinet,” Mr Blakeney added, referring to the resignation of former Premier Craig Cannonier, who was appointed Minister of Public Works eight months later without substantiating what earned him that right.  “Concerns over that affair have never been addressed publicly, even though there was a former chairman of the party who promised that the report on it would be shared. The OBA talks the talk and doesn’t walk the walk on being transparent.” Mr Blakeney held on to Constituency 13 by just 19 votes in the 2012 General Election. However, he said he had been limited in his ability to canvass properly due to his heavy workload of a minister and business owner, as well as issues in his personal life. Mr Rabain, he said, had strong party support behind him during his relatively brief canvassing. “There has been a continuity of strong workers in that branch, which is responsible for every single election victory since I was there in 2003 — the first time Bermuda went through an electoral process that saw single seats.”

February 6. Channel 82’s future hangs in the balance, after service provider Logic Communications demanded a $2,000 monthly fee to broadcast its shows. Lamone Woods, the channel’s managing partner, pulled his Bermuda-centric programming from the cable company’s airwaves and posted the “upsetting” news on Facebook. He also urged viewers to contact Logic (formerly CableVision) to request the return of Channel 82, which would only be available to World On Wireless (WOW) customers should the split be finalized. The Facebook post, which sparked a lengthy debate, said: “For seven years we have provided content to CableVision at no cost to them, positively showcasing our community, and now they want us to pay to continue providing local programming to you. They do not see the value in what we provide for the community and we are making a stand. We want to continue to provide you with local content. Thank you for your continued support.” However, the two sides are set to return to the negotiating table to try to resolve the issue, and Channel 82 is back on air for the time being. It was off the air for at least 24 hours starting on Thursday. “We’re not asking for any hand-out, we’re saying that our content has value,” Mr Woods told The Royal Gazette. There are so many things on television these days, but we don’t see local people. We have talent to showcase, which was our mandate from the very beginning. It gives Bermudians a reflection of themselves.” Antoine Jones, who hosts teen lifestyle show In the Know on the channel, said that it would “crush my dreams” if the standoff was not resolved. “Channel 82 has always provided the island with good content that people want to see,” said the 15-year-old, a student at the Berkeley Institute. “I love making my own TV show. It gets me motivated and that’s what keeps me going every day. I never thought something like this would happen.” Logic CEO Lloyd Fray said Channel 82 would continue to air for the next 60 days, as the companies tried to reach an agreement. “While we are unable to discuss the specifics of commercial contracts due to confidentiality, we would like to reiterate our support of local content,” he said. “This is demonstrated by the five local leased channels that we carry and are provided as part of our channel line-up, the live Cup Match feed as well as the inclusion of ZBM and ZFB. Local content showcases the Bermudian culture, spirit and artistic expressions and it is something we are proud to air.”

February 5. HSBC Bermuda and Clarien both said yesterday they do not charge fees of the type introduced at the start of the year by rival Butterfield Bank. Butterfield imposed a “statement imaging fee” of $2 a month from the start of this year for making personal account statements available at Butterfield Online. The bank has also introduced an a 25 cent per transaction charge for online bill payments and an “account monitoring” fee of $8 a month for commercial accounts. However, information on the three banks’ websites show that overall, monthly fees on customers’ chequing and savings accounts are broadly comparable (see accompanying table). An HSBC spokeswoman said: “With respect to HSBC Bermuda’s personal accounts, we do not currently apply statement imaging fees, transaction fees for online bill payments or fees when making transfers between HSBC Bermuda accounts. Our pricing is reviewed annually and may be subject to change, with pricing changes generally taking effect on July 1 of each year. Clients are advised either via their relationship manager, through in-branch signage and/or on the public website.” A spokesman for Clarien Bank said: “Clarien Bank does not charge these fees.” An angry customer on Wednesday protested after Butterfield imposed new fees “by stealth.” A Butterfield spokesman said that Butterfield had placed prominent notices in banking centres and on its website. “Butterfield continually reviews and adjusts fees for services based on a variety of factors, including changes for customers’ channel usage preferences and associated transaction volumes, as well as changes in the cost of providing services. Butterfield is pleased to provide a wide range of secure and convenient financial services to Bermuda residents at prices that are competitive and provide good value.”

February 5. Diallo Rabain stormed to victory by a decisive margin for the Progressive Labour Party last night in Devonshire North Central, where he took 56 per cent of the vote. Mr Rabain hailed his win over the One Bermuda Alliance’s Andrew Simons, at 461 votes to 351, as “a referendum on the OBA”, and a harbinger of the General Election soon to come. “It’s a message to the OBA,” he told jubilant supporters outside the by-election’s polling station shortly after 11pm. The policies implemented since the OBA won in 2012 had been “solidly rejected by the constituents. There is a trust deficit that is growing; there is a Bermuda being generated where Bermudians feel they have no say, and no way to make a living. Bermudians were saying “no more” on issues ranging from the airport redevelopment plan to “unfair” immigration policies." Thanking his support team, Mr Rabain told the elated crowd: “It’s the result we expected; it’s the result we deserve.” Mr Simons offered his congratulations, saying Mr Rabain had “clearly worked hard, and won the support of a large majority of voters”. The campaign since the retirement in early December of the previous MP, Glenn Blakeney, had left both with “a lot of ground to cover”, Mr Simons said, commending his own support team. Asked if he would continue to campaign, Mr Simons said he would soon be living in the constituency, allowing him to connect with its communities. He added: “When you’re running in a campaign that has a definite time frame it’s easier to focus your political energy. I will continue to be involved in public service.” It was a significant turnout for a by-election: with 827 ballots cast, there were more votes than in the General Election. There were 1,300 registered voters in total. Last night’s result was commended as a “checkmate” by Marc Bean, the Leader of the Opposition, as he celebrated outside the polling station at the National Sports Centre. It was a much bigger PLP majority than in the 2012 General Election.

February 5. Stevedoring Services Ltd (SSL) will continue to operate the Hamilton docks for the next five years after today signing a new lease with the Corporation of Hamilton. However, the Corporation intends to encourage competition for the right to operate the dock in future by inviting any business to bid for the job at the end of the new lease. The company, a subsidiary of Polaris Holding Company Ltd, has been responsible for dock operations for more than 15 years. Charles Gosling, the Mayor of Hamilton, said: “The atmosphere on the docks has changed very positively under the management of Warren Jones, Polaris CEO and Cheryl Hayward-Chew, Polaris chairman. In the spirit of transparency and fair business practice, this will be the last rollover lease for Stevedoring Services. Within the term of this five-year lease, City of Hamilton will conduct a full independent review and evaluation process which will then form the basis of an RFP [request for proposal], an open invitation to any business to bid for the contract.” This RFP will be published and awarded a year before this lease expires. Around 40,000 containers move through the six-acre docks on Hamilton waterfront.

February 5. The total amount of wages and salaries earned in Bermuda in the third quarter of 2015 rose 3.4 per cent from the same period the year before, government statistics show. More than four-fifths of the increase was attributable to one sector — international business. Employment income in the July-through-September period of last year was $761.1 million, the Department of Statistics revealed this week, using data from the Tax Commissioner’s office. That marked an increase of nearly $25 million from the same period last year. Employment income for the international business sector was $232.9 million, up $20.8 million, or nearly 10 per cent. The data illustrate the importance of the sector to the island’s labour market and its resilience as an income generator despite a soft reinsurance market that has led to a wave of consolidation. The business services sector provided $75.2 million in third-quarter employment income, up 3 per cent from a year earlier, while the banking, insurance and real estate segment generated $71.3 million, up about 0.2 per cent. The wholesale and retail sector, which has been buoyed by a year-long uptick in retail sales, paid out $52.1 million in employment income in the third quarter, representing an increase of $1.7 million, or 3.4 per cent from the year before. The public sector generated 13.7 per cent of all the employment income earned in the third quarter. The public administration and defence sector paid out $104 million to employees during the period, up nearly $1 million from a year earlier. Hotels and restaurants paid out $44.5 million in wages and salaries over the three months, up 1.7 per cent from a year earlier. The only sectors to see employment income declines were construction and transport and communication. Construction workers took home a combined $26.4 million, down from $27.1 million a year earlier. The construction industry appears to be somewhere near the bottom of a boom-and-bust cycle and recorded $17.6 million worth of work put in place during the third quarter, 4.1 per cent less than a year earlier. During the first three quarters of last year, value of work put in place was $57.5 million — putting 2015 on course to be the weakest year for the industry in at least 14 years, according to the data. The industry is suffering from a clampdown on government capital spending as well as falling private-sector demand. The prospect of a new hotel project breaking ground in St George’s this year may help the industry bounce back. Transport and telecommunications trimmed its payroll by 4.4 per cent, down to $19.2 million in the third quarter of 2015, compared to $20.1 million in the same period of 2014. Government cautioned that employment data for the third quarter is subject to later revisions to account for late returns. The third-quarter data suggest an acceleration in employment-income growth. For the first three quarters of last year employment income totaled $2.4583 billion, up $37.86 million, or 1.6 per cent, compared to the first nine months of 2014.

February 5. A redeveloped airport could sustain Bermuda for the next 100 years, a spokesman for the site’s proposed construction firm claimed last night. Residents attended the Anglican Cathedral Hall in Hamilton for the third of three meetings on the $249 million LF Wade International Airport project. As with the previous events, the public were asked for their feedback on issues to consider in the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment being compiled by LAS Consulting and Bermuda Environmental Consulting (BEC). Again, though, attendees were more eager to vent their distaste at the contract agreed between the Bermuda Government and Canadian construction firm Aecon. In response to a PowerPoint presentation explaining the benefits of a new airport, one 88-year-old resident said: “I’ve been selling for 60-odd years, so I’m familiar with sales talk. You are looking for some validation of your project and for what you have to offer, but I cannot give it to you tonight. From what I’ve been hearing, we’ve put the cart way ahead of the horses. This Government has made the mistake of taking Bermudians for fools.” As with previous nights, common complaints at the meeting included the high cost of the project, whether it was actually needed, the lack of a transparent tendering process and whether it would generate Bermudian jobs as promised. Ken Hassard, commercial lead of airport developments at Aecon, pointed to his company’s previous successes with projects such as the CN Tower in Toronto and the $700 million Quito International Airport, which opened in Ecuador in 2013. He said: “Parts of your existing airport are 70 years old. They’ve outlived their life span. But you have to believe that with 21st century technology and materials, and the experience of the developer, that the next airport could last a century. It’s important to understand that if you’re going to build an airport maybe once in a century, you should have a supplier with a proven track record of building airports.” Jack Ward from BEC added that any further questions could be posted on the official “Bermuda Airport Redevelopment Project” Facebook page, where the appropriate technical experts could provide answers.

February 5. Pressure group Preserve Marriage Bermuda (PMB) has urged the Bermuda Government to call a referendum on same-sex marriage. About 70 representatives of the “active task force” held a press conference in the Office Suite Solutions building in Mill Creek yesterday, where they also called for relevant changes in legislation to ensure that the definition of marriage as a union between a man and a woman is not deemed discriminatory under the Human Rights Act. The Human Rights Commission responded by saying it had not received any correspondence from PMB on the matter so far, but stressed that the opinion of the majority should not impinge on the right of equal treatment for minorities. PMB also announced it would be holding a “peaceful demonstration” on the grounds of Cabinet next Tuesday at 12pm. During the press conference, the group shared the group’s three objectives, which were printed in The Royal Gazette yesterday. Its first aim is to inform the public about “the truth” of the “failed experiment” of civil unions in other countries. Group member Ray Madeiros said: “In the debate about traditional marriage versus same-sex marriage, a compromise introduced by some governments is the implementation of the civil union. However, the public must be fully informed that in almost every country that has redefined marriage, civil unions were introduced as the answer to this alleged discrimination. The public and our government was led to believe that this was the end of the matter. However, it inevitably leads to a legal fight for the separate and unequal argument that results in the redefinition of marriage. In light of the statistics, governments that introduce civil unions by default start the countdown to same-sex marriage. However, internationally, all countries that have legalized same-sex marriage, in all but one case, were preceded by introducing civil unions.” The second objective is to pressure the Government to amend legislation. Group member Jock Stewart said: “We seek to ensure that the Marriage Act 1944, the Interpretation Act 1951, the Matrimonial Clauses Act 1976, and the Human Rights Act 1981 are fortified to preserve marriage in Bermuda to remain between a man and woman for the benefits of our society because a father and a mother are irreplaceable. Government is involved in a personal promise of a male and a female married couple because it is of upward benefit to society as a whole.” Finally, the group called for a referendum over the issue of marriage policy in Bermuda. Pastor Gary Simons said: “We want to ensure that the few do not decide for the many. The Government should, first and foremost, uphold the ideal for the benefit of society hence we are requesting that the supremacy clauses be placed in the acts to ensure that marriage remains defined as being between a man and a woman and to do so expeditiously. If Government is unwilling to stand strong for the society of Bermuda then the voting population of Bermuda and their elective representatives must be free to deliberate and vote about marriage policy through a referendum and not by unelected judges.” PMB said that the group represented people of all backgrounds and races including those from the faith and non-faith communities. Group member Henry Dowling later said: “We [PMB] exist to provide knowledge, direction and action to over 8,000 residents of Bermuda who have signed the petition for marriage to remain defined and upheld as a special union ordained by God between a man and a woman.” While there was a mix of young and old, black and white members of the 70-strong group addressing the press yesterday, when asked, none attached themselves to the non-faith community. Responding to the PMB announcement, president of the Human Rights Commission Tawana Tannock said: “The PMB group has not reached out to the HRC regarding their latest recommendation and we would like to take this opportunity to remind them that we are always available to address any questions that they may have about the mechanics and spirit of the Human Rights Act 1981. As stated numerous times previously, we remain committed to equality and respect for all. Additionally, we specifically reject the notion that the opinion of the majority should impinge on the right of equal treatment for minorities.” PMB will attend a proclamation for Marriage Week today.

February 5. Treating patients at home rather than in hospital has saved the island’s healthcare system almost half-a-million dollars, according to the Bermuda Health Council (BHeC). Home Medical Services coverage is also benefiting Bermuda Hospitals Board (BHB) patients and freeing up emergency department services, a BHB spokeswoman said. Ricky Brathwaite, health economist at BHeC, told The Royal Gazette that $437,520 had been saved through the Home Medical Services benefit between April 2014 and March 2015. “What we do to calculate cost savings, is take the amount it would have cost in the hospital minus the amount of money it actually cost through the units of service done in the community,” he said. “When we’ve looked at the numbers over the full year, the full fiscal year from the time it started in April 2014 through the end of March 2015, we have estimated savings of $437,520.” However, Dr Brathwaite added that this figure did not include peritoneal dialysis, which was added in October last year, and is expected to save the system $255,000 per five patients on a yearly basis. The Home Medical Services benefit was launched in October 2013 by BHeC and its stakeholders as part of the Standard Health Benefit; the basic package of care that every employed person and their non-employed spouse is required to have. It was made permanent after a successful six-month pilot programme that saved an estimated $100,000. The benefit allows patients to receive specific medical procedures such as IV antibiotic therapy, wound care, catheter changes, infusion therapy and peritoneal dialysis at home. Health insurers cover the full cost as long as patients are insured and BHeC determines the procedures and fees. “A lot of it is improving outcomes and the hope of individuals,” Dr Brathwaite said. “We’re trying to improve the ability of people to be comfortable and get the care they need, and at the same time allow for some of the resources that are being spent to be diverted to some things like prevention and other ways that we can spend our money more efficiently.” According to Dr Brathwaite, dialysis in the hospital costs $15,801 per month, per person. At home, the cost falls to $11,545. “That’s over $4,000 in difference,” he said. “When you talk about peritoneal dialysis, it represents really what home medical services across the board have been able to do: provide convenience within the home, within a more convenient setting and provide the same quality of care.” According to the BHB spokeswoman, their patients now “regularly benefit from Home Medical Services coverage, which is provided by community nurses and now extends access to home IV medication therapy.  This means that stable patients can receive their therapy at home and do not necessarily utilise costly acute inpatient beds,” she said. “It also dramatically reduces the burden on the emergency department services, where patients would regularly come into the ED several times a day while receiving these medications.” In some cases patients can avoid the inpatient or emergency setting altogether by having their IV medications co-ordinated in the outpatient setting, she added. For more information on the Home Medical Services benefit visit www.bhec.bm or call BHeC on 292-6420.

February 5. The Bermuda Government is looking to cultivate new varieties of banana — in case the fungus decimating the fruit’s global population reaches the island. The new strain of Panama disease, a resilient and incurable soil fungus also known as fusarium wilt, has already torn through crops in Australia, the Middle East, Asia and Africa. The BBC News has already declared the “imminent death” of the Cavendish, which became the world’s preferred banana variety after a previous outbreak of the Panama disease wiped out the Gros Michel in the 1950s. A spokesman for the Ministry of Health, Seniors and Environment told The Royal Gazette that, should the new fungus arrive in Bermuda, it could have a “devastating impact” on the local banana culture. He added: “Fusarium wilt is a serious threat to banana production worldwide. Locally, the department is currently investigating other varieties of bananas in order to diversify should something happen to our Cavendish stock. It is not likely that new varieties will be able to match the productivity of the Cavendish, unless they are genetically modified. However, the Plant Protection Lab has already identified sources for new and alternative banana varieties.” Carlos Amaral, owner and manager of Amaral Farms, said that the department’s strict importation measures would help keep Bermuda safe from Panama disease. However, he added that rogue individuals could provide the biggest threat to the island’s ecosystem. “There are stringent guidelines in place to prevent accidental importation. The Pandora’s box, so to speak, is when a traveller sneaks something like a banana tree in, without knowing what’s on that particular plant. It gets done on a regular basis, and once something gets accidentally introduced into an environment, it takes a foothold and can decimate an agricultural commodity really quickly. It’s the individuals who think they’re being coy and trying to bring in something that’s unique, and unbeknown to them they introduce something that has a totally negative effect on the industry.” Zach Moniz, manager of the Lindo’s Group of Companies, said that any potential threat to the international banana industry would affect the supermarket chain. “There are always pockets of threat with certain produce items — asparagus was under threat one year because of floods — but they always tend to recover after a period of lean supply. Bananas are among our top items. It is a concern, but there’s not a whole lot we can do locally until we’re faced with the problem.” If you see wilting or dying banana plants, call 236-4201 or visit www.conservation.bm/observation-form.

February 4. By Lawyer Stacy-Ann Maharaj, an Associate in the Corporate department at Appleby. A copy of Ms Maharaj’s column can be obtained on the Appleby website at applebyglobal.com.  Commercial insurers registered under the Insurance Act 1978 (the Act) are now required to establish and maintain a head office in Bermuda in accordance with changes to the Act that came into effect on January 1, 2016. This requirement means that the insurance business of commercial insurers (Classes 3A, 3B, 4, C, D and E insurers) must be directed and managed from Bermuda. At the time of licensing, the Bermuda Monetary Authority (the “BMA”) assesses the nature, scale and complexity of an insurer’s business to be conducted in accordance with the provisions of the Act, the Insurance Code of Conduct and the Insurance Statement of Principles (the insurance framework). In relation to commercial insurers, the BMA further measures compliance with the insurance framework by taking into consideration various factors to ensure that it can exercise sufficient regulatory oversight over the business to be carried on in Bermuda. In this regard, the BMA has effected the requirement for commercial insurers licensed in Bermuda to establish their head office in Bermuda. In determining whether an insurer has complied with the head office requirement, the BMA will consider, among other things, the following factors in order to ascertain whether the insurance business of the insurer is directed and managed from Bermuda:

• Where the underwriting, risk management and operational decision making of the insurer occurs.

• Whether senior executives who are responsible for and involved in the decision making related to the insurance business of the insurer are located in Bermuda.

• Where meetings of the board of directors of the insurer occur.

• The location where management of the insurer meets to effect policy decisions of the insurer.

• The residence of the officers, insurance managers or employees of the insurer.

• The residence of one or more directors of the insurer in Bermuda.

The BMA will apply the proportionality principle when it considers the above factors in determining whether the insurer, based on the nature, scale and complexity of its business, has met the head office requirement. The head office requirement does not apply to a commercial insurer that has a permit under section three of the Non-Resident Insurance Undertakings Act 1967 or a permit under section 134 of the Companies Act 1981. These provisions cover branch operations in Bermuda for foreign insurers. In addition, Bermuda captives and limited purpose insurers (Classes 1, 2, 3, A and B insurers), as well as special purpose insurers, are not required to establish a head office in Bermuda. The requirement for a head office in Bermuda has been effected as part of the BMA’s overall enhancements to its current insurance supervisory and regulatory framework in an effort to achieve Solvency II equivalence. Solvency II is a harmonised framework aimed at ensuring that there is a single market, utilising a single set of rules for insurance services. Solvency II equivalence for Bermuda means that Bermuda’s commercial insurers will not be disadvantaged when competing for, and writing, business in the European Union. Currently, insurers licensed in Bermuda are required to have a registered office and principal office here and to appoint a principal representative resident in Bermuda. Some have queried whether an insurer’s principal office, which is already a requirement under the Act, could be regarded as its head office. The BMA has confirmed that, where the insurer’s principal office meets the standards required for the establishment of a head office, then the BMA will regard the principal office as the head office. Commercial insurers are applying the proportionality principle as they consider the above factors in order to comply with the head office requirement. The general understanding at this time is that the factors are not necessarily prescriptive and that the BMA will take a holistic approach to deciding whether the insurer has a sufficient nexus to Bermuda to allow the BMA to exercise the requisite regulatory influence over the insurer. Commercial insurers are encouraged to meet with BMA representatives if they have specific questions relating to their plans to implement the head office requirement."

February 4. An open meeting on the island’s airport redevelopment plan featured a skeptical and often heated crowd for a second night. Craig Looby, a developer with the Urban Maximum Industries, Inc (UMI), rose at last night’s forum at Penno’s Wharf, St George’s, to declare his company’s ability to build a better airport for Bermuda. Maintaining that UMI had the capacity, experience and access to capital to deliver the job, Mr Looby said his firm could also cover the penalties for the Bermuda Government to withdraw from the deal. The proposal on the table at present has Canadian contractors Aecon to build the new terminal, which Mr Looby said the majority of Bermudians were against. “The longer this community takes to stop this development, the higher the cost will be to compensate,” Mr Looby told the gathering, adding that his overtures to the Government had thus far gone unanswered. Reflecting much of the mood at the forum, Mr Looby said he felt that Bermudians were being excluded from access to the project, which is slated to finish construction by 2020 under a public-private partnership with the Canadian Commercial Corporation. Anxieties over foreigners being hired over locals topped the concerns, with Bermuda Environmental Consulting (BEC), the local company involved in the environmental and social impact assessment, questioned not only on its Bermudian membership but its racial make-up. BEC representatives, asked repeatedly who had paid them to carry out the assessment, assured the audience that Aecon had commissioned it, and that the Government had not paid for it. The forum briefly became a shouting match, shortly after Ken Hassard of Aecon opened the night. Mr Hassard said he had heard that the island’s lack of covered walkways to aircraft out on the runways deterred elderly and disabled visitors, prompting several people to denounce the remarks as untrue. “If anybody has a stack of Bibles, I will swear on them,” Mr Hassard replied. A third meeting is set for 5.30pm today at the Anglican Cathedral in Hamilton.

February 4. New travel requirements for Bermudians going to Canada will come into effect next month. The Electronic Travel Authorization, or eTA, which is a mirror of the electronic system for travel authorization for the United States, becomes mandatory on March 15. The number will be required for almost all visa-exempt travelers coming to or through Canada by air, as well as all British passport holders. There are no group applications for the eTA, which must be used when travelling. An eTA costs C$7 per traveller and lasts five years, or until the expiry of the passport to which it is linked. Canadian and US citizens are exempt and the requirement does not apply to travelers coming by land or sea. Students with a valid study permit issued on or after August 1, 2015 should check their approval letter, as they may already have the eTA. Applications can be made online, with most finished within minutes and the great majority processed within three days. For details on the requirement, check the website www.canada.ca/eta

February 4. A special delegates’ conference to determine the leadership of the Progressive Labour Party could be on the cards as the required minimum number of branches have signed up in support. It is also understood that 11 African Methodist Episcopal churches sent correspondence to the PLP indicating that they would not support the party with Marc Bean at its helm. According to sources close to the PLP, 12 branches have now signed up to support a delegates’ conference, which could either see Mr Bean ousted or kept in place as Leader of the Opposition. One source said that more branches could still give their backing to the conference, with a central committee meeting slated for Monday potentially crucial in gaining further support. A special delegates’ conference is permitted to take place at least seven days after it is called. The source told The Royal Gazette: “Many believe the issues at hand with regards to the PLP leadership will come to a critical point during the central committee meeting. Many feel they need to be addressed there on the night.” Meanwhile, a source close to the churches said that members of the AME invited “at least two members of the PLP” to a meeting, at which “the churches delivered a message that unless and until Marc Bean is removed they will not get the support of the churches they represented”. It is understood that Dennis Lister, the Shadow Minister for Public Works, was one of the PLP members present at the meeting in his capacity as acting deputy Opposition leader in David Burt’s absence. The source continued: “Some of them feel this time that he has insulted some of their principals and some of their members — they definitely took an extremely dim view against the words he was using against Toni Daniels. They found it disrespectful of women across the board.” Speaking on behalf of the AME church denomination in Bermuda, Reverend Leonard Santucci said: “The perspective of the church is that we are happy to engage in consultation and collaboration with anyone if it is for what we deem to be the greater good of the community as a whole.” However, he added: “At the same time, the church does not endorse persons or parties nor does the church determine leadership of political parties. That would be determined within the party to the same extent that the church would not permit a local party to determine the leadership within the church.” Asked whether he could rule out whether the PLP party leadership was discussed during the collaboration, Rev Santucci replied: “It was not mentioned during the time that I was present but I had to leave the meeting to take an emergency call. I was only present for about 15 minutes. I am not aware of anything pertaining to the leadership of the party. If a spokesperson is not a pastor then they do not have the authority to speak on behalf of the church — they are sharing an opinion that has no authority as it relates to the factual position of the denomination. Having an opinion and having the authority to speak on behalf of the church are two different things.” The source close to the PLP said members are tiring of the “blood letting” within the party, which has included a major Shadow Cabinet reshuffle that saw seven MPs leave the party towards the end of last year, the subsequent removal of Zane DeSilva from the Finance Committee and the removal of Walton Brown and Wayne Furbert from the Boundaries Committee on Tuesday. Business leader Cyril Whitter resigned as a member of two PLP committees, including the Finance Committee, in January as revealed by this newspaper after Mr DeSilva was removed. The source continued: “I gather that due to this latest move they feel as if it is getting far too personal. They don’t like the implications; they don’t want someone transforming into a dictator. It is the older members who are adamant that that sort of behavior is not going to be tolerated because they have seen it before. The younger ones, not having that experience, are not as sure. The criticism is now going to be on Marc Bean for damaging the PLP as a whole. That was the same sentiment expressed when he removed Zane DeSilva from the Finance Committee as he was an important component of that. There was an element that stood back for a while but now they are not taking any nonsense at all. One group said, fix it or they will begin anew. The toxicity is a little too deep. There is a sentiment he is too personally focused as opposed to party and country focused.” Potential leadership contenders named by sources have included Mr Burt, Kim Wilson, Mr DeSilva and Michael Weeks. Mr Bean would not comment when contacted by this newspaper.

February 4. Voter turnout is tipped to be the decisive factor today, as the 1,300 voters of Devonshire North Central choose either a Bermuda Government or Opposition candidate to represent them. Diallo Rabain, the Progressive Labour Party’s contender, is up against Andrew Simons of the One Bermuda Alliance, in a district that both have had less than two months to canvass. Speaking at the polling station this morning, both candidates were encouraged by the fair weather and “steady stream” of voters through the early part of the day. Mr Rabain told The Royal Gazette: “One of the things I can say I’m very pleased with his how many young people we’ve counted. A special moment was I got a picture with a family with two first-time voters, a son and a daughter. We often hear about young people not being engaged and not being a part of the process. It’s just a matter of talking to them and getting them to understand their role and their responsibility in voting and how their voice can be heard through this process. I think we’re going to see the fruits of those labours come out today when we see these young people come out and express their opinion.” Mr Simons said: “It’s been nice to have a brief chat. There’s some people I hadn’t seen before, but I’ve spoken to on the phone, so it’s been nice to put a face to a name. People are by and large quite encouraging. It’s humbling because you knock on a door sometimes three or four times. When you finally reach someone they let you into their house. They could be in a nightgown, they could just have walked in with groceries and people give you time. They know that the vote is important.” Three quarters of constituency 13’s voters went to the polls in the 2012 General Election that kept PLP incumbent Glenn Blakeney as MP after a close battle with OBA challenger Anthony Francis. Mr Francis has said that he maintained a presence in Devonshire North Central in the three years since. Mr Blakeney, with work and family commitments, stepped down in December 2015. Asked for his prediction, political observer Charles Jeffers felt the by-election was most likely to go to Mr Rabain, but said the Opposition’s recent internal struggles over leadership could hurt the PLP’s chances. “If there’s a good turnout, I would say it’s because of the candidates, not the party,” the former leader of the National Liberal Party said. “Of course, the PLP are going to push as hard as they can to retain that seat. The problem is that if they win, especially with a sizeable majority of the voters, it could make the leadership think they are on the right track and that people support them.” The demoting of rebel PLP MPs opposed to the leadership of Marc Bean, which this week included the removal of Walton Brown and Wayne Furbert from the Boundaries Commission, might leave voters feeling as if they had “no real say”, he suggested. Saying he sensed that many voters felt that “the party thing is not working”, Mr Jeffers added: “That means you might as well vote for whatever person can best lift their voice inside the party on behalf of your constituency. “There has always been this problem within the PLP of a small group who has control and power at the time and have little regard for the opinions of other people. The party has its position and you dare not object. I’m not saying the OBA does not have the same problem, but for some reason they are able to keep things under wraps. If the OBA wins, and even only by a slim majority, they could say it means people think they’re doing a pretty good job. And it might not be so. In 2012, PLP voters stayed at home.” Fourteen people, mainly voters who would be travelling, have already cast their ballots at the January 28 advanced polls. Attendance today is likely to play a crucial role in whether Opposition expectations are borne out at the ballot box in National Stadium pavilion, where voting will take place from 8am to 8pm. Mr Jeffers said an upset victory for the OBA could come to pass if PLP supporters were of a mindset that “I’m not going to vote for the other guy, but I’m vexed at the party. If I were to take a guess, I’d say we would be lucky to get 50 per cent of the people out,” he said. “A bigger turnout would cement it for the PLP, but a small turnout would favour OBA more.”

February 4. An international track event will take place in Bermuda this April, according to the Bermuda Tourism Authority and the Bermuda National Athletics Association. BNNA president Donna Raynor said the event, the Bermuda Invitational Permit Meet, will “be like the America’s Cup of athletics” potentially featuring Olympians and former Olympians competing. The BNAA made a submission to its international governing bodies to become eligible to host the event and approached the BTA for support through its Tourism Experiences investment process. Pat Phillip-Fairn, chief product and experiences development officer at the BTA, said: “In the same way the Danish national swim team is here in Bermuda using our national pool to train for the Olympics, we will have some of the brightest stars in athletics competing on our track in about three months. The BTA is proud to be a key sponsor of this event because it helps position Bermuda for the next level of sports tourism.” Officials are reportedly in talks with agents and coaches to attract some of the top names in athletics, while the BNNA will showcase local elite athletes during the invitational including Tre Houston, Tyrone Smith and Aaron Evans. The schedule of events will consist of 100m, 400m, 400m hurdles, 800m, 1500m, men’s long jump and females’ high jump. The athletes will compete for prize money. The Bermuda Invitational is one of a series of permit meets held in the Caribbean region – starting in the Bahamas, then Bermuda, Cayman and Jamaica. While events are conducted separately, a BTA statement said they may become a circuit. “A series of meets in the same geographic region is particularly attractive during an Olympic year when athletes are looking for venues that are close by to compete in,” the statement said. “Bermuda would be well-positioned to play an important role in that kind of circuit because geographically it is close to North America and the Caribbean.” Mrs Phillip-Fairn said: “If we can make this meet an annual staple, and part of a circuit that includes stops in the Caribbean, we then have the potential to be a part of something truly ground breaking, elevating Bermuda to a level of sports tourism even higher than the one we are speaking of today.” The Bermuda Invitational Permit Meet will take place at the National Sports Centre on April 22 from 6.30pm to 8.30pm. Tickets will be made available to the public starting February 29.

February 4. The Department of E-Commerce is set host Safer Internet Day next week, reminding seniors how to stay secure online. The second annual free event will take place on Tuesday at Somersfield Academy from 10am to 1pm. Visitors can learn about scams aimed specifically at senior citizens, as well as talking with representatives from the Cyber tips team, the Bermuda Police Service, Ageing and Disability Services and Bermuda Executive Services Ltd. Sean Lee, from event sponsor Butterfield Bank, said: “As online criminals become more sophisticated, it is important that we are aware of how to keep our information secure on the internet.” John Wight, from sponsor BF&M, added: “Safer Internet Day ensures that the Island’s seniors feel comfortable with general web use, and avoid being targeted by fraud.” A light lunch will be served and a free shuttle service will be provided by Project Action, departing from City Hall. To register, e-mail e-commerce@gov.bm.

February 4. The Regulatory Authority of Bermuda is inviting comments on the proposed acquisition of control of CellOne and KeyTech by US telecommunications company Atlantic Tele-Network (ATN). Interested parties who wish to submit comments and observations on the proposed transaction have until February 12 to send responses to the authority. In a series of related transactions, ATN is seeking to become the majority shareholder of KeyTech Limited, and its subsidiaries, including Cable Co and Logic (which includes the merged Bermuda CableVision). KeyTech currently has a non-controlling interest in CellOne, the mobile services provider. Last October it signed an agreement to buy ATN’s shareholding in CellOne for $42 million, plus KeyTech shares. KeyTech would become the sole shareholder of CellOne on completion of the deal. ATN is a trading company that invests in the communications and renewable-energy industries. It is based in Massachusetts and has a connection with Bermuda that stretches back to 1998 when it was the primary investor in CellOne, which was merged with KeyTech as an affiliate in 2011. ATN is listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange and has a market capitalization of $1.2 billion. Among ATN’s subsidiaries is Commnet, which provides telecommunications to much of the central and western US states. ATN also has telecoms subsidiaries in the US Virgin Islands, Aruba, and Guyana. If the proposed transaction gains all the necessary regulatory approvals, ATN will become the majority shareholder (51 per cent) of KeyTech. Last October, KeyTech shareholders voted in favour of the deal. Comments can be sent to the Regulatory Authority of Bermuda via e-mail to kmasters@rab.bm, or by post or hand to Kyle Masters, c/o The Regulatory Authority, Cumberland House, 3 Victoria Street, Hamilton, HM 11.

February 3. NEW YORK (Bloomberg) — Lazard Ltd, the investment bank domiciled in Bermuda, said fourth-quarter profit fell 8.1 per cent as currency fluctuations and market turmoil pushed asset-management and financial-advisory revenue lower. Earnings beat analysts’ estimates. Net income dropped to $158 million, or $1.18 a share, from $172 million, or $1.29, a year earlier, Lazard said yesterday in a statement. Earnings adjusted for one-time items were 92 cents a share, compared with the 87-cent estimate of 11 analysts surveyed by Bloomberg. Lazard, which derives about half its revenue from overseeing funds, said assets under management slipped 5 per cent last year to $186 billion as of December 31. The investment bank was also the No 7 merger adviser last year as the volume of deals climbed to a record globally, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. That fuelled the firm’s highest-ever operating revenue for that business. “Asset management, it really is reflective of the lower AUM and turmoil in the markets more than anything else,” chief executive officer Ken Jacobs said in an interview. “We’ve already seen some dramatic moves in currency and valuations. So hopefully we’ve seen the worst of that.” More than a fifth of Lazard’s assets under management were allocated to emerging-markets equity as of the end of September, according to the firm’s website. The MSCI Emerging Markets Index has tumbled 22 per cent in the past 12 months. Lazard dropped 20 per cent this year through Monday, adding to the 10 per cent decline in 2015. For the full year, Lazard had record operating revenue of $2.38 billion, and its highest-ever net income of $480 million, or $3.60 per share, on an adjusted basis. Lazard advised on six of the ten largest deals last year, Jacobs said. Just one of those transactions have been completed, he said. The firm worked with Anheuser-Busch InBev SA on its more than $100 billion agreement to buy SABMiller Plc and Royal Dutch Shell Plc’s on its deal to purchase BG Group Plc. Operating revenue for financial advisory slipped 7.8 per cent to $331 million in the fourth quarter, while asset-management fees declined 8.1 per cent to $261 million.

February 3. RenaissanceRe Holdings Ltd made a profit of $92.2 million in the fourth quarter, bringing the total net income available to common shareholders for the year to $408.8 million. Year-on-year the quarterly figure was down from $170.8 million, and the full year total was about $101 million lower than in 2014. Last year the Bermuda company bought out Platinum Specialty Underwriters Holdings Ltd. Kevin O’Donnell, Renre’s chief executive officer, was upbeat with the company’s performance. “I am pleased to report $135 million of operating income, an annualized operating ROE [return on equity] of 12.5 per cent and 2.3 per cent growth in tangible book value per share plus accumulated dividends for the quarter. In a year in which we acquired and fully integrated Platinum, we generated solid operating income of $477.7 million for the year and delivered an operating ROE of 11.4 per cent,” he said. “Our underwriting team executed well during the most recent renewal period, as pressure on pricing from abundant capacity persisted. We maintained discipline, coming off business that did not meet our return hurdles, buying more reinsurance protection, while also building an attractive portfolio of risks. We are a bigger, stronger company today, than a year ago, and have the management team, global operating platforms and risk management expertise to serve our clients, third party capital providers and shareholders well in the years ahead.” During the fourth quarter RenRe’s gross written premiums increased 153 per cent to $336.1 million, for the full year gross written premiums totaled $2 billion, up $460.7 million. The company has a market capitalization of $4.92 billion. On the New York Stock Exchange yesterday its shares closed down 2.5 per cent at $112.16. RenRe’s annual net income, expressed per diluted share, was $9.28.

February 3. Insurance and reinsurance company Axis Capital Holdings yesterday posted profits of $135 million for the final quarter of last year. The figure was down $29 million on the same time period in 2014. For the full year, the firm made a profit of $602 million — $6.04 per share — down $169 million on the $771 million, or $7.29 per common share, reported for 2014. The latest quarterly figures are equal to income per common share of $1.39 compared with $1.60 per share for the last quarter of 2014. Operating income for the fourth quarter of last year totaled $120 million — $1.23 per common share — compared with the same figure, but $1.18 per share for the last quarter of the previous year. Axis beat the $1.13 per share forecast of analysts tracked by Yahoo Finance. Albert Benchimol, president and CEO of Axis Capital, said the firm was pleased to report growth in diluted book value per share of 9 per cent, after adjustment for dividends. He added: “While 2015 was a challenging year on many fronts, it was also a year of powerful maturation across our organization, resulting in a stronger more focused Axis. Over the year we steered the company towards a future of enhanced profitability and stability. Importantly, we are executing on the right actions for the current challenging market conditions — improving the quality of our book of business, growing the scale and profitability of recent initiatives and tightening expense control and capital efficiency. Normalizing for the unusual frequency of mid-sized energy losses this year, our results for the quarter and for the year demonstrated progress on all these fronts.” Gross premiums written for the final quarter of last year were up 5 per cent, 6 per cent on a constant currency basis, to $800 million. Estimated catastrophe and weather-related pre-tax net losses of $10 million were recorded for the last quarter — mostly related to US weather events — compared to $21 million for the same period last year.

February 3. Community leaders are planning a series of events to mark the 400th anniversary of the first people of colour to arrive and remain in Bermuda. They want to recognise their great contributions to the island since the first “Indian and Negro” arrived as indentured servants seven years after settlement began in 1609. The Department of Community and Cultural Affairs is to screen a documentary, Freedom Quest by James Ziral, which examines the history of blacks in Bermuda until emancipation in 1834. Meanwhile, George Cook, a board member of the St George’s Foundation, hopes to collaborate with historical agencies on the island to mark the anniversary. The director of the Department of Community and Cultural Affairs, Heather Whalen, said that the Emancipation Committee was also working on other ways to recognise the milestone. She told The Royal Gazette: “The committee is considering what we can do to commemorate the 400th anniversary of the arrival of the first blacks in Bermuda because so many people of African descent have made such significant contributions to the livelihood of the country. It is a singularly important anniversary that shouldn’t be overlooked. People of African descent, despite the harshness and cruelty of slavery, have made, and continue to make, significant contributions to this community to help it become what it is today. That is what we would give focus to in recognizing the first blacks to Bermuda in 1616.” According to primary-source documents in the memorials of the former Governor, John Henry Lefroy, “one Indian [Nicholas Gabriel] and a Negro [Symon]” arrived on these shores at the behest of Governor Daniel Tucker, the first resident Governor of Bermuda. While they were believed to have been brought as indentured servants to dive for pearls, many argue that their arrival represented a precursor to slavery on the island. Freedom Quest includes interviews and discussions with figures such as historian Clarence Maxwell, who has done considerable research into the slave trade, and Dr Pauulu Kamarakafego, who played a pivotal role in universal adult suffrage. Dr Cook said he hoped the Bermudian Heritage Museum, the African Diaspora Trail and other agencies would collaborate on anniversary projects. “It marks the beginning of Bermuda’s cultural diversity and it needs to be celebrated,” he said. “People could write essays, stage plays and tell stories to each other. It doesn’t need the government to initiate it, it needs to come from many different organisations and on many different levels.” The former college lecturer, historian and author said that the occasion should be recognized in a way that educated the community about the root causes and issues surrounding slavery. “A lot of these anniversary celebrations can be superficial,” he said. “We need to make an attempt to understand what happened. To understand slavery, you have to understand notions of racial superiority, the role of religion in helping to sustain it and support it; you have to understand the power relations and the need for a cheap labour supply. For our younger people I don’t think there is enough understanding of the dynamics that are involved. Everyone can recite facts but those facts have to be put into a framework that lends itself to greater understanding.” Author James Smith said: “It is important to mark the event. Many came in as independents and were used to do certain work but by the 1630s it had moved towards slavery and that was accentuated in the 1640s.” Freedom Quest is screening at the World Heritage Centre on February 11 at 6pm. It is free, but anyone interested should book for a space by calling 292-1681.

February 3. Bermudians angry at the $249 million airport redevelopment agreement descended on St David’s last night to voice their numerous concerns. The meeting at Clearwater Middle School was intended to seek feedback on issues to consider in the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment, being compiled by LAS Consulting and Bermuda Environmental Consulting (BEC). However, it quickly turned into a heated forum in which residents expressed their fury and dismay at the Government and its chosen construction firm Aecon. As revealed in The Royal Gazette last month, the contract for the LF Wade International Airport redevelopment offers assorted perks for Aecon. These include an exemption from the employer’s share of payroll tax and customs duties on capital items such as construction materials, plus a minimum revenue guarantee which means that if annual income does not reach projections over the 30-year contract, the Government will make up the difference. Former Opposition leader Kim Swan criticised the One Bermuda Alliance for failing to send any of its members to the meeting, which was hosted by members of Aecon, LAS and BEC. “You have business objectives; we are residents of this country who have very serious concerns,” he told Ken Hassard, commercial lead of airport developments at Aecon. “It’s unacceptable for politicians to use businesspeople as a human shield in a very serious political issue. You have been put in an untenable position tonight,” he added. Dorita Rogers said that she did not trust the contract’s promise of employing Bermudians at the redeveloped airport. “I keep hearing you say ‘jobs for Bermudians’,” she said. “I do not believe it and will not believe it until the Government can show it.” She also dismissed Mr Hassard’s claim that the airport provided an unsatisfactory first and last impression for tourists coming to Bermuda. “I’ve done a lot of travelling around the world. I have yet to go to anywhere and say, ‘I’m going back to that country because I love their airport’,” Ms Rogers said. Further concerns were raised about the high costs involved, the project’s impact on St David’s residents, the perceived lack of advertising for the meeting and the excessive foreign input on a very localized issue. In response to the concerns, Mr Hassard said: “There are three things Bermuda needs: a new airport, direct foreign investment and jobs. This project delivers all three. It’s literally something Bermuda needs for its survival at this point. This is about Bermuda turning around and not being a ghost town in 20 years.” Two more consultation events will take place tonight from 6.30pm at the Penno’s Wharf cruise ship terminal in St George’s, and tomorrow from 5.30pm at the Anglican Cathedral Hall in Hamilton.

February 3. The Progressive Labour Party has continued to challenge the proposed airport redevelopment project, questioning the long-term job security of staff and the status of contracts. However Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance, this afternoon described the comments as “total nonsense”. Lawrence Scott, the Shadow Minister of Transport, said that while the One Bermuda Alliance had talked about job security for those who are working at the Department of Airport Operations, there were still questions about their benefits and long-term job security given the contracts. “Section J introduces a grey area that permits the new employer to provide them jobs, but their job security lay at the hands of project co-management, who I have been made to understand are looking at starting a corporate restructuring phase months after the project co-management officially takes over,” he told a press conference at Alaska Hall. In the larger scheme of things, those on the ground at the airport have the sense that without the Government’s assurance to the contrary, the day-to-day administration of the LF Wade International Airport stands in danger of being compromised.” He also said that he understood that several contracts related to the $249 million plan had stalled at the negotiation phase. “Reportedly, the Canadian Commercial Corporation did not intend to be the primary source of financing,” Mr Scott said. “From what can be determined, they planned on coming on board as a co-signer in the unlikely event that Aecon was unable to raise the funds themselves. Meanwhile, we believe that the rationale of Aecon selling off its controlling stake in Ecuador was to raise the funds for the Bermuda project. However, it is our understanding that the reason the OBA are remaining silent at this time is the crucial financial package is not yet in place. Consequently, neither the Minister of Finance, nor the Premier have been prepared to update this country about the real progress that has been made.” Shadow finance minister David Burt, meanwhile, said the Bermuda Government had ignored the Good Governance Act in its handling of the project, which he claimed 75 per cent of Bermudians were against. “This deal contains every single element the Minister of Finance and the OBA have railed against for years,” he said. “There is no open tender, no proof or surety of value for money. This deal sacrifices the single most important physical asset, transferring it to the control of a Canadian company while stripping the government of potential revenue. What will be the largest capital project in this country’s history has no involvement from the Ministry of Public Works and no oversight from the Office of Project Management and Procurement as required by the Good Governance Act.” Responding to the comments this afternoon, Mr Richards reiterated that jobs will be protected, reiterating that those who are employed at the airport will have jobs in either the new airport or the airport quango. “I have stated repeatedly that the jobs of people who work at the airport are protected. I said it to them eyeball to eyeball,” he said. “We are trying to organise that their benefits, particularly those with government pensions, will be brought over as well. We are going the extra mile.” He widely dismissed the suggestion that any contracts have stalled, and that CCC was never intended to finance the project. “CCC provide guarantees for performance, on time delivery and cost delivery. These are not financial guarantees,” he said. Mr Richards said that the financing plan was to get the project its own credit rating, independent to that of the Government, based on the projected revenues and costs. The project will then be put out on international financial markets by Aecon and others. “We are still working on the financial cost and projected revenue,” he said. “Once we do that, it will be put out to the international markets. If we get a good rating, it will affect the cost of financing.” The minister also rejected the suggestion that increasing fees for airlines would negatively affect air service to the Island, saying the important thing for the airlines was the number of travelers coming to Bermuda, and a small increase on the cost of travel would not deter tourists. He said: “If you raise the cost of travel by $5, is that going to make a difference to someone that it paying $500 a night for a hotel? The business people are going to come no matter what the price costs and the tourists already know that Bermuda is expensive.” Questioned about the repeated complaint that the project would give the airport to a foreign company, Mr Richards said the airport had been controlled by the United States for 50 years. “Nobody seemed to be bother by that,” he said. “They built it and they ran it up until the 1990s, but nobody was bothered by that.”

February 3. Sources with connections to the Progressive Labour Party expressed disappointment after rebel Opposition MPs, Wayne Furbert and Walton Brown, had their posts on the Boundaries Commission revoked at the behest of the Leader of the Opposition. Government House announced yesterday that Michael Scott and Jamahl Simmons had been nominated in their place. Both the MPs removed from the commission are linked to recent challenges within the party against Marc Bean’s leadership. In response, Mr Brown said: “This is a decision by PLP Leader Mr Bean, which is fully within his remit. Any rationale he has for making that decision can be provided only by him.” Mr Furbert said that it was “the prerogative of the leader as to who serves on the commission”, adding: “I am looking forward to giving my contribution if the party needs it.” A source linked to the party said that “what Mr Bean has done appears to be spiteful”, adding: “Here you have two qualified individuals — MP Brown is a qualified researcher who understands the political terrain and MP Furbert who has experience working with constituencies and understands the dynamics of politics. The action Mr Bean has taken is a great loss for the party.”

February 3. Bermuda is preparing itself for the possibility of the Zika virus as the international outbreak continues to spread. More than 20 countries in the Caribbean, South America and Central America have reported outbreaks of the virus, which is spread by the Aedes mosquito. Cases have also been reported in the United States and Britain but the patients in those cases all contracted the virus while travelling. A spokesman for the health department said yesterday that there had not been any reported cases of Zika on the island. While the Aedes mosquito is not native to Bermuda, the spokesman said the department was still keeping an eye out because there were related vectors on the island. “Suspected and confirmed cases of Zika are reportable to the Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, who will investigate and put control measures in place to prevent ongoing transmission. Bermuda maintains its syndromic surveillance of fever and rash, and undifferentiated fever, through a pool of 41 reporting sources, including select physician’s offices, Department of Health clinics and the infection control practitioners of the Bermuda Hospitals Board. The Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, within the Ministry of Health, routinely monitors for increases in reported syndromes such as undifferentiated fever, as an indicator for mosquito-borne diseases such as Zika. Any increase in the incidence of symptoms suggestive of Zika would be investigated to determine the cause.” The spokesman said the Vector Control Section of the Environmental Health Department worked diligently to monitor mosquito distribution and eliminate mosquito breeding sites. Ongoing monitoring for ill travelers continues at LF Wade International Airport in collaboration with the Department of Customs. While the symptoms of the virus are relatively minor to most and only a minority of those who contract the virus experience any symptoms, it is suspected that pregnant women can pass the virus to their babies, leading to an increased rate of microcephaly — an abnormal smallness of the head. The World Health Organisation this week declared the outbreak a global health emergency, noting its rapid spread through the Americas and clusters of microcephaly and other neurological disorders which are believed to be linked to the virus. Margaret Chan, the general director of WHO, said the spread of the virus required a coordinated response, saying: “I am now declaring that the recent cluster of microcephaly and other neurological abnormalities reported in Latin America following a similar cluster in French Polynesia in 2014 constitutes a public health emergency of international concern.” Despite the spread of the virus, Brazil has said this August’s Olympic Games will go ahead with authorities stating that only pregnant woman are threatened by the outbreak. The country has launched a drive to eradicate potential mosquito breeding sites, deploying more than 200,000 soldiers to assist in the effort. Pregnant women have been advised to avoid travel to any area with Zika. Those who do travel to such areas are advised to take steps to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes such as covering exposed skin, using EPA-registered insect repellent and staying in screened-in or air-conditioned rooms.

February 3. A furious customer yesterday blasted Butterfield Bank for introducing new charges “by stealth.” The bank, from the start of this year, introduced a new “statement imaging fee” of $2 a month for online personal customers and a fee for “account monitoring” of $8 a month for commercial accounts. It has also introduced a 25 cent  per transaction charge for online bill payments. Butterfield client Jason Benevides said the new charges showed “a lack of customer focus” by Bermuda banks and “sheer disrespect” of its customers by Butterfield. Mr Benevides, of Paget, added: “The statement imaging fee appears to merely cancel out the savings the bank promised customers by selecting online instead of paper statements.” In a Letter to the Editor (see page four) he added that a Butterfield call centre representative had told him the statement imaging fee was to cover uploading a PDF statement retrieved online. Mr Benevides added that he had been told that the changes had been posted in bank branches and were available on its website. But he said that many customers never visited a branch and banked online. He added: “I’m not sure who frequently visits the bank’s website randomly to search for fees which may be changing in the future. However, I would wager that the list of people who do that is quite short. It seems that advance notice of new fees was not posted either on the bank’s Butterfield Online electronic banking portal — where a large number of customers would interact with the bank on a regular basis — or as a notice on bank account statements. In short, it seems that notices were posted only in the locations least likely for them to be seen by a great many customers. Logic states that one would only take such an approach if trying to avoid a customer’s notice.” A spokesman for the bank said yesterday the statement imaging fee was for making account statements available to customers at Butterfield Online. He added: “Butterfield confirms that adjustments to our schedule of fees for banking services took effect on January 1, 2016. At that time, the bank introduced statement imaging fees and corporate account monitoring fees. Per applicable protocols, Butterfield placed prominent, advance notices of the changes to the schedule of fees in our banking centres and on our website, butterfieldgroup.com, for the information of our valued customers.” The spokesman said: “Butterfield continually reviews and adjusts fees for services based on a variety of factors, including changes in customers’ channel usage preferences and associated transaction volumes, as well as changes in the costs of providing services. Butterfield is pleased to provide a wide range of secure and convenient financial services to Bermuda residents at prices that are competitive and which provide good value.” But Mr Benevides said: “Nobody likes fee increases, but sometimes they are necessary. However, any organization that truly cares about customer services and transparency would make a serious effort to notify its customers of necessary fee changes and offer some explanation to customers as to why fee increases are necessary or how the customer may be receiving additional value in return. It does not appear to me that Butterfield bank has chosen to take that approach. That’s not how a company wins business and certainly not how it generates customer goodwill or retains customers.”

February 3. A man who was arrested last week on suspicion of theft in relation to the “misappropriation” of $18 million in connection with the Par-la-Ville hotel development deal has been released from custody. According to a police spokesman, the 41-year-old is on bail while the investigation continues. The Bermuda Police Service announced last week that the suspect had been assisting police with the inquiry, which is being led by Detective Chief Inspector Nicholas Pedro. It relates to a loan made to Par-la-Ville Hotel and Residences Ltd by Mexico Infrastructure Finance that was intended to help to secure funding to build a hotel and residences at the Par-la-Ville car park in Hamilton. The loan amount was guaranteed by the Corporation of Hamilton after legislative amendments by the Bermuda Government that allowed the municipality to use the parking lot property as collateral. The funds were placed in a New York escrow account and subsequently withdrawn in 2014, but the developers defaulted on the loan, sparking legal action between MIF and the developers. Michael Fahy, Minister of Home Affairs, said last year that a criminal complaint had been made to the police, and that efforts had been launched to attempt to locate the funds, much of which were reportedly sent to Gibraltar-based Argyle Ltd. Meanwhile, the Corporation of Hamilton has been working to secure a loan to repay MIF, which has threatened to claim several corporation properties, including the Hamilton Fire Station, the Chamber of Commerce building and the Custom House, if the loan was not repaid with the interest.

February 2. BBC. Dave Lee, BBC London technology reporter. Alphabet- Bermuda-registered Google's parent company- has surpassed Apple as the world's most valuable company after its latest earnings report. The company made a profit of $4.9bn (£3.4bn) for the fourth quarter, an increase from $4.7bn a year ago. The announcement sent its share price up as much as 9% in after-hours trading. That means that Alphabet is now worth around $568bn, compared with Apple, which has a value of $535bn. It is the first time that Alphabet has separated out the results of its Google business - which includes the search engine and YouTube - from its "Other Bets" business, which includes more experimental ventures such as self-driving cars and internet balloon programs. On an annual basis, Alphabet made $16.3bn but the figures show that the "Other Bets" business lost $3.6bn during the period, while Google's operating income rose to $23.4bn, as online advertising increased. "It looks like Google continues to execute on mobile [advertising]," said Neil Doshi managing director of research at Mizuho Securities. "Two or three years ago mobile was a big head wind for Google. There were concerns that it [had] a negative impact on its desktop business, but as mobile takes over for more searches, mobile ads are becoming closer in value to the desktop ads." If last week Apple was punished for not sharing enough big ideas for the future, Alphabet is being rewarded for spending big on its many technology gambles. The company was under a lot of pressure to be more transparent over how much cash it was splashing on things like driverless cars, internet-enabled helium balloons and Google Glass. Turns out it was a lot - $3.6bn last year. But with the Google side of Alphabet doing so very well, it doesn't really matter. As long as things stay like that, Alphabet will continue to be an attractive proposition for investors. The big gain for the company was advertising. All important paid-for clicks - where advertisers pay per person who clicks on the ad - were up 31% across the entire internet, and 40% on Google-owned sites. Alphabet's claiming of the most valuable company title has been seen by some as a passing of the technology baton. Apple became the United States' most valuable company in 2010, when it dislodged Microsoft. Microsoft in turn overtook IBM two decades earlier. Meanwhile, in the UK, revenue rose 16% to $1.92bn in the fourth quarter. It is the only territory outside the US for which the company breaks down its figures because it is such a large part of the business. The company is currently at the centre of a tax row in the UK after it agreed to pay £130m in back taxes that stretch back to 2005. The agreement was seen by some as too lenient for the internet giant.

February 2. Sir Russell Coutts, the America’s Cup Event Authority chief executive, has given the developers of the America’s Cup Village in Dockyard a huge vote of confidence. Work on the nine-acre infill in the South Basin site is way ahead of schedule, with the final load of seven shiploads of granite having been deposited, and the next phase of installing sheet piles along the perimeter to commence this month. “That’s a first in my experience for the America’s Cup,” Coutts said. “I’ve never heard of the America’s Cup Village being ahead of schedule, so big tick for Bermuda there. It’s a first because there’s always difficulties and no doubt the people here have had some difficulties along the way. But, I must say, there’s an incredible attitude of being able to overcome those problems in a sensible way, and that’s what I’m sensing and witnessing here in Bermuda, and it’s great. It’s a can-do attitude here and we are seeing it with the development of the America’s Cup Village. The fact the America’s Cup is here and all of the positives around it, it’s great to be able to help bring that to Bermuda. By the same token, I think the America’s Cup is really fortunate to have Bermuda as well. The Bermudian community is very, very enthusiastic, very supportive and it’s great to work in an environment like that.” The nine-acre infill will be created with 310,000 cubic yards of aggregate once the land reclamation phase of the project is completed later this year. Once completed, the purpose-built event village will offer what officials say will be “an unparalleled viewing experience” along with infrastructure to support and service the sailing teams and spectators. “I think there’s tremendous progress already and by the middle of this year much of the America’s Cup village will be finished and the most exciting [thing] is yet to come,” Coutts said. Bermuda will host the America’s Cup qualifiers, challenger play-offs and America’s Cup final between May and June 2017. Meanwhile, the preparations of the teams will intensify this year as the 35th America’s Cup draws nearer. “Just as you are seeing the facilities ramping up here, Bermudians are going to see a lot more of the teams arriving here and practising in earnest, even these early months in 2016,” Coutts said. "Softbank Team Japan is already sailing there boat, Oracle Team USA is about to launch their second boat soon, Artemis Racing is about to start sailing their two boats soon, so pretty quickly the Great Sound is going to be crowded with America’s Cup boats. That, in itself, is going to be a big change for the locals once that starts to become a regular activity and even the amount of new people arriving on the island.”

February 2. An XL Group subsidiary has bought two US insurance companies. XL Reinsurance America, an indirect wholly-owned arm of the Ireland-based firm, has acquired Allied International Holdings and THE Insurance. Allied is the holding company of Allied Specialty Insurance and THE Insurance, a leading insurer of the outdoor entertainment industry in the US. Mike McGavick, chief executive officer of XL Group, said he was pleased to welcome the Allied stable to the XL Catlin brand. He added: “Their underwriting experience in this niche specialty risk business, along with their exceptional client service, further enhances our ability as a leading provider of specialty insurance and reinsurance to meet the ever-evolving needs of clients in the entertainment industry.” THE Insurance had about $70 million of gross written premiums in 2014 and provides a range of coverage, including general liability, workers’ compensation and some property insurance to amusement and entertainment industry clients. Allied is a major provider of property and casualty insurance in the entertainment industry through its specialty arm THE Insurance.

February 2. Bermuda-based drinks giant Bacardi has demanded documents from US President Barack Obama in a row over a US decision to grant a licence to the Cuban government to use a trade name. Bacardi has filed a freedom of information request asking for documents relating to the decision two weeks ago to grant the renewal of the Havana Club trademark to Cuba from President Obama and a range of US government departments. Bacardi has always maintained it owns the Havana Club name and logo and that it has been illegally used by the Cuban government. Eduardo Sanchez, senior vice-president and general counsel for Bacardi, said: “We are filing this freedom of information act request because the American people have the right to know the truth of how and why this unprecedented, sudden and silent action was taken by the United States government to reverse longstanding US and international public policy and law that protects against the recognition or acceptance of confiscations by foreign governments.” The request asks for documents, communications and files from the US Patent and Trademark Office, which approved the January U-turn, the Office of Foreign Assets Control and the US Department of State, as well as the executive office of the President. Mr Sanchez said: “When the highest and most-powerful government agencies are not transparent about critical changes in policy, the public has the right and the responsibility to use freedom of information act requests and other tools at their disposal to hold the government accountable for its actions.” The US government granted a renewal of the Havana Club trademark to the Cuban government and its partner, French-based drinks multinational Pernod Ricard — a move Bacardi says breaches an Act of Congress dating from 1998, which protected trademarks related to trademarks taken over by the Cuban government after the 1959 revolution that propelled Fidel Castro’s Communist regime to power in Cuba. Bacardi said the Patent and Trademark Office granted the renewal of the registration of the trademark “after years of inactivity” and within 48 hours. The trademark originally belonged to Cuban rum-makers Jose Arechabala, whose family company was nationalized after Castro took over. The family left Cuba, stopped producing rum and allowed the US trademark registration to lapse in 1973. The Cuban government registered the trademark in the US in 1976 and it was assigned to Pernod Ricard in 1993. Since 1994, Cuban Havana Club has been sold around the world by the 50/50 joint venture between the Cuban government and Pernod Ricard, but not in the US. Bacardi obtained the Arechabala family’s remaining rights in the brand in 1994 and began selling limited amounts of Havana Club rum in the US, which sparked a legal battle with Pernod Ricard, which was successful in two of the first three court decisions in the matter. After numerous legal battles, the Cuban government’s US registration of the trademark expired in 2006. Mr Sanchez said that the US government was ignoring its own laws in granting the trademark again to Cuba. A Bacardi statement said: “Bacardi has been a long-time supporter of trademark rights for legitimate trademark holders and remains committed to defending the fundamental rights against confiscations without compensation. The company supports both legislation and legal action to uphold the principle of protection of trademarks and ensuring trademarks that have been confiscated by the Cuban government without consent of their rightful owners not be recognized by the international community. Bacardi has and will continue to pursue all the necessary legal and other actions to defend its position surrounding the legitimacy of its rights and ownership of Havana Club rum. As the company has maintained all along, Bacardi is the legitimate owner of the brand.”

February 2. Concerns that customers are not getting the internet speeds they are paying for is one of the items to be reviewed by the Regulatory Authority of Bermuda (RAB) during the coming fiscal year. The Consumer Affairs Board has discussed the matter with the authority and believes customers are not getting the speeds they are paying for, in breach of the Consumer Protection Act. In a submission to the authority the board said there is “no justification for broadband prices to remain high for what is being sold to consumers when compared to other like jurisdictions.” In its proposed work plan for 2016/17, the RAB said it has been actively seeking to address the issue of pricing through competition between providers. It will conduct a review of advertised broadband speeds to determine to what extent customers get what they are paying for, and consider what the authority can do to address any issues uncovered. Kyle Masters, the interim chief executive officer of the RAB, told The Royal Gazette the authority shared the concern that customers are potentially not getting the speeds they are paying for. “The authority started work on this issue in 2015. It has set aside resources to build on that work in the upcoming year,” he said, explaining that the RAB plans to commence this further work as soon as possible after April 1, the start of its next fiscal year. The public will be updated with more details closer to the start of the project." The watchdog organization will also review the number of companies providing telecommunication services in Bermuda, and how competitive the market is, and then consider whether or not there needs to be an increase or decrease in the number of licensed operators. Mr Masters said the key question is whether or not there is currently good competition in Bermuda. “After the authority has reached some conclusions on this question, it will go on to consider the issue of the number of ICOLs [integrated communication operator licences] in the market and whether, or to what extent, this should be modified in some way." The RAB has proposed a budget of $3,375,000 for 2016/17, which is $182,000 lower than its budget for the current fiscal year. A large portion of the savings will achieved by curbing expenditure on consulting services, office space, and provision of mediation and litigation. The authority is proposing a near $300,000 increase in employee costs to ensure it can “recruit and retain the necessary staff to enable some key regulatory functions to be carried out in-house.” These details are outlined in the RAB’s preliminary report to Bob Richards, the Minister of Finance, and Grant Gibbons, the Minister of Economic Development. The plan has been prepared based on the assumption that the authority will continue to only have oversight for the telecommunications sector. However, at some point in the near future it is set to take over responsibility for regulating the energy sector. The Electricity Act 2015, which will make this happen, has been tabled in Parliament. In preparation for the added responsibilities, the authority appointed Robert Watson as CEO at the beginning of 2015. Mr Watson had previous experience heading up telecoms and electricity companies in Canada. However, he resigned in September, citing personal reasons. The authority has yet to appoint a permanent replacement. When asked how the RAB would deal with budgeting for energy-sector responsibilities, should circumstances change during the forthcoming financial year, Mr Masters said: “The authority anticipates that the transition of the electricity sector out of the various government organisations into the authority will be developed and managed as a joint effort between the Ministry of Economic Development and the authority. Budgeting, which is a part of that process, will be a part of that joint effort.” The RAB’s budget is covered by fees paid to it by companies that hold an ICOL. The authority is anticipating that the taxable turnover of those companies will be lower during the coming year, and consequently is requesting that the fees be increased from 1.5 per cent to 1.75 per cent of taxable income to ensure its budget requirement is met. Mr Masters said the authority had made its financial projection of ICOL holders’ incomes by assessing revenue trends and projecting them forward. Should those projections prove to be off target, the interim CEO said: “If we spend less than what we take in we are required by statute to deal with the surplus by paying some to government, some into our reserve fund and some into our paid-up capital. “The authority can adjust its fee for the following year to correct a large surplus. It did this in the current financial year. I cannot say with certainty if this will happen again, but it is an option open to the authority.” Beyond the proposed 0.25 of a percentage point increase in the fees paid to it by ICOL holders, the authority has recommended there be no increase in the government authorizations fees imposed on electronic communications companies. During the coming fiscal year it is projected that government will receive $11.5 million in revenue from the sector through licences and fees.

February 2. A forum has been called today on the toll taken on the island’s women by unemployment, with many said to have been forced to seek jobs overseas. “Women Hearing Women”, a gathering to share the challenges facing women, was set by Kim Wilson, the Progressive Labour Party MP for Sandys South Central. “It’s incredibly important to start a dialogue,” Ms Wilson told The Royal Gazette. “I am hearing more and more stories of distress and concern.” She highlighted disturbing instances of middle-aged women hit by the wave of consolidations and redundancies in the international business and banking sector. “These are women who may have little postsecondary education who have worked their way up through a hard work ethic and determination, who are now being made redundant. Women in their 40s, 50s or 60s, who have managed to reach middle management positions, have lost their jobs through downsizing and redundancy and are having to enter an already distressed job market. A lot of these people have mortgages obtained when they were receiving beneficial rates, such as through employment at a bank. You can imagine how difficult it would be for them, especially with children.” Ms Wilson pointed out that the 2015 Labour Force Survey, issued last month, showed there were 42 per cent fewer woman seeking jobs last year than in 2014. “That means they have either given up, or they have relocated to other jurisdictions in search of a job. Neither is acceptable. The phrase ‘economic emigration’ has been coined for persons who are highly skilled but leave because they can’t find a job. I really wish there were better statistics to keep track of how many people are still leaving — someone in my own family has moved to the UK with their children for better opportunities. I think some of the men who are leaving do so for different reasons than the women.” Today’s forum from noon until 1.30pm is being held in the Anglican Cathedral’s meeting room, aimed at starting a conversation among women, sharing their concerns and supporting each other. “I’d like to see this grow and draw these issues to a national level,” Ms Wilson said. “There are similar issues affecting male unemployment, but for women it is different.” The Labour Force Survey shows higher unemployment for men, at 8 per cent, versus 5 per cent for women, but Ms Wilson warned of the impact on families where the primary breadwinner is female. She also pointed out that construction jobs through the airport redevelopment and hotel projects stood to employ more men than women. “At the end of the day, we are all impacted.” Consolidations and the accompanying redundancies were likely to continue, Ms Wilson said, adding: “Unfortunately, this is part of the new world order. Organisations are concerned about their bottom line. If they are able to provide the same service and degree of productivity on reduced staffing levels, I think we’re going to see more amalgamations of this nature.” Expressing hope that the forum would “grow legs and move in other directions”, Ms Wilson said women could collaborate to help one another. “However it looks, help is what’s needed,” she said. “Obviously I will be taking copious notes.” She said she would raise concerns in the House of Assembly with a view to ensuring that “appropriate action will be taken to address the daunting challenges women in our community are facing on a daily basis."

February 2. An inquest has been opened into the death of a Bermudian who died in England last year. Tahira Baker’s body was found in a flat in Sheffield last September after emergency services were alerted to a blaze at the property. Last week a short hearing was held at the Sheffield Coroner’s Court during which a brief outline of the facts surrounding the 24-year-old’s death were provided before the inquest was adjourned. The summary stated: “On September 23, 2015, the emergency services were contacted to reports of a property on fire at Carwood Green, Sheffield. “They attended and fire officers gained entry into the flat. After formalities at the scene where paramedic Youngson pronounced her dead at 8am, she was taken to the Medico Legal Centre, Sheffield.” The death was initially investigated by the police and also reported in the local newspaper, The Star.

February 2. A gas station worker is in hospital after a robbery tonight at the Esso Tiger Market in Hamilton Parish. A man wearing dark clothing and riding a dark-coloured motorcycle pulled up at the site, on the corner of Radnor Road and North Shore Road, at approximately 8pm. He demanded money from the female cashier inside a service kiosk, who gave him an undisclosed sum of cash then retreated from the booth. Bermuda Police Service spokesman Dwayne Caines said: “The suspect, as he was leaving, ran over the woman, resulting in the attendant being taken to the hospital, where she is being treated for injuries which are not believed to be life-threatening. The suspect left the area travelling east on North Shore Road.” Mr Caines added that an investigation is under way and that the area is now cordoned off. Police are appealing for witnesses, or anyone who may have seen anyone in the area acting suspiciously, to call 295-0011 or the confidential Crime Stoppers hotline on 800-8477.

February 1. Britain’s biggest circulation Sunday newspaper has put Bermuda under the spotlight regarding billions of dollars that are sent to the island by internet giant Google. The Sun on Sunday yesterday published a story about Google directing an estimated $8 billion of profits a year to the island, and noted the company’s only physical presence in Bermuda is a post office box, numbered 666, located at the General Post Office in Hamilton. The newspaper explained how Google moves money through Ireland and the Netherlands before it reaches Bermuda, where Google Bermuda Unlimited and Google Ireland Holdings are registered at the address of law firm Conyers Dill and Pearman, on Church Street. A postal delivery worker and a receptionist at the law office were quoted in the article as saying Google did not have an office at that location. Financial arrangements used by the technology heavyweight to minimize its tax bills have been widely known for many years. Bermuda earns no tax revenue from the billions sent to the island as it has a zero per cent tax rate on corporate profits. However, the international media attention focused on Google’s use of Bermuda has done no good to the island’s reputation. The Sun on Sunday has an average circulation of about 1.5 million. Details from its story were yesterday also featured by the Mail Online, the internet site of British newspaper the Daily Mail , which is the country’s largest national newspaper website with an average of 14.6 million unique daily users. Meanwhile, a story in another British newspaper, The Observer , said Britain is lobbying the European Union to remove Bermuda from a blacklist of tax havens. Google has come under renewed scrutiny in Britain after its parent, Alphabet Inc, last week reached a £130 million ($185 million) settlement with the country’s tax authorities. The deal covers tax payments going back to 2005. In a Bloomberg report, Sajid Javid, Britain’s business secretary, said the agreement “wasn’t a glorious moment” and he shared “the sense of unfairness” felt by small businesses that are unable to use the tools available to multinational corporations to keep their taxes low. “Work needs to be done” to ensure they pay the correct share, he said. Peter Barron, Google UK’s head of communications, said it was not a “sweetheart deal”, as some have portrayed it, and added: “Government puts the laws in place, HMRC [HM Revenue and Customs] enforces the laws and we follow the laws. If the laws change, of course we would follow them.” Mr Javis said Britain has closed more than 40 tax loopholes, signed information exchange deals with other countries and pressed for changes in international rules, and that work needs to continue. He added that the Google deal would help in the drive to change companies’ attitude to taxation. Last June, Bob Richards, Bermuda’s finance minister, expressed hope that the EU would soon remove the island from its list of uncooperative tax jurisdictions after two of the 11 European nations that had nominated Bermuda for the list, Poland and Latvia, said they no longer tagged the island with a negative rating. This view was echoed by Ross Webber, the chief executive officer of the Bermuda Business Development Agency, who pointed out that the island has 83 treaty partners, including 41 tax information and exchange agreements, and Model 2 agreements with the US and Britain under the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act.

February 1. Bermuda must do more to promote itself internationally, according to Coco Reef owner and managing director John Jefferis. Mr Jefferis, who also owns the multiple award-winning Coco Reef Tobago, said that Bermuda is an excellent destination which needs stronger advertising. “I would like to see more television advertising for Bermuda as a destination, which would then increase the awareness, because it’s a very competitive business,” he said. “Our competitors seem to be spending more on television advertising. “I had two clients who stay in my hotel in Tobago. We talked about them coming here, and they did. I think the most significant thing they said was that they really didn’t know Bermuda was so wonderful. I think that’s an important aspect — to get the message out. I think that’s the way of the future.” Mr Jefferis said business at the South Shore, Paget hotel hasn’t changed much between 2014 and 2015, however he said the Bermuda Tourism Authority has been doing a good job of sending the hotel leads and opportunities. “We consider that a very good thing. It’s real business instead of opportunity for promotion. I think they seem to be more advertising-oriented now, and that’s a critically important part. Awareness is critical. When people go to a travel agent they say they want to go somewhere they are familiar with. If there’s constant promotion, then that gets the product of Bermuda in their minds.” In an effort to build business, Mr Jefferis said Coco Reef has been doing what it can to attract the interest of travel agents and agencies, turning them into potential ambassadors for the hotel and the island. “I have always believed that the best form of promotion in Bermuda is to get tour operators and travel agents to come and visit your product, particularly when we feel we have an exceptional product in a superlative location, which we do. Once they come and experience the product, they will promote our hotel for a long time. Normally when people have been here, we do see from that particular company an increase in reservations. It certainly has an effect on their desire to promote our product." The Coco Reef team are always looking to upgrade the hotel’s facilities to ensure guests the best possible experience, adding that the resort has been praised by customers for the quality of its staff. “The number one attraction, based on our guest comments, is our staff and how friendly they are. I think that’s really what makes the difference, having people who impress the guests,” he said. “The second element is our location, our beach. Every guest can walk just a few steps from their room to the beach. We have a lot of return guests. One nice aspect is that some return guests come back at the same time, coordinating their visits with other returning guests that they met here, which is very nice. They have dinner together, they go on day trips together. It’s a more enjoyable stay for them because they have someone to laugh and joke with.” Asked about other elements that could help provide the tourism industry with a boost, he said casino gaming could make a difference and the America’s Cup has already proven to be a potential difference-maker. “In October there were a lot of people staying here, so it certainly works,” he said. “I know a lot of people think of it as a public relations event, and that is true, but there are actual people coming for it and I imagine it will increase a lot next year.”

February 1. A clone company using the name of a legitimate Bermuda-based firm is suspected to be operating. Kuva Limited, found at kuvaltd.com, promotes an investment firm which falsely claims to be regulated by the Bermuda Monetary Authority (BMA). An investigation by The Royal Gazette found that the website, created using the free blogging tool WordPress, was created in Germany, but is based in Italy. It was registered by Guiseppe Martino, who lists an address in Genoa, Italy, but his e-mail address is given as giuseppe.ditullio@mail.com — the same name listed on the fake site as the chief investment officer. The site claims the company is licensed by the “Central Bank of Bermuda”, an entity that does not exist, and claims the general manager Ivan Erak has “a professional advanced brokering certificate issued by the Bermuda Ministry of Finance.” However, in reference to the alleged certificate, a spokesman for the Ministry of Finance stated: “No such thing exists from the Ministry of Finance.” The bogus firm also claims to have an investment portfolio of more than $433 million. An e-mail to Mr Martino, listed as the registrant of the website complete with e-mail address on WordPress, bounced back as undeliverable. The same e-mail was forwarded to the Kuva Ltd e-mail address for Mr DiTullio on the fake website, but there was no reply. The BMA said that there is a company called Kuva Ltd, which operates an authorised investment fund and is listed with the authority, but it is not connected to the company using its name or the fake website. The real Kuva Ltd is listed at Cumberland House on Hamilton’s Victoria Street. A spokesman for the BMA said that clone company uses the details of a genuine firm to convince potential investors they work for that entity when they do not. He added: “Not everyone is a financial expert. If you’re not sure about something, ask. Before you invest in a product, research it first and read the prospectus. If the information you have been given is not clear, ask for clarification to ensure you’re aware of both the benefits and potential risks of a transaction or investment. Also make sure that the investment company has a license and that the salesperson has the adequate credentials and experience.” The spokesman said red flags should also be raised if potential investors are asked for “unnecessary or inappropriate” details, if the offer sounds as if it may be illegal or simply too good to be true. “If the answer to any of these questions is ‘yes’, think carefully before you act If the deal on offer feels unofficial then consider why that is. Remember that institutions should never e-mail you looking for account details or personal information. E-mails requesting such information should be ignored and deleted.” He added the BMA has added the bogus Kuva Ltd to its warning list of unauthorised firms and individuals, which can be found at www.bma.bm/SitePages/warning-list.aspx.

February 1. By Richard Morgan, based in New York, author of the memoir Born in Bedlam and a freelance writer for The Washington Post among others. "When the Food and Drug Administration approved a drug to reduce the risk of HIV infections in July 2012, gay men rejoiced. If taken daily, Truvada works like a vaccine against HIV, effectively halting its spread. The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention hailed it as an “important new tool” in the fight against the disease. Slate, the online current affairs, politics and culture magazine, described it as “a miracle drug”. Barack Obama went even farther to imagine an “Aids-free generation”. It hasn’t worked out that way. Truvada isn’t making gay men healthier and safer; few are using the drug at all. And after years of decline, sexually transmitted diseases are spreading fast across the United States. From 2005 to 2014, HIV diagnoses jumped 6 per cent among men who have sex with men, with spikes of 101 per cent among Asians, 24 per cent among Latinos and 22 per cent among blacks. Six in ten gay African-American men will be HIV-positive by their 40th birthday, according to some estimates. Transmission continued to climb even after Truvada hit the market. Doctors worry that the US is heading towards a health mega-crisis, fuelled by the fantasy that sex in 2016 is safer than it was in 1986. And gay rights groups are largely to blame. Rather than educating men about Truvada, they have focused on stamping out the stigma around HIV. Not only do these campaigns minimize the dangers of the disease, they tiptoe around strategies for prevention. After all, why worry about catching something that isn’t a big deal? Truvada has tumbled into a culture of careless cheerleading that is putting gay men in danger. In 2004, Truvada hit the market as PEP, or post-exposure prophylaxis, an HIV treatment. But scientists quickly saw the drug’s potential. With a couple of tweaks, PEP became PrEP, or pre-exposure prophylaxis. It works something like birth control: users who pop a pill every day are up to 99 per cent protected against HIV, even if they have unprotected sex with someone who is positive. The FDA approved Truvada’s use as PrEP in 2012. It was precipitous timing. The rise of successful HIV treatments and broader cultural acceptance of gay life had turned HIV from grim reaper to nagging doctor, emboldening gay men to view condoms as cliché or passé; fearmongering, hetero-normative shackles bullying their inner unicorn-spirit animals. Indeed, gay slang for condom-less sex is “uninhibited”. Unprotected sex among gay men jumped 20 per cent between 2005 and 2013; 57 per cent of gay men said they had had unprotected anal sex at least once in 2011. As national sex-advice columnist Dan Savage told me, “People are acting like it’s 1978 again and we’re all at the Mineshaft.” Truvada, researchers figured, would offer another form of protection against HIV, which 492,000 gay American men are at high risk of contracting, according to the CDC. Yet so far, only 21,000 prescriptions have been written. One problem is cost: Truvada runs about $1,300 a month. But it is covered by most insurance plans, and Medicaid and many municipalities regularly distribute the drug for free. Gilead, Truvada’s maker, even offers discounts. Additionally, many men are reluctant to follow a daily medication regimen. Others are just bad at keeping up with a daily pill. From 2012 through 2015, one set of researchers tried to get 557 men and transgender women who have sex with men to take the pill for 48 weeks and attend five study visits. One in five didn’t stick with it. In another 48-week study, 200 young men were given Truvada and told to take it daily. By the end, only 35 per cent were regularly doing so. An additional 30 per cent had stopped their intake entirely. There is also the stigma. While Truvada is gay America’s guardian angel, its users are broadly and persistently labeled “Truvada whores”: men who sleep around, unsafely. Others worry that they will be pegged as HIV-positive, since Truvada can be used as a treatment for those already infected. One continuing study of young gay men found that 79 per cent knew about Truvada but only 11 per cent had tried it. The vast majority of non-users said stigma kept them away. Perry Halkitis, a public health professor at New York University, says that in gay circles, Truvada is known as the “sissy pill”. “Because,” he says, people think: “Why would you take it unless you were bottoming?” Even doctors are reluctant to prescribe it. Melanie Thompson, the principal investigator of the Aids Research Consortium of Atlanta, told NPR in 2014 that some medical professionals worry that their patients will stop using condoms if they take PrEP. In that same story, a CDC spokeswoman cautioned that healthcare providers’ lack of awareness is one of the significant challenges to PrEP’s success. Meanwhile, the rate of new HIV infections has begun to rise among gay men, after years of decline. In 2013, it was estimated the disease was diagnosed in 30,689 gay male Americans, up from 26,700 in 2008. Young people — that is, under 30, younger than the epidemic itself — are the largest group of new HIV cases, especially young minorities. In the past decade, diagnoses among black and Latino men younger than 24 who have sex with men rose 87 per cent, compared with 56 per cent among their white peers. In other words, HIV is bubbling into an epidemic once again. While the crisis is not exactly in spite of the work gay groups are doing, it is enabled by them. Some, such as the Los Angeles-based Aids Healthcare Foundation, actively opposed FDA approval of Truvada, arguing that it gives users a false sense of security because most users don’t take the drug consistently. Others pretend that the hard, important mission around HIV is not preventing people from getting it, but, rather, the more familiar battle of accepting those who are infected, of sharing stories and cloying hashtag slacktivism. Rather than trying to destigmatise Truvada, in other words, they are destigmatising Aids. “Since the 1990s, HIV education has been about ‘awareness’ and demystifying, destigmatising the virus — much, much more than actual prevention,” Savage says. “They’re mostly [HIV-positive] guys themselves who are in it to reclaim their place in society. They talk about gay men like they’re all smart and rational, ignoring the fact that people with erections are often reckless.” Take the bewildering social-media campaign in which gay men and allies posed with glasses — trendy! — next to the phrase “HIV Smar+” (see what they did there?). The posters offered no information about what “smart” might be. Or HIV Equal, which operates under the slogan “Everybody has an HIV status. We are all HIV equal”. Sample advertisements show shirtless men with the words “Status: Fly” and “Status: Fun”. The campaign’s stated mission is to “help end stigma against people living with HIV (PLWHIV), and to link or relink HIV-positive individuals into proper care and treatment”. The sunny froth reflects a broader shift in gay culture — a focus on celebration over investigation. The Out 100, an annual who’s who of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender influencers (and straight allies) that was published by the gay and lesbian magazine in November, included 15 activists, two YouTube stars, one meteorologist, one president of Food Network, and zero doctors, researchers or public health officials. In an interview with Obama, Out’s Ally of the Year, HIV came up once, briefly, as a nod to the president’s early days fighting housing discrimination in 1980s Chicago. It felt as long ago as Angels in America, Philadelphia, Rent or any other artifacts of the 1990s heyday of Aids awareness. Today’s power-of-positive-thinking optimists are hoping to rise above the fray, leading by example with a model that aims to be laissez faire but ends up as plain lazy. Even when gay groups embrace Truvada education, their efforts seem silly. Take Public Health Solutions, a non-profit whose self-described mission is to “help illuminate critical public health issues”. In November, it debuted a profanity-laden public-service announcement on YouTube, ending with the tagline “WTF is PrEP.” So street. So effective. If that’s what the group went with, what were the ideas it rejected? I happen to know, because, as luck would have it, last April I was part of a Public Health Solutions focus group. Twenty-five gay men, almost all white, were assembled to give feedback on some scripts and share general thoughts about Truvada. The session was managed by Kenny Shults, a comedian who told HIV+ magazine, which goes by Plus, of course: “Why get tested? What’s the point if testing has no impact on how I live my sex life.” His day job, for the record, is working for a health consultancy. At the focus group (full disclosure: they gave me $50 and a sandwich), one script involved a gay man readying for a big night out — getting dressed, fussing with his hair and popping a Truvada. The line was something like: “I like to party. But I like to be safe, too.” The slogan was something like: “Prep for life. Prep for possibilities.” No, no, we all told Shults; maybe the scriptwriters were too corporate and out-of-touch to know this, we explained, but “party” is gay slang for lots of dangerous activity, including the use of crystal meth, sometimes with needles. Shults nodded, made notes and thanked us for our input. But later, along with the outrageous advertisement came another one: it shows a blond white man dancing shirtless at a club and saying, “I like to party.” Then it cuts to him sitting on a couch, prowling Grindr, the gay social-networking app, when an alert pops up on his phone: “Time to prep.” It’s not just that he uses the line we in the focus group all warned against. It’s that the very title of the video is “I Like To Party”. It was the activism equivalent of using the Aids Memorial Quilt for a boys-will-be-boys towelling-off after sex with a stranger. These adverts, Shults and others say, are supposed to reach people who aren’t motivated by the “this can protect you” message. Really, though, they just turn safe sex into a joke. That’s a mistake. More than 60 per cent of new HIV infections in the US are transmitted by people who know they have the disease. An additional 30 per cent are transmitted by the 13 per cent of HIV-positive Americans who do not know their status. With numbers this serious, the time for sunny slogans has passed. We need to convince America’s gay men that they need to protect themselves and tell them how to do so. PrEP can help. Let’s get it out there." 

February 1. The Peace and Social Justice Committee of the Roman Catholic Church of Bermuda will host a forum focusing on ageing on the Island this week. The forum is set to be the first in a series, and will feature Bishop Wesley Spiewak, Age Concern’s Claudette Fleming, Bermuda College’s Craig Simmons and Sara Clifford of the Human Rights Commission as expert panelists. A spokeswoman for the committee said: “With 35 per cent of seniors 65 years and older living below the poverty line, this first forum will explore the topic of ageing and employment, retirement at 65 and whether or not it is in the best interest of the community to raise this retirement age. “The intention of these events, which will include think tank discussions, is to draw the spotlight on the intricate dilemma of ageing in Bermuda and to come up with action plans of how best to address this social concern through community activism.” The forum is scheduled to begin at 7.30pm this Friday at St Theresa’s Church Hall. Other forums in the series are scheduled to take place on March 11, April 8, May 20 and June 17 tackling matters of health, legal issues, eldercare and end of life respectively, all through the lens of ageing.

February 1. Inmates at Westgate Correctional Facility are “relentless” in their pursuit of illegal drugs and other forms of contraband, according to Commissioner of Corrections Edward Lamb. Colonel Lamb spoke after the Department of Corrections revealed that the seizure of suspected drugs increased significantly at the Sandys jail last year — with 83 items taken between January and June, more than the entire hauls of both 2013 (42 items) and 2014 (71 items). Russ Ford, who worked as a nurse in Bermuda’s prison system for 23 years, suggested that boredom and a desire to escape reality propelled inmates towards drugs. The ten-year list of contraband statistics — obtained by The Royal Gazette via a Public Access to Information Act (Pati) request — showed that mobile phone smuggling also remained a problem, with 496 handsets captured by officers between 2012 and last June. Other common items found included alcohol, jewellery, tobacco and assorted electronics. Colonel Lamb told this newspaper that intercepting unlawful items was “a constant battle that we fight within a corrections environment”. “Inmates are relentless in their schemes to smuggle contraband into prison facilities,” said Colonel Lamb, while praising his staff members for their diligence in tackling the problem. He added that officers had caught inmates’ family members trying to sneak in assorted materials on multiple occasions. “That, sadly, is a reality. Most of the suspected drugs confiscated are in relatively small quantities. However, any amount of contraband in a prison setting is a security risk, and therefore we apportion the necessary attention to this matter,” he added. Mr Ford, who now works as a senior probation officer, said that drug use in prison — and, conversely, their lack of availability — could turn inmates erratic and violent. “The bottom line is that many of these people are bored, so they’re going to find all different ways to occupy their time,” he said. “People will go to any degree to feel better or escape their current reality. Idle hands are the devil’s workshop. That’s why we have to keep these guys very busy and involved in positive activities that help them grow and improve their lives.” Mr Ford acknowledged the difficulty that officers faced when inmates were intent on smuggling contraband items into prison. “They must always be vigilant and help protect the prison population,” he said. “It can be quite a challenge. Drug use in jail was a problem prevalent throughout the world.. Bermuda does a very good job in terms of curtailing the number of drugs going into prison." NB. No recorded inmate-on-inmate or inmate-on-officer assaults took place between April 2013 and March 2015, The Royal Gazette has learnt after a Public Access to Information request. In contrast, 58 violent incidents were recorded between April 2006 and March 2013. Commissioner of Corrections Edward Lamb was keen to praise employees for minimizing assaults at the correctional facility. “These incidents are relatively very low. This is a testament to the diligence of our staff, as well as the strict regimes we run in our facilities.”

February 1. Campaigners fighting to stop construction of a maintenance yard in Botanical Gardens have delivered a petition with 3,750 signatures to the Bermuda Government. While Government has said the area has been used as a maintenance yard for yard since the 1960s with a minimal impact and that there were no other suitable sites, members of the public have objected to the proposal, describing it as an industrial site in the middle of a national park. Work on the site was halted last year as a result of a temporary injunction, put in place by Chief Justice Ian Kawaley as part of a civil case against the project. Jennifer Flood, a spokeswoman for campaign group Take Back Our Park, said: “A lot of people do not realize the magnitude of what Government is planning to put there. To give you an idea of the scale, the largest building will be ten feet higher than the water tank and the other will sit at the same height as the tank. People are already upset about the size of the water tank.” Group member Claire Smith said the petition was formally delivered to the office of Craig Cannonier, the Minister of Public Works, after waiting unsuccessfully to deliver it to him in person. Mrs Flood added: “TBOP has consistently opposed this development and we sympathize greatly with the parks staff, but the truth of the matter is their own management did nothing to resolve this situation for almost six years. It should be noted that it was actually nine years before the final plans were eventually submitted for approval. We are appalled that parks management have left these workers in unsuitable conditions for so many years when alternative locations could have been found. We are adamant that other sites are available that are far more suited to the industrial purposes being proposed at the Botanical Gardens. It makes no sense to put this large scale development in the centre of our most important park, especially when we are trying to revitalize both the park and tourism. The petition contains 3,750 names, or 10 per cent of the voting population, and Government should listen to that number of people and agree, regardless of the court case, to stop work now and turn it into gardens for use by members of the public.”

February 1. A petition against the creation of a new parking lot near the Shelly Bay playground has garnered about 1,000 signatures, according to organizers. The proposed parking lot is one part of the Shelly Bay Beach House plan to create a new restaurant and provide additional public amenities at the existing Shelly Bay concessions area. Developer Tom Steinhoff has stated the parking lot would remain shut during the day in summer months unless the existing parking area was full, but give customers easier access in the winter months and during the evenings. However, members of the public have expressed reservations about the parking lot, both for safety reasons and the project’s use of public land. More than 200 people attended a public meeting on the subject at Francis Patton Primary School and a petition against the proposal was circulated. Area resident Cheryl-Ann Griffin, representing those who are against the creation of the parking lot, said the proposed location would pose a risk to children at the playground and the viability of a nearby mangrove swamp. She said that on Friday, representatives of the community met with Craig Cannonier, the Minister of Public Works, along with Mr Steinhoff and government staff. “Both sides shared their perceptions of the impact of this plan. Mr Steinhoff was asked to withdraw his application on the basis that community objection was very strong and that he was encroaching on the public free use of public land for a private enterprise. Mr Steinhoff’s main argument was that he does not want his patrons to have to walk to the restaurant in the rain. The rebuttal suggested that every popular waterside restaurant in Bermuda has as long of a walk, even in the rain, and it has been proven that it is the product, not the parking, which is of utmost concern to patrons. Another argument considered the fact that Mr Steinhoff wants this parking area to be exclusive to his patrons. This is not possible and would prove illegal because it is on public property. Therefore, anyone can park there for the beach or the playground which would nullify the reason for its existence. Community representatives presented workable alternative solutions to this current impasse, to which consideration was promised by both Mr Steinhoff and the minister.” Members of the community have also made it known that Mr Steinhoff’s suggested “help” to the community by providing amenities for “picnickers and beach goers, school and camp groups” is not needed or wanted. While Mr Steinhoff has said the project would help to create jobs for Bermudians, Ms Griffin said the suggestion was merely a distraction from the matter of erecting a parking lot on a popular public picnic ground.

February 1. The Phoenix Stores group has bought up photographic firm Kodak Express. George Grundmuller, president and CEO of Phoenix Stores, said the acquisition gave his firm the chance to expand on its range of products and services. He added: “We are happy to confirm there were no job losses with this purchase.” The buy-up means that the Phoenix group’s existing photo lab at P-Tech on Reid Street will move to the Kodak Express store on Church Street and will operate under the P-Tech Photo Solutions brand. Mr Grundmuller said: “By combining our services and resources P-Tech Photo Solutions is well positioned for growth in the future. We are now Bermuda’s largest, full-service photo development lab with a knowledgeable team of professionals committed to delivering the highest-quality photo finishing and express printing services. " The company develops photographs, provides passport and visa photos, photo restoration, large format printing, canvas printing, custom framing, greeting cards, calendars, magazine covers and photo books. P-Tech Photo Solutions will also offer commercial printing services, with pick-up and delivery available. To celebrate the new brand, the company is offering 25 per cent off all ready-made frames and enlargements ordered up to Saturday, February 13 — just in time for St Valentine’s Day. The Phoenix Stores group includes six pharmacies across the island and seven stores, including Brown & Co, Annex Toys and Phoenix Kidz.

February 1. The Williamsburg Symphony String Quartet consists of Irina Muresanu and Alana Carithers on violin, Kimberley Sparr on viola and Schuyler Slack on cello. Addressing a packed St Peter’s Church in St George’s on Saturday night, Alana welcomed us to the concert and said how much they loved Bermuda and St George. The first set consisted of three 1904 compositions by Frank Bridge. The first, Andante Moderato, was a languid, late romantic piece which made occasional forays into the modern. It felt like a mixture of Elgar, Wolf and Richard Strauss with a slow, driving bassline. Next a Presto allegretto with pizzicato work from all the instruments overlaid with a sweet, romantic melody. Finally, an allegro vivo with great, declamatory, Mussorgsky-like chords creating a powerful fanfare effect. This quartet has complete technical mastery, energy, youth, soul and disciplined teamwork. What’s more, their choice of St Peter’s was inspired. I later found out that the musicians had specifically chosen this iconic church as their venue. How right they were. Behind them was a wall of solid cedar from floor to pulpit to ceiling which acted as a superb sound projector. Our early Bermudian builders were audio engineers since every nuance was audible and the sound was generous, rich and warm. Next, Mendelssohn’s String Quartet Op 12, introduced by Irina, who reminded us of Mendelssohn’s huge historical importance as re-discoverer of JS Bach and that he had written this quartet at age 20. The work has a highly emotive effect, ranging from hints of Jewish folklore through to cascading triplets to at least three false endings leading back to the opening theme. A superb Haydn’s Quartet in D major, Op 76 No 5 finished the evening. The quartet comes from the last years of Haydn’s life but is packed with exuberant energy and playfulness. The Finale Presto with its hints of hunting, the chase and flight, was dizzying in its effect.

February 1. A proposal has been submitted for a $3 million renovation at Horseshoe Bay that could create as many as 50 hospitality jobs for Bermudians in the run-up to the Louis Vuitton America’s Cup. Beach Boys Ltd, which runs the “beach experience” out of Tobacco Bay, is up against 15 other contenders for the world-class location, including Fun Tyme, Ice Queen, Speciality Inn and Fantasea Bermuda. Beach Boys hopes to expand upon the Tobacco Bay experience at the South Shore beach by ploughing $3 million into the existing facility and building “family friendly” programming, day and evening, and throughout the shoulder months. As with Tobacco Bay, the submission includes food and beverages, non-motorized water sports, live local entertainment, transportation, tourism ambassadors, technology and the enhancement of the beach rental vacation market. When approached by The Royal Gazette, Beach Boys creative director Belcario Thomas said: “From Tobacco Bay we have learnt that there is a high demand for responsibly enhanced beach activities from residents of Bermuda and even more so from visitors. Our revenues doubled this year. We [Beach Boys] are coming in to this with ten years of acute observation. We have first-hand experience visiting some of the top beach locations around the world, from Colombia, to Brazil, to South Beach, to Cannes. We are hoping we can bring some of that, tailored to Bermuda. We want to celebrate, authentically, Bermudian culture that the island can be proud of.” Mr Thomas believes that if the bid is successful, the business could create 30 jobs during the first phase this summer and an extra 20 in 2017. As with Tobacco Bay, the business would hire an all-Bermudian staff including Bermuda Tourism Authority-certified tourism ambassadors. Tobacco Bay currently employs 30 full- and part-time Bermudian staff but Mr Thomas also highlighted the “economic multiplier effect. That is just direct jobs. The fun part is the economic impact that comes out of it — for example, transport — there is now increased demand to multiple area attractions and businesses. Transportation was in demand so much after year one of our operations at Tobacco Bay that there was a hop-on-hop-off beach shuttle that our team created. Area businesses start getting a boost. A Bermudian company was created in a collaboration with the Beach Boys and Just Add Water, a vacations rental company. You can have local entertainment. Tobacco Bay gets up to 500 people a day so it can provide an enhanced busking experience and exposure for our artists.” Mr Thomas came into hot water from environmentalists in 2010 when he proposed a beach bar on Warwick Long Bay — a pristine public beach. The Development Applications Board listed several reasons for the rejection including the “potential detrimental impact on the natural and visual quality of the area.” Mr Thomas highlighted that the company’s proposal only called for “minimal enhanced infrastructure” in order to provide year-round offerings both day and evening. He added: “Beach Boys’ vision for Horseshoe Bay is highly supported at the top level. Horseshoe Bay is not a part of the Parks designated pristine network like Warwick Long Bay is and part of the designated active network, which promotes minimal commercial activity. We want this to be a bespoke, all-inclusive package promoted directly to our contacts in New York, Boston, Canada and Europe that also include the Unesco St George’s East End beach experience as well.”

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Last Updated: April 23, 2017.
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